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Second-Class Matteh. 

Vol. IX.— No. 2. 

Lesson in Practical \Vriting. 

correspoii.lin^h rnmv l:,l 

n and patience 

than lie. Mu.lir. ivliii- 

.ippeal alone to 

the umU-r»l:,,K- 

In k'anii,,^. I,, wi-iic ii is 

hrst nece«.sary to 

secure giiii,! t.mM^ c.i. 

IS, which should 

becarefiillv slmlicil lU llic 

siimo limo that 

they ,ue ...m-tiee,!. M„„> 

1 tr-r.' In,] 

and many pupils practice. 

wriliir' .. ■! !'. 

They net the old saying. 


perfect," which is very far 

fniiii i< III ' hii, 

except that practice be thoughtful and cuu 

est. To bo successful, eve 

y stroke in prac- 

tice must be directed to 

B definite and 

speciflc purpose, otherwise 

tlK- liand is uu- 

certain and errntir iu iis 
produces writinK unfiil 

Hiiv..„„.„ls, :„„1 


faults arc thus repeated and become more 
fixed by practice, rather than heing noted 
and removed tbroufcb tbougbtfxil elTort. 

AfttT hiivins practiced for a very few n 
mciits. we find we have a resuJl somewl 

It would be apparent to the skilled teach- 
!■ that Ibis practice is bad. it ib only band 
nictice ; tbougbt has not entered into il ; 

suppose, with the following r 



Upon comparison, we find that we have 
ade great improvement. The conspicuous 

leftCUrV., In y\. r .....ninnn, ,),,-..,„ h, 

with n result ns follows: 

(At this point tlie teacher should give i 
blackboard analysis of the stem.) 


/2- Uiy Uui^-^n<:r^iy' 

/6' ty ^yJtk-^^-UyO^ 

/&^<0 UjyZ^-^. 


^^ £ j g:iXiia* ^/xuui i'XiMto 

Business Writing. 

Full stoiiogrupLic report of the t 
upon the above subject :it the 1 
C'oiivcnlion : 

Penman's Section. 

Al the meeting of the Penman's 

subject by leading: [unm-t 
Mr. Brown, of .lucksutivil 
committee be appoiutcil 
present to the meeting 


: Mr Chjiinnnn— You 

a thmg much more honored lu ii 
than in the observance. Tti. \-\ 
penmen themselves dn not y"*" ' 

. Of th.' ■ 1 


>y paij^ful accii 
lecessanly failvir 
The better mot 

Brown, P. H. Spencn ^md T 

to worlt on those 

L3imL>l/ir.' . "■ Ajsy Jiuj^-rM,. 

Mr. Brown:— I would like to usl 

There will be ju-i 

I the teacher for fear 1 

fncnd Doubtf 1 the peume 

t get up 

While the fnct that wriling is neglected, 
not properly taught, or ignored entirely, in 
the mnjority of public schools, has furnished 

re, but little 
has been said as to why such is the case, and 
less ns to methods by which a change could 
be effected iindwritiii!:; fn\<.n the tmif and 

after nd c 1 ug Ion t 

writing teacher would ask for a course 
lessons. Fudge lectures upon Greek i 

I protective assoc at on Bes des 
tl ere sn t t enty five fine 
country and that noth ng 
ought to 1 ght ly il convcn- 
f Z says that t would be 



dtscnble crivuM for im in 
thiLp' winch was finally 

ent steps gracefully to the front, witboldiiij: 
first grade certificates from those unable to 
pass in the "higher branches," but giving 

First among the causes of neglect comes 
the Normal School \\ here pupils are pre 
pared for teathmo evcrj tbmg from a b c 
to geomttrj— writuig excepted Writrng is 
a part of the presciibed course but tht wiit 
ing lesson is suth in name only and the 
student Is led to believe that With our 

the prefixing of Professor and 

two or three capital letters to his 

isfonned an inexperienced bump 

U II I Professor of penmanship accounts 

and elocution While others make no pie 

tensions of ha\ ing a w ritmg teacher 

Neil eomes the Teaehers Iii'ttitutt 
where allteachers regardle'vicf f i ) 

arc stuffed with bombastic lee 1 1 1 

them without 1 
to write legibly— and who make no secret of 
the fact that Ihey neither pretend nor tntend 
to teach writing— pioviding the) are other 
w i8c qualified The same intclligeut gentle 
men have been known to offer (at count) 
fairs) two dollars for best collection of in 

1 supported by taxation 

I I s nrtd M 1 i til t<? L t thtm 

1 rtiucst that school papci-s omit pat t of the 

Ans er ng ^ert on and juest ons n 
,1 e r orde I w 11 say we can and to S have 
I convent on The B E A was or ginally 
n 1 1 fo o d be d a o nated 

b 3 opi ortun t es 

wo Id a so have 

of he ab 1 ty of h s 1 etb- 

w has and even should his 

i ng the number of fine pen- 

tl ere are JundredM of fine 

1 o could g ve the fine penmen 

on securing manag ng and teach ng 


d much 

p o bly be 
Tl B E 
1 Their 

Amess New Compendium, 

We feel warranted in bajing that there is 
JO other hook that so fullj meets the wunlb 
if all clo&ses of penmen as does this 

From the hundreds that have I)een mailed 
\ e have received only the most flattenng 

liraemaj beoccupied but the j ili\ning or who \ il hsh \ 
look agent has no difficulty in securmg trash aa the followin 
ll^nt^ of time to deliver his entertaining TourntU Incorrui 

The Arts Contributory to Writing 
—The Materials and Imple- 
ments Used. 

Bt Chandlek II. PEUtCB. 

No. 4. 

When thf rngs arrive at a papcr-mill. tlic.v 

The rat's w 
and discolort 


TIm' iiliovc tifsciiptionjelatea tolliemanu- 
facturc of paper by hand ; but the most ex- 
tcDsive and reniarkable system is that in 
which machinery does nearly all the work ; 
a system which may be brielly described in 
tlip following manuer : 

Tin- rags are sorted, washed, bleached. 

Drawing Lesson. 




:cup:Hion requires a very large amount ol 
ct and nicety. 

The pulp or "stuff" is conveyed into r 
ii; where it is agitated by machinery, anc 
cam brought to itthrou-l 

Two men work together at the pain i 
aking— one etilled the "mtnuin." luui lin 
her the '•roiic/itr." The vjln.n, i;, ,: . 
;e of two moulds, whicli ;in -i _' ! ' i . 


rations wiiik II,. , . 

second dip hiln II:, 

0, II, , , 


r of pulp fall ,„. a 1 



csanother.pieceof ttauuclur -fell , i, 


pulp ; and is then 

cady to recciw 

second layer from the v 

itman. Thus III, 


workmen proceed; 

he one eollccuiit 

Ihin lajere from the vat, 

and the other m- 

caving these layers wi 

h pieces of flannel. 


uuist he ohvious that these operations 


mrc great care, especially on the pari of 


vatman, since he ha 

to determine the 

paper to be miuie. When six or ciVbt (|uii(s 
of paper arc thus made, the lic.i[\ ivitli ti., 
flannels between the laj-ers, i^ .„]•]■ i. ) ■ 

great pressure. After this, Hn 

opened, and all the sheets nw luiii i. . 
sufficiently coherent to hold ii.-,.iiKi umu 

moved, and the sheeta of paper being placid 
one upon another are moderately pres-sed. 
The sheets are next parted, dried, sized. 

Ur from the pulp passes, so that by the 
It: it has traveled on to the further cud of 
plane the pulp has acquired stiffness 
lugh to retain its shape in the fihn. A 

jf a wetted sheet of paper. The sheet travels 
ilong on an endless web of felt or flannel, 
ivhich absorbs a good deal of tlie moisture 
fr.tiii it ■ then it passes between two rollers 

Aliii h ( ..iii|)it-^s it powerfully ; then it pass- 
's nvir anutbcT web of felt which absorbs 

s; aud to clTect I 
und in a large i 
by the action ( 

1 u piiicil upon a shitc or paper, or with 

3 would advise Ibat in practicing the i 

President Grants Little Story. 

"Hy Mil.' \\;iy," hf umi mi. "I ri'ineniber 
m inc-idciil llial .■lr:iTh i!l\i.sii;.lr« bis [Gen. 
3raut's] character. When I wiis Secretary 
>f the Navy some hundreds of the sailors of 
;he better class came to me and asked to 
lave .«onie rank given them. They didn't 

hitching up his trousers, and 

Edication a Wonderful Thing. 

' It ain't right, don't you see, that I should 

his ship, the boy I brought up to obejence 
would boss his own father I Jest think of 

" 'An' he has better quarters 'n me, and 
better grub, nice furn'ture, and all that ; 
sleeps in a nice soft bed. and all that. 

I of the petitioners. 

PoiiTEOUS-HiLL.— The marriage of Flor- 
ence Gertrude, only daughter of the Hon. 
Thomas E. Hill, to George Machar Porteous, 
business manager of the Hill Standard Book 

at tllCClnsc 1,1 nlii, |i ih, ll.,|,liv 

i.iir dfpart- 

I'd upon lli,;i ,,i,,l ■ (,,,,i 

.rn,ii.-h the 

11 ami valu- 

alile. and inu-in, um,. ■„„ n 

uju was the 

gift of the liride's fatiicr, composing a costly 

ond, and a 

city tmAencc-diiaiso Inler-Ocean. 

Ames's Guide. 

H you desire to have the veiy 

best aid to 

self-improvement in practical 

nd artistic 

penmanship, .send scv.uly-livi 

cents for 

in in Prae- 

tieal aud .Viii-ii, 1'. ni,i.,ii-lii|. 

(iu paper 

covers), or SI l"i -:iin,, Jill, h liCi 

11.1 in thick 

COVcni. 11 Irlls V.iu ;ill :,h,,ul w 

Itiug. flour- 

ishiiig and lellcring. and howl 

,Vou are not pleased with it you may return it. 

and we will refund the cash by 

elum mail. 

Sulisirilie for the .IouH^AL, only $1 a year. 

[im1v i.-k.n down, ihey 

11. , liil.ini; Ihfllusl of the 

r i._Li. TIr- ciay arrived 
nmde application for the 

i the Hickory Point parents 
disturbed at the sinte of 

wimt we are going to do 
f ourn." Deacon Jones snid 
\ "They aint bad boys 

fuu," Abe Savage grumbled. 

cnt for 

any kind of 

though he noticed the directora looked at 


Pa's always 

him in a pitying manner. 

iK- isn 

mere, ma's 

■• We arc willing and glad to give yon llie 

Ii-« Ah 

. do this,' or 

place. Mr. Winlers." said Denrn,, .In,„.« 

1 liiirl 

• despise my 

"hut the question is, how long u ill i h. 


y, if I walk 

willing to keep it! rilbe fr.n„k :.. 
you we've got a bad lot of boys ;,i -i. im. 

,1 .V, 

just to pay 

It will take a plucky man to cuii 

.1 ,l>l,. 


and you don't look very strong. Iiii ili m.i 

1 , 

it wUl he -now do you do?' :,„.] i: i 


1 don'l care. 

bye!' with you before two iv.k- in.. 


■■ Alio Mid , 

Ml U,,,.,, .,n,l,... ,., M 1 1. 

t puui«bing Zacli. It don't seem to 

t is so. Brother Jones. I'm sorry 
It it's so. Didn't I punish my Abe 
tping young Winter, and did that 
im any better ? . No. Just think 
did to that last schoolma'am— that 
, Miss Brown ! " 

In strength and boldness Abe Kavage near- 
ly matched him. so there was an offensive 
and defensive alliance between the two. 
Zach was unprepared for Abe's defection, 

" I never thought you'd be the one to give 
in," he said. 
•' Did I say I'd give in ?" Abe answered 

them, and am prepared for peace..or jvar, ns 
they may choose." 

" No weapons, young man," said Deacon 
Jones, nervously. "We can't have any 
doings of that soi-t in our school. If you 
conquer the boys— and you don't look as if 
you could — vou must do it with the switch. 


i photo. engraved from pen-and-ink copy, written at (he Office of the Journal. 

Deacon Jones, if he v 

keen sens, 
aloud. '• 

of the 1 


us, and h 
't help it 1 

he said. 

"I laugh 

every ti 

ne I 

think of 

how that 

an came 


with Iter 

false fron 

all singed so 

you could 

see bald 

spots und 



■iimr belli, 

d c.isiml 

sharply. " I said I'd run away, and I reckon or such agencies as nature has 

it will come to that at last." You can make them obedient ir 

•' I'd as soon go to .sea iis anytbiu,!^ else," if you cannot in any other, and t 

tire. And they just laughed, instead of put- 

■* We've had all kinds of teachers. Brother 
Savage. It isn't the toichers, hut the wick- 
edness of the boys themselves. Whv. you 

tcjichers, young and old, mild 11 i 
how long did any of them sin i 
c-ouniged. and shall unt lr\ ii. ■.,'■ h . im i 

bams and the i 
it. They were 

"AVe haven't n cent of money now," he 
said, "and we'd better put off runningaway 
for D while. The folks'll get tired of being 
so strict after a while, I guess. Besides, a 
school teacher may come, and hadn't we bet- 



weeks afliT ilm iln nn-:i, ;, „ i- 

ing of t :,l lliikiiii I'niiii 

A voun 

g man with hi;;li lrri.iiu.iiii,l:ilin,|. 


e graduate, applied for the vucii.t 

"illhy enough to pay an excellent 


me. each head of a family cnn- 

IM il 

,• to the fund. 


lien Winters, the young man who 


11, liernmr teacher at Hickory Point, 

u.i>a t 

,i„ wivy-l.,,ki„^vi..mL-f.-lln,v ivill, 


nc.illi i 

1 . ".n|.„.^,,d. i.iui cl,«.,l „.« if 


.i--..» very pleasant, both quiet 

;iii.i ,i 

-"'"' llewa. at once engaged. 

' said 

■- bad pluck 

sigh, -on, .1 
as well ii- A. I 

With his pcruliar smile, Mr. Winters 
made the Unal arrangements, and with the 
same smile, presented himself to his assembl- 
ed scholars the following day. 

"Boys," said Mr. Winters, tupping his 
desk, "before we begin work, I wish to say 
a word or two. I hiive heard from ixond 

different course, depend upon It : 

maintain diseiplinc no matter who suf 

■■Whewl hear the bantam crow!" 

imperturhuhle demomor and smiled, raying 

"You are really greater dunces than I ex- 
pected. Excuse my plain words, but before 
I've done with you, you will conclude you 
the animal himself. 

h^yesecn the animal himself. Do yo' 
yO^Jftn manage to spell ' whip ' ? " 


Zach marel.r^rl up wiili ;in iii'jolfnt laugh 
and a delimit -^^ rj'.^j \|i \\ intfi-s raised 
the switdi i I wMlrbfuliy 

aimed a Mi'^. ii '■■\'-- \ ■• • I N' invaded it, 
and the nc.\t niument the young pugilist 
was seized in an iron grasp. When it relax- 
ed, Zach, blinded by rage, struck out right 
and left ; but what w;i,s brute force ag-tinst 

:l•^ demurely 
nfully at an 

The skill and strength I acquired in the gym- 
nasium at college, I am literally ashamed to 
I use as a prize fighter would use tbem, No 

gentleman would do it. unless forced to in 
self-defence. This I have done today. 
Now let me take you into my confidence. 
I heard of this school— it offered a good re- 

the salary 1 can honorably gel here. As 
as I saw you I knew what was before 
but 1 thought I S'lw. too. that after you had 
found that I had the muscle to command 
your respect, you would be magnanimous 
enough to give me no more trouble. Indeed. 
I wish to lie your friend, if you will allow 
me lo be. Will you t " and he held out his 

Zach took it frankly, for he liked the 
spirit of the teacher. "I am not mean 
enough, Mr, Winters," he said, "uot to ac- 
knowledge when I'm whipped, and I don't 

Mr. WiMi,.,-. v,.t..,yu;,. ihnrough. The 
Uickory Point school lost its bail lepuiation 
from that day. The sL'holiU-.s .soon learned 

for his kindness of heart and for his gentle- 
manly (jualities. There was good material 
in the school, and Mr. Winters made the 
most of it.~T/it! Youth's Companion. 

France has io,t)a5 free schools. 

Michigan University has 1,554 students in 

There are twenty American girls studying 
at the Univei-sity of Zurich. 

The school teachers in the State of Ver- 
mont are prohibited from using tobacco. 

There are 114,000 school teachera in Eng- 

The Paris Ecole de Medeciue now 
tains seventy-eight female students. 

There are uow tifty-two schools in New 
York City in which girls are taught sew 
cooking and liouscwork. 

thirteenth century the luivorsity of Oxford 
contained according to its hi-storiau, Anthony 
Wood. 80,000 students. 
Inn recent speech, Sir Stafford Northcote 

put into boys' mouths a certain amount of 
knowledge, which never got into their brains, 
he had the greatest contempt. 

The best teacher is one who keeps cool. 

Voah'n Pini. 

' la your son through with college, Mr. 
Oldboy? " '■ N— uo, not exactly. The col- 
lege is through with him"— Burdette. 

A Boston girl never calls an ice berg an 
' i<c ber;:. " Oh uo ! She always .speaks of 

like."— J?»*Ar/7i. 


ivei-sily at Mitchell, and Tower 

Charles Colby, has given a round $1,000,- 
000 to establish a new university in Wis- 
consin. It was his father, Gardiner Colby, 
who endowed Colby College at Waterville, 

The student whom the Johns Hopkins 
University refused because she was a woman, 
Martha Curry Thomas, of llaltimorc, has 
just received the degree of Ph. D., summn 

niiii youiiLT '^fholar. "So 
nly do what other people 
le burning 

Why did the boy stand on 1 

deck ?" asked a Boston teacher of her class 
Cause he didn't want the kwtrds to burn,' 
id a hoy.— Barlijigloit Free Press. 
Professor — " Does my question embarras> 

you ?" " Not at all sir," replied the studeut 

-From the Oa 

Princeton College has withdrawn from 
he rowing association It would appear 
hat Princeton is gomg to waste valuable 

Sixty Harvard freshmen have dropped 
their Latin, eighty their Greek, and one 
hundred lliei 
have droppcc 

culture is still safe.— 
N. r. Sun. 

The story is told of a certain college presi- 
dent who upon meeting in a car, a student 
not noted for sobriety, and whose appetite 
once gave evidence of a recent debauch, 
solemnly and reproachfully approached him 
and sidd' "Been on a drunk? 4' 'So have I," 
was the reply. 

" Was Rome founded by Romeo?" inquir- 
ed a pupil of the teacher. " No, my son," 
replied the wise muri ; "it was Juliet that 

beggar In ul.uiii \n- -;,\v I 

What time of day was : 

name of " Public luviilinjim ol Irr!;iiiri ' 
There are 1,814 students at Oberliu ' 
lege. The catalogue further states 
young women are able to obtain both n 
and meals iu one of the college boarding 
halls for $2. n week. And even these figures 
can be further reduced to $1.50, by any one 
willing to do housework for an hour oi 

A dude returned from college to his par- 
ents' city apartments. As he was undressing 
to go to bed at night he noticed a handsome 
motto on the wall. " God bless our flat," and 
it bothered him all night so that he could 
hardly sleep. 

Return If not Satisfactory. 

Remember, that if you order either oui 
• New Compendium of Practical and Artis 
ic Penmanship," or the "Guide lo Self 
nstruclion," and they are not satisfactory 

AVhat is said of the Journal. 

The Penman's Aiit Jouiinal came 
our table recently. It is filled wilh things 
for the general reader as well as for the 
penman. We cannot recommend it too 
lngh\j.— Educational MonVily 

The Penman's Am- JornNAi,, D. T. 

) get me to tue station m tnree mm- 
Jabman (with provoking slowness) : 
sorr, you might corrupt me, but 
t bribe that horse."— i/arcarrf Lam- 

bj-D.T An,- 

\,.„ -,,,,1,, -i,,,„i. ,11 

bead of 

United SI, 1 


great succc.,,.- 

li.. .1 u...,..,„ 

Tlie Penmah's Akt .Touhmal for Janu- 

ary gives an excellent lesson in practical writ 

ing by the editor, whicU occupies nearii 

three pages. 

A Schoolmaster Ml,,.. 1.1 i... 

S. S. Packard, 

wilh the accomp,,,,,. 1... 

trations. is full of intercstine ini , , 

and incidents. 


Other pages ar 

crowed wilh soli.l.,, -. 

notes of intere 

St, and elegant ill,,-, ..,„ 

dislrees, and co|^ 
hi not but feel f^ 

-The Treasury. 
The January number of " Pen 

the paper cauuol help but be impressed by 
\i%iQfich\ngs.—Th6 School Vml&r. 

Odds and Ends. 

It is a shame for a man to writ. ,, i. 
hand: he that has the use of bis IihkK .< 
eyes may learn to write any hand In pi. ;i^, 

Many an accountant's fall comes from t 
loss of his haiance.—PittaburffTeleffraph. 


■ ■ Does yere kape nothm' but dry goods 
here?" "No. ma'm." "Thin where will 

when the bill comes iu. 

Catching a Tartar.- Flippant Cock 
ney : " ^Vre there many fools in this part of 
the world, my lad?" Nondescript: "Nut 
as I knows on, sur ! Why. d'ycr feel a bat 
lonesome loike T'— Punch's Almanac. 

i will refund 

Not j 



' I'll give you five 

1 feel in thy pocket ? " 
hrnl married a vulgar 

"How much did you say tins was (' 
"Oh. adollarand a half." "That's a big 
price, isn't it?" "No, I assure you. The 
drugs are very costly." "But I am a drug- 
gist myself." "Oh, your are. WeU— of 
cnurse — fifteen cents."— -San Francisco 

|.:,|.rr with the ad- 
iliiinnl or Osborne, 
l)latk and gold let- 
;r left-hand corner 
emblazoned in red. 

I „,ii .d,„o„ka;,. Li,,a ih 

llmijiccs and Ihc kilti.ig do c 

irlainly defeat 

the wliule ol.jcct of the dress 

which is ease 

and liberty ; but I regard t 

rese things as 

mere wicked superfludies, tra 

the divided is ashamed of its 

own division. 

The principle of the dress 

is good, and 

though it is uot by any means 

is a step toward it.-0»Mr Wilde in the Pall 

MiiU Oazelte. 

The Illinois adventista who gave out long 
tgn that the end of the world would certain- 
y lakr pkicc on the 5th of January, will 

II. w iiriiri-i.<l III i-cvise their estimate.— 

The secoud in depth is at St. Louis, Mo., 
and is dM3 feet. 

Of the 30.000 newspapers printed in the 
world, 32,000 arc published in Europe and 
North America. 

The world liiis moved a good deal in the 

back to some of its old starting points. There 
is a Young Men's Christian Association at 
Tarsus, the birthplace of Snul.— Waahingtcn 


9#^^^^^^^^i^. '-^,ffl ^ -^'i f^^ ^ f^ ' ^ ^^^ 



►liahed Monthly at «1 per Ye 


ml ojicn ft way foi;eachmeml)cr t( 
jiiii'-i.lf iind display his wisdom, i 

i.iiy s.y, liis "iict hobby." A 

circular, can do so on application. 

The following named gentlemen h 
already given notice of Iheir acceptanct 

Ml-. Little's services 

The " Journal" and Good Writing. 

Lvnian P. Spencer, Washington, D. 

11. W. Fleckinger. Philadelphia. Pa 

Thos. J. Stewart. Trenton. N. J. 

D. H. Farley, 

W. H. Glenn. 

II. W. Ellsworth, New York. 

II. A. Spencer. 

U. J. McGee. 

M. J. Goldsniilh. Atlanta. Ga. 

II. C. Clark. Erie. Pa. 

L. L. Tucker, Newark, N. J. 

\\. W, Bttiiiell, Cleveland, Ohio. 

< i:.v|. - I. .,!.,;, pic. Iowa. 

>f the teacher fo 
Ve are unable at 
will give the 

America. The following arc a few from 
the multitude of the favorable mentions of 
his exhibitions: 

Jleadville. Pa.. Nov. (i, 1883. 

Supt. Crawford Co.. Pi 

State Normal School, Bloomburg, Pa 

Jnnuarv 10, 1889, 

great and little. ^ 

Report of the Rochester Con- 

The report of Ihe proceedings by tlie Cot 

' addressing the Secretary. A. .J. 

Copy Book J 

April', H. C. Clark, of t 
iness College, will give a 1 

, Compendium. 

All who are interested in the Copy Book 
and Compendium question should be sure 
and see the March Journal. We think 
that they may safely rely upon some rich 

Business College for Sale. 

Any one who wishes to engage in the Bus- 
iness College business, can learn of an excel- 
lent opportunity by addressing the JonHNAL. 
One of Ihe best known and popular colleges 
in this country, for good reasons is offered 


; ktteri/tff ejxcuted at t/ut ojice of t/ut Jowrdal, mid is % 


Drawing Lessons. 

which Jl, 

JOUllNAl. > 

Hire of tht 



The King Club 

Wc writing llu-o,„l, li, , 1, 

otIheJoiiRNAi.. Ii 

thing goes on even l~.K „,ll. -„l,-r, 

tor the JODRNAI., ami Ihiu. c.f course, th 

will be nn end of all bad writing. All j 

■mw, i.lense. 

■■ 01. MlmlwUlte joyful," 

•IVll your friends, and lell them to tell 

iheir friends, that cvers- body is subscril the JOUKNAL. 

Writing Lessons in the Journ 


wck.n LAUiL,:L,l;i„.j„_;. ., , 

and hereby exkmllo all the K:eii, _ . , 

and aulhorsof writing in llii. ■,.„,,, 

invitation to each one to pni-i . , , _ 

through the columns of il.r i.., , ., 

imtctical lesson u] -u i .,, 

Tlie Qni-en club numbers scpc/i^^-^Awe, and 
was sent from the Goldsmith, Bryant & 
Stratton Business College. Detroit, Mich. . by 
\V. 10, II;iII, ilu' accomplished penman and 

rapid free-hand skci 
George E. Little. <■! 
many of the reader 

A club numheriug ilurty-Jive, conies from 
Uobcrt H. Kemp, Alexandria, Va. 

II. T. Kugleliorn, sends a elub of twimti/- 
niiii. from his Business College, Ileleuii, 

I 1 .V Wood, of the Dominion Business 
I ii. . Kingston, Ontario, and W. E, 
I M I, . ,1 Dayton. W. T.. each send clubs of 

itals appeared in the Januiuy mmiber. 

Geo. Morris sends a elub oi fourteen, i 
Guelph. Ontario. 

The Penman's Art Joitina 
to be a fixed fact, and \wnr^ ;tll 
of prosperity, includini: i |m,,[ 

Ishmiieiites of his 

Specimens of Penmanship. 

feredforauy nlluT |mqiii-.c lljari ;is spi'ci- 

e richly worth the price named. The copies 
e handsomely printed on plate paper 

or »p c en f off J and 

It V, gwm a. a good exampU far pracba 

Wr Men Drawn Copies for 




auddrnk The 1 
peartha bewsth 


\ ^B^^^ 

of a n V n 

I li I fl ou ommen 

\^ ^^^SbBjI^ 

1 1 


mj c u I nua J nun lie f be 

x^^ — ^^^■■HP' 


Jo N r J M Wh 

^:£4^ yjBr 

mo e 

e Ic 1 s, ep 

-r I do b t n 


fo u ben n 

-,.^2_x<^P' >i^^ 

n I eak 



o 01 c anl 

^ — o^ 

n 1 e s jou 

P niN 

los on 

c n n seonly you 
say Bj of n] ar ons lie presents 

wrxtUn than from drawn cop es ? In reply 

ever hete odoi I u ay ppear to t m these 

at St des made m 

actual mpo 1 cs nb to r te 1 ke 

to your qu St on Ho v v 11 t be where 

1 ones cr t c sms I leg a 1 ttle space n t 

penmanshp nee that 

lerod cannot be 

c 1 1 

> n I 

In b n 1 

fe n 1 b b le 

eon made a 


ec Hyde 


e givmg 

that all 

flf u 

fa a 

mu t'dq ud om ba u b u 

■n vcd It vould be v ry 

s ve as some of tbe en" oi I 

lave no ced a f | 

pers On tbe 

I H L 



« b,efee 

n s pages 

n 1 n 1 b 1 tl 

hi u f 

ll e 

In c 8 lUcs on I vould k 

1 N e 

d 11 a y of to ch effect of shade e r lie 

wem J 

ou to n er Tb dly you say fl 
ran nan evcral w (er« wl o r b 

1 b nd 

appeared to be enw upped n tl e magnet sn 
of 1 Is call Ua mor 1 u i 

Sp k 

f e } cop es >» 11 W no 

li i at ud a cu noutb 

entrcy rrelovan 


ds g sb a n 

fo 1 p act cal purposes and 1 ow ou the r 

uponhisp pis 

u vcsot 

cope* nan n b 

very face tbat thej are mtbm and not 

be ime 

v t n" ben s 

d acn 

love for b s tl 

out tbe 

Mr WI on n I j 

An Apropos Subject 


f tb art 
n with the 

» b 

«•« b ccond null 1 1 o gr ved 
to good T tdo e ho ny 
necoud f r on d b rej. n le o 

Bi Jo CPU Clo -KB 
Wlj s tth among BO na y professors 
of b 1 e o 1 

b rdn 

11 tb 

e pect tbat ever} le ner ould 1 ve p 

f e b from the pen n 1 for tl re son ou 
ba sU led 

c all tbe a b cs 

1 red m Ue t 

oMr Whites quest on C nnot lup 


learn faster from tcM vr ttcn cop a tb n 

fron those engraved r fh t a. uot my 


qu St on My juestion was as you w 1 

pon n 

s c Cannot p i Is Icam faster from weU 

and eon 


SO^orflSo tlie slani i- ii ■ i i- n,.|,i- it 
a« hi« monitor, and i.s ^^ov.riicil (-ntirely 
thereby. Then how cun you adopt uny fixed 
angle when n master knows il is impractic- 
able. The poet has his muse; tlic penman, 
his fuucy. Lei him believe in lier. and he 
will reach a higher plane than if he remain- 
ed groveling in the dust of philosophical im- 
possibilities. The penman is as much held 
to the caprices of bis goddess, as ever poet 
was bound by his. 

Note.— We shall give our views upon Mr. 
Clowes' very able and interesting article in 
the March Number of the Joithnal. It is 

of his views weshnll differ. 


R. M. J 
be Uniot 

quick and sharp of perception, and is chock 
full of sterling common sense. lie is also 
one of the best known and extensively em- 
ployed experis respecting questioned band, 
writing in his Suvt«. 

W. J. Martin is teaching penmanship at 
the Foster sflinol hnii^f in Silver Creek, 

Mich..Mnn-l.M rr)Mi-'!-,VMi..'ht.- :,tKr-' 

ler Cenliv, \\<.,in, ., „i-.-,i,,,,i ,. 

Mich, nines. 
r,. B, Jones, the accomplished wrii- 

success here. His selcet writing 
is very pleasantly located on Main 
id is convicnily fitted' up for the ac- 
ation of his pupils, lit- is now c.uu- 

Batatia, K. ]'. 

Ezru White, for many years President of 
the Eastman Business College, Poughkoep- 
sie, N. Y., ha« lately became a partner and 
the President of the Coleman Business Col- 
lege. Newark, N. J. 

D. E. Russell, Mineral Wells, (Texas.) 
sends a well-written letter, and incloses a 
slip written by one of bis pupils but eleven 
years of age— which is very creditable. Mr. 
Russell Bays, "I am delighted with your 
January Number, 

The OmmmI i;.,,.;,i- \i:, ,, i., ^ i 

'> The Journal for my 

. . i;\\i,. and I think it is 

G. W. ^lichacl pjtehci into the copy-book 
business like a bull into a china shop— and 
with about the same decree of discretion and 

of SwL-n- 
to pay a 

join with lUfmluiu 
A Chyrograpbi( 
by Messrs. Codym 
with the Bu6ines.s i 
New York. 

Messrs. Asire and J. A. Wright have 
opened a College of Commerce at Minneap- 
olis, Minn. They arc enterprising men and 
will undoubtedly win success in their new 

Prof. Robert C. Spencer of Milwaukee, 
Wis., is President of The Wisconsin Phono- 
logical Society. ;i philiiiiMironir nrsanizntiou 

schools iij 
with limii 


E. W. Zimmerman, National College of 
Commerce. Philadelphia. Pn. 

F. S. Heath, Epson, N. H. 

W. N. Ferus. Big Rapids, Mich. 
C. W. Slocum. Chillicothe, Ohio, says; 
"I attribute much of mv success as a 

» m. J. iT-owncc. PrupiitCur ol Tui 

ry (Ontario.) Flour andLumberMills^ 

'■Inclosed you will find $1,00 for &i 

U , il. Lathrop, So. Boston, Mass. 

Krijn Van Ilof. Grand Rapids. Mich., 
Huys : ' ' The Joubnai, has done me more 
good than all the writing lessons I ever re- 

W. C. Walton, Portsmouth, N. II. 

T. J. Toland. Special Teacher of Writing 
in Public Schools. Canton, III. 

F K Smith. Sacramento, Ca!., Business 
' " ■ -^iiys: -The JoDfiNAi. has helped 

' ' !■ niiing to write more than anything 

A, i:. I'jirsons, Columbus Junction. Iowa. 

W. J. White. Pittsburgh. Pa. 

J. F. Hammers. Stephenport, Ky., sends 

O. A. Brown. Clinton. Ohio, and a club 
of subscribers. 

L. L. Tucker. Penman. New Jersey Busi- 
ness College. Newark, N. J. 

H. C. (Mark. Clark's Business College. 
Erie. Pa. 

C. A. & F. n. Burdcit, Burdctfs Busi- 
ness ColIcLf.-. T^n-|,,n. M,L-. We quote. 
"TheJoriiNAi Iom - iniii\ nor snap 

; explodes the jealous doctrine that 
e inspired, and that only the gift- 
e capable of acquiring the art of 

Robert Philip, Engraver, Sacramento, 
E. W. Marquis. Worth. Pa. 
A. W. Randall. Brooklyn, N. Y. 
W. P. Spcnslcy, Dubuque. Iowa, says : 

W. T. Harris, Jackson, Tenn, 

J. W. Swank, Treasury Department, 
Washington. D. C. 

II, W. Fleckmyer, National College of 
Cnhiin, I, x, Philadelphia, Pa. 

)l ' ^ju'iicer, Spencer Business College, 
\\..^ir.-,:rn„, D. C. 

liiK si i:, Hilton, Yarmouth, N. S. 

J. U. Smith, Maryland Institute, Balti- 

lege, Cleveland, Ohio. 

W. J. G. Land, Alton, lud. 

S. G. Snell, St. John's, N. B., and a 
of ten subscribens. 

A. B. Capp. Ilfiilds Business Co! 
San Francisco. Ciil. • Ineliised is $1.1 

pay for ii 


M.J. Goldsmith, P( 
Accountant. Atlanta, Ga. 

H. C. Fliekinger. Normal College of Com- 
merce, Philadelphia, Pa. 

W. J. Elliott, Walkerton, Ontario. 
\ ^I TTnniuMin, Metropolitan Business 
iiii-'ji i|iii,i.;m lii. ■• I think your lesson 

<HM i:van~. I inn, Ontario, and Bird. 

U. S. G. Long Coles, Summet, Pa., says : 
"This is a specimin of my penmanship 
through the aid of the JonnNAL. I deem it 
the best paper in the land." 

L. M. Climer, Pleasant Lodge, Academy, 
N. 'C. A letter. Flourished bird and a set 
of capitals. " I find the Journal a great 

Jarvis, N. Y.* 

John O. Phillips, 
" The JotTHNAL is the best penm 

Ira R. Harris. Allston. Mass. A 

owa, says : " Your lesson in lEist number 
vasAl. Pound on." 

Geo. Spencer, B. S. &; Goldsmith's Bvwi- 
less College, Detroit, Mich. A letter and 
, fine collection of copy slips. 

A. J. Hall, 0. Ind, Normal Pohool aud 

Q. H. Chapin, Albany, N. Y., says: 
"The Journal is the only paper in which 
engrossing receives its proper attention. 
Every design you publish gives me ideas 
worth more than a years subscription. 

C. C. Muring. A letter and 'flourished 

W.S. Gardner, Bookkeeper, Campbcl, Mo. 
A letter. He says; '■ I am only a book- 
keeper, but take a great interest in the 
Journal. I think it the best paper of its 

W, E. Hall, Goldsmith, Bryant and Strat- 
tou Business College. Detroit. A lettter, 
A S Grllicrt Pemnun at the Spencorian 

nusin.-S Cnlir-r, \I il Wnilkce, WlS. 

'' ' Miihi,,-, I' ,11 at Nelson's Busi- 

iicsv^r, ( iiKiniiaii. Ohio. A letter 
and ail clc;^ ml ^jiciiiiK'u of copywriting. 

C. R. Wells, Superintendent of Writing 
in the Public Schools of Syracuse, N, Y. 

W. H. McEwen, Penman and Card Writ- 
er, Brimfied, Ind. A Letter, Cards and Set 
of Capitals. 

P. A. Westrope, Teacher of Penmanship. 
Grant. Iowa. A Letter. Flourished Bird, 
and several copy slips— also club of sixteen 

C. R. McClure, Munsonville, N. H. A 
Letter and Cards. 

W. G. Trimble. New Orleans, La. A 
Letter and Cards. 

A. J. Tuck, Cranbrook, Canada. A 
Letter, says : 

"The Journal is par excellence— the'8 Paper. It needs only to be seen 
to be admired. After so many attempts 
during the past ten years, to establish pen- 
man's papers, Uie penmen of America are to 
he congratulated that they biive one, at least, 

A. D. Small, Oil City, Pa. A letter and 
flourished swan. 
W. J. Elliott, Walkerton, Ontario. A 

workmg nights and Sunday's now." 
E. H. Burrows. Dublin, Iowa. A doui 

ish, bird and quill with card. 
Wm. B. Driggs, Baltimore, Md. A letter 

and flourished swans. 

John Baglcy, Concord, N, II. A letter 

ia Fire t 

j;likeL-psie, N. Y, A letter, h flourished 

, and 11 club of fifteen subscribers. 

. J. Coonrod. Teacher of Actual Busi- 

keei)s us posted in matters pmliiiuiiifr to 
our profession and prevcntji our bctoniiug 
rusty. I value it very highly." 

N. S. Beardsley. of the Saint Paul. 
Minn., High School. A letter. 

S. G. Snell, Pen Artist at St. John's 
(N. S. ) Business College. A letter and 
and flourished bird. 

H. D. Allison, Dublin. N. H. A lad of 
fifteen, writes a very handsome letter and 
several copy slips. . His skill he attributes 
to bis three years subscription to the 



"liilting" magHzine. Its Hinlf on Oor- 
reniMiideiicf are of genuine interest to every 
class of readera. Published monthly, by S. 
S. Packard, for »aper year, at 80.5 Broad- 
way, New York. Single copies, 20 cents. 
The Cluroffrnp/wr is no more. Alas! that 

Ex-Treasurer Spinner's 

This tact culled tii tin- mind nf .\s 

impracticable to turn tin- band toward lUc 
body sufliciently to bring the two ribs of 
the pen to squarely face Uie paper when 
writing upon a slant of .M ; .lud since flour- 

withuMi^uju ;... .1 ■ .." 

difficulty lu bi uwm-iuL' ))j lliL 111 ^'l ;iJi 
oblique pen or holder, 

C. O. C, Brooklyn. N. Y.—" Is there any 
rule respecting the shading of loops wher^ 
two or more come in close proximity ? " 

formerly there was 

shading on ; when double, t 
occured together tlie middle one was to be 
shaded. That custom we believe is now ob- 
aeleto— or at least it should be in practical 
writing. In professional such a practice is 
permisabte for the artistic effect. 

T. S. D., Guelpb. Mo.—" Will you please 
give us your visws on teaching a 'large 
band ' to beginners ? " 

We believe that il is well for beginners to 
practice upon large copies until the hand be- 
comes somewhat deciplined. . It is much 
easier for an untrained band to imitate large 

J. B.. Concord, N. H,— "What 1 
a pen should I use for lillins Diploln 

Old Ku!;li-li iu,>l i;. •,„>,„. T,Ai,and 

I fioil 

The 1 

first be made with broad pens, and then the 
spurs may be added and the letters trimmed 
with a fine pointed pen. Guide lines should 
be ruled, and the letters located first with a 
medium hard lead pencil— India Ink should 

C. O,, Brooklyn, N, Y,—" Please slate 

with the pen » 

No ! 11: 

of black ink copies 

regular practical wri 
Victor J,. Chi.aso 

r upholding such a hobby. The great- 




usually interesting t.d.U 

of conu-iits. It is 

finely illustroled ni..l 

li'jiiiil ill Us U|ii,. 



. iiMiii mil ri.,lii,L> 

articles it is difflcull l. 

in their 

variety will 1 

.■ flillll.l s|,„,|.,l|i||.. 

suited to 

the taste and en 

erlainmcnl of every 

class of 

raiders. Put 

ished Vnonthly for 

t3 a y 

ar, by D. Lothrop & Co., Boston ; 

single m 


,(-, S/„„ll,„„.l 

ll.imrirr for Teh- 

ruarv i 

III.- ill |.IM1I.| 

iliislicd with the 

vigor .,1 
It is e 

I'li'-i'ii'i, '",",. Mil!! 

111. lipcnessofage. 

HDci retired uiiiufully. 

L. Kellogg & Co., educational 

all our scliools aic resencrulcd. 

Tlt£ Treasury is the title of t 

ziDe. by Selden R. ITopUius. 

Place, New York. Tl.r Ft'luu 

T/ie Treasury is piir]M.^Ml in i; 

for $1.00 
The Ed' 

in cnmplyiug with the advice of the Ir 
urer. He added : 

"I liiivo been to the place iadicntcd, 

Teach the Beginners to Write 

Several years ago it was quite popular in 
primary schools to have the childreu print ; 
whole lessons were printed upon slates. 
Recently, however, but little is done in 
printing. It appears to be far better to have 

to write script wo 

t by other 
adapt our 

the script 

cling any 
x'r raining 
to strike 

pencil, the lend 

A Binder for Ten Cents. 

conducting such exercises. 

How to Remit Money. 

The best and safest way is by Post-ofticr 
Order, or a bank draft, on New York ; next , 
by registered letter. For fractional parts ot 
a dollar, send postage-stamps. Do not send 
personal checks, especially for small sums, 
nor Canadian postage-stamps. 

Mil minds and dispositions are pla 
i-qual footings, and principle as well 
pacity will show itself in different in 
als. Those of unstable character wil 
ally show this quality in their work, 
is always of an indefinite nature, i 
variableness of purpose, or lackii 


iuid wrong. Others 

Subscribe Now. 

Remember that now is the time to sub- 
>^cribc for the Journal and begin with the 
year and the volume. Two subscriptions 
will he received for $1.76 with a copy of the 

to send $1 and get the 
ouHNAL, one year and a 
3 Self-Instruction in Prac- 
'enmanahip," worth |2, u 

friend," upou a sbect of Bainliridge's he 
stitch hankci-cliief paper, with one of F: 
cliIUl's fine gold peoH, nnd then dnintil.v ^i' 
her miBsivc with one of Mailer's exqui^ 
little seals, ever gives o thought as to Ik 
the ancients wrote, of whether 

lOllli III. 

Diiil III ii 

nil tllr Ml . 

Mill iM , : M 

T 1., 

the arts nnd sc'K'iiiiM 

1, „. 

to Enoch. Adam iiri; 

1 Ili,,K, nil 

to their G,»l Oiliii, 

ill 111. Ill, 

Cadmui-ilir ,1,,,, mi 

heciil.iii. III iM 

feci 111.. HUM Ml 

moiiili. III .1 

1 1 Mil nho 


,. iiiiihes 

hy miil.iii. ,1 1 m 

themii- li. .> M ,1,1, 

11, HIT 111,. 1 

mnliim «, li.i. Ml V 

„ „,|is th 

dUCli..TlM M , ,1, 

,1 .,l,j.,|-|s, II 

as civili/.ii piMui. 

r the sounds of spok. 

different ways, nnd somctiii 
nothing but the object of ^ 
reproductions, while at ol 

most heinous crime. Then njjuiu they 
\wed emblematically ; as, for iniitance, 
it was desired to denote the upper or 1 
country, two different species of water i 
were need. The hieratic or siicml wn 
second of these forms of wiiiiiu n,. 
of a later period of the woilil i 1 t 

thr.iu,.,|i I , , I ii .1 

Ethiopians liii.l Hvo -niplii,, nvsicns, iiii,. <,f 
which somewhat resembled the hieratic of 
the Egyptians ; but as no trace of it remains, 
this is dimcult to determine. Such a close 
resemblance does the early Babylonian or 
cuneiform inscriptions bear to the Egyptian 
that the two arc ascribed to the same origin, 
although in one respect Ihey present a mark- 
ed dilTorcnce. In the hieroglyphic writing 


u'jjLa g^^^SIStS ^f 

Individuality in Penmanship. 

vicluality in the writing of every member, 
but we fail to see the practical upplicalioti of 
the fact. We are led to believe by the fre- 

meuts OD the subject 

Second, The poorer the teaching the greater 
the individuality shown by the work. By 

pupils, in a large degree, of its iudividuiility. 
We refer to the average pupil, whose writ- 

! try. This is certaiuly true, therefore 
ee no necessity for trying to develop it 
1 it will be developed whether we will 

"Wrong Spelling. 

The following is an illusti-ation of pro- 
nunciation and spelling in the use of wrong 
words which have the same pronunciation 
as the right words, and which, if properly 



about two pair a pare, butt she through it 
down and run with awl her mite, for fear 
her guessed wood knot weight. Butt, when 
she saw the little won, tiers stood inn her 
eyes at the site. 

"Ewe poor deer! Why due ewe lye 
bear? Are ewe dyeing? 

Responsibility for Mail. 

e risk of sending properly directed 
?r by mull is very slight; and in all 

now before the public that will i 

Sixteen pages to alphabets, package-marking 
covers, $i. Given free {in paper), as a premi 
wanted in every town in America, to whom lil 
With them agents can make more money w 

largefpages, elegantly printed on the I 
, Off-hand Flourishing, and Lettering. 
fficient aid to either teacher or learne: 

; thmgs that take everywhere. 

Must She Always "Hush 

[', iiskeil her moMier, the othei day ■ 
■ .^linnniii, \\\n-n little girls die they g 

' And harps ? Do they have harps ? 
1 long meditative pause 

What A e Girls Good For ? 

The People of the Pen 


red the 

Back Numbers 


Phonograpliy . t&orunglilv leamed, opens tlie bert Del 
for 7<»u>e> .•oplo.fOapeclAhy for e>diicat«d yoaDg Udlw 
•caAlKdx-lw. W.G. OUAVVKS, 0>inv«, N. « 

xf;/i..VfS i', 


Shading T Square. 

5£ - p^^^^^^^g^ IIISn— -^=^--^^^\^ 



I, BBy.— flttxr Sir ; Odb of yoor patent 1 

ire lire delighted' tritt the perfet^tion of the ti 

Penmen's and Aptists' Supplies. 


LAPILINUM (Storp Cloth 


; ; ; ; :: r' " : . : ; 


ThU is universally admitud to ht tlu 
material for blackboard in use. 

orders promptly filled, 
"penman's art journal, 

Learn to Write Your Name, 

g;a ::'7;i5ji 


M" /o*X?,S™Oon''S''o.ri.°'p.V|'iS.'*AdtoIli 



TIB Best Ennlppel BisliKss Tralnliz Sttool li iierla 

£.ll.lwlf4''.''lll«,'«ll"Md4ofj°.B.nonltr^l,"' " "™' "■ 



BQbetiriptioDe to the PEKUan'b Art J 

A Splendid Opportunity 



1 Phonogmpby ; an iUuatrated 1. 

one ill Letter Writing, 

S, S. PACKARD. Publisher, 

-J-i K05 BRO.\I)W.4V. NEW YOKK. 




Adaptetl for lue with or withoat Text-Book. 

Bryant & Stratton 





The only Instru- 


E"»'il''£ZT'"'j° T^ f "i^" «°"^- 

GER80LL, is'l-Vloh'si.'!' it. ■? *' 

V/ 'jtuu: "^j.^-fsn^r^, \ ^y .AAira' jjijmiifisQ^^^^ 

Gel Your Cards Written by 
The Card Writer. 





Penmanship Announcement. 

H. W. Ellsworth & Wilson, Publ'! 

(1) Ellsworth's Chlroeraphic Vibrator. 



... Tho Great W.-i. i 
Cliandler H Peircu ; M- ■■ 
ality lunftodwrilinn. \* I'. 



Use Printed " Return" Envelopes. 


Script Engraver, 


florolBl School, part 

Spencerian Compendiu 

Recojinizcd Anthoi'ity for 
Tne Learner, The Card-Writer, • 

The Adept, The Sign-Writar, 

The Teacher, The Pen-Artist, 

The Engrosser, The Boole-keeper, 

The Engraver, The Connoisse 

Engraved on Steel, from Actual Pen-Work, 

Tlie tiiin of tliis publicadou is to present a Cyelopeciiii of I A I i i 


Business College, 



THE COMPENDrtTM Comprises Eight Parts 

picsl Marking Alplnbets to llic 
IS ill Plain, Practical Writing 

Pi'ice of tlie Paits, Togetlier oi- Sepai-ately, 
Post-paid, 60 Cents Each. 




Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor, & Co. 

753 and 755 Broadway, New York. 



/( is mhqii.d /,: III, ,„in„! „,„( practical 
needs "f .■^ri,,,,/.,. 

It M in arrortt'Jnct inth rlir moiit rational i /- 

and approved methods o/ f<m* 

<f I No other mies of uxUoat, it ,„ com- 
prehensive m * scope and to 
il practical in iit results™ KRU- 

D. APPLETON & CO., Publishers, 


^mm'^(''7m^^^f^?' ■ 'bicycles and Tricycles 

The Yale Roadster, 

The American Salvo, 

Sociable TricycU 
Etc., Etc., Etc., 

Illustrated Cataloques. 

^_^TWK..w K„3l:.n.l In„,i,„„., Boston, M».k. 

Washington. D. C. cor. 9tli aiicU D Streets 

C^en Penman and Teacher 
Brilliant Envelopes. 

n tec^^on 


Penman's Sa 


75 Nassau Street, New York. 


Peirce's Philosophical Treatis 
of Penmanship. 

Instruction by Mail. 

B F. KELI.Ky, Pemrmn, 

if Five Lessons in Penmanship, 
by mail,* for $5. 

»f Letter or Specimen of Writing, 




, Vice-Principal.- 


First-Class Vehicles. 


Vol. IX.— No. 3. 

Lesson in Practical Writing. 

leges, cliicny. are si idciits compflratively 
advanced in years and ittainmeuts, many of 
whom having passet^ through the public 

ralher than over his right shoulder. We 
explain to him how absohitcly necessary it 
i.s that the hand should be so turned as to 
cause the pen to squarely face the paper, 

pressure, if he would have it glide smoothly 

cuts for tlie new edition o£ the "Guide," 
which will furnish additional copies for 

execute the foims properly and be betl 
qualified to teach the pupils penmanship. 

We think Mr. Spicer is greatly in err 

past theaverage excellence of writingamoi 

(^^Jmuz^ny G^i^a/f-TtAtcryiy Cp^z^z^tW^ 64%%s^#7«-' j 
Q^z^uryi^ CMue^yytAA' il6n{^m^/Tj&' il'!^<UfiyiJy 'MenTt^ i/e^ua/ i^^trm' L 

More about Drawn Copies for 

Bv D. F Si-KEU. 
From experience and observation, I an 
compelled to believe about as docs Mr. G. S 

colleges at the present time, wl 

book is in use, especially in di.- 

The forms executed by il> 

many years ago. probably wen 

the tiualificatioas of their teachers, and the 
attention they shouldgiveto the practice of 
writing by their pupils. It is undoubtedly 

vhen tl 

l-\ tunc tllC , 111,1 

l,v iiiicl lli.-re- 

lot examine iii t 


ranch of edu- 


The teachers go 




tbtffifore can 

ruct the pupils 


Bi-ing in an advanced grade I. \ find thai 
tolwrfs writing is a very goodfiiiiitation of 

edge of the shaded lines (1) that hlis hold- 
ing his pen too much on the right ilb. His 
holder is pointing in a line with hi^toreurm 

loop of the / is too short and intersects lii. I in p, 

ward, ^ving too long a space from tlie ;i .tipii-. ij 

siiiff too low (10). while the space to the e is I despaii . 

too long. (11) The (is too upright. (12) good wH 

The stem strokes generally are shaded too with ih 
high (13) and hove i 

Experts in Handwriting. 

' !ly my life," cries Malvolio, iis Ik- | 
the letter dropped l>y the jniini M 

In these ..I.M ^^,lh..ll- II.' .■ilnh.^l ihr rnli 

The career of tlic eiirliest rccogui /.(.■(! a 
thority on the similarity of handwritings, 
whom the title expert was applied, exemp 

recognition of the expert 
d some sranll private prac- 

partnersbip anaugcuicDU for working the 
process in other countries, one of which was 
that presided over hy HiiUmandel in Rath- 
hone Place, ' 
Tlirn' !lir u i it iriir-master and choms- 

jiipli- 1 T},r niii. r> wevc thc meeting p] a cc 


iind biiukcr of Gloucester. 

stantial, and beyond a stone f 
rooms, from which the drawii 

ored and illegible scrap of paper found 
among the remains of the ill-faled voyagers 
of the Brebve and the Terror; from which. 


whose olTices iu Riithhone Place we 
the nm specimens of an art till 
known in England. 

ly pbK. 

follow e 
slight n 

■ long 

deeds of gift, 

£15,000 claimed under the will— oi, i r 
a will— of George III., dated fiut; 
James's. June U, 1771; whereby tbiil -\.u\ \ 

lithography. Nor was that an easy 
tter, for the great days of railway specu- 

the habii 
the old < . 

■ possibility occurred i 

reception of new ideas. 

iirity with the handwriting of 
ght be worth hearing on the an- 
f a paper disputed to be from 

whilst the rest of tl 
hut upon the capa. 
reiving a drawing i 

only discovered 

Uiiu was susi>Jctcd of forgery, the re- 
ing a compromise; and. not to weary 
be distasteful record of crime, the 
Miss Edmunds of Brighton. This 

employment of the well-known Daniel and 
John Forrester, the thief-lakers and sue 
ccsBors of the old Bow Street runnei-s, and 
the dtbut of the then Mr." Huddleston. now 
more familiar as the last of the Barons— of 
the Exchequer. The forgere were satisfac- 
torily convicted, and somewhat curiously, 

entry referred to 
1.1 that the true 
-■ expert proved to 
lilt that the letter 
I i\Iiss Edmunds's 

never even go so far as thai, for often t 
consulting pjiriies only want their own t 
spicions conilriped for thcii 
without any Intention of taking 
action. They are for the most part 


ingktki-- criisurch ID lud suspected svia 
lureatowdls and — >;trsnge tlint a daj of 
unnersil \n\t ind liurmooj should be so 
desecrated '— uo \ alentmc s Daj pa^sses that 
does DOt bnng witlj it half a dozen poesies 
or pictures as to the authors of which the 
recipients show ao niigry and a h\ elj ( 


And iii.u llnl " 


' i 'I'l" "wmm 

lale Mr Chabol > opinion on lla 1 1 \Ld qnes 
lion of the authorship of I.miu^ founded 
on a mmute comparison of many handwiit 
ingb and embodied in il e\haustivt pubhca 
lion Lditcd nnd pufnccd b, Iht Hon Ed 
;vardT«iMlctrn-lbr «hoK lo imi mind it 

larlT d. ,11 iMtli 1.1 lu 



blliiiilh Tilt 
11 hen tliouRh 

not the authorship that is identical — and 
yet from what we know of Francis his 

mans dittalion— tbtn ran he no earthl\ 

>v; |w^^^«;*f 


knonn hnes from X\\( Gnoui iKtnnDiDj, 

Phihp pibh d and ponb J iml I ikiii^ up a 
pen extracted a '^tniu of «oid fiom the 
quotation as more or k ^ iii(itiim^k-.s and 
inapposite endin? ftilb i woid of bi-- own— 

mill lis between the two dasbcs Then said 
Ml Blikc bcin^well icqmiintcd uitb the 
MtiK i«n dashes of lumus from Air Taj 
Inr - b..ok Pi 1} w 111 3 ou allow me to ask 
^ou Sir Philip do you always sign \our 
initials m that manner ? To which Sir 
Philip scowhng and growhng answered 

J down the pen and strode a^\ ay This 
ppened fortj eight jears after May 3 
19— the dale of the lunius letter m which 
; signature bct«een the two dashes first 


he end of Mr C habot s book 
3 the work of another well 
known expert Mr Nethei 

ed upright hand of Sir Phil 
ip 6 that IS identical with the 
disguised npnt,ht hand of 

Tuning It ^^^ ^\Hlt, n at 

Mr Pitt the bank -toppul 
payment In those da\s it 
was customary it the Vvitm 
hly Rooms for a lady to re 
tain her partner durmg the 
whole of the evening and 

tJl mrilltdBtut 


by the 

author of "Ecce Homo." "Why, if I lind. 
written it, you know I should certainly 
suy I hadn't." 

The first expert hod other difficulties to 
contend with than those merely of want ^t 
{iiihlic recognition, and chief among iIhih 

astical courts. 

the re-telling, 
point of view of nn es- 
ise observations were not 

question was a will, the 
nw undoubtedly genuine; 
, indeed, to all appear- 

to whom, by a later will (never found and 
presumably destroyed), there was a bequest 
of almost the entire property. On the fac-e 

J than any o 

property among the attt-sling witnesses and 
legatees, and practically disinheriting the 

r authority on the bench. 
No one can read his analysis of the different 
handwritings in the Tichborne case, on the 
nineteenth day of the summing-iip. without 
feeling he fully recognized the value of the 
test ; for there is nothing, he very truly says, 
in which men differ more than in hmn\- 
writing, and notliintr wliirh a niiin is ]ps.^ 
likely completely even i.> \n-v <n r\<u -n ni- 
far that is, of course, il- iU |..:ulil,v hMhtlr- 

existed, would have found 

; Mr. Charles Reiuk', 

.[uiriL's of this kind. The advaiitnge i 
habits of handwriting — as shown in n 
points which escape common observ 
but are quite observaWe when pointed 

Honest Dogs. 

M hy Prnfc^^^nr Rfll Ihat when 

The expert now, therefore, i 
field before hira 

iill IriK-c of pencil or pen be gone, yet wi 
most kinds of paper all that will be eras 
marks of the plui 

t ingenious and dar- 
r oecupied 
! perpetrators of 

e rrimes of.forgery and 
; Old Bailey ; a case which 

c sigBftture also pointed in 
Lnd that is precisely wha 
or the testator, believing b 

lilt his '-Mil ]i;iii im! jfl ieurned to 
iptation. Through the window 
<ky noticed Shark, anxiously 
y liis father, steal a cold tongue 

The Arts Contributory to Writing 

from the blrd.s 1 !. ■ . . ml.. 

—The Materials and Imple- 

are called ■•primes." aiirl are set aside for 

Bt Chandleb II. Pkirck. 

making the best and dearest pens ; the next 

No. S. 

in point of size and quality are called 

Quii.i. I'liNs. Metat.i.ic Pens. 

"seconds," while the worst are desisiiated 

We find, tlie... thol paper, which may 
pcrliaps be rcsardcd as the most important 

The making of quills uif- i«.i,s is ,„ f 

material for writing, is composed of linen 
or colloi. rass. b,.,leii lot,, ii |.ulp and tlieu 

ly illustrate the l.i.i m .,.iii...l 1., Lnig 

formed ml.. Ilini III. I-, .nil. 1 1,1 111. ,1, \ 

■III, n liile others conduct it with a degree of 

'°™"" "' '' ''■" ' ' "' ''" '" " 

1 i|.i<liiv quite astonishing. Some of the 

be Ink .1 -i.l.'i.ii -1,, ,-1 ill 

r s regularly employed in this way will 

rhis will give some idea of the kinds of 
)rocesse8 whereby the sheets of steel arc 

Forty-five years ago it 

! estimated thnt 

in England yearly ; at the present time t 
amount must be very largely exceeded. 
(To be Continued.) 

Drawing Lesson. 

No. VI. 

tOE E. LiTTI-E AND D. T. Aj 

Europciui Irip. lie was uiml 
Therefore we again do the beat i 
subject chosen by Prof. Little f 

leucil. First the writing of the 
transferred— upside down, of 
a slip of damped paper, and 
tnLiisfirml— right side up— to 

i regards forms or hair li 

Editoh op Journal. 

Washington, Pa.. March 14, 1885. 
Prof. D. T. Attm, N. Y.: 
Dear Sir — Under the existing postal 

which hehuswriUni .nn l.n jr Iflii-.tti 1 1 

served as meraoriiil.s in cMiiiKrii. Ill wiili such 
matters; and Dr, llollimd. wUu inmslatcd 
Pliny's "Natural History" in the sixteenth 
century, recorded an exploit connected with 
it in the following lines : 

" With one sole pen I wrote this hook. 
Made of gray goose-quill : 

The J 

litl t 

tear enough for the tU' 
importation of goosf 
I is very large. 
Licked of their feathers 

for the sake both of the quills and the 
feathers, but the other times for the feathers 
only. The peu-quills are generally taken 
from the ends of the wings. When plucked 
the quills are found to be covt-rcd with a 

of a kind of sheath which li:i.l iiiMi,,i„ii 
them; the interior vascular nu m' 
resulting from the decay ot id 
pith, adheres so strongly to llic l.u:. h.i iii. 
quill as to be with difficulty si-paialtd ; 

.i..l...eiKl. Asmollpipe,or 

is lylinder, and the latter 

111:1. Iiiiie in such a way tha 

od, is inserted 
is placed in a 
two cutting 

one on either 
It lengthwise 

These -iii.illl - :m.- |,ii 

cell, with the 

the edges are made straight i 
having a plane pass over them 

nd smooth by 
These billf. 

be young men 
of hem hat 

f therefore a sacrifice of utility for the .■^ 
f appearance. 

I fur pens by dip- 

charcoal fire, scraping or pressing it flnt, 
and allowing it to swell out again to the 
cyliudricjil form; by this means an in- 
creased elasticity is given to the pen. The 
quill-dresser receives the quills iu large pro 
miscuoiis bundles just as they are plucked 

curious agitating niuvi.iiiLiii gi\ 

other smooth and bright, and 
rawness %l the edges. 
Thoy ore then tempered and 

Caution About Ink Pencils. 

Hoping thnt you will considei 
liaianguc kindly, I am, 

Yours truly (in the backwoods) 

I his presence, we will be responsible 


ms vs. Copy-Books. 

Under 11,.],™. 
mhUaUir,. lln / 

incnf Thr (■.,p,l-nn..k An- 
,„„.,„: i;.,:.ll. f.,r 

•■Mir|,..l l,,,s 
Which 1.. 1 M. 


tioD. aiidllH |.,, 

'^■: ';!;'::?'? I'!:l 

mnn ink. )i..lrl ,.l 

::;:;:„!:;;"'';,:;;; i^uii ;::;:: 


lurnisb somi'lliing supcn- 

'," My To'ihii support ot 
The only thing now to 

are tin; coniperniiums. and tbese are betn 
suited to those a little advanced than to tl 
very young cliildren. Tlie present sale t 
Gaskell's 'Compendium' in schools is eiiorn 


OF Slip No. 2, Gapkell's CoMrENDiu 

(^^^ (^^Z^^J^..^^.Z.-r &u^..^^^ 

the disproportion between t 

harmony of form between the four . 

' ' " ' especially the D in " Dear;" note 
oks. The . 
writing, only two are made after 

less, hits come to be regarded, by the rei)ut- 
ablc tcachersof writing throughout the 
m au outrageous curse to good instruction 
and pnicticc of writing, while the pro 

style of writing abhorent to the bus 
^Continued on next page.) 

_ and prociice 
rather than incur the risk of doing'im injustici^ 
trash as is above rcpresentt'd. launched forth \^ 
seeking to acquire a e II 

any one pretending lo experience and skill as ;i 
copies it would he a maeterpiece, We shall be 

Miclinels substitute has the merit of presenting much belter and more oidcrlj form*, and with ii betier show of system than 
does Gaskell s and on the whole it may be regarded as ft better nnd safer guide to pupils m the practice of writing Its fnlhicv 
coDsista chiefly in the fact thai it is engraved throughout to represent black board writing and should be regarded as a book of 
Illustrations rather than of real copies It is utterly absurd to place constantlj and esclusnely before the pupil for piactitp 
black board copies The learner must see bis copy on paper as he would make it not the opposite else he is without a proper 
standard for comparison and criticism Whatever merit may be accoided to 
to successful practice for leammg to write it is without merit 

ubstitute as a specimen book as a guide 

Spcncenan cop\ books 




The follo\Mn_ is a specimen of btaudird Spenceriau Copi Script as it appears in a bod} 


/ /fJ%^ 

Uu^^ (J/^ (J^i^M^'Z^^^r. a-T^zy- a^^^^-^'U^i'^^ , y^ru^y^^^e^^ 


SapeHcripiions of Xelter* 

' C^i^t^^^.^ ^li 


The following cut was photo-engraved from copies given in the Payaoii and Dunton copy-l 


In conclusion, we invite the attention of teachers and learners to a strict study and comparison of the several styles of copies ns 
above represented, that they may be able to pass intelligent judgment respecting their relative merits, and the columns of the Journal 
will be open to any who may desire to, comment pro and con. 

world, from its lack of order and ils super- 
abundant llourish. But il is alleged, "All 
the boys and girls want to write like it." 
Yes, just as they all want to see a hugely 

are all that might be desired; but we do aay 
tUat they ore the embodiment of the best 

pretended merit. In order that such may at 
least have a sample from which to judge 
we present the accompanying fac simile re 
productions of compendium c< pits together 

le best teaching and writing 
talent of the 19th century, and that such 
seosctcss tirades as we have lately reiid in 

Compendium ailvm-ii-s -aw niil\- calrwhiU'i] 

todoagreat jxiMl.' iiijinv, '>y rmi-iii- :i 

leading to inditfeiviil ;iyd vaLiihilii^ ti;atL aulhois are innliluily uud iiUL-HiL'eutlv 

ing and practice, esiiecially so by thuau j made, such should bo the' fact, in which 

who, not having seen these "best subsli- case we shall, of course, expect earnest and 

tutcs," are unable to judge respecting their I bountiful thanks for this liberal and gnituit- 

ihc mhiUtuU* shi) 
nuisance's to be i 
the publishers ba\ 

systematic copicwho has advocated an> 
thing else for learners The ^ cry idea of 
imperfect copies is begotten of incapacity 
to wiite an) thing else and ignorance of the 
proper modes of in fruction B> rule and 
pimcipU untiti I I, !,i ,.1 1,, t n iif. 

The Best Advice 

It IS n«riittd lb It 

Ii.bnk Poller no\-. 

fiimous llir. lull lit t 

1 Mill f,l Ills bill 

liant lit iiiiim Ills «l,i 

u 1 \ru,ij mill « IS 

asst^malli, tiKl.uit 

tbi ikftiis, (if 1 man 

cl,o.gul«,lh,is ml, 

,1 tbi st(,„Kldc_'rn 

tOglTCtli, unused th 

btst idv,ce he could 

.mder 11k an must in 

case to 1 mill \Mtli 

11 couvcillcnt spud 

Portei uiiracdulvJi i 

lircd to m adiiccnt 

room to consiUt \Mt 

1 ln>. client and re 

turned shortly ^^ ithou 

Where is your e 

ent ? demanded the 

astonished Judge 

"He has left the p 

ace. I guess," replied 

Porter, with the most 


"Left the plaeel 

Why. what do you 

meau, Mr. Porter?" 

" Wliy. your honor 

directed me to give 

liim the best advice 

could iiniler the cir- 

cumstnnccs. He told 

me be was guilty, so 

I iidvisi-d hiui to cu 

aud ruu (or it. He 

took my advice, as a 

clieut ought, opened 

the windnn- :iiiil slo-il 

ThCMTl l,ll,i;ir,l, . 

1 In young liarrislcr 

depnvcil.l, 1 

ihr i^racr of speech. 

aud m.llllliL .■:illir nf 

ilH mutter. -..y(.»„i, 


Different Effec 

s of Religion. 

Wifcs-Wliiil a ,11,1 

Ii.r „f ladies there 

was at clmirli iliis , 

"inini.' wearing seal- 

Skinsac.|ii,s' I,,ai,> 

id JH. Irss iban 27 

Husbiiuil nvhu ,l,.,i 

■rv 111,, point)— Do" 

youtbiuklLi.lis,],. 1 

"'I'"' >»ay to occupy 

tice a single one. 

Wif<^No ; one can 

scarcely be expected 

to notice such things when one's asleep.- 

Philaddphia Korth Amman. 

" General " Booth, of the Salvation Army, 
rently advertised for a clerk who "must 
ite shorthand and be fully saved." The 
trld is a little shorthanded of men of 
It clafis.— iSVu Orleam PkayuM. 

'l^^ p5JXX\JUSJUS£h\i ^ 


P..bU-h<.d Monthly at SI per Yea 



;ilTection, caused by paramount 

mjinshi|). For the nrdiuary ptirposes of 
liiisiness legibility ninlis first, next speed, 
Mud lastiy artistic e£Eect. Legibility con- 
-i^ls r>f i(iru'clnt's.s iiTid simplicity of form. 


jeriW«»n reMlTO^^ftnjr^^opte.U 

Notico will be KlTen by circular W ijtit)wnt.t.r8 nl th.- 
explrallon of thefr eubscriptlons, nt whidi time the iinpir 

The Compendium Nuisance. 

On another page we buve devoted consid- 
erable space to a comparison, by examples 

ery low and ever varying example 
le copies of tlie average school 
The copies of tlie prcjient popular 

perieuce > 

necessary for concerted and 
ihing, and in the absence of 
irself and all tcacliiufi would 

teachere who 

I \;i:ri;iriiiing its merits, until inexperi- 
( iK.ii iK.y.s and girls, wishing to improve 
ilii?ir writing, have bought compendiums 
just as people have been induced to pur- 
chase Salvation. Oil or Prof. Cureall's 
Bitters, knowing nothing of their merits 


Tobacco vs. Health and Good 

Next to the intemperate use of intoxi- 
cating liquors the habitual use of tobacco is 
the most baleful curse to mankind. It in- 
jures health and uselessly impoverishes the 
purse. And more especially is its injurious 

Tceptiblf degrees that its vie 
f»f its approach until its ru 
been wrought, while a cr 

a>i become so fixed by long f 



birh all sufler , 

Brother Brown Pleased. 

The February issue of the Jacksonville 

(III.) />''/«//<-.y.v (■<,!!.;/>' R/'cord copies from the 

.■niiil.'il 'Only ;i Writing Master." and 

\Vr j[i\ilr ;it[riitinll totbc articlC On 

tlnV ].:rs.- \u-.u\:\ ■ unlv a Writing Master.' 
Tlii-iiiinir rniit.Mii- imieli truth and good 
SCUM' (Miniii'; .1- ji <loes from the editorial 

culuuili^ uJ' [lie I'hNM.VN's AhT .lounNAL, 

the acknowledged leader among penmen's 
papers, it is timely' aud significant. 

to be pursuing at jircscnt is tlie one, in our 
jiiilginent, tie^l calculated to wiibscrve the 

discourages the sballow-pated vagane 
ventional writing masters, it is doing a 

and deadly effects of r i . ; i , , ■ , 
smoking have been uLtJ- piii.iii ||,,\\ 
many other similar examples varying only 
in degree there has lieen where positions 
in life were not such as to attract public 
notice, we cim only conjecture, but we dare 
.'.ay iliat they would be numbered by the 
iliMirsin.h in this country alone. 

W r I' fcrto the fearful and probably fatal 
i(i;,l;i,U of Gen. U. S. Grant, Medical 

is directly i\n<' i- in 
almost parallel ca-sc 

Should be Cautious. 

constantly doing for all .sorts ()f organi/a- 

Altbough it does not appear tliat^Mr, 

Hku.. i.-i .,1 II.. J.i.ioiiuis which^he tilled. 

I i I i :i liiin an unpleasant 

I injuriously affected 

is thai of Dr. T. D. 
, an author, poet and physician of 
ion, of Newark, N. J., who lately 

had nearly u^^ imi 
this case published i 

A Pair of Kii 

H. Kacppcl, of Lutlierau High School. 
St. Louis, Mo., a c\uh oi ftnirteen. 
Clubs are trumps. Who will lead next 

Convention Report; 

We are in receipt of a copy of the pro- 
ceedings of the Rochester meeting of the 
'■ Business Educators' Association of Amer- 
ica." It is much larger than any of its pre- 
decessors, having 232 compact pages, and 

Our Teacher's Agency 

which are legibility and ada 
facility of execution. In most 
professional writing such lui 

Bowman spoke on ihc- part of ihu college 
alumni. The exercises were conducted by 
Mr. Packard. 

W D N D 

ig k 
d h 
[ Tb mp 

W. p, nd. kdc g 
K Cates Cnc 



g wli 
J n n mb 




b g b 

d m 
h n 

m in 



p tession, furnisb 
c afforded wera 

Sy m C p 

~ ■ lifMi uv.der 

Penman s Se on o h 
B E A A 

,.., Cbickcn 



.1;, »i)eml 
n„. Mr topics. 




h m 
b k 

-b-.. P. a 
gr m ng nd cr 
dn A b d bm 

p n b d fl d 
p li T »b b b 
ra b d ss n w g 


m " d o " k° 

dd (, d 


hu.i to tell 


.1 iiinstment 

ruction in Prac 
h p,» wortb %l, 

to the Pi Kiinl \N II 

, pIl^ul^^cI 

of tbe Comiiitrc 1 Dq i 

ills Hook (Ic: 
ts League fc 
petitive e\an 

the Ticamry Magazine 


Postmastei til I til 

System >1 ll I IS 

aNo Piincipil < ol 

letcotD.^toi I I the 

Business Lducatui? Assotmlum i>l Amer- 

Elmer E. Hill, newspaper correspondent, 
Milford, N. II.. writes: "The Penman's 
AiiT Journal is the best work upon peu- 
maiisbi)) that I Imve overseen. It should 
coniinaiid a large circulation." 

T, D. Taylor, Travcrs, Mich., says: 
" Ilinman's lessons were worth many times 

by D. T. Ames, in the January and Feb- 
ruary numbers, fills a long felt want and is 

F. .1. Tollaud. Superintendent of Writing 
in the Public Schools of Canton, Illinois, 
forwards, with a club of subscribers, iinck- 

believed bufore. Ihiit Prof . Tolluud is doing 

J. M. Pilcber. formerly of Iowa Business 
ColKyc. Dcs Moines, la., has accepted the 
priucipalsbip of the Elmwood Commercial 
aud Seleii School at Glens Palls, N. Y. 

Pittsburgh, Pa., Times: "The 

> insure excellent work." 
5 been employed by tbe 

Ames's Guide. 

If you desire to have the very best aid t 
elt-improvemeut in practical and artisti 

ers. 11 icus you an about wriimg, flour- 
ing and lettering, and how to learn. If 
\ are not pleased with it you may return it, 
1 we will refund tbe cash by return mai], 

i\ed well written letters f 

ll Travellers 

tbj () \\ inter ith Jlltna Life Inh 
Co Haitford Conn 
E N Avenll Elliotts Business College 

G H Chapiu Albany N Y 

H B Whall. Milton. Mass., says I 
have made vast improvement in my writing 
through the aid of the Jouhnal and the 
Guide." ■ 

R. L. McCrendy, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

H. S. De Sollar, Central Business Col- 
lege, Decatur, 111. 

J. H. W. York. Principal of Woodstock 
(Ont.) Business College. 

Cornell College, Mt. 

N. Y.. 

'I'""'' '"■' '^1' yur agency." 

' A !;r iiK t, rsbippenberg. Pa. 

\\ i[ i'nil, of Duff's Commercial Col- 
.%'■. I'itt^biir^b. Pa. 

W. C. Nowell, Fort Worth, Texas. 

S. R. Webster, Rock Creek, Ohio. 

C. U. Pierce, of Pierce's Business Col 
Bge, Keokuk, la., with the usunl monthly 

C. E. Penny, Griffin's Corners, N. Y., 

W. E. Hall, Goldsmith B. and S. Busi- 
ness University, Detroit, Mich. 

R. M. Jones, Teacher of Penmanship, 
Washington, Pa. 

St. Louis (Mo.) Mercantile College, an 
elegantly written letter signed Perkins and 

H. C. Clark, Clark's Business College, 

1 elegantly 

Philip, Engn 

A L. Clark, Trenton, N. J 
written letter, in which he say 
the happy possessor of one of your valua- 
ble papers lust week. Appreciating its 
worth at sight, I immedialoly passed it 
around among some friends, which resulted 
in the following club of twelve sub- 

T. J. 

, Meadvillc. Pa. 

l,ll.,,i, L..I luUN-eml, Ohio. 
^V. W, licnin;tt, T. ('. Business College, 
Cleveland, Ohio. 
J. E. Depue, Coldwater, Mich. 
A. E. aiaciiay, of Geneva (N. Y.) Busi. 

The JouBN\L IS 
uftble to e\ery student 
■ luitruction "koi 

Putnam Archibald s Business Col- 

li \. Case Camden N J say? 

wKe the price of both 
C N Crandle Bushnell III 
IlugU Owens Clinton Ky 
P T Benton Crestou 1 1 ind a club < 

W C Ilowey LaCio i Wi^ 
J G Haumson IciiUelon K^ 
I F Stubblefleld Lebanon Ohio 
J A Dodge Staunton \ a and a club 
of •'ubsciibcrs 
W W Whetler 
The JouRNAi IS 

Iowa says : 

cards in superior sly le. He says: "Ihavr 
learned more about good writing from tin- 
JooRNAL than from all other sources. Ii i^ 
safe to say that it stands at the head of pell- 
men's papers. " 

G. W. Allison, Newark (Ohio) Business 
College, a letter and card. 

F. B. Stern, Spring Hill, Kansas, a letter 
in good slyle. He says : " Although a 
farmer, I cannot do without the Jouknai.. 
It is the best penmen's paper published." 

S. G. Siiell, St. Johns (Canada) Businew 
College, a bird and cards. 

J. T. Burner. Elko, Nev., a letter and sev- 
eral specimens of copy writing. 

M. L. Hickok, wilb tbr Davi^Unn Rubber 

Co., Charleston. Mii-^-; . .■! wi'il wiiiii tt r 

and cards. He say> : ■ { .mi |. n, 

largely to the Icvs-m- -i^'u i,, n,,;. 

W. Cobb, Champaign, III., a letter, 
cards aud copy slips, all in superior style. 
J. H. Bryant, Principal of the Howe Busi- 
css College, Washington, ii. C, and a club 

Jas M Kent Montpehci ^ Vt 

J W Agej Sedaha Mo says I am 
very much pleased with jour lessons on 
practical writmg Each one is woith more 
than the pi ice of a year s subscription to the 

C E Newman Pacific Busmess College, 


, W. Slusser, Penman, Inglei 

D. L. Musselman, Gem City I 
lege, Quincey, HI. 

D. H. Farley, State Normal College, 
Trenton, N. J. 

J. R. Parrell, Penman, Boston, Mass., a 
well executed and artistic design in the form 
of a photo -engraved catalogue cover. 

W. J. Martin. Sister Lakes. Mich., a 
letter and cards. 

J. M. Ilarkins, Calhoun, Ga.. a note and 
cards in fine style. 

C. L. Stubhs, Penmuaat the Nelson Busi- 
ness College, Cincinnati, Ohio, a Ictler, an 
artistic design of flourishing and a club of 


Cobb, Compton, 111 
flourished bird, and says : 
re your valuable Jouunal. 

F. E. Persons, Rushford, N. Y., a set o 
lapilals, flourished bird and signatures. 
H. H. Carlton, Paradise, Texas, writes i 

. Col- 

lege, Alb.uiy, N. v., a ielltii aud copy slips, 
and says: "My btudcnis are perfectly de- 
lighted witli the JOUKNAL." 

L, M. Kelchner, Light Street, Pa., a let- 
ter, flourished bird and slips of round hand 
writing. He says: "I value each number 

he Jo 

; doUa 

L. Rosenbaumr of New York, sends se 
ral specimens of good business writing. 

C. H. French, Post Oflice. Boston, 
etter aud the usual monthly club, uumbi 
ng nine names. 

Henry Pichn, jr., Webster Grove, Mo., 
etier. He siiys : " I subscribe for live pt 
aen's pjipers. I regard the JouHNALWor 

several copy slips. 

T. C. Risinger. Spencc-riai 

Exchange Items. 

The Teacher and Penman, puljlished by 

, devoted to chiefly pcn- 

CarkS Cotkge Quartcrly.hy H. C. Clark. 
Erie, Pa., is among the best appearing and 
interesting of the numerous college papers 

The Tremitrij Magazine, publisbiii liy 8, 
R. Hopkins at 44 College Place. N.u Vni k. 
for $1.00, is meeting with line siria-s, as it, 
certainly dt-serves to do, couMdnUig its 
quality and very low price. We are sure 

Helena, Montana, ;. 
letter aud club. Hesays : " Your compen 
dium is received. Ithiukitlhe tineaiwork j 
of its kind ever published." 

W. W. Blair, with the Household Sewing 
Machine Co., Providence, R. I., a letter aud I 

pel-son engiigcd in 

! the publishers. The magazlm 
le year for $3.00 ; single copies, 

= 1 

^ ( I j j S^lFjL jj' '^ a M * L v>S^- 

Answers to 

s(_ rbt ulifilt irm mo\cnient for making 
? Lipitils lu bcidiii„'s superscriptions 
The disiiUvjut igc of inaUmg capital'* 

obiection wbate\ei 
backhand by a wr.l 

intimMtLdguesUgtithertd around 
imtifuUy spread with refresli- 

Kty four ldrp,e pages elegantl> ] 

now before the public that will render as efficient aid to either teacher or learner in all the d< 
Thirty two pages are devoted to instruction and copies for plain writing Fourteen pages to 
Sixteen Danes to alphabets, package-marking and monograms Price by mail in paper < 

covers $i Given free (m paper) as a premium with the JouR«" -" *- *' '-I' ho 

wanted in every town in America to whom liberal discounts wij 
With them agents can make more money with less effort than 

landsomely bound 

Both the Jo 

in stiff 

Practical and Business Writing. 


Durms; tbc pat>t few w ec ks w l b u e i ccci \ ed 

e trouble tcacbiDo' »iid uu; 

land dilfeient 

'l ' ^ ' \ 1 ' 

A Bank of 

t , til, . ,UMi,, Tk.v'hi.IIl niiLln, ' 1 liL 

Ibnicbeilil th 

.1 III ( f tliL mtttiug « !>. iifcicid ii|)on to l.t 

poiiiuK (.11. . I. .,1 

lull i und Its auintiouoiH iicil. A<nn 

pud out ti 1 

fulU toiiMdircd i.iot,nnimi, ha. been ai 

«llo boon illii k 

ranged, wliich it is believed Tiill proxe 

more comprehensive and viiluuble than any 

in sntistj-in,' llie 

heretofore. The indications give evidenee 

lb„t the eUt/ens ot Ii.ks.iuMllc pinpu.e lu 

wi<.piei, iniun 

atmosphere ha** gom 

nearly so, and the 

that Uc sbuuld ULM 

We ( 

that the majority ot oui teachers are incom 
petent simply because tbey do not study 
this matter as much as they bhould , but 
instead they study to cater to their own 
taste and not to the public. We are ac- 
quainted with penmen who can tcacb and who 
do teucb business writing, when culled upon j possessed an atmosplitic, wnter, iinim 
to do 80. The majority, however, teach a | vegetable life. That bus now passed 
etaudard, practical system, and qothlug else, t Her surface is a sterile, rocky masR. 

believed that 

tercst to penmen In points of exeelleiicc 
It 18 fully beheved that the coming conven 

of any previous meeting, and a good attend 
ance is already assured 

A 11 IIlNMAN, 

Secr"y Executive Com B E A 


The . 

Proctor on the Moon 

present condition we may infoim ourselve*. 
of the course of all planetary life. There 
is every reason to suppose that our present 

l1 succeeded 
hul falhQ 
UuHd He 

looked into, and it 
, instead of being burned it had been 
,ed up the chimney by a draught and 

alterations in the h 
moval of the chimney, then it wi's dis 
covered by a workman, who regaided it as 
a legitimate find, and who at once presented 

CktiAs CulUj/t quaikily 

Return If not Satisfactory. 

A Binder for Te.i Cents. 

Attention is called to a new and convenient 
binder which will hold securely and with 
convenience twelve copies of the JotJENAL, 
sent by mail with full directions, for ten 

Educational Notes. 

ICommunlcailons for this Department n 

Miss Dickson lias a scliool of 
firlB in the cily of Nnzjireth. 
Japan haa 84,700 teachers. 
Susan B. Anlhony bc^n life a 

Pupil—" Ou his wedding I 

girls' srl>„M| «iih, ,„,ll,nt. pui'il- 

hundred years i.lder than Oxford, and s 
flourishing us in the palmy days of 
Arabian conquest. 

During Prof. Alexander Agnssiz's c 
ncction with Harvard University he : 
given it more than J500.000. 

There are 25,000 more children of sch 
age in Philadelphia tlinn the schoob hi 
room for. 

The University of Virginia has no ji 

and but six holidnys. 

Elbert E. Furnian, of Warsaw, N. Y., bus 
given to Amherst College Audubon's collec- 
tion of Amtricim birds. Mr. FBrmaii 
bought the collection from a grand-daughlii 
of Audubon. 

Reduce salaries everywhere, but increase 
them in schools. Now, not one in twent\ 
teaches a school except as a stepping-stone 
to something better by and by ; yet the 
teachers are of more value than all the 
lawyers, doctors and ministers rolled up to- 
gether.— /Tmri^ Ward Bcecher. 

In attendance, the three lending coireges 
in the United States are as follows : Michi- 
gan. 1,555; Harvard, 1,522; Columbia, 

ncher pursuing an unruly pupil. " Tlien 

e sliall have a bawl," remarked the U. P 

A little scholar was asked by her teacher 

a keen wintry morning. "Are you 

Id!- -Tea. ma'am. I was until you 

ilMi," was the child's reply. 

Teacher— ■■ Who was the first manr' 

rsl Boy-" Gioi-ffe Washington." Teach- 

-N-.M" Sicond Boy— "Adam." 

-t r- 'i -n,„,ilv)-"I didnft know 

nil l,Mi„„"-(7,-»finMHSlter- 

— 1~''' lionof "capUlarynl- 

;.■■ "That is my i"-iii ^ 

IS?" " i,:im , u.. . 
iced in one." " \\ li;(i i-- iiiii 
arried to a lady with u colle^i:! 

Religion and Evolution. - 

pROCTou Comments Upon ai 
Utter.\nck of TiiK Rkv, Dk. Tai. 

To th£ Editor of the Tribune: 
Sir— May I be prnniKed to ninkc u fev 

" Reporting Reminiscences." 

tiikNew York State Stenoorapueks' 

Association, iiy T. C. Rose. 

Some years ago an Irishman was appoint- 
ed chamberlain of a certain city in this State, 
and soon after a proceeding was instituted 
to compel the then collector to pay over 
certain moneys into his hands. The collect- 
or had lost a limb in the army, and his 
coun.sel iu closing his ar^uinent, seeking to 

that your opponent can offset that 
your argument by claiming that Jiin c 
entirely from Cork." 

Vermont, which had n 

e teachers in the public schools 

Colorado, it is said, are 
supplies, a bottle of u 
to rattlesnake bites, fm 
often suITer in thut h 

' He takes young children i: 
And in his bosom bears — " 
■ What isTepentance t" que 

otlu.-r day he lighted on a room full of chil- 
dren who were ready in their answers. 
"How does it happen," asked he, "that 
you know those things so well ?" ' ' 'Cause, 

Lawyer Brnwn is ;i Siii-hnih-Sfliool teach- 
er. He was eudtavoring to inculcate in 
his pupils' minds the necessity of a firm 
belief in things spiritual, when one of the 
class, with open-eyed astonishment, e.v- 
claimed ; " Why, Mr. Brown, I heard you 
tell a witness in court, the other day. that 
you didn't care what he believed. Ail you 
cared about was what he knew. " 

spreading among them, as the Rev. Dr. Tai- 
mage and others of his class delight in 
doing, the idea that evolution means infi- 
delity. . If the inif..ilniiiUc H.u-ks of these 
strange pn^ini-. Krlirw iiii-, i|„.\ ..n-j. bound 

ine aiientiance at Vassar has fallen off 
one-half in the past ten years, apparently 
owing to the comical imaginings of para- 

All the letters of the alphabet appear iu 
the following sentence : " The quick brown 
fox jumiw over a lazy dog. - 


The pen may be mightier than tne sword, 
bm can it ever hope to contend successfully 

Sitting down on a hornet's nest is slim- 
u'iiHiil:. but not nourishing. 

I'Ir nniimiry life of a locomotive is thirty 
V n- Possibly it would be longer if it 

\\'\iy is a Zulu belle like a prophet of 
old * Because she has not much on'er in 
her own country. 

" I'm the light of this menagerie I" cried 
the tapir. Then the other beasts wanted to 

In olden times the ass was used as a beast 
of burden. Now he has become an adver- 
tisement of style. 

Many a young man has learned to his 
sorrow that it is easier to pop the question 
llKin to question the \^o^.— Philadelphia 

\ I H 111 lor bequeathed his property to 
I'm Ml- who had refused him; "for to 
II' "^v'iillmy earthly happiness." 

tsiirprise is one of the elements of art. 
This is why a man always laughs (?) when 
he sits down ou a pin. 

The Israelites didn't have such a bad time 
in the wilderness, after all. They certainly 

radically wrong with religion. 

This is a foolish notion, and would be a 
wicked one but for the all-sufficing defence 
of what Catholic theologians define as "in 
vincible ignorance." The doctrine of evo- 
lution as taught by modern science is but an 
extension to the whole of God's domain (in 

"'■ ' ■ "'■" .^'"1 ii'''i'ifntly have to strike 

II "M ,111m I -1,1, I,, |;ir the needle so that it 
i\ili hjiii iih.pnly ,1,1 (lie pivot?" "Is that 
wliat you mil 'lioxinir the compass V" inter- 
rupted the opposing counsel. ■' Perhaps 
that is what they would call it wheu at sen," 
replied the attorney. " Well I think it very 
applicable to this case th 

; WashingioQ Jones, a young lawyer 

rivi.iar cliiir;,'ed with robbery, and 
I IiiTii in ca.e of trial. Taking the 
uw .siiif aiirl couferriug with him a 
ii'iiN, Ml .litne.s reported to the 

iding of his clteut, and the jury retired 
[ soon returned with a verdict of "not 
Ity." "Mr. Clerk." said the court in an 

.Avi'tei^uTt^^llmt.Cm'it^.CrttiT ' ll5HIl|rii&$lT. ."^ 

/I JaUxAS^]. iajii^c^. \]?.ivn'.\j 

— e-_ ofifttnuttfB m^t^f nith ^^*cuiuni5 fmui£il^Ci» itunnpu'sl ^^^^ 

^^'%:.>^^ 3U 

lirofanitv n some sect onb ns cd tL 

b cncc pre a led m tbe class 

Mr Evarts and the Autograph 

How Professor Tyndall Felt 

court. Well replied the witness it 

Why you do know all of you Tbe 


P of r T ndall told tb s anecdote n 

isn't in Wvom at countj Dyad sight 

queen who came to see tbe king 

Wh Ic a r i. „ , t iv n s 
elect E t m I 
gentle j 

11 f 1 1 1 t c on Tbe 
n He XV as 

WJien driven to tlie verge of csha i t i 

Tl e n n e bad been forgotten by tbe el ss 

by long an 1 1 resome r me ts tb 

1 li them the kmd but m s 

ograpbcr often geH n 1 1 1 sat f ct on f 

gan to offer them i little 

1 tif n 

the dwict 1 cen rem rk an 1 s " 

re luc t t 

of tlle fe tbe ( I 

■i k lam s le The na c 

tainel 1 
en e 


111 a -Ml el 

b ^ and si e as a viry „ 

f 1 1 1 In e th ff 1 f 

EH: '"" 

lust th n p 1 ot a I ttl hand a 1 

,: " 

fo e upon a h man be ng and be 
m b vvc felt a peculiar grat heation in ex 
1 nln |on h n self The whole 

.In,,,,; d the counsel 

s b biief state 

leca se tf, s tl Go rnn 't ,v" nl 

III 1 11 

(iilii,! , ness to ex|lan 

m oce 

111., „roo%esuillie 

the Queen of 

in posi „ Ho s b d t o 1 t 

II 1 

1 11 lit m e 
hs bs emd oh t b p 1 If m 

ii.,l. ii Inlisexplan 
alion lie i d ed a little instru 

troubl t 11 b 1 1 
Ire „i 

Scientific Education Promotes 

1 1 

hsbodj other vscU felt noth n„ at 11 
—Cltagolo Ml 

placed on tbe neck of tbe deceased? asked 
the counsel <»tep tb s way and I will 



show yo 1 pi cd tl c w tnoss No 
said the oo el lok ni, w y tiy it on 

cept d b t that li 

Was It Due to Cigarettes 

,,,oM,er S f r to tbe opposing 

counsel ) No 1 brother S try 

s accepted as r 

True a tall slim boy of sixteen 

ag n It IS n 

bee a Western Union Mesacng r 

itoubrotlc I No replied bother 

tritbc nle 

B for o c Irccjeais He 

T . tr\ I on brother N Well 


c 1 

1 smoked 

youo« eel 1 1 ttle chin rest 


some anl 

Aud 1 erl 1 o| on f my 

tb 1 


U" He 

ought u be r 1 1 u s en nc 

for the pr to 

tucles It sects to be and ve 11 nk t 

those of publ c 

a close.- r 

IS IS the modest language of scientific 

Ames s New Compendium 


She To T \ 

In science all apparently conflicting tacts 

W te 1 warrant 1 n„ 1 1 

An A 1 ur 

a n -^1 led 11 doubts are vcgbel 1 

lal Ibll p ulonc 

t„ Sabl tl bo 1 1 11 

e f rro areCTimined and tbe n 

'^. ' 

The iocto-s s y tb t excess ve £arcttt 

other lit! ^irl Po 1 Ij 1 iub les. 1 

r ed lelcr niton s given w tb tl 


smok ng dro e bin mad 

1 ol 1 \ "uard 1 

and the 1 r h e e of 1 1 1 ml 
as hem git 

It was in a review habbalb in her 

How to Remit Money 

crx 1 

, „,h , „,. .1,, ,, „ ,. „„„. 

The best nd safest w y is bj Post oflice 

class. The laichcr was going over the good 

«l 1 ,.,, 

, '^;^'^ ;^,^,''.. II". '."'"""I i,,, ■ "i >:: " ii.i 

Order, or a bank draft, on New York ; next. 

old story of King Solomon and his wisdom. 

trva oil dr j„u t I 1 uu.-'d'-i'iul'l'li.'V ' "'" ' " ' '" ", '"' 

l,y riL'M.Ti-.l l.ll.T F..rfr:n-lioiial parts of 

'■ Now, dears, who was the great queen 

mintcntj -7 „.(,„(„ scu., ^ M^, tl m 

ItwillLiciiiail.'.l'i'. ■ ' ' 
sender of a club .,f,„, , , , , . ,,, ,;;; 
JODHNALandfli,,,:,, , ,, 
will be mailed to til. !,,„ ,„, „,,,..,,,.,: 

„ ,l,,ll.,r, ., i,,l |„.-r,,^, .i,,.i,|,s Donotscnd 

who tmvellcd so many mUes and miles to 

n!jrT^!nad!iin iiusia!.elHm,,l " """" °"°"' 

see this kuigj" 

Snecimen copies of tie JommAi,, 10 cenU. 

Back Numbers. 

Every iiinil brings in<juiries respecting 
buck minibers. The folloiving we can send, 
and no others : All numbers of 1878 but 
December; all for 187«. except Janvary, 
3raj/ftnd Nonmbfr ; all numbers for 1880; 
all nunibn-s for 18ftl ■ iill for 1882. except 

Here is an 
Onk s... p, 

incident that 

happened at the 

tim.. '-i-iMm 1-. ■ 
■■DO.V..U •■• 

boy. -WAi ..,.: , 
Profo»r. -.,.,,.■» i,,d ,., 
query. Tlie pupil rclLilc 
then said, ■'Wouldn-l a 
could spell hen. and he kr 
chicken ; but il wouldn't 
—Sormloir-ii UeutW. 

hen do?" ' 11. 




Have you a Copy 

Of our New EI)grllviDs,^ U .\ 20, .showing 


by mail. Satistociim, ;.. ,, 


N. E. CARD CO., 



Shading T Square, 

To ti il oidoi I II gne vo 

( Untie Co eied Ci d C si Oni) dozen Cards, for 2o cents. 

Samples, 10 cents, stamps tulien. 




Chicago Correspondence Univefsity, 



Script Engraver, 

SPECIAL.-A f,c.,tolle 0( yo 






■ :„...s,C„«,.„e 

3 1 

.!, New V.irk 


^ :::;::■• ;;„,™ 





■IgDed. Re«p«otfnlly, 0. E. S1CKKL8, 

DMlguei ODd DnJUman. Am. Baok Nnt« Co.. N. T. 

bmQohu of drawing to which I ha¥* appUsd it. Very 

Penmen's and Artists' Supplies. 

KirtTfiS 'Si tail '."u °f ro&"°'°"!": : : : 3 JS 

WhfttmtLD'ii DisiriDg-paper, hot-pteM, I5«!0. .1.15 i\ ao 

Spfloooiian No. 1, eitrafof flonrilung ..'!"" 1 25 

Bngro«inK Pena for letterihg. per i<n . ..'.'.'",.'.'.', 85 
Sponge Rabb«r, 2x2 In-, voty guporiot '.*!!!!!! 50 

vil '^ s'm' '^'■■••■■■■■■■■••■-'■■■■■■■-- '» 

S~.*-i.-J5 FUK .Si. lo. a 

PACKARD, Publisher, 




Adapted for n«« with or withont Teit-Book, 


Bryant & Stratton 





larly adapted' for Pnbilo and Privaia Sobooli and Book- 
Seat Post-paid on rooaipt of 25 oeDU, '"^ 


119 AMD IJl William ,Strkkt, Nbw York. 


The only Instru- 

Agents Wanted. 

X.E ssonsrs 

Given in Plain Penmanship. 





For Sale by all Stationers and Booksellers. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co., 

WORKS, CAMDEN, N. J. 26 John Street. New York 

(Leogib of PBDOgraph when open, tij iooUes.) 
WOOD'S PENOGKAPH codriii* of a Orii-claM d 1 am nnd. pointed H-curat (told pen and lbs ODly go 

]/wbiPh have ft riirid poinl iooapable ormaiDg ihad<.d liaea Hiiherto a, really de.iraWe iwonibbed gi 

The School Supplement 

The Exercises 

Tliat tho ndvei-tlser haa pracliced for the 

OBLIQDB HOLDEKS.-Dakln's FavoritG should 

Dakin's Compendiur 

The Complete Accountant. 

■rally, N ' 



" W rAVoniTB'PEN ■•il » lias i).r grou. 

Shorthand Writing 


Sp«DO«riJui Obllflue PenboWsr mqI for 30«nM «i 

Writing and IVIeasuring Ruler 

400+ .3^3 







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H. W. Ellsworth & Wilson. Publ'i 

(1) EU8worth'6 Chirographic Vihrator. 


Business College, 





Spencerian Compendium 

The Adept, The Sign-Writer, 

The Teacher. The Pen-Artist, 

The Engrosser, The Book-keeper, 

The Engraver, The Connoisi 

Enyraved on Steel, from Aclual Pen-Work, 

'he :tiin of lliis publication is to preaeiU a Cyclopedic of Pen-Art in ils 
, most varied ndaptatiou. ami most perfect exccuiioii. 



First-Class Vehicles. 

Instruction by Mail 

B F. KEI.I^Y, PeniTian, 


Peirce's Philosophical Treatis 
of Penmanship 



IMKWjUil Bisliess Traljltg Scliool li imrlci 

Or .ddr™. o. w, ELLIOTT. 

i«r Depftrtmenl. 8»lUr«ctIon pi^ranteed. 
Wa WEBSTER Jc REED Gu«t», < 

THE COMPENDIUM Comprises Bight Parts 

I'-i' ^ '■ , .r I. ellciini:. from tiK' Simplest Marliiug Alphabets to the most 

>■•'■' ^ I '^ • ■'■'■■ rse of Sixteen Lessons in Plain, Practical Writing, with 

^1 1 ■ . .: ~i I i> ~ i.t Business Forms. 
l-AUi \ U, \jnait ,,1 ^Vriling, including Spencer Brothers' Abbreviated Hand, 

Itilian Script and Intricate Caps, and Celebrated Back-hands. 
Part VIII.— Of special interest to Busine--« Men, Professional Designers and Penmen, 

containing double-page Gnidualed Scale for Construction of Roman 
■ Capitals, Etc. 

Pi-ice of the Pavt.s, Together Or Sepai-ately, 
Post-paid, 60 Cents Each. 




Ivisoii, Blakeixiaii, Tajdor, & Co. 
753 and 755 Broadway, New York. 



in iijKHi II thorui'ijhlji systematic and 
educational basis. 

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needs "/ scimih. 

iti ill iti-'-anhinn- wit/i tlie most rational 

'iiiii approved methods of tiac/i- 
liiis siiioti the test of school-room 

ntiier si'ritis of ttxt-lwokji ?« so com- 
prehensive in its scope aiu! so 
practical m its results a« KRU- 

D APPLETON & CO., Publishers, 


Bicycles and Tricycles, 

The Yale Roadster, 

The American Salvo, 

Sociable Tricycles, 
Etc., Etc., Etc., 

Illustrated Catalogues, 


Ho»lon, M.,B„. 


Washinnton, D. C, cor 



LAPILINUM (.Stone-Cloth). 


Black Diamond Slating. 

The Bat Liquid Slating {without exception) for 
IValU and fVoodtn Blaekboardt. 

Pint,tl.25i QQflrt.t2: Half-Oal!on,»3.50i GalloB.W.S 

Uia number nauaUy appUed. 

Wsed and givet Perfect SatiafcMtum in 

Colombia College (School of MIdm) - Now York Oil 

College of Phy«ician8 and Sorgeoni ■ '• 

University of the City oi New York - 

College of the City of New York - • " 

UnWereity of Uluiuippl Osford, Hu 

In the Public School* iff 
WHStung1oD,D.C.,(ezoltu<vely). Pst«noD, N.J. 


;;a - - - - ■■ iirsj ■; '.'.'. \.k 


ThU is univertaUy admitted to he the 5e, 
material /or blacHoard in use. 


la-U 205 Bro>d»>y, N<» Yorl 

Learn to Write Your Name, 



iiti'?«rast:!i°' " '^■' *'"^* '°^' •"■ • 

j::;r:^"::::^':i,v....^^° teachers' guide 


Vol. IX.— No. 4. 

The Art of Designing. 

By PAir. pAt'TNOK, 

iwhcfl aliojrei 

pen dcsiguiig. This lieauliful art— i 
opiuion the crowning acliieveraenl of 
ern pennanship— is of comparatively mod- 
ern date. It orifiiuated with that scb( 

in beniity or skill, adorns the fly le 
oldfnsbioued writing master's ci 

Tliey were promises rather than j 
inces. Their cnideness shows that 
pies of artistic design'were as yet 

Autograph Collectors and Their 

Bt V. T. Sti.i.i;us 

Perhaps one nf lli.^ hm.-I j .■ jrn .i^nr: 

size and irnportaore of the letter, a fifteen, 
page letter having been sold lately in Lon- 
don jit the laltcr tisTiire. Gcnenil " Stone- 

» envelope, in which he has placed two 
> cut to match, in some instances with 
bevelled gold edges and otherwise hand- 
somely ornamented, in a light-weight No. 6 
envelope. He pens a polite request on a 
sheet linen note, asking to he favored 

But the time eame wli 

embody all thai was highest and he; 
modern penmanship. . 

From that time penmanship naturally 
divided ilself into two dciiiirtmeiits- 

among the fine arts. Its jiroductions c 

bab spnm 

^ up for "all 


■ tbf mime 

wrilten upon 

pieces of wliitc 


largest priv 

tc collection in t 


Id pcrlinps 

n the world, is 

that of 

s, of the Philadelphia 

III lii~ lil 

ary is the manus 

• ihii J 

i.lual Friend," t 

he first 

1 l;i>:nilV 

■Iliad," a ser 

non by 

acknowledged artists. 

Let us confidently expect the time i 
the productions of pen artists will rank 
those of engravers, etchers and pain 
Why should they not ? Is not the pen as 
graphic as the graver or the etcher's bodkin, 

Amcs*s Guide. 
you desire to have the very best i 
improvement in practical and ai 
auinship. send seventy-five cent 

And leave llie tcs 
What can't be cu 
Must be endured. 

Luiuluu ^iiulL, mid the British Museum 
paid $1,57^ for it. 

On an average one person in four refuses 
to send an autographic token. It is of no 
use to ask for favors of that kind from 
Robert Bonner, Lester Wallack. Captain 
.Fohn Erickson, Secretary Lamar, Perry 
Belmont. Senator Butler or " Mark Twain." 
So well known is Mr. Clemens" aversion to 
writing hi.- aii|..-i;ip]i ihai mi ■April Inor.s 

Samuel S. Cox, an 
Minister to Turkey, 
Miller, but not much. 

JohnD. Long wrilcf 
ters. WillM. Carki.i 
of writing his name di 

lore, though not so pro- 
7. Field's name looms up 
5 double the size of this 

John G. Whittier writei 
scrawly hand, with which the public are 
already familiar. Dr. Holmes' signature is 
in a small, running hand, which gives one 
the impression of having been written with 
great ease and rapidity. "Lotta" has a 
it, since his illness began, 

T. Lincoln monograms his name in this 

Carl Schurz, George William Curtis and 
John Boyle O'Reilly each use a stylo- 
graphic pen, and their signatures are con- 
sequently not remarkaWc for beauty. Geri- 

A good story is told of ex-Treasurer Spin- 
ner, who got hundreds of requests annually 
for his signature, which was and is still a 
very odd one. The labor of writiuj^^ an in- 
dividual reply to each applicant was so 

ual reply to each i 

fd with," Then when 

'ut it off. One day a 
1 walked into Spinner's 
I the place which he 

]M-nm,>rl nn pi;,.., 

. Si-lf I 

tere of dejid people bring hig: 
I. Pickens' sell for $10 to $20, Wa 
iugton's from $15 to $135, ncoording to 

other." William Wan-en quotes Shake* 
Josh Billin^rs (lU-nry W. Sliiiw) signs n 

H. B. Stowe's good advice t 

irge William Curtis, i 

scholarly. Johu 

IT \\ illi;iin Lloyd Garrison had a 
autograph collectors, and his sig- 

s rarely met with. He usually 
purple ink. in a precise oJd- 

.Ijinu's' handwriting is heavy and 
rtvin^' tin- appearance of having 
it.ii witli a quill pen. Edwin 
uses p(.sl;il reciuests for his auto- 

urban city recently. 

had brought up 

o the hotel 
i fourteenth 
E in : "Boy, I have 
s all my life, and I 

his name without 
en from the paper, 
.ring. W. H. H. 

Subscribe tor the JovliNAL, only »! n yci 

The Arts Contributory to Writing 
—The Materials and Imple- 
ments Used. 


der many circumslances, is that which i 
quires uo liquid ink for making the ci 
lers on the paper— such in hiacklcnd y 

lie answered by the ' 

1 this rubbish acts as a dt 
spring and land-waters from 
so that the mine gradually be 

When the year's m 

nd the mode of ciT. 
?ribcd by Dr. Fariui 

1 the first Monday of 
use in London, i 
:enenilly only aevcn or 
mine every piece with 

:i--firi:iiii lis hardness, 

ii-i ri.nitc pays |3.25 

quantity in the marke 
- are examined ove 
tiii-y are exhausted. 

i relates to the Bor 

lifFpront parts of the 

I mine of black- 

piifir pieces from 

are stdctly watched I now is. By the workings of a long series of 

while at work, put the dressed l-Lak l.ii<l y.:iis all tin- hrs! pDriions of black-lead have 

in casks holdingabout one huiuln] uiiLhr inrMim -•■ im^uIv exhausted thai the only 

lie uiitir 'llii- Mihl i]Mw Miii;iiii.ih|L> (except in very small 

1 rnrio 

r another descent, 
about the middie of th. 
:• mine was opened onlj 
ars— the quantity taken c 

In order to divest the mineral of all Ur 
gritty and sandy particles, it is crushed be' 
tween iron rollers, and blown through a fine 
sifter OS a means of separating tJie dust. 

When thoroughly cleansed, it is placed 

the required degree of hardness; and this 
hardness is regulated in practice by the in- 
tensity of the pressure. 

( To be Continved.) . 

Interesting Ceremonies. 

The Tint-hn- .n„l Pupil, of Media, Pa., fnr 

College nf 1 MiniMriv,.. Ml I'liiiM.lelpbiii, on 

the two SciMln|-^.;,s,.M^^n!„|:,l^<i, with Pfof. 

Thos. J, I'll. k. II I'll, I, i|Mi 

At out- n,|,,.|v, nn i|„. ^■.,^ iK.iiie.l. the 
pupils of Hi.' r.iih !j,.-, .'If Turllih and Chest- 
rest of the faculty in the lead, marched two 
by two to the rooms of the Bryant & Strat- 
ton College at Tentli and Chestnut streets, 
The faculty and pupils of the latter school 
were already seated in Assembly Hall when 
the College of Commerce band of pupils 
and teachers arrived. When both schools 
were seated thej' numbered over six hundred 

Prof. J. E. Soulc, Principal of the Bry- 
ant & Stratton College, came forward, and. 
addressing his late pupils, said it gave him 
great pleasure to introduce to them the 
Principal of the National College of Com- 
merce. He had been with him (Mr. Soule) 
a number of years, until he bad got too 
good for him, and bad left and started a 
school of his own. lie would now be the 
controlling head of the Bryant & Stratton 

Prof, Pnrk.n ,. ■ fm war.l ymiling 

pleasantly. :iimI -:mi1 Im' w.i. ::]ii,I of the 

make a speech but lo introduce the lecturer 
of the occasion. George K. Slonis, D. D., a 
member of the Natiomil College of Com- 

As the Doctor came forward he was 
greeted with hearty applause. He prefaced 
his address by remarkini: thnt some of the 

been with 1iii>inr^v inm M. '! I . i.-r 

His address ui. mi. :. 

throughout, ami wa.s li-t. n. J i.. \i n li mai 1.. i| 


Mr. D. T. Ames, editor of the Pbmmam's 
Aut Jouhnal, of New York, next made a 
short address. He said that boys shoidd 

until the following year. Several hundred sizes, 
cart-loads of rubbish are wheeled into the ing, tl 
I mine, so as to block up the entrance com- I ing— s 

advice he g. 
within his ii 

Copy-Books. No Copy-Books or 

ir commou iingradwl schools 

we know of no 
furuisli copies as properly nminged 
grnrted to suit the retiuircments as are 
best copy-books. Any critical observer w 

So, too, the conscience, the moral 
distinguishes degrees of 
quality of actions ; some 

or less good or bad, as the 

Bad Handwriting. 
The DinEPUL CoNPEtiUEXCEs That Ha 

Firat.—'We concede the '. 
act that a veiy small proportion of t 

iog iu their schools, but just how this '^ 
would be improved by taking the = 
copy-boolcs from the pupils we do not f 
CerUiiuly the leachcr would get no additi 

fly s St ength 

^ 1 UiioT dmlud of, in his rapid and matchless style bj F struggle began Wewe ef qu ntly 

//, WieseJmhn tlie wclUkmwn Pen Artist of St. Louis, Mb., without Vie slightest expectation of its interrupted by groans and sounds as 

oearance in the Journal. Not having been designed ftn- representation, some of tite lines were too deli- of suppressed ravings from the com- 

c for pfu>to-ensravtng, and appear in the cut whm-ein they ware cmimct^d in the original. posing room, and occasionally the com- 

.- positor would come down m tears 

r/.— We believe, a» we have before 
IH'iitcdly. iu really well written copies 
timn fliose engraved, because in 

copy -books — tills 
■ler of copy-book 

created with- 
been required 
for not seeing. 

had no existence, 


there is an i 

human being knows what is true, what is 
right, what his duty is, that there will be 
some longing to embrace the truth, accept 
what is right, and do the duty. 

It does not follow, though, that the per- 
son will always do this, for these are not 
his only desires. Tlierc arc desires also for 

minister a lawyer is the worst 
'n to modern science. There 
iiftking trouble for people right 

I copies of the Jocrsal, 10 cts. [ \^\^ profession requesting i 

lentil volume of a certain repoil. The burg, which was one of 8ever;i 

lirolhiT member Itept the writing for a year made in a single inessage. beni 

iiiKl llieli informed the first lawyer tliul he niiirks of the Senate's disaprr 

had his note for :, liu.i.Irv,! a.,.l Inv .Iull.r<. pp<lior,t to .rn.1 Mini.ler " wr„ 

iircd without action. 

:\Iiirtin Van Buren's liand was unsteady 
.'beu he penned his first message, as if he 
. fully recov. 

The President's Private Office. 

It is also a large room, and the President 
sits at the back of it before the windows, 
behind a flat mahogany desk. A tall, fine- 
looking, well-dressed man, with hair that i» 
fast turning graj 

1 asserted with such soleratiity that 

n llcctionW ever haviiig given 

h w ba waaaifee d 

^ loriHilialifkniJtpiitinnrlnTsmnrliuTpliL ;i 

Bhice Coi'i^^i^o 

/|' 1^10 miwxnitmi rfljofi^flf imri^ tit 
^^^M ,^va.i\^ctimrmi\£&oimtruxrvxnii& ^LW \ 

as as 3f> he 

Educational Not 

(Communk^atlona for this Departm 

The Hnrvnrd Divinity School I 
profeisora and eleven students 
Schorl suffi ige 18 now granted t 

The founding of SI Peters College at 
Cambridge liintrsil, Ennland 600 years 
a"o o IS rehl riled ipoentU United Slates 

cencd ilOOOIlll r i 1 irition oi «o 
uieu TiiniO Darliiioutll and New 
■iork Lnivereity each have recened 
1^0 000 —Chronwle 

Bj a vote of twenty tour to fl^e 
the fa ult\ I r llar\ iid College has 
dell I I I I 1 Umard Col 

I settle 

you for your impudence yesterday 
teacher. "No. tliank'ee. 1 have 
tious scruples about receiving lia 
replied the pupil. 

Father— "Charley I se 
in M ur bulletin Charley— "No. father; 
It IS high time you had a serious talk with 
the teacher or else he will keep on that way 

The boy who bad 


patch put on bis 

s uhcre it was most necessary, in- 

1 rhei upon entering school 

1 It he bad been getting a re- 

1 1 mar mcful said tlie society 

■iou will like It better when you 

euslomed to it replied the wall 

And here is a Boston Sunday School ben 
who wheu asked to stand up and "say his 
verse did it thus Be not overcome of 
evil but atme it <m] evit with good,— School 

Just for Fun. 

The MoTnER-iN-LAW, 
a damp day when Noah's mother- 

-Et. He probably received 

■Liiil )ii:iii,i-i' ;i liui-li.iuN,-. By boarding his 

ronie to him in its full force. 

Mother— "What do you mean by intro- 
ducing me to Mr. Brown as your aunt 1" 
Daughter— "Forgive me, molher. but Mr. 
Brown appears to be on the point of pro- 
posing and it wouldn't do to run any risk 
just now. you know. He has a strong 
prejudices against mother-in-law." 

Mr. Dabmmer. of St. Louis, has 
undertaken to eat sixty quail in thirty 
days. A man whose name sounds like 
an expression usually bestowed upon 
a mother-iu-Iaw ought to be able to 

While under the influence of de- 
lirium liemcns, a Philadelphia man 

I 000 000 Africa 

tlliu The e u X 
books for one pupil i 

Ezra Cornell gave $1 000 000 to Cor 
nell Universiti Isaac Rich gave $1 
700,000 to Boston Lniversily. Matthew 
Vassnr gave $800,000 to Vassar Col- 

An important lesson can be drawn 


tirely iK-w departure and 
iIr- iiiotlier-in^law joke. 

chew gum. Their jaws are too activel 
engaged iu other pursuit* eh? — S 
Pa I H aid 
Th raff his b nk wnl 

n- The abffee cut was j^to eigri)ed f om 

1 I Bunneas College and h pres ted m a apec t 

i\ cc d/enjmtee to Mi Halls orttti g n go e t)J t 

One "''«'' m *<>'"*' instances / # del icted f o i th* 

■ ^tte by F B Ball, of the Troy N 7 
od I sn im writing The < 
were too ligf t to reproduee except h 
f oj tie lines as presented by the o) 

w t th d 8 

d wth t 
d many p 

States of New York, 

A word in mind is worth two 

Tommy asked his mother if 
teacher's ferule was a piece of U 

will be appre- 
in the dic- 

nhuut like thiit of the husband of a b< 

milliner.— /*/(M6u?y Chronicle- Telegraph, 

Why is a gmin of saud in the eye lik 

Though not so exciting as some novels it 
nevertheless throws a potent spell over the 
readeT.— Philadelphia CaU. 

Teacher (to a boy Tsho has to be con 
frequently) — "Can you tell me wheri 
Blue Uidge is ?" Boy (nibbing bis t 
der)— "No; but I can tell you whet 
black and blue ridge is." He is ti 
more Hdgeorously than ever now. 

Young lady (innocently t 
"I wish I could get one of those Freshmen 
to plant in my garden ! I do so want some- 
thing green." Blushjes from Freshie.— Ex. 

A young lady in a seminary arose to 
recite her Latin. She started off boldly 
with "Bic, haee-hoc," — "hug-us,bug-us, hug- 
us." "Excuse me," interrupted the young 

desired my happmi 
Ella Wheeler is 

Her death p c 

DUt with a new \ 
"Mamma will not Leave her Hom 
the son-in-law is determined that she si 
Detroit Free Press. 

Dr. Willis announces the fact 
"mothers-in-law are not laughed i 
Persia." Same here. He must be a 
bad man. witliout any hair, who 

When a man gets so sick of bis i 
in-law that be changes bis religion : 
of having to go to the samp lienveu. 

President Webb, of Mississippi College, 
ras interviewed by a young man who 
ranted to go to school, ,'Well," said the 

Confession of a future son-in-law to bli 
riitine mother-in-law ; "It is well that ] 
should tell you before marriage that I an 
rather hot-tempered and sometimes get mar 
without reason." Future mother in-law 

Can You Make a Better Investment ? 
than to pay $1 for the Jotonal one year, and 
the "Guide to Self -Instruct ion in Plain and 
Anistic Penmanship ' free as a premium ? 

The Guide contains sixty -four large pages 
of instruction, and copies for ploin writing, 
flourishing, and lettering, and is alone sold 
for 75 cents (in paper covers), and $1, band 
somely bound. 


liflhed Monthly^ at SI per Yea 



s lessons attractive i: 

The King Club 

It by Prof. C. H. Wells, SiiperiDtendpiil 
Writing in the 
so, N. Y. There 

; schools of ! 

try than is Prof. Wells, 

gofid use of ; 

Journal mailed t 
We have no doub 
enable Prof. Welt 
of iicnrnnnship Hi; 
schools ot any 
Journal would i 


George A. Gaskell. 

C, W. Slocum, of the Chillicolhe (Ohio) 
K College. Clubs of twelve each 
N, tnmi II. W. Flickii.ger, of the Na- 
il (.Villege of Commerce, Philadelphia, 
I'l , ind 8. S. McC'rum, penman. Sulphur 
.spi iiigs, Texas. CI ubs and single subscriptions 

and to all who have thus manifested their 
appreciation of, and favor toward the 
Journal, we return our thanks. To a cer- 
tain extent, every dollar sent for a subscrip- 
tion benefits the sender, for it is the dollars 

AL attractive and interesting, since 
disposed to use freely of the income 
atain the Jodrnal, us it is admitted 
te-cAie/of its class. 

papers of this (.1 

(■oumring_ the umI- 

! world would be the b 

■nr. or so. to^nvinga'i 
■ liiirmonyoi smgle, doi 

been led to critiriM 
style and merit a- ;i 

young men, tu sucl 

As an editorial wri 

geniiiv in- /'. , , 

publications, it is i.,.. 
was in his forty m:<<iii 
wife, but no children. 

Lessons in 1 

The plan of preae 
Journal a lesson frc 
popular teachers of ll 

fortunate as to receive and practice them. 
We expect to present a lesson monthly from 
a skilled teacher, until all who will do so 

The , 

ess(,ii will be given by H. W. 
Sbayler uf Portland, Maine. 

The August lesson will be given by II. W, 
Ellsworth, author of the Ellsworth system 
of copy-books upon the special subject of 
"Tracing as a Method of Teaching Pen- 

of Roc 

The Verdict. 

^' I'-' "I Iniv an.l without the slightest 

ui f;unr nil \hr ■■lUfjr. Mcssrs. Gaskell and 
Micliiitl saw fit to denounce in 1 
terms copy-books such as are no 
nearly all public and private schools i 

light be fairly urged against copy 

If we were wrong in our judgment, 
lors of the "substitute" certainly 
I debt of gnititiide for so fair a com 

hings published, the teachers 1 

H. W. Flickinger. Philadelphia, Pa., 
Thos. J. Stewart, Trenton, N. J., D. H. 
Parley, Trenton, N. J., W. R. Glen. Tren 
ton. N.J. , H. A. Spencer, New York, R. 
J. McGee. New York. M. J. Goldsmith, 
Atlanta, Ga.. L. L. Tucker, Newark, N. J.. 
C. Bayles, Dubuque, Iowa, W. H. Patrick, 
Baltimore. Md., E. Burnett, Baltimore, Md., 
T. J. Tolland, C 

, E. K. 

Drawing Lesson. 

Matter for Prof. Little's dniwin' 
as not been received this month. 

■^■'Inti.ii win 111 1 1 It'll than that which comes 
t[.nii liir -iii-,r ,,| ;, rjuty faithfully per- 
iMiiiinl, wr linil iiluiudance in the multi- 
tude of approvals that have just flowed in 
from teachers and writers in all parts of. the 



National College t 

Philadelphia, Pa., April 11, 1885. f 
Pivf. D. T. Ames : 

The March Journal is very attractive in 
the reading matter and in the illustrations. 
If anything further is ncfdrd in mnvinrp 

"substitutes," I do m>i ktn.^v wliii ii j. 

Placed by the side of .>^iif !,■ |„niii;,u- 

ship, as you have placci it, ih.- subsiiint,. 
becomes a most ludicrous caricature. While 
we do not condemn all compendiums — for 
there are some of merit— I regard this par- 
ticular one as unworthy of recognition for 


H. W. Flickinoer. 
Please add my name to the long list of 
those who fully concur with you in con- 
demning such trashy compendiums as re- 
ferred to in the March issue of the 

A. A. Clark, 
Superintendent of Penmanship. Cleveland 
(0.) Public Schools. 

Business College, | 
York, April 18, 1885. \ 

P)'of. D. T. Anu 

After reading 

vs. Copy-Books' 

the article "Compendiums 
in the March number of 

ind a comparison of the 
1 must say I think your 

111 nill be endorsed hy all 

iiM^^ men and teachers 

:ommend Leonard's 

"hit, square from the shoulder, au 

: more commendable because it was s 

richly deserved. The comparison of copit 

stronger argument than could be put i 

words. Tally a hig one for the Journal. 

nastily, but heartily yours, 

J. H. Bryant. 

You deserve the gratitnte of the entii 

profession for the articles 

Journal. Hoping you will 


. H. ClIAPIN. 
Teacher of Penmanship, Albany, N. Y. 
I could but admire your criticism on Gas- 
lell's penmanship I consider them just 
^Y T Ellott 

Tea b of p Dinansh p 

M Ike ton Ontar o 
■Vou a nil tb thanks of all 

th pubi b 

H T Looms 

Spencej an Bus u ss College 
D t o M b fTii 

Oh Bus nes CoIIe ( 

Wilson M Taylor 

Pr DC pal of Marshall Semmary 
Easton Pa 
I hast Iv ^\ te o no doubl on anion 

ss p nman 1 p I 1 ou u 

ve V a t n b d nd 

11 cea e to mj o j j j i 

W h Ko M D 

Manb n P 
The artcle Con pend uu Copj 

:TOuandbeio debto 

College of Commerce. 

Hespecting Gaskell's compendium I agree 

Teacher of Penmanship in Public Schools, 

Portland, Me. 

Boston Mass April 2 1885 
P f D T A les 

Wh le on my t avels a copj of the Mn h 
numl e of the Journal cam to 1 and A 
usual t abounds w th a 1 osl of good th n*^ 
of nteres to all who use the pen In th 

9 bBttut fo 
f \.m n 

f n 1 pull h d 

n p nd n tb ng 

1 t f on th hool 

1 bu ne o d e j 

of combinations of 
is just as absurd to give a student in pen- 
manship au incorrect and distorted copy as 
it would be to give a student in music an ex- 
ercise full of discords. Audible harmony 
is music to the receptive faculfes of the 

month J. a t and tofe d tl e opj book 
ann h lato s ( ) m sh to nfants in adult 
do s s s mply one of the unbaked theo e 

There are diffcrcnl opinions as to the 
real merits of this publication, but without 
doubt many thousands of young men and 
women in all parts of the country have 
been greatly helped in practicing after the 

G A Gaskell 

you a n i t ng an oppo I 

a tude n t a 1 ug A an ad < 
hon e he w s unsu p ed fo 1 
only had tl e sk 11 to n al h s ad 
ments tak ng bnt he ha 1 the cou a < 
ae t them whe e tl ey would Ic 

' w of all ou g eat penm n 
: } and cou age and I do bt 
7 among them who an p k 
3f 1 s un on pleted s hemes 


g aded t ac n^s of mp act 1 w t ng I 
th nk the ed cat onal ceosus on th ssue 
you 1 a e made would show that fifty ra 1 
1 o s of p ople can he t ly endo e the 
1 OS t on of the Journal on the quest o of 
good cop es and good w ting 

Very respectf lly 

A R Lew s 

Trov Coh Academy ) 

PouLTNEY Ve mont [ 

Vp 1 1 t88^ ) 

PoDTAe— -D — Itm 

thank joufo )ou all d I p 

I on of the con pi 1 t u II 

copi book ann hit ( ) f II \ I 

th J ua y Journal a half t d p rson 
gl t to see the pern c ous effects follow n 
a pract ce from mco ect and nelegaut 
coj iea s h as have appea ed some of 

In our school we am at perfect on n 
everything e unde take th s s i\hat 

bettfi than you do and if vo II I t n 

w 11 p bl si t as I 8U gest 1 w II gua ant 
that yo II get you monej b k nd ; 
good deal mo e 

I th n ade the domain of private or 
espondence n o de to say a few I ulbf 

:, which coosist 

le past ten years has enjoj I 
iputa on as a p ompt and 

iccess has been n the sale of 
Jompend um of wh ch n h s 
claims to have sold over tuo 
twenty-Jive thousand copies. ' 

B E A of A 

rth us Those vho havi 

hear the others 

Specimen copies of the Journa 

And School Items 

C(l!lt-l. " I- I'M - 111. .1 l.l-l ■! M. -1.^^ r-N,.niaS 

with ii iKiiiiisniiir. g.jl.l ix-ii niid lioliicr. The 
presentation was from liis many friends 
in the night class. The presentation 
through Mr. George Ilar- 


address. These courtcsifs, 
ingly irite, have n Mnrniticin 


e identified 
Erie, Pa 
a valuable 

factiiiiug Company of this city. 

During a late visit to BufTnlo we had 
the pleasuie of an agreeable renewal of 
old acquaintance with the popular and 
eihcient superintendent of writing iu the 
public schools of that city. Prof. C. B. 
Knowltou. Few teachers of writing have 
been so long and successful in a public 
position as has Mr. Knowlton in his. 

F. B. Davis is teaching writing in St. 
Joseph's Academy, Flushing, Long Island. 



Amanda F. Dinsinore, Chelsea, Mass, 

.1. D. Hawes, Portland, Oregon. 

Thomas J. Prickett. National College of 
Commerce, Philadelphia, Pa. 

E. L. Burnett. Elmira (N. Y.) Business 

O. Perry Hoover. Dayton, Ohio, says: 
'■The JouBKAi, is indeed a gem to any pen- 
man— beginner or professional." 

T. H. R. Christie, Tusculum (Tenn.) Col- 
lege, says: "I am delighted with the 
Journal, and I do know it to be the best 
penman's paper known to the world." 

J. E. Guslus, teacher of penmanship and 
book-keeping, Liudsborg, Kansas, says : 
"I find that the JotJBNAL breeds nerve force 

H. W. Flickinger, National College of 
Commerce, a model for practical writing. 

C. W. Slocum, of the Central Business 
College, Chillicothe, Ohio. 

C. S, Turner, Anoka (Minn.) Business 
College, and a club of subscribers. 

C. L. Stubbs. of the Nelson Business 
College. Cincinnati. Ohio. 

A. A. Clark, superintendent of penman- 
ship in the Cleveland (Ohio) public schools, 
says : "The JouitNAi, is wbal it purports to 
lip — rlfvotci] 10 penmanship and educaliimal 

rd writer. New York, of 

Jacksonville aH-) Busi- 
i club. 

1 (Ontario) Busi- 

ness College, and a club. 

R. E. Gallagher, Hami 
ncss College, and a club. 

W N Fi I lis. ])rlucipnl of Big Rapids 

I styl. 


who take an in- 

Prof. Wesco, of Oskaloosa (Iowa) Busi- 
ness College, a skillfully flourished quill and 
tine specimen of card and copy writing. 

John J. Graham, Lemingion, Ontario, a 
letter in good practical style. He says, "I 
have taken nearly all the penmen's papers, 
and have found the Journal superior to all 

{', II. Jump, E. Townsend, Ohio. 
W. D. Lynn. Canfield, Ohio, a letter and 
W. J. Elliott, Wakerton, Canada, a letter 

W. J. White, penman at Diff's Mercantile 
College. Pittsburgh, Pa., a photographic 
copy of a finely engrossed memorial. 

L. W. Hallelt, teacher of writing, Miller- 

W. J. Siacey, Stanton, Iowa, a letter and 
R. S. Watkins. Roe, Ark., a letter and 

Geo. O. Davis. Mt. Palatine. Ill, a letter 
and c^rds. 

L. M. Kelchner, Light Street, Pa., a letter 
and set of capitals. 

I. J. Tuck, Cranbrook, OuUirio, a letter 

J. A. Willis, artistpenman, Tully, N. Y.. 
a letter, a circular photo-engraved from a 
well executed pen-and-ink design. 

Exchange Items. 

Packard's Shorthand Reporter for April 
sparkles with bright thoughts and good 

Mun.son, < Imirnn, v\^■ , m 

gl-lipb. All .-. Ml,-,-unlv I. 

the true gospel of shorthii 
in Packard and "Lottie." 

Wide Awake for May is a superb number. 
The frontispiece, enlitled "Tlie Buby in 
the Library," is ii .-pi' mini iliii^iiMiiHri, ^uiil 

1 faith 

The Sc/u)ot Bulletin, published 
by C. W. Bardeeu. Syracuse. N. 
$1.00 per year, is among our m< 
esting and valuable 

) subscribe for the 1 

- Bauer, teacher of writing, New- 
».; ■■The JouBKAListheboss." 
. llyiiti. Jackson (Miss. 

C, Pickens, Moresville, Tenn. 
, II, Klaiismann, Minneapolis, Minn., a 
■r and cards. "Your Journal is of 
it ifviisiaucc to me. It takes the cake." 

U. McFarren. Gainesville, Texas. 
. S. McC'nnn. Sulphur Springs, Texas, 

[. .1. Kinsley. Eastman Busineasi College. 
igbk(L-i>si^'."N. Y. 

lyroii Uydcv. penman. C.rt'sro. Mich.. 
s: ■Tlu-JoriiNAi, is u Your 

'■ Ii I iiipiii, Albany, N. Y., a letter 
I ! : : I m1" the Howe Business C'ol- 

C. W. Wallace, Graham. Mo. Cards. 

J. C. McKee, with Reimringer Bros., St. 
Paul, Minn. 

A. D. Taylor. Somonauk. III. a letter, 
cards, and movement exercises. Superior. 

O. R. Sample. Cleveland, Ind., a letter 
and flourished bird. He suys : ■■! am a 
My writing 

tiou pertaining tc 

Journal than f rni 

J. P. HammoiJ 

the aid r 

I 'hoto.; thanks, 
ii.u'ton. N. Y., a 

New Book^. 

The ■'Quincy Methods," illustn 
the title of an octavo volume of m 
lately published by E. L. Kellogg 
Educational Publishers. 25 Clintoi 
New York, by Lelia E. Partridge, 
by mail, $1.00. This is a work 
interest and value in miv i.;ii 1m r 
department of cdut;.iiMi, ri,. 
Methods" have mtiik'M . n ^- ,, 
educational methods ui iin- ..■in< 

them is doomed to be "left. " This ]>• 
all about them, and a $1.00 puitl ii 
be a good investment for any tcaclie 
"Conipletr-RlK^tnrir," by (' W I 
editor ..f iIm' s,h,.<./ Ihilhtin. Svr.i 
Y.. publish,.,! h^ \ > ll.nn,- .V < 

rhetoric, It is not only an cx< 
book, but it is a very convenic 
able hand-book of reference 

» pnges. 
& Co., 

iiif^lish and German Text 
for $1.00 by C. A. 
Business College, Owen 



edited, liuely prinled, ..lui is a -uod iiac^L- 

ment for oU cents. Try it. 

The Sunims College Journal, issued by 

(Cal) Business Col- 

Mppearing and most 


1 quarterly 

cialdep;irtnHiii ,,( Uir (iiitrliu (Ohio) Col- 
lege, is a well gotten up .school journal. 

The Colutnbm (Ohio) Businesf College 
Journal presents a , 

Chinese Brains. 

The Chinese were the first inventors of 
printing, the first inventors of gunpowder 
and the magnetic needle. They were the 





A Lowell man whipped ovit bis memoran- 
dum book in cliurcb the other Sunday and 
took down this remarknble thankp^ving 
from the lips of his scientific clergyman : 

Dr. Heber Newton told his hearers the 
other day that the hymnal for children in 
the Sunday School of Science may be ex- 
pected to give such si motlern rendering of 

I don't wonder what you arc; 
You're the cooling down of gases 
Hardened into solid masses. 

SclMot Bulletin. 
Two forbidden lovers, in Fort Wayne, 
Ind.. used the lining of the hat of the girl's 
parent as a mail bag and kept up a cor- 
respondence which resulted finally in a wed- 

A client remarked to his solicitor: "You 
are writing my bill on very rough paper, 
sir." "Nevermind," was the reply of the 
latter, "it has to be filed before it comes into 

lauk ol Fumre 

s.,,,1 10 possess an 
liolop iplnc Mudio 

, ill ..1 1 Misptrted 

. 1 ' , ' ' 

p, was the 
1 1 , rule always 

The Com ng Co 

B N 

B T Am 

"H T 
ackuowled^ed that they had not es 
id the attentiou of the counterfeiter. 

■ Enjrlish mint. 

B d T C 

Se ec ed I ems 

p mm dp tage p d g ai 

stamps are received. " S^""™"" "' "dealer. Three huil, 

I .™d sisty-flve dollars," replied tJie la 

The Writers' Cramp. ' "Pliew !" exclaimed the gentleman. •'. 

Miss Louisa M. Alcott is said to he still that rather high ?" "Oh, no, sir; you 

suffering from the writers' cramp. We \ see for yourself it is card rates. "Yes; 

thought the writers' cramp was usually in 1 what do you sell them for?" "Forty-t 

his pocket.— Boston POil. : dollars, sir." 

TlR ktl I I 
d d g 

Y m 

dM E ts 

Ou Teache s Agency 

The Writing-Ruler has hecome a stai 
article with those who profess to have ( 
ahle outfit for practical writing. It is ! 
writer what the chart and compass is l 
mariner. The Writing-Ruler is a re 

penmanahi] ' * " "* ""* ^ 


t of 80 c 

What is Said of the Journal 

The Penman's Aut .JoimNAL is without 

(luubt ihegrealest periodical devoted to Ibis 

speciiiUy in the coxmlry.—Praetieal Edu^ 

Ames on the Warpath.— There is oo 
class jonrufti in this country more worthy 
of support, or more creditable in all re- 
spects, than the Pemman's Aht JonRAAL, 
conducted by D. T. Ames, the well known 
teacher and wriline expert. It is a sixteen 

way iuto every family in t 

Thirty-two pages 
Sixteen pages to 

pages, elegantly pri 
copies for Plain Writing. Off-h 
blic that will render as efficient aid to either teacher or learnei 
are devoted to instruchon and copies for plain writing. Fourl 
alphabets, package-marking, and monograms. Price, by mai 

;e-paper. and is devoted exclusively 
' that no other work, of nearly equal cost, is 
partments of the penman's art, as will this. 
the principles and examples for flourishing, 
overs. 75 cents ; handsomely bound in stiff 
and (in stiff covers) for $1.25. Live : 

■ ^S« J» 

tists. The toIuuk 

Low Wages. 

I letter written from Ttnly Inst -Tiily by 

week. I had a curiosity to 
was the condition of the opera- 
[Jiired with our American work- 

proofs of forgerv \u , .1 ■[ ,■ .|,, . 

employed in nearly .■ill, -, . [i, 

gave us some of bis nielbods of detection. 
For instance, in one case the word ■■!" in 
n piece of forged writing was repeated again 

Venice very cUefip. The ^irls, who do the 
work with their swift, running fingers, 
working with the regularity and precision 

nd at all. There were three docun 
1 beginning "I hereby agree." Pi; 
cm over one auother. they were foui 

»8 exactly to 

Mr. .\.mc... „s 

a |.r,if, .,i.,i,, 

known, but 

U- sh0W,.,l us 

ost beyond be 

ef. Opening a 

little portfolio, he naked us 

o pick up nave- 

,at lay on 1 

ibo sheet to tl 

e light, showing. 

tlial every l„ie o! it wiis drawn with a pen- 

pictures, l„ll 

e-work, red nu 

mbers-thc si.-- 

natures had 

even the full effect of heavy 

{Ill) College Record. 

friends, and tell tin 
int if they are in ai 
tercsted in good writing, the bejit i 

1 get the 
Mnstruction in Prac 

Odds and Ends. 

•■What is a luxury v" asked a pupil of 
tOiichcr. "A luxury. Why, 
we dou't really need, you kno' 
can do without." -'Well, then," replied 
the logical youth, "what a luxury a mos- 
quito net must be in winter \"—Life. 

An enthusiastic Blaine girl in Oakland, 
Cal., last week paid an election bet of 100 
kisses. The next day the young man claim- 
ed a recount and the girl has consented 
rather than throw the case into the courts. — 

front !" cried some : 

yelled tlie audience. — Ex. 

"It is criminal to kiss," 

Said the beautiful miss. 
And the youth, with effrontery sublime. 

Kissed the maid, and said, • 

"There! If Tm hanged I declare 
It will be for a capital crime." 

—Boston Courier. 
Smitli keeps a savage dog on his prem- 
ises, and near its kennel a board is dis- 
played with the warning in large letters. 

he warnmg, "you have 

) looked just 

play with a little i....... „uv. . 

like him. The superintendent's Oell rang 
;ind the school came to order. The lesson 
hour was soon reached. "Johnny," said 
j'\Iiss .Makeup, "who was the first man?" 
■Gcory^e Washington— first in war, tirst 
ill- "There, that will do." " Well, he 
was. I heard it at the minstrels." "Sam- 
tell who was the tirst man." Sanimie 
looked ashamed and only giggled. ' ' Come, 
Sammie, don't you know?" "Yeth'm." 

J play 

■■It wath 


An English gentleman being at a brilliant 
assembly of the eliU: at Vienna recently, was 
much annoyed at the conduct of a dis- 
tinguished lady of that city, who amused 
herself and a small circle of friends by say- 
ing smart, but generally uncourteous, 
things, to him and others, " By the way." 
added she, "how is it that your country- 
women speak French so very imperfectly '? 
We Austrians use it with the same freedom 
as if it were our own native tongue?" 
"Madame," retorted he. hut with the 
blandest manner possible. ■'! know not, 
unless it is that the French army have not 
been twice to our capital to teach it, as they 
have at yours. " 

Fine Specir 

There are a 1 

sns of Penmanship 
X copies of the Blaine and 

ii..\v iiKiil .-.t ■.'Or. e:L(h, or by the dozen $1.25 
']-|hm. ;.i(. „ol, nor hnve they been. 
iiirrrtd l..r I. iiy utli.T purpose than as speci. 
mens nf aiListic penmanship, and. as such, 
are richly worth the price named. The copies 
are handsomely printed on plate paper 

Special Notice. 

:. uiipy of U. 




e ahoc t DOS photo e g aved f o pen aid n^, copy xecute I at the Office of the To rnal a d la g oen as a apec men of D ploma bo k The Zhj loim 
Pape 18x22 /icUs Bplonas a e got^ j n any forn to su t on alio i o ce and at oe j low p icea aa co pa ed w th th oat by a y otie met 
tat mates g vtn and apea ens akd on quest B ploma Blanks for B s lus Coll gctt Pen nana? vp '^hooU a id other Inat t twna i stock 
Test nornala and Ccrtf tea 8a plea sent for 25 cents eacJ 

Girls and Coasting 

Manual Dexterity 

the n |0 n nd oe d 

Return If not Satisfactory 

When called upon to de cr be a yo ng 

It s well known that n ts development 

will n 1 an 1 1 ft 

Remember that if you ord r c th r our 

ladj coa ting the reporters penc 1 falters 

ca h n w born be n" passes through very 


NewCompend n of Pract cal and Artis 

on c ou of lie n n en ty f the task 

u h e same st ges tb t b s ance to s 

*■ ' " ^ ^ 1 "■■ 

t c Penmansh p or the Guide to Self 

n o 1 7 nl 1 p otthe 1 d an 1 

1 ve e n 1 oufch b fo e n Ev n f 

rcc o b f 

Instruct on and the} are not sat sfactoiy 

tie h o 1 joun m n h 

D I N 11 u on n of u r | on 

you may return then and we wi 1 refund 

n an b 11 b tn be dr nf, b r 

u a ° 1 e 1 o-n f 1 1 n 

pi 11 1 of b Bo rd of 

the ent re amount pa d 

f ion c 1 b o n 1 dv 

11 P uf 

n PC e °J\ l\n\ 


ul-Tirly be called i, r d 1 


eed latshewasequl 


th 8 w th stich grace an 1 

f b books in any pos t on 

dress with such prettj r 

1 , 

1 1 herself had never par 

/ ^^ )/A^ 

1 no of the n u 1 

n b IN 




. T ana . 



Back Numbers 

F erv 1 Inn nq r es reipeot " 

Ik T 1 llniv n we 

he pr ure nto a re ul r h .^ wh lo 1 



g! 1 1 solv o eo d 1 


oo e I I rm h of b rt rjo 


1 1 1 n ured Then tl e speed e n 

nel h 

/ It h 

1 1 u and the hug slackens nl o 

1 Id who had 

noted thot wh 1 

1 e 1 Then gradually the si d 

1 lytherght 

sons 1 egan w tl M 
nUe July nun 


Reading and Writing Upside 

man so that i 
part of the sh 


1 1 son 

tor «4 r any of 

h he ter ors of the si de tl e ^ 

\\^M..,,.,,, ,,,,,;,. ^ ^,, 

meut to which he is subjected without a 

alter.' li.i^ .(1,1... 1 h,-i h:iri„ f .Mi.> Ella 

"It's because we pay so much for 'em, m.v 

murmur.— ir./»/.inyton Star. 

Ely. di.euve,.a U.M .l.e «l>.i,j> „„,i with 

son. You'll understand these things better 

'■™','"'i.,'i'''.i'''.l'l. 'v.i'V I'k" '■"';■"' ''-""i ■'"■■' 

her books upside down, aud that while 

when you get to be a taxpayer."— iouiiriYfc 


Soecimen copies of the JouHKAi, 10 cenu. 

writing she invariably placed the copy iu 


Currey's Complete Compendium 

Commercial Colleges. 


Shading t Square. 






Adaptsd for use with or withoat Text-Book. 


Bryant & Stratton 




lNS 121 William Street, New Tore 



•Igned. Raipeotfally, 0. B. 8ICKEL8, 

we are del igh led' with Ibe perfeciioo of the work don» 

Penmen's and Artists' Supplies. 









Visiting Cards written and sent liy 
mail, at the following prices : 

No. 1. Pine AVhite or Cream Bristol, S .25 per ihw 

•■ 2. ■■ Gilt Edge, ■ . - .30 ■■ 

" 3. " " Bevel Edge, - ,15 

" 4, •• S-ply ■■ ■■ - . ,35 ■■ 

For a trial order I yill give you a 
fine Leather Covered Card Case, 
witli One do2en Cards, for 25 cents. 
Samples, 10 cents, stamps taken. 




IBS I,:, Salic Street, CblcBg.i. 

Have you a Copy 

of slock, with price iuchidcd. 


Our nov 

ubl.crPn. k.l Ink .,r,,, ,„;,,,„ 

iulmil iiin 

oiiii.iu. r. i„ 

mail. 3(1 

Brillini,. 1 . , , ,,, ( ,,;„.,i 


Hints, ,„,« U-. ,i hi ,,ll I'n.h ..j,„|. 

l.j conn Dy mml. IScst Wliil.^ 

Ink, an c 

Black, 10 

cms, India Ink, SO cents a stick. 


Satisfaclion guaranteed in all our 


N. E. CARD CO., 


75N.„.uSlr„t, N, V. 


ftja The only Instru- 

Wjl meat that will 


M'.\ •] Copy of a picture. 


U U\ IJ either Smaller or 


W \'\ /•/ Larger, than the 


W Vw 0"eiaal- 



\ *. / f ^ILii'J! JUU^i^J^'-^^^ 

while hifl onrdB are rarely exoolled. H« Is doing a 





For Sale by all Stationers and Booksellers. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co,, 

WORKS, CAMDEN, N. J. 26 John Street, New York. 

The School Supplement, 


,^,-\ '■AI.I.ABOIJTSnoitT- ^ 


t-i-i WKBSTBR It aUnro «Mk cn>k. owo. 


.£'^Ss.SK^S'"^% I -T^^^^^ 

PEN FREE I 10-caratB, 
No stampEi required. 8tf 

Jiylro, tvfFiY 

PRTM I I \1-, loi CLUBS. 

Penmanship Announcement. 


pooent part* of lott<rre, both small and capitals, 

1 can operate It and constniot the letters of the 
abet Indueorder, form and proper proportion, 

aa Bond St.. New York. 2s 


Business College, 

Keokvik, Iowa, 

Strictly Private. After you have inveati^te 
three (5) two-cent Btamps in a letter containing a 




First-Class Vehicles. 

Instruction by Mail. 

B F. KELtIkY, Peninan, 

irplown OfflM of the Pbnman's Akt Joubnal 

A Course of Five Lessons in Penmanship, 
by mail, for $5. 

A Criticism of Letter or Speoiinen of Writing. 
Samples of Card, or Copy Writing, Bent by mau 


Peirce's Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship. 

t Pelrcerlan Business College. 



Tlie BEsl imn BBslDBss nalnlniE ScHoal la m\^ 

'. ELLIOTT. PrinclpttL 

WBBSTEB & R£ED°G«iiaTa. OUo 

Spencerian Compendium 

Recognized Authority for 
Tne Learner, The Card-Writer, 

The Adept, The Sign-Writer, 

The Teacher, The Pen-Artist, 

The Engrosser, The Book-keeper, 

The Engraver, The Connoisseur 

Engraved on Steel, from .Actual Pen-Work, 

The aim of this publication is to present a Cyclopetlia of Pen-Art in its wide.s 
range, most varied atlaptation. and most perfect execution. 

PAItT 1 

THE OOMPBNDrtJM OompriseB Eight Parts 
Elegant Seript Forms, particularly adapted tor Book-keepers and Com- 
mercial Colleges. 

P.inT II.— Devoted to Off-hand Flourishing. 

Paht III.-— Bold and Striking Forms for Sign-writers, 

Pakt IV.— Off-liand Spencerian Capitals, mostly new forms. 

Pakt v.— GreM variety of Letlering, from the Simplest Marking Alphabets to the most 
Elaborate Initials. 

Pakt VI.— A Complete Course of Sixteen Lessons in Plain, Practical Writing, with 
Special Series of Business Forms. 

Pakt VII.— Varieties of Writing, including Spencer Brothers' Abbreviated Hand 
Italian Script and Intrieale Caps, anil Celebrated Backhands. 

Paiit VIII —Of special interest to Business Men. Professional Designers and Penmen 
cnntammg double-page Graduated Scale tor Construction of Roniaii 

Price of the Parts, Together or Separatel^^ 
Post-paid, 60 Cents Each. 




Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor, & Co., 
753 and 755 Broadway, New York. .,._,,. 

the'besT^7s tem of drawings TorIchools^ ^ 
krusi's graded course 


iqioii (I thoiuiifiMy HijHtematic and 
:lucational basis. 

daiiUiI li, III, mhial and practical 

yi«c/ «/-«■« ,<j u-^j-tioaku ift 8„ com- 
prehensive in ib scope ami ai> 
practical in ii„ results™ KRU- 

iiirin;/ Is now regiirded as one of Ihc 
''.larntla/ anil organic elemejits of pnb- 

;al an ,j-a„,inuli,,n of KRUSI'S. 

APPLETON & CO., Publishers, 


Bicycles and Tricycles, 

The Yale Roadster, 

The American Salvo, 

Sociable Tricycle 
Etc., Etc., Etc., 

Illustrated Catalogues, 

' On The Road " 

THE OTTlT2>TIlTC3-I3:-A.3VE C03!«II=.A.lsrY, 

(EsTAUL.siiEn 1877.) 

Th,. Ne^^■ Ent-l.-.r„l T„,.tlt„l^, Boston, M„»„. 

[lasWnK fountains, may properly be 
BE.NIiVc. SPENCEVprtSlp^ '' 

9th and D St 

1-1*°'"'° ""SStA'A^SPENCBB. Vloe-Prtooipal. 


LAPIUNUH (Stom-Clom. 

S .art!,."'sip.i!o"!«>°b°7q 

Black Diamond Slating. 

The Best Liquid Slating {without exception) for 
WalU and fVooden Blackboardt. 

applfe.r'with a Mwmon bJ^b to a™ ilrLoe"*Pnt u" hi 

Pint. 11.25; QQart,|2i Half-Oalloa, B.M; GaUon, 16,50. 

Uied and givet Perfect Satitfaetion in 
ColoiDbia OoUege (Sobool of Minea) - Now York Oity 

College of PbyaiciaDs and Snrffooni - " " >■ 
UniveMity of the City ot New Vork - " " " 
College of the City of New York - - ■ 

Lafe^-etle College Barton. Pa. 

Steve" High School ^ ■ °°^ ' - '. ° ■■ ^°' •• ' 

New Votk City. ' ' Flaihing, N. Y. 

Newark. N. J. Poughkeepaie, N. T- 

SoQth Orange, N. J. Knoxville. Tean. 

Hoboken, N. J. Italeigh. N. 0. 




This u univeraaUy admitted to be the 
material for blackboard in use. 


Learn to Write Your Name. 


Byuopsitlieao, S 


^^OTEO TO 'ShnamentM:- 



Vol. IX.— No. G. 

Willing that we purpose to consider, and 
dicatc, as clearly as we may, bow those t 

uin^of tlie word;«'('^'/fr«(j 

But, as the forms nud ; 
form the materml of 
derived from nature, 

There is the law of 
very scliool-hoy now 
o ornamenlol art— which requires a part of 
, tigure on one side of a design to be 

IS signatvire. 

distribute only 
■ liiw of Inter- 

■ci'ingly simple, but apparently not aogen- 
.illy understood as some others. It is va- 
oualy named liy dilTereut inilhorities. ns 

graded degrees of prominence from the 
highest to the lowest within the compass of 

lonsidered in connection with writing ; we 
vill therefore now turn to that of Contrmt 
Opposite characteristics, qualities, and ile- 
:rerw, observed together, apparently en- 
iiiici each other. If a thin man and a stout 
11111 be side by aide, the one will appear 

lines and forms, lights, shades, and colors, 
of the facts of leadership and grades of ex- 
isleoce seen everywhere in nature and 

)ns of those whose writing has a pictorial 
picture-like effect, he will notice how 
ey carry out the law. Some penmen will 

liough not neglected, n 
oncealed or disguised. 
ee to symmetry and 

fully managci 
pleasing. Th. 
ing form and 

We have now considered the picturesque 
a the sense in which it seems to be mainly 
,scd in connection witL 

ncss, desolatioD ii 

through the grassy hillside, what oppo> 

lit, or all curving right- 
rd— may be graceful and 
tend to monotony, tame- 

» in the-direction of lines also 
> picturesqueness. and a style of 
■OSS of a (. or liiiish of a word. 

but if a considerable 
omparalively intact. 

le different styli 

as 10 how thequality of picturesqueness may 
be imparted to penmanship. The law of 
principality and gradation we Lave already 

of one o, i> 
old quill i» 
of that son 
lamented t 
skillful ha: 

ness, like i 

) often repeated, it imparts u prevailing 

tliuugliU iiud living; IlHuiijhi-. :u> .. 

and far between, llni ihr | h ■■ 

of tliemenof the ijumih ,1.h ,. ;., 
ver their though^;^ may Iju, wLliIki 
or smull, original or derived, iiniiior 
transitory, they are uniformly committed to 
paper. The pen has attained sue 

:; urlist, anil wu 

frcnerally, and. where uudersUnidingly fol- 
iiiwed, will impart an artistic effect often 

Tlif siihiccl wf hiivr boeu treating is one 

profitable the fine drawn metaphysical dis- 
cussions into which the subject would easily 

Talking and Writing. 

no denying the 

ne of the lost arts. 
Ijooks which chronicle the Inter- 
f \\ii. sentiment, and wisdom 
' Ljniit jtud bright minds of the 
'\ •■\i\\ serve to show what a vast 

Numerous illustrations might be intn. iUawj: 

duced with interest and profit, such a?-. < t ,,, 

tlie pieluresque and unpicturesque in arclii insi r. 

tecture. landscape, the human form iimi ruiunt^i ili.i, iv hctween the talk of those 
costume, and in the various styles of I days and of these. What sort of reading 

writing. With the two illustrative exam- would the conservation of even our scholars, 

pies herewith given we must, however, authors, statesmen, and teachers of to-day 

content ourselves for the present. make, if our Johnsons had their Boswells, 

Evei-y!)u,iy wlu.^ his kuicl^ in lh^'.^cdj}^ 
I the poiut <..f ihe pen. The thinker is no 
lore dependent upon this little instrument 
or his bread and butter than the man of 

heart I The gallant of the nim ii 
tury is not fluent at the feet of lii- 
pressing her dainty fingers to the ] 

desk, with the perfumed missive of his fair 
one before him, and the clumsy-fingered 
carpet knight of the eighteenth century 
would be, compared with him, like a school- 
boy wrestling with his first " pot-hooks and 

write up;iii ! : M I . I ■ ,,„, half price, 
and I'll Imi , I . You have 

about as iim. i. ■ h nit , i ,-, unrj, ;m office as 

" What are your prices ? " 
'■ Well, if you say anything about the 
applicants character and the work he per- 

coiintmg the sk'natines. I gul |8 for i 
Well, so long. Come around when yc 
want anything," and work was begun c 

find among their work 
celleut illustrative slips. But as the diffic 
question would be which to choose, witht 
seeming nnappreciativc of those not chosi 
we turn for our example from the living 

one who has long i 

The .slip 

with shaded lim-s, i , ii,,. |.i,mi,,,,,,|.i,,i'- 

imprint; but tbui i-niM-:. 1mj,ii„i ^Mll, 
other beiuUies, rcmtrr.- \\, lu uur ilimUiu". 
nuich the more pk'asini; exainiileof the two 
In saying this we speak mther of the 
originals in our bauds than of the tran- 
scripts piinlid luriuiih. For. with all 

diffl.nli , ,,„l printer with 

^*-'" "■ I" n and produce 

A Card-Writer's Sche 

sludcut. This, wc tl.iiil,. 1- ., 

meudablc advnncc In- 1 <.| 

of liaving « tix-r.,1, un. I,,„„:,l 

which tUo siN.lnil nn,- , 

twisted aT.,1 -,|n 1 1,, u,, «, 

desires to lir ;, l,H,,h:„,i, ,i„ ,,1, 

(Ige bearing on trade and commerce. 
irse, he should, in the early part of 
W'jL- life, be -^'iveu a fair knowledge 

it. The picturesque 
tpialiiy may. however, show ilseif in con- 
nection with almost any style of writing, 
though some lend themselves to it more 


"An application, eh V" 

" Ya-up. I don't write any more visiting 
cards now, as I have as much as 1 can do to 
fill orders for this kind o' work. Oh, it's 
improving, I tell you. Why. in the last 

11,, Eir/Iisb Language. 

acliil III ' 1. and properly 

intl„^l,Mi,l,i„ii,.iil liiniiili,,. of acommon 

lo demand that ev.T, „l,.i,- Iimal 

1>1,|."I I-: •'• •! --f Un-couull-y. 

edu.|„liii,i •mil 

ici>, 1 liiii l'-'™lly aid iu 

117,1, ,1.. i:-,. - 1 Ml, if tlicy choose so 

-be able to write » ill, i, ii,ui., a.;,. 

r 1. '. ':'.',■ . •1, ',■ I,'''h.,,ri. 

mi.i.,,: ih, -I, II, III, il 111 1, :„i,iiig. andconse- 

todo. vui.v SI' '".v iliMiif among teachers 

and system, and intclli j, i,ll> ,,, ■■xi.laii, posi- 

I'..,r i,„.i, ;„,„ ,1 l..,r. 

qucnlly ill iiiii.iniiii; llie iraults of Ihat 

n. Mil Id niioiie tiLkc i.lnno 


torcqure bin, to ■l.aal, liiinginir." or to 

\ 'i.ii'i ''iiii'ii'Jl'i' ,ift8n'''taki-! u i-akf 

It is a fad. possibly not generally known. 

ledge of it; therefore, be it 

■■give sevcit.en , ,.„st,,icli.,„» of the Infini- 

tbal al i.,:u,y ,i.sainiiiali.,n< vvbid. arc sup- 

yf,,.>»;n,rf, That the National Business Edu 


^,,||,,l■^■ .\-«,rii,ii,,ii, n.,« ill convcnlion as- 

Lclpnif,-i,i„„l „„,li,|,. unite in making 

In • i ,• •i • II III 1 |i,i .i,i.|il|i 

~,i,ii.|,,l 1- 1 III, K 1,1 1 III, ^nnsive educators. 

ap..blie,l,„,„„,l, „i„ni, in, hi, matter 

2" '-;,' ',,■;;'■ „/,;-,',' 

;;;;:;■■■,;■■' ,;;■;; „,;:;::"::.,';;::;, 

Krihli ,,,,,L,|ii/iii^ 111, iiii|i,,rtanceof reform 

Then if il ,-|„-,,|„,h |,i,.,i,i,,,l, progressive 
teocher,. „t ,,il„,, l„i„„l„, and the people 

\i, 1 1 

m;,\ !.. • n . 1 ■ •• 'i -1 ■•••i.'i v.iili 

„ 1 h, injinlh iii|ii, -1 , Mitaiacrs cvrry- 

will heartily -,.-„],i,,ale«itli„s. 

lbf",,,„ •• • ,1 • , II , • >• -1, ll, , 

«1 Ill ,,,!• Ill, 1, III, ,111,1 I iiiliin,,,. l,v all 

.1, 1), lIoi.roMll. 

\i'|.| - iN u. uil 

bis.^Mii •■• ! 1 • • • • .1, •III 

unni-i • ,1.1 1 • i" -1 

liv,.>iiii, ^nil-Ill, 1 ,,ii,ii!-,i! Ii,i!i,,.i,il nill 



■III, III lii-! 

Mr. Beecher's Last Work. 

"1- ■ ■■ ' ' ■■ 

ccrlninly. if not purpo^^ulv, .loprivi- then, 

of penmansbip. 

Al the close of bis morning sermon in 

'"■' ■ " ' ■ ■; ■ ' ■'!•" "■"I'™' 

of mucb needed tmining in tbemost useful 

liemtved. That in conducting tbeir exani- 

Plyuioulb Church, ofter speaking of the 

1 '''i 'i •ii!'^, ,1..™, 

of graphic arts. 

changes in the signs of theology of the lime. 

v' ;.. it. 

As the standard of ipialitkatiou re,|uilcd 

pcumausliip the full equal of the oilier coni- 

Mr, Beecher said : ■' I shall not be with you 

"; ■ •,.,•11, iiii.^ 

of teaehcrs is li,r^,I> ,l,i,Tiiiii„il h, lli,, ,,x 

,,,,,11 l„i„„l„.,, a failure in writing being 

many more of the fast-going years. Steadily 

n n lo 1 II 

1 1 success as a fa'lure 'n 

(o n c than Mt\ ye s I have been und 

b d\ of 1 of 11 1 

1 ilyo gamma 

tl e nfl euce of tl e e eat doctr ne of ovol 

lly to tl n 1 1 1 

; II opjofth sol tons 

t on I y 1\ I 1 11 1 

aishp n our Com 

mon / 


lo ned and the people a 
b b le el of thought and a 





The a 


n bo 


Ictte e e y 


b h 1 

then m 




to cut off 1 

I 1 

reilj n 1 



I 1 1 

ma te m 

1 1 

lo -s 

ta pro] er d at r 1 prom nenc 
o nmon sel ool cu t culum would i 
b p odu t ve of yml fy ng esults 

orB Assoc at on wh cb meets 
nv It n July to ss c an add e 
Ll n^ 1 ke the folio ng 

thoughtful 1 s uss c 

; p 1 1 si e 1 the ofHc ul o gi of th s aa 
ic at on and f orwa d d so far as pract c ble 
I eve y E a u n{, Boa d th I; te 1 

/*■ WJe ae The people den an 1 pact nl 
Tl s rk n the school room teach ng that w U 

I t f I at least give pup Is a thorough ground work . 

r nd wl t Ih t t Ih bollo i 

Tl n y n m 

What lUjnm 

V, ]] Tf, 11am llthceileas to t 

I down be ll nly so that vines u 

o o Id kn w t ? 

W 11 am la ncd les o th t 1 y 1 

veriftc warlhe w otchsn ne o I oul I 
le ead 

How to Rem t Money 

The best and safust way sly Post offl 

or Exp ess Money Order or b nk draft o 

N w -iork next by rc„ stored letter Fo 

tract onal pa ts of a dollar send p st te 

Stan ps Do not s n 1 pcrs nal h cks es 

pec ally for small sun s Canad un postage 
stamps er ev 1 

TUE Peni n,.A t Journal p bl shed 

hyDTVnNIk tl 

such tnfle Eve y ml e li worth the cos 
of year s subscnpl on — Of o B s nesa Col 
lege Qua ieily 

Fine Penmanship an Incentive to the 
Higher Development of Intel- 
lectual Taste. 

All will admit tliul fine pennmnsliip excitts 
wilbin them a sense of adminilioii for !lie 
beautiful, and that familiarity and associa- 
tion with anything which is beautiful tends 
to cultivate the aisthetic sensibility. There- 

exquisiLu. ami ML- -.iin sMidy and riir.lilat(' 
upon a grand prothiclion of any ttind, and 
more readily sympathize with its author, 
and possess in a measure the elements which 

joy is reali/cd by fUii.^ niltivatiug this spirit- 
ual endowment. 
The penman who is eminently successful. 

beauty and grace in his power, and excludes 
from it all that could dimiuish the effect. 
By thus uniting his forces in one direction 
his sense of beauty becomes more acute, and 
his ideal of perfection is raised to u higher 

If we study and sympathize with harmony 
our natures become assimilated to all thing:R 

guage which enables us to read with new 
eyes the inexhaustible volume of the works 
of nature." In Uic description of Wasbiug- 

akcncd analo- 

As the ear becomes susceptible lo discord 
aud harmony, and acute in detecting these 
qualities in sound, so the eye becomes 
trained to grace aud beauty in penmanship 
to such degree that the slightest defect will 
be discovered at a glance. 

By the careful practice aud study of pen- 
manship as an art, we uot only become ex- 
pert in detecting the beauty and discord, but 
learn to analyze the combination of elements 
which give the effect. In order to cultivate 
an intellectual tuale there must be a knowl- 

vs. Copy Books. 

Noticing the articles in March and April 
mimbers of the JounsAi, respecting the util- 
ity, etc, of copy-books and compendiums, I 
beg a small space in the Journal to express 
my opinion on the matter. 

From my earliest school days up to the 
present I have cherished no deep apprecia- 
tion for copy-books. But copy-books, 
"compendiums," "substitutes." etc.. in 

for teaching it 

e should not omit one of the 

— learn to teach 

of no practical use in 

taiuly it is nearly as important that one be 

able to write legibly as to read; but there 

are scarcely lifty per cent, of the scholars in 

our countrj' schools who are able to write a 

business letter in a creditable style. Why 

is this ? Chiefly for want of competent ' 

struction. In many i 

teachers devote thei 

students who study 

i life, Cer. 

t is because 

teacher, uot the copy-books or ' ■ sub 

Give us more "philosophical." and i 
quite so much 

correct our errors 

and to develop o 

rr own 

faculties l)y eniulat 

ng the good and 


ing the erroneous 

•uid P" „ 

Tlierim.ian «1, 

ofllisw.nk i.n.l i 

1I,-1,T v,li-li,.,l « 

th lii- 

lUr. Ili- 

scuse of lIlL- lir;ml 

||,| .,,,,1 |„ ,1,11, 

1 ■ 1 ,•!.• 

expert io iklicciuf, 

u llml 

which he once thought pcrfectiou -. uu 

thus advances he is led to see the a; 


and harmony of no 

t onlv form, but o 

pictures as well. 

It Wf would ,.,,1 

viitc lli,>|,.,m.,-,,r 


iir.-iur M 

ution. «■,■ ,uu.l fi 

M ^i^ri'll 111' mil" 

will, ,-1 

^ ..,,,, 

varu-tynl „„:,„t> 

:i- ,ii:il,,,:il. ,,„ „ 

i„l, ii 

p. iniiai,. 

i;„,. iMih,. .,,,, 

books their due, to the 


'lo';.','!;,'!'!'""" ""' 

due, hut to rac the 


I speak whereof I know. 

000,000 perM.i,. 

U. W. Alu£N, 

With llj,. K,< 

Huntsville, Texas. 

same. The .'m, 

has been smalle han that f t 

French is now spoke by 38 

The difficulty n 

people of France hy ■> "50 000 I 

rii'r'nf ,''!r,n'' 

Id seleetioi, of copy. 

Swil.Ml:,,,,!, l.r C n 1 

1 l.ii,,i S.:,l,..., u 11 

Back Numbers. 


It paper are filled to their 

I I'ting a subscriber, and interested in 

ml writing, I trust a few liues upon the 

liject may not be out of place, or wanting 


s country. 

..t iii\ Ii'IImu tr:,. iirrs to avail themselves of 

than bus heretofore been given, and lead to 
more thorough work in this department at 
our Teacher's Institute. 

Note.— We certainly endorse what our 
correspondent says respecting the utility of 
the little book entitled "Theory of Spen 
cerian Penmanship," aud to those who may 
not find it in their book-stores, we will mail 
it from the office of the Journal on receipt 
of 30 cents. 

Milton \ 

The English Tongue, 

ge in which Shakespeare and 
was the language of but five 
or six millions of people in their day, and as 
late as one hundred years ago English was 
spoken by not more than 15,000,000 or 
16,000,000 people. At the same period, 
French was the mother tongue of at least 
30,000,000, and German m one or othei of 
its forms, was the lang age of from 3o 000 
000 to 40,000,000 people Th s state of 
affaii-s is uow con | el reversed Bet veeu 

: and lettering, a 
re not pleased wii 
^e wOl refund th( 

Dotting "I" and "J," and Cross- 
ing "T." 

BY llEV. H- D. TOUD, 

Properly made, there are no other letters 
in the alphabet like these three, even with- 
out their peculiar distinguishing marks. By 

leischta-. Muy 14. 

I made during the " ' The success of the United States i 

» devoted to dots 

culty it is wilh (*/ hut if in, n. n, ami ir art 
correctly made, as well as i, there is nc 
trouble. But to obviate all trouble, give . 
the same heavy top that is given to /, and aV 
difficulty wiU vanish, and much lime auc 

It^ll^^^te^s «oi1d«ntt is 

cirefulh and 

plainly as he has (albut his 

U and(*nic 

almost precisely of the Sam 

height) liero 

would he hut httle trouble w 

reading their 


But. alas for ■the rarity 

manship ! Tliu n;;ular uiiil 

rdei Iv forma- 

lion of the leltiTs '—well, tl 

it seience he- 

longed largely to a past gem 

ration. Omit 

any more of their distiiigoishing marks, and 


begin ^yith a marls, eonlinne with a splash. 

a splutter, and wind up n ith 

sudden jerk. 

There is not one elearly de 

ned letler in 

iiily of the- prc^s « c plead with Brother 
not to push his '* reform." It would 
ishing on us. Pity our sorrows, and 
I increase them \—Chri«iinn Advocate. 

Modern Progress. 

most adinirable address lately deliv- 

.Tc tlir .\luiniii Society of the Statt 

ii<|iiiriil, one hundred years 
re working force of the world 
equal. In the United States 

^vriti„.. ]l,l„h-l, 

tcachii.L'Mi 1, ,,.,!.,,,. 

.'., «!,■„, J:',1,v!'l'v' 

il would I..J|r,| -I 

Ih. lle.HUUl.g.' 

I'nii.Juill 't't lltl 

.H.rnl wrilingwith 
.id dn u.jl properly 


Interesting Sale 

of Autographs. 

$11.0(10.0(1(1. am 
is 11,000 daily, 
tjuires less than 

IT LiLUHi- I i;iiii]ii>\\ .■ii^'-;ii,-cd for !i short lime in the 
suii^ii ili;iii I ciiy -it" nmrliiTly Lovc. The lovc of con- 
iimI:!!!:.!!-- "1 , -i-iMiiy, ' nmniun honesty, and good 
ikc up il;ii]\ I w litiiiL:, it is well known, abounds among 
I population the intelligent citizens here at the cradle of 
As an essential concomilani of language, 

aham Lincoln, wrilten 

May 4, 1864, 

slmek off for »ie, while 

one by George 

shiDgton was run up to 

$75. A letler 

t was photo-engramd froi 

I original flourinh, by 

'jf the Oskaloom {Iowa) Bimnrss College. 

that was required 

equal amount of i 

of nature has been invaded by scien 

her secret forces made subservient 

' Thomas Jefferson to Lafayette sold for 
i.TjO. Lc'tlcrs by James Buchanan and I'.iirr si.ld for $1.7.') and $'2.7r, re- 
"■tii\i|\ l.iticrs by Benjamin Franklin 
Ml \U iii> il:i\ (VK-h realized $6, A letter 

certain ; made in circles and cycles through 
which ever ' upward steals the life of man.' 
"The world was never so rich in accumu- 
lated wealth, comforts of civilization, cul- 
ture, intelligence, and charity. The average 
condition of the people is better than in any 
former period. Civilization has reiitlnil u 
hiirlitr point, and light is breaking all iinm ml 
the slobe. The dark regions of Africa di- 
covered to-day, are invaded by trade und 

man will be made 
ir. so that, in the 

stately procession of centuries the twentieth 
will take its place as the century of moral 
progress 1 The signs point in this direction 
and encourage this belief. 

progress the 
In this rich 

richest. The 

United States takes i 

has never been lost sight of .in American 

An author nut in Western Ohio has re- 
cently, however, launched a hook, purport- 
ing to show blackboard copies, imd he calls 

"very fast." Wehsler deflnea deliberate, 
in its relation to time, as meaning slow ; 

Our Teacher's Agency 

consists simply m this, that wi 
the names of applicants for ; 
those wanting assistants, and 

made, accompanied by 
name in Ibeir respective 
lace the two parties in 
his plan has resulted in 
good situation to nearly 

Journal one 

Itcmeuiber. you can get 
year, and a 75-cent book free, for $1 ; 
|1 book and the JotniNAi- for |1.3o, 
your friends a favor by telling them, 


The Penmao's Conventk 

seed. A large meeting is n; 

association for jx rmi luin]. Mm 

the i>eiiniau'.s stcliou. The critici 
upon the meetings have I)een I 
who liave never made an effori 

gestnndbestmc-.tin^ , ^, r i,, i,i i,, 

tbtyin... .;, ...;. H . , . , IM, 

raittet-jir.' .ir(i.r,iii,i,.,| i,, .jKiir „ 

benefit within thr-ir \<..wrt n i 
that no penman r:iii ;in<'Mi in mi - 
ing.wluTe™H,,n:,> ir.n, „l,,,l 

Wlllll 11,11 In ll.i In n-, :,,„1 |.,, 

Drawing Lesson No. VIII. 

strange pen and in 


perfectly l,..,ii,l ' 

The following exercises should be drawn 

ntircly frceliand, with crayon on black- 

expressmiis 1 

nurd, or witli pen or pencil on paper. 

-<! iimkiiii; ,1 s,|„„re and placing the points 



Origin of Men of Genius. 

erly teachers there is such a constant 
personal discussions in each other's 

possibly write with : 

tiny make errors in consequence. Then 
tluru is the- "colored lady," who simpers 

Gems of Thought. 

halien hy h tem\ie>^l. —Pyth/igorm. 
Low »s 1 he ■,'nive is, we cannot climb high 

Witboiil sirni 

1 known to utter 

1 proverb which says ; 
wife shut your eyes 
■If to God." In other 

•■ Why. I'd like to know," said a lady to a 

ful lawyer ?" "Because she is too fond of 
giving her opinion without pay," answered 

A man was recently married in Middleport 
with the expressive name of Hellenbolt. 
But love conquers all things.— iocApoci 

ipy in the garden of Eden 


tical and Artistic Penmanship,' 

u! liie Spaniard in them. —Habela is. 
> ii comes to us in silent hours ihat 
is our only armor in all passages of 

Twoyouii-ni^ i;„!„-ni I Im' rMuntry were 
standing l.y rin -Mi, .1 ., ^ m1. <iikb, which 
theydidni kllM^^ i,, u i,, rmsy They ap- 
pealed to u hny, \\liu ^\;|s ...uniiiLr along the 
road, for help, wlieicupou he [)ointcd behind 
tliem with a startled air and yelled. ' ' Snakes ! " 
The young ladies crossed the ditch at a 
single bound. 

Can You Make a Better Investment 

than to pay $1 for the Joutinal one year, and 
the "Guide to Self-Instruction in Plain and 
A'-tistic Pcnmaushiii" free as a premium ? 
The Gui(k- ..(mliiiM-s MMy-lMin- l:.i-f p„ge9 

of in8trUC!iu|,.:„„lr,,|,i,.. |.„ pUi,, wrili.lg. 

flourishing, ;iiiii k'lliriu-, iitnl is uloue sold 
for 75 cents (in paper i:uvur.Hj, and ii, hand- 
somely bound. 

Ames' Guide to Self Instruction in Practi- 
cal jind Arlistic Pciuimnship is a book of 64 

\MiiiiiL'. I'M ]i:i)i<l il.iiii i-iiiiij, :i,i.i lettering. 

" -'"■ ""' ' ''■" '-'■■■ "f nearly 

"I" 'I > ''"' "' • 'I'H viit of the 

I""'"'" ~ '" '■ "illil"- 'I li'ily-lwopages 

nniiii- : niiHirrii jxi^c, !„ ihi; principles 
and Lwaiiiplcs for llourisluug ; sixteen 
pages to alphabets, package-marking, and 
Audubon Co. Smitrul. 

The Misses C'uitis, hvo uicccs of Pres 
The New York Board of Education i 

"^ It has 

An American college has 
at Shanghai, China. 

Australia has four universities, which, in 
curriculum, rank with Harvard. Oxford, 
and Cambridge. 

The net propeities of the leading New 

Pupil—" For divers 
'. ^iiy does he go on 
Pupil — "For sundry reasons." 

I i. I : . I i- Mil." Professor — 

I;ind ?" Second 

I ; Ml nn the bank."— iKr. 

in their lonely 
le shivered corset^teel intrudes its f 
ngth, while in the the far-off delly < 

quired in priuiiug. 

For making black printit 
is mixed with lamp-black : 




Sometimes, when writing has been made 
with one liquid on paper which bad pre- 
viously been steeped in nnother, the writing 

Gold in Ancient Times. 

There is nu ini.-i-,,M 
orgun beyond llie lin 

piitrons and friends, who. m best, furuUh u 
I" defruying the monthly 
bills for illustrating, printing, and 
paper of respectable appearance. 

The Journal nui 
here persons from every class and 
pation, and from nearly e 

see you at the convention ? 

every live teacher who proposes 
o honor his profession, keep up with the 
imes, and know hi 

before published. Price by mail lately re- 
duced from 15.00 lo $3.50, at which price 
it is the chciipext. book of its size and 

The Journal for July 

issued llie first week of the i 

T that we miiy go to 

1 ibe care of the July 
• designed for that mi 

aootlier page. 

Nirw Arithmftir, hy 300 aulhors, is 

(■ of ii Itook iiist issued by Eaton. 



flfty cents, wliich will be a 



m n 

till' le 


tudy of arithmetic. 

Exchange Items 




fci/r for June contains dc- 



1- flame (tulips), a dessert 


uiyrllc). 1 

ood cnivins (swamp rose), 

four I 
..f jol 



a tireplace facing of seven- 
liums), besides two jroups 
l« f.,r tbe decoration of a 
rk Tl,c trontisi,icce is a 
nn,i,k:,lilc Italian lienais- 


M"ii-' Spain. Astrilv- 

■!■: ..I.I.. cbarcoal draw- 

• 1' ar.l." tlic famous 

Mi.init St. Micbel, a 
: :. In France. Tbe 

The Juue Wide Awake hriugs us into the 
season of the roses. " Kale Oxford's One 
Tiilent," by Nora Perry, is excellent, show- 
inif how a girl wns sucr(?ssful with he r mip 

Michael guilty of both falsehood aud )>l;i-i i 
rism, and to the charge of falsehood wr in 
bear full witness, viz., in that Micluu!, i:. 
his "slang Advocate." alleged that uiiii 
special reference to articles contributed \n 
Peirce to the Journal, we inserted a notice 
denying(t)respoa8ibilityforsentimeuts there- 
in expressed. The statement Micliiiel kiu'w to 
be maliciously false. The ntirn.l in 

Pnchard'» tihui'tlumd 

RcpvrUr for May, 
nid other kindred 

interesting publi- 
iilished by Lum 

: Oolden Argony, published weekly by 
: A. Munsey. 81 Warren Street, New 
for $3.00 per year, is a well gotten up 
aud literary paper for young people. 

The Would-Be " Copy-Book An- 

nihilator " Picked Up and 


liiriiif,' ;iiiv mau 1 

paper caMr.i 
by Mich;,. I 
a to debate ilf 
u. Suchswti. 
cd from racu ot 
minated charlu- 

un warrantable 

pal Corry, Pa., High School. Prof. : 
son. Supt. of Eric County public sc 
was also pres('ui. The last named i 

Michael, a man n>. 

-ix IrrI in Itii-lll 

rather untidy in l,i-.. 

l|i. Ml' ,n:nlln <'Mi„ 

plexion, hard ell. rkin 

-ilil-l... , ■,].!. .--IMI 

of face, was not 

. Ill, H,.,i, ,1,11... ,vh..|r 


,„,„..-.„„,.. lo hi. 

I'ml' .'kiN,, u .... of medium 

hci.lll, llllr li.jniv. 

...ily attired, well 

bag in thus opeuiug the debate. 

Prof. Clark was then introduced, and pro- 
ceeded to discuss the resolution iu the nega- 
tive. He occupied at the outset about ten 
minutes, in showing that copy-books weie 
not only indispensable for the use of chil- 
dren in the schools of our country, but eco- 
nomical as well as to the expense, when the 
<i)si of lliiir tivL- is put in comparison with 
lh;ii m| iMnsfpNpci'. He then showed from ex- 

I results tliat are produ 

fancy may conju 


F. L. C. Danville, HI.— Are visitors per- 
iiitted to attend the meetings of the B. E. 
Lssociation ? 

Most assuredly. Come on, and bring your 

l>rfi- fit;tl writing, but it is safe to say that it 
\s null! cost untold practice, both to acquire 
ami Iu retain the power to write well with 
the whole-arm. It ia too long a lover to be 
easily operated upon so small aud accurate a 
motion as is required for good practical 

Sf'-o/id — The capitals iu body writing 

comply with your i 

quest, but we arc reminded that to do so iu 
a creditable manner would require several 
minutes of our time : and then if it is really 
good you will exhibit it to your friends, 
many of wliom would at once extend a sim- 
ilar inrilalinn. If it is made hurriedly or 
without care. it. might not be ele.eant accord- 
ing to your standard, and our reputation 
wiaild suffer injury accordingly. ISuI. 

F your single request, 

at once comply, but experience has taught 
us that to comply with all such retiucsts is 
simply impossible- So we must uniformly 

cialed. Teadien 

J. "W. Wasliington. teacher and pen artist. 
Salem. Mass. He says. "I regard your Guide 
one of the very best works 1 have seen on 

ginner is sullicicully advanced in years to 
have developed inu.sclc ami will power, we 
should begin instruction upon the nuiseular 

Fine Specimens of Penmanship. 

Tliere are a few copies of the Ulaiue and 
Lo.gan eamiaiiiia pieces left, wliicb we will 

iu -sliii 

"w. nisclerk 
and was prac- 

addresses of some envelopes, when the em- 
ployer happened to overlook him, and said, 
• Mr. Daybook, I would not shade those 
letters; it wastes the ink awfully."— 5«8ton 
VmxnerchU BulUlin. 

The Writing-Ruler h 

W. v. Chambers, Mt. Vernon, Iowa. 
S. W. Daugherty, penman at Hope. Ind., 
Normal School. 
F. W. H. Wiesahahn, St. Louis, Mo. 

F. W- Ireland. Denver, Col. 

I.yraan P. Spencer, Washington. D. C, 

li. J. Tolland, Beardstown, 111. 
W. N. Ferris. Big Bapids, Mich., Indus- 
trial School. 

G. W. Wood, McEeesport, Pa. 
E. Kenny. Jr., Manistee, Mich. 

H. W. Fliekinger. National College of 
Commerce, Philadelphia, Pa-, excellent in 

C. A. Bauer, Dillsburg. Pa. 

W. F. Rolb, M. D.. Manheim, Pa. 

.1. G. Anderson, Falcon. Tcuu. 

C. N. Hamilton, New Augusta. Ind. 

W . .S I!aairof(, West Point, Miss., a let- 
in :iiiil ;. II islicd bird. 

.1 ]• l^inHii llaltimore. Md.'a letter. 

I \\ '; .iiii:,nie. Cable,Ill.,aletterand 
H \ ^ I . Iliillimore.Md., a verygood 

A. Seccna, Independence, W. T., a 
II. .lump, E. Townsend, Ohio, a letter 
larlfs Danuatt Fk'lclier, Boston. Eng- 
'ilb: ;, New Orleaus, La. 

, Zanesville, Ohio, Busiucs 

H. B. 


W. ,1. White, Duff's Mercantile College. 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 

II. C. Carver, teacher of penmanship at 
Waseca, Minn. 

P. E. Persons, penman, Bushford, N. Y. 

G. G. lirown, Millerslown, Pa. 

W. R. Glenn, Trenton, N. J., Business 

W. W. Bennett, secretary of Clark's Busi- 
ness College, Erie, Pa. 

C. W. Wallace, Shenandoah. Iowa. He 
grand help to me; 

"The JODRNAL ii 

P. J. Graham. Pordham, N. Y. 
W. A. Bancroft, West Point. Miss, lie 
iouiiNAi,. I teach writing here with pen iu 

W. T. Thomas. Musselman's Business 
College, Quincy, 111., a letter. 
G. A. Ward, Bonduel, Wis. 

C. P. Zener, Audubon, Iowa. 

T. J. Wilson. Riddles, Oregon, a letter 
in a good practical hand, for which he says 
he is indebted to the Journal. 

A. J. Scarborough, Cedar Rapids, (Iowa) 
Business College, a letter. 

A. II. Hiinuan. of lliinnan's Business 
College, Wnrrisl..,, :M,|,, 

And School Items. 

C. H. Kimmig. 
Fliekinger, lias op. 
Street. Philadelnlii 

Lesson in Practical Penmanship. 

The July lesson will be given by H. W, 
Sliiiylor of Portland. Slainc, 

Tiie August lesson will be given by H.W. 
Ellsworth, author of the Ellsworth system 
of copy-boo 
■■Tracing i 

In September, 8. R. Webster of Rock 
Creek, Ohio, will give a lesson ou primary 

O. II. Peircc. Keokuk, Iowa, in October 

riic |..llii\\ iriL,^ named gentlemen have 
:ili':itl\ L'isfi, jifiirf of their acceptance of 

liriLi^.'i-i will III' iimiually acceptable; 

11. W. Fliekinger, Philadelphia, Pa., 
Thos. J. Stewart, Trenton, N. J., D. H. 
Parley, Trenton, N. J., W. R. Glen, Tren- 
ton. N. J,. H. A. Spencer, New York, R. 
.1 MrO-.f, N.'xv Y"ik, M T, Goldsmith, 


Soule's Commercial College and Literary 
ustitute announces its 29th anniversary 

The Penmam's Aht Journal am- 
Teacherh' Guidk reflects Tuuch creilii 

says, they lire "odorous," but I wi 
attention to two or three contribn 
your May number. First amonj; 

I III w rites about hiraself- 

:i - ' It. ui;h, whose graphic ac 

.iH!i .1 ih' \r\v Orleijps Exposition i 

worlliy (if any setting ; and finally, the edi 

torials from your own pen, wliicli iin 

spirilud monthly, the tirst glaucu reveals the should gluiy iu it, und I um sure such is tht 
fact that the Journal is much ahead of the feeling. Ever yours, Packard, 

ordinarycompendium circular.— 2'A«M7wn- 

cier. \ Specimen copies of the Journal, 10 cte. 

Facts About I 

iij,MitU \htJouhnal which Inasume 
(11 iinil u ulby every person inteiested 
n'.IuJ\ meeting 

Y rcftrtnte to the mnp of the United 
cs, it \m\] be seen tbut Incksonville is in 
:tly the same htitudc as Indianapohs 
imbus mid Philadtlpbia on the enat 
a little north of Denver and San Fran 

here propOBc to return delegates o\er tbeir diet n 
lines for one third fare who pay regular hers 
rates coming to the convention These inlan i 

Wayne Indian m 1^1 I 

Citv St Tosei I I 1 

Des Moines Bt 1 

Peoria and all j I 

hoped that the «amc irrm-'tm rl will \(t 
be made ibrough to the principal cities east 
and south Should such be the case, due no 

No positive 
7i\\ be made before 
lut most favorable estimates have bccu se 
ured Mississippi Ri\er steamers offer an 
I from St Louis to St Paul and 
This will include passage 

C s,t 

Peircc 'iadler Hill Lillibridt.e Williams 
Carpenter and BryaU closely followed by 
several generations of their piofessional 

Where is the penman young or old who 
can lemain indifferent or wUhngly absent 
when such teacbeia and artists as Ames 
Duif Cocbi-an Reynolds Hinman Mussel 
man II C Spencer Newhy P K bpencer 
AIcKec Peircc Osborn Stubbs Isucs and 
a host of other mif,hty men of the quill are 

"■I'll .ilnnc lit any good hotel. The round 
■ip ticket for the Springfield excursion will 
DSt #1. 


able, so far. to secure re-duced railroad rates 
genendly, but something has been done in 
that direction. The Wabash and Chicago 
& Alton, the two principal roads centering 

? With such an array of 
talent, experience, wisdom, and ability, not 
to mention the great teachers of accounts, 
calculations, shorthand writing, laws, 
ethics, economics, and other subjects of 
vital importance to business educators, a log 
school-bouse in the back woods wnuld be 

Jacksonville, 111. 

Considering the time of the meeting, the I Specimen copies c 

1 should 1 

of such t 

In 24 hours he would vit 
of pure air to the extent 
man therefore of the 

spaet TI n 1 

Newspapers of To day 

the number of new papers forms ai 
ing study, and may well occupy t 
tion of the curious. 

Odds and Ends. 

Prol)ably the youngest telegraph operator 
in the world is Eula Brown, of Courtney. 
Texas. She is but little over seven years of 
age. yet there is hardly a detail of railroaa 
telegraphy that she is not familiar with. 
Her father has been an operator for years, 
and the little one has passed most of her 
time in n tolegniph office since she was old 
enough to creep. Before she had learned to 
write plainly, she could send a message over 
the wires at a fair rate of speed.— 7>-oy 

The following curious ; 

ers of the alphabet: '-A quick 
jumps over the lazy dog." It is 
a good hue for use in the copy-book, be- 
cimse the writer is thus able lo practice on 

Teache-r (t<» first pupil).—" What case is 
ibenouuV Pupil.— "Nominative, inde- 
pendent." Teacher.— "Correct. Next boy 
may take next noun. Give its case." Sec- 
ond Pupil (f alter i ugly).— " Nominative — " 
Teacher.— " That's right, but what more ?" 
Pupil (questioningly). — " Independent ? " 
Teacher (severely).-" I should hope a boy 
would know his lesson better than to say 
* independent ' just because the one next him 
happened to have that sort of noun. What 
should you say instead of • independent ? ' " 
Pupil (triumphantly, after a moment's 
thought).- "Mugwump ! "' 

A Binder for Ten Cents. 

ch will hold securely -and with 
> twelve copies of the Journal, 
il with full directions, for ten 
advertisemeul oo another page. 

y printed on the finest quality of fine plate-papei 
1 Flourishing, and Lettering. We are sure that no e 

:ither teacher or learner, in all the departments of the penman's art, 
)r plain writing. Fourteen pages to the principles and examples foi 
pages to alphabets, package-marking, and monograms. Price, by mail: in paper covers, 75 cents; handsomely bound 
$1. Given free (in paper), as a premium with the Journal, one year, for $1 ; full bound (in stiff covers) fc 

'II be given. Both the Journal and book are things 

I with any other publication they handle. 

I liberal d 

Abraham Lincoln's Boyhood. 

"Well, lie was al this time not grown, 
only six feet two inches high [snid Dennis 
F. Hanka, cousin of Abraham Lincoln]. 
He was aix feet four and one-half inches 
when grown — tall, lathy, and gangling — not 
much appeanince, not handsome, not ugly, 
hut peculiar. This kind of a fellow : If a 
Ahe would he the 

in* all the while." 

" Was he active and strong ? " 

"He was that. I was ten years older, but 
I couldn't rassle him down. His legs was 
loo long for me to throw him. He would 
fling one foot upon my shoulder and make 
me swing corners swift, und his arms so 
long and strong I My, how he would chop I 


■ would flasl 

Wt ^ 

wonderful ii 

" Whal riiu h,l \l., :,Ih.,,.l 

"The Baptist. Ill tell you aci 
about him. He would come 1 
church, and put a box in the mi( 
cabin floor, and repeat<,Ihesennir 
to doxology. I've heard him do 
ChnrU'^ton Neita and Courier. 

■ be had i 

E. K. Isaacs, of "^ 
favored us with sampl, 
and soys: "Can't you 

some droll yarn, and bust them all up. It 
WHS the same when he was a lawyer ; all 
eyes, whenever he riz, were on U^m ; there 
was a suthin' peculiarsome about tiim." 
"What did you teach him to write with?" 
" Sometimes he would write with a piece 



805 Broadway, New York. 


. lUTNER, PrauniENT. 

Free to Farmers. 

sumctimcs lu- wnukl \vi- 

higli c 

proud temple, above the names of all save 
one. Next to the name of the immortal 
Washington, Waxes the signature of the 
Uamcless ruler and matchless man, Abraham 
Lineoln. That plain name is now a kiuglier 
title than is worn on earth. Yes. that's so. 

ami rightly, too. Not for his great„ ; he 

was not the greatest man that ever lived. 

but he was the honcstest. I reckon he never 

did a mean act. I could see he didn't know 

how, an' he never learned. 

"Did you have any idea of his future 

" No ; it was a new country, and he was 

a raw boy ; rather a bright and likely lad, 

but the big world seemed far ahead of him. 

lor me journal, wuue you can get 
; back numbers and begin with the 
Lud the volume. Two subscriptions 
i received for |;1.75 with a copy of the 
: to each subscriber. Also remember 







[' '"""l "mu 



.!nr,,N>M Vnrk 1,1, 






s ■:' 

'.";""; T!,i\",,:ii 


'':\::!'.'\:\ •'';"'!" 


is;''" ";;; ■ 


T^*'''."':'^':"'""',,'"::.'",',,.;^ ■,,:,„ ■,;:„;,:::i,.;'„' 

(1 ' 


.\ ", 

>:;.:'; ;„:\;,i:. 


Penmen's and Artists' Supplies. 

ArtiBtio PonmaiiBliip 1 00 

Finyabeeis (fifty Mi aeU oTooples) ','.'.'. 3 00 

The New Spenoo'rian Compendimn, Fart i, 2,*3^ i, 

EopoMlny Penj for ietiiriiii^, p«r'doii";!""i;;* 25 

Crow-quiU Pen, v«ry fine, for diswing. dos 75 

Spongo Robber. 2x2 in., very inperior SO 

Have you a Copy 

velopes, "Wedding Cards, etc. The first copy 
cost us tSO.OO. We will mail it to all that 


' I' < k'.t luk-staud, made t 

J. E. CARD CO., 


The only Instru- 
';/ Copy of a picture. 


;^^¥l2>sv^v: - 

r ^ tj ^^''' '" Tift 


loniNU .'lliliHmiiMii Ni-w la 

The School Supplement. 

Banlel (v.1~l.r, M;,rl T>v„i,i, lin-l liart 




SUPPLEJrENT Is the best ever Issued.— 


jiim fc tvtfjY 

/■//f PENMAN'S^^^mFA VOR/TE. 




For Sale by all Stationers and Booksellers. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co., 

WORKS, CAHDEN, N. J. 26 John Street, New York. 

Family Record, IBriS 

Qarflold Memorial, 19x34 ..!"" ! 


Shorthand Writing 



S Broadnr. New Toik. 

Writing and IVleasuring Ruler. 

i__fV "AI.I. ABODTSnoKT- >, 




Agents Wanted. 


Given in Plain Penmanship. 

e priBciple taalla and telHag 

M Coltega or aa laititi 

The Exercises 

Steel Pens. 

Card Ink. 

Dakin's Compendiur 

Of Actual Pen-Work. 

Special Offer. 




joiucd I he College I)fp;irluifnl. of Pi'iiuiaii- 

now Instructor iu PenmaDsbip. with the 
Columbus Business College, Ohio, will 


111- i.l.t 


. Smith save 

e I 

line of 

the scliool, but : 

withhold it. 

se Ibis 

irticle is not intended to cast 


1 rdlw 

ions on any one 

school nioie 
to jirocure a 


fiu 11. 

. cuuncclioii, tl, 

reader will 



me as I pause to 

speak of my 


Black Diamond Slating. 

The Beat Liquid Slating (^without exception ) 
WdU and Wooden Blaekboardt. 

Uied and givei Perfect Salitfactim in 
CoUege of the City of New York - - 

« CLARK I't nnWI'TT, Pnipriclnrs. 


Currey's Complete 


Commercial Colleges. 

■ill writ« tho followiug. sent, postpaid, i 



orders promptly filled, 
"penman's art journal, 


school will do tho former, and no intelli- 
gent teacher will do the latter. Yet mo^t 
of those short course schools do both. Shin 

I am the champion of no school or sys- 
tem, but can conscientiously recommend to 
youns people desirous of obtjiiniuK an edu- 




Bryant & Stratton 



Shading T Square. 


d^-i-' ^'i' t it>;pi^ *;>;> -^*-" 




J. C. BRYANT, M. D., 

Pri-siilcnt of the Rryaiit 4 StmtWn Buffalo Business 
College (Copyrighted 1B85.) ; 

puiiLisiren IN THREE parts ; 

Elementary, I04 pages, Price, $ .80 
Commercial, 160 I.50 

Countiniz-House,3l2 2.50 



-:-K Sthiiol Thoroiiflily Bquipped for OIBee TraiDiPB.-^ 

Boolt-Keeping by Actual Business Practice. 



SHORTHAfID ^^ T-"i v;!' !'■,•,...■, PRACTICAL REPORTER, 

The Automatic Shading Pen 



different fn 


Spencerian Compendium 

Recognized Anthority for 
Tne Learner, The Card-Writer, 

The Adept, The Sign-Writer, 

The Teacher. The Pen-Artist, 

The Engrosser. The Book-keeper, 

The Engraver, The Connoisseur 

Engraved on Steel, from .Actual Pen-Work, 
s:pEi3sroEE.i-A.nsr .A.xja?i3:oi?.s. 

Tlie aim of tliis ptililication is to present ft Cyclopedia of Pen Art in its widest 
range, most varied adaptation, and most perfect execution. 

THE OOMPENDIUM OompriBOS Eight Parts. 
Part I.— Elegant Script Forms, particularly adapted for Book-keepers and Coin 

mercial Colleges. 
Part II.— Devoted to Off-hand Flourishing. 
Part III.— Bold and Striking Forms for Sign-writers. 
Part IV. — Off-hand Spencerian Capitals, mostly new forms. 
Part V.— Great variety of Lettering, from the Simplest Marking Alphabets to the most 


Business College, 

Keokuk, Io-wa» 

strictly Private. After you have inveBtigated 
rlie Superior Advantage* of Otber Instltutioits, 



Practical Writing, with 
Brothers' Abbreviated Hand, 

Part VI.— A Complete Course of Sixteen I 

Special Series of Bxisincss Forms. 
Pabt VII.— Varieties of Writing, including Spencer Brothers' Abbre\ 

italian Script and Intricate Caps, and Celebrated Back-hands. 
Part VIII. — Of special interest to Business Men, Professional Designers and Penn 

containinsj double-page Graduated Scale for Construction of Roi 

Ctipilnis, Etc. 

Price ol tlie Parts, Together or Sepai'ately, 
Post-paid, 60 Cents Each. 




Ivisoii, Blakeman, Taylor, & Co. 

753 and 755 Broadway, New York. ; 



/( hm xbmtl the test >/" School room 

•V tie 


prehensive in I't^ scope und m 
practical in its results o« KRU- 


Drawing is new regarded as one of the 

of Drateing afiould be adopted with- 
n examination of KRUSI'S. 

D APPLETON & CO., Publishers, 




Bicycles and Tricycles, 

The Yale Roadster, 

The American Salvo, 

Sociable Tricycle: 

Etc., Etc., Etc., 

Illustrated Catalogues, 

' nhlUi «1U be sent, post-free, to anj- address on rece 

On The Road - two-cerl slamn by 

TUB cxTiTisriisra-njLjyi: oo^ycipjLisnr, ' 

The New E: 


First-Class Vehicles. 

Instruction by Mail. 

B F. KEI.LEY, Penman, 


J Book of its kind ETEK PCBLISHBD. 

W*^n™ yiJ;:.''nf"S'™" S™x;;S' 

Learn to Write Your Name. 

1 inter and Stations 



Vol. IX.— No. 8. 

Tracing as a Means ot Acquiring 


Atrrnon op ths Ei.wwoiitu System. 

It is agreed that tbe primary object in 

learuing to write is to convey tlie ideas of 

k'tters. These 

. After, and beyoud this, a certain 
nt of license is tolerated, ns an cxpres- 
of the taste and individuality of the 
r. which go to make up his style of 
unship, This style may be less or 
ornate, or eccentric, bounded and lim- 
r judged of. on the one band by legibility. 

simple and arbitrary f 

ment in lines and sentences. This accom- 
plished, elements of speed and tinisb may 
be added to the performance, or left to be 
developed by pmctice and general culture 

■specially, the guiding of the hand 
. tbe form. Is a surer method of con- 
he ideu to the mind permanently. Bui 

.' employed in producit 

work ot writing, thus forming a habit or 
predisposition for correct writing which is 

It will !iiu- lie ^iTii iiiai nil the accuracy of 
the v\>\ Ini. jni: m imiialiou depends, first, 
upouili. rl,;iiii, --., |.iMii:iiieuce and accuracy 
of the biaiiipiilnir, ami mrtmd is dependent 
upon the power and tiainiog or control of the 
will over the right muscles nf tbe arm and 
baud for its faithful reproduction — two con- 
tingencies wbicli largely explain the pbe- 

imitated to day cannot be recalled to-mor- 
row, and the other notorious fact that chil- 
dren's school copy-books and other written 
exercises compare so unfavorably. It may 
also explain why our ideas of writing are 
jilways su far ahead of our ability to execute 

Thus, by the imitative process, the work 
proceeds by a series of approximations and 
eXirnination of all the imperfect Uyrms and iin- 

iduciug them, and 
liibitual reproduc- 
line by increased 

nper muscles and 

.lauge t 

■' M (I ' li.ii liapjjy condition V 

;■ It in;,' method, tbe pen is placed 
■I; i II ibe form to be transferred, 

iiee brought into play and, as tbe pen 
ows tbe form in its minutest variations, 
transfen-ed correctly and fully to the 

Next as to Tracing Methods. These may 
le various and suited to the stage of ad- 
'ancemeul of tbe pupil. ?Hriit, ideas may 
le imparted by tracing in the air forms first 

@/ © & 

O) (^ 0^ 
^ J. ■^ 

(7Zy 6^(1) 

Second, In grooves cut in the surface of a 
block of wood or slate frame, or stamped 
in metal, as represented in tbe foregoing 
cuts, and which should be fastened at tbe 
proper distance upon the writing desk. In 
drilling, use aleiid pencil and lift it occasion- 
ally from the gi-oi.ivc.'m.iv in l' back ill Ibe air 
to starling point, a-- iii'lii aini 1a- lln linr in 

preparatory to ejiiii wriiiiiL,' uMaxise upuu 

with t 

i shut. 

by counting 
at various rates of speed, but always uni- 
form. The size of the characters should be 
reduced as proficiency is gained, until com- 
mon band is achievetl ou paper. 

Third. With a ilrypcti upon tbe copy lines 
of the book until their form is familiarized 
and duly memorized. This also improves 
tbe touch. 

Fourth, Witfi ink and pen upon the shad- 
owed forms of letters and writing, in dotted 
outlines (which best represent tbe true gra- 
phic idea as a shadow of an original writing) 

color, nearest resembles an original writing. 

i educational value u^a mriJiuiii 

exercises and devices 

it practicable in the bands of the average 

teacher, it will become popular. 

-n holding 

recognized and each receives dtie ai 
derly attention, the progress of pupil 
be correspondingly great and certain. 

Report of the Proceedings of the 
Seventh Annual Convention 
of the Business Educat- 
ors and Penmen of 
The Convention convened in tbe spacious 
and commodious hall of the Jacksonville 
(111.) Business College, on July 9 and con- 
tinued its sessions until the afternoon of the 
15tb, Tbe attendance was above average, 
and included many of the pioneers and 


III iiiih r in which they 

elin- iillair, but a journey 
Ltik rather than pleasure, 



President, L. F, < 

K's.i College build- 
i I' iH St. intelligent 

, Poughkeepsie, N. 
resident. Mrs. Sara 
, D. C. ; Additional 
lagher. Hamilton, 
Treasurer, A. J. 

Executive Committee. — G. W. Brown, 
Jacksonville. 111. ; A. H. Ilinman, Worces- 
ter, Mass. ; Thos. M. Pierce, of Philadel- 

except Messrs. Pierce 

Tbe following is a 
members in nttendt 
remitted their annua 

. Curttn, MlnneBpoIlft, i 

, ackuuwlcdgiiig specini indebtcdueas of 
committee to the officers and several 
mbcrs of the Association, also to Messrs. 

D. T. Ames, Editor of tlie Pknmam's Art 
Jouknal; L. L. Williams, of the Rochester 
Camtntrdal ItmieiB. and Worthiiigton * 
Palmer, of the Western Penman. 

Prof. Hinman reported for the Penmaii'.s 

gramme and future 
morning session closed. 


the .Jacksonville 

■ Cliapcl I 


that the owasion would all 

ord sullicicnt iii- 

spiratioii liy meeting the 

members of this 

association. Wc welcome 

you lo this, one 

of Ihe oldest cities of the State, and one of 

no mean culture. We hav 

e had many con- 

vcnlions here in the past. 

nnd on such oc- 

casions a person was callet 

upon to present 

an address of welcome, an 

d when we tele- 

phoned to the Busines-s O 

lege for the pur- 

pose of speaking lo th. 

princi|)al. they 

replied: 'He is down ah 

nt the furnaces 

practicing his speech.' wlii 

ll he reports Iw,. 

colossal. Twenty years ago the metliods c 
keeping books were very ditrfrcnt, 
gentlemon lold me recently of i\\,> 
men in Ills father's store, one ii lii-h -. h... 
gi-aduate, who were unable to rniiiju. Ih n 
bow to manage the cash aeeouni, t|]i>ii;;)i 
bad been most fully and clenily illiislnik( 

write, and yet are among the most siicccs; 

iome classically educated men who cannt 
^11 in an hour bow far a train will travel i 
I minute wbicb goes fifty-four miles a 
liour. Not one lady in niuety-uine cix 

not bnast of ouv city, though 1 
say that there is not another 
size having so many teachers. 

illy loo manypreacb- 

religion, whieb in n 
down. However, we 

pli-iised wilh our cin/.-iis, ,.,,,,1 Mk.i 
(Iciicc will send the wealbcr needed t 
your stay agi-eeable." 

L. F. Gardner, of Pougbkeepsie, 
nsjiondcd : 

ly best be able to use the faculties th< 

" Wr lire promised that in our Father*! 
ii^c ;in iiKiriv iiuinsions, and may we no 

:;ini ilii-- ;i- nii( of them in which we car 

iirty w.lrtirnc. :iiid retum acordialinvi 

jetings and get what good tbey can froit 

r deliberations." 

Rev. A. N. Gilbert was fbfii pleastinth 

I have bad 

life, having 

Ml' MMlio,]i.| 

needed, but like the revolver in Texas— 
when wanted, it is wanted very badly. I 
Itreach the necessity of living a heavenly 

tine discourses. We have in Washingtmi 
the Garfield Memorial Church, and my 
eldest son likes to attend it. Meeting III. 
pa.stor. Rev. Frederick Power one day. T, 
said; 'My son prefers attending your 
eburcb, why is this ? ' lie replied : ' I suji- 
pose Ibc ini<niities of the father are beiui; 

TIic Ttf 

ill our laud. Teachers in I 
have a great opportunity tc 
impression for good upon i 

ethics had a plaee on lli 
The Rev. Dr. Morey ^ 
lie said : 

toned up. A man can serve God just as 
well at bis desk as the minister in the pul- 
pit. Tbe first opinion I had of a business 
college was doubtful, and I thought tbey 
didn't amount to mueli. but my first ae- 
quaintance changed my opinion, though I 
thought the one I saw in Cincinnati was 
peculiar to Ohio, andtbat Prof. Nelson was 

bis methods, and Ibat others are doing good 
work also. I shall watcb for your defecis. 
and tell you of them when tbey appear." 
Prof. Storrs, of Illinois College, said : 


, J you will tbink before 

done. The Jacksonville Business 
College owes its existence to Illinois Col- 
lege, which gave it an bnnorable birth. 

piano duet by Mrs. Annie Smith and Miss 
Louise AHcott, which was exquisitely rend- 
ered and much enjoyed. 
After which was delivered tbe 

1 throw myself before ti 

hiive Hppeared 
un\s of history. 

paniphlct form, together with papers rciici 
and such addr&sses as may be reported in 
full, and as many copies printed as may be 
desired. The meeting then adjourned. 

sion m both were absolutely refreshing, 
nothing in the one suggested the otii 
The minds of the audience were not haun 

ve energy' i 

theyhadrendorheardsomelhingvcry I ^'nie'd.'^i^o^ant" woman ; lightnine. and 
similar. They were the fresh thoughts of j dynamite, oitro-glycerinc and earthquakes 

up within a full-blooded, uiiuuned, self- 

cial. ptiyiiicul, iiii< I 
age of liien tbi-ni>< 
nity of developnii 

their own Wv.-^ -I 


presence of a 
directing lliJuirM 

oyo. niul hnf\ tiw 

labor between 10 and 15 ycius is t\n uumili- 
gnted curse, resulting' iu prt-uiiilure mar- 

We simply propose to women to march 
n in thflinr of improvement and Christian 

ihir-;. usiiiL- uiilv il„. ,|iii(>t., but eflVotive 

iriety of occupations, if they slept 
r father's or any relative's roof, 
nt they did not work for a living 

as -A Wi%MM ^ 



a- ^:^^jyja'£Bf 




: plwU>-mgrama from pen-and-ink copy, executed at the ojke of Hie Jouhnal, and represents one of forty diffei-ent alphnhcts given in Am^ 
constitutes one-half a page, and pin 7;o7*( of tlus work. Price, by mail, $5.00 ; mailed at present for $3.50. 

■ New Conniciidium, 

■ lin- procession of women wlio amH- lo 

lor lielji ami couusel in such ciiii^r:;fii- 

■ M ■. ■ Why do 3'ou come to nic '! Whydii.! 


■ , 1 , ■ 1' ,1 . fiDmtlic Association f,.r 

UitilT,,! 1m,, 1, 1,„ „ .,. Tl,,, , 

orUH-,s,,:,i,. ,n,„i,„ i,,,,,,,.,,. || ,. ,, 

I>Hti„„ ,,f l:„ni,|,,- „,Mk, i- I,,.,,,,.. ,:,i,|,li,,,.., , L-,-nil,-,i,, « „.|i„i,,|,,„ v, , 

■ ,^ '"''■'■'!''/,",''i^ !.''", lr"!il!!' 

■■lie,itlK-ii Clii,!,-, 

,,^ ,"' '" ,, : ;■,.:'■ ', ;■,.:';::■ 

ityfor this f.-n.i !,.,„i, ,, ' : 

fr"'iS'""™' ,"'""' '"^ "",'," , ' 

ciibbagc, boot or ms iai«r,l i , 

, . 'i 

llb.iv.-, ,,„■-,, ,,:,„, 

^w",v.': , ', „ ,■;,■ :,- 

■louu-M' ■ , ,,,, , ! ,.,, , : , 

■ , ■ ■ , , ,.,,;,,,,.,,. II, , ,. 

worn'."." „,' ,',„' 

tbi's,, «,,■,„„ ,- ,,.i 1 i,„„ „ 

il',;;;';,,,'' 'i,; ' ■ • ,■;■ ; ;■ \ 

&;;,:■: -■„;',::,-'"" ^ 

Anui,',',,',' ' 1,', ": ",':|' ||, 

-i ,, '1 , ' ,|. , j ■ 1\ l,:,l 

cth kings, 
doth safely 

he shall have no need of 

^ood and not evil all the 

, and flax, and workelh 

Slif is' like the merchant's ship, she bring- 

Misidei-eth a field :ina buycth it ; 


girdeth her loins with stn-ngtli i 

style practiced in 
advocated the use f 

re line wri!in;j:.butwith even in tbebestof 
>ics of this kind we find iin uniformity. 
i if the pupil be set to use such copies he 

ifuse him ill once, and he eiin giiin noth- 


primary instruction. It 

stunt ly varying stiiiidards. 
our only hope of success lies in the u.« 
fixed standards, and though stiff and 
notonous they are indispensable. 

With sucli copies each successive gni 
1 the public school would find a dilTere 
yle of copy, and the pupil would, to 
reat extent, undo in one room what i 

had a share in my early training. 

We want simplicity in our teaching, dis- 
carding all unnecessary forms and lines. 
1 think the copy books as now used present 
the best aids that can he had. With the 

average professiunal teacher it is well I 
use them, thougli if be be a good writer b 
own copies are preferable, but Ihe numbi 
of Bucli instructors is painfully few. R 
garding analysis, I lliiok those who emplc 
it will succeed beel. If one person be moi 
skillful than another, it is because he has 
superior conception nf fonn, and llieabilil 

his mind. Praoticr u t .,lu:n- 

confirming an evil liiit>ir W hi n :i iin\ im 
ing a copy before him |uiulnr- i\ircK>-l 

by any amount of desultory work, biii 
we can get into his mind the lixi-il i>riiKii.|i 

The bend should always br Ix 'i 
the weight taken off the arms, oi ] 
left. The manner of holding ilii , i , 
erly is all important. {This miI.j,, i ,^ ,- 
illustrated by the speaker). Previous lo iIr- 
age of fifteen but little can be done with 
muscular movement. Form is essential, 
since on it depends nil our peomaiiship. and 

length, ill nil -.mtjiI lo.,|, U-iuns. 

plisbed. Tlic f;iilljfiil piipil seeks ,■: 

have it. Diseourjigement will folio 
early attempt of the scholar, and shoi 
overcome by a few judicious words i 

may sometimes critieiz 

the latter departs from i 

Wright, of Misscurt- 

Spencerian system .n ,i,,,.iiu[ .1 a .sim- 
plicity. Too much slress is laid upon the 
idea that penmanship is a natural gift. We 
should strive to teach true analysis. The 
teachw must have Ihe judgment necessary 
to instruct each pupil in the best manner. 
A few remarks from other speakers closed 

During a brief intermission, just previous 
to the opening of the regular morning ses- 
sion, the members gathered in the exhibit 

vhere an informal ; 

. Prof. R. C. Crampton. of Illinois College, 
mnder of the Jacksonville Business Col- 
ge. The regular session was called at 
) a. m,. and tfie membership committee 

which was done unanimously. 

ussions of the day were 
Williams of Rochester, 
hcory of Bookkeeping, 

This is done first I 
books, which arc 

demonstrations ; tli 

principles of debit and credit and tl 
of accounts. Next should come t 
account. From these progress in t 
miiniier until be comprehends tb 

principles rather than 

t one thoughtful pupil in n liiiniiv-l 
their mastery. This is .Inm i,\ ;, 

om drill, which we regard ;.s i„(ii. 

e. as by this method a teacher may 

l|^h much more than by passing 
;LiMong bis pupils and giving indi- 

Mi t ,iiM,, I ,,,„ so happy I i 
still when I see such evidences < 
on the part of the 
spoken. I acknowlet; 

e of gooil 
' In teaching the writing 
>uud much liilliculty uii- 

■Ai-v. aii.l is legible 
vriting should he 
ilher work, as it is 

Mr. Chieli. ii-l 

huuld always be 
[iber of strokes, 
ir practice with 

t. Shading I sel- 
l.r..,i<l Prof, Pttck- 

to them. Those "talks" 

Iievcd in both the analy 
ineihods. Neither is cor 
■uhl be combined. Modi^ 
lid be varied, like medi 

greater accuracy, but the pupil will more 
readily comprehend and master it. Letters 
and words should be critically analyzed at 
the bkckboard. -.This will greatly aid the 

doubtful results. While the pupil, w 
through analytic study and practice, con 
soon lo have a clear concopttoo of wl 


^ A^'- 

Tl\£ above e ( was pfoto eng aocd f o i penra i& ink eopj executed at Hie office of tJie Jot hnal an I a given as a speevme i of lette ng and fiounslijig The s 

luiabee pr ted o good pipe 17\21 eopus of 0/ ic?i w U bo na led fo ^0 eente It te lesig led a« a ce t Jicale to be iwarded by teachire to pup Is fo ipecal 
ijonwtnoitig Tley e II be ma lei at $2 TO per do^e 

: ng 1 1 ght t first and I keep my 

Th 8 8 true where each u 

Mt nue to decl ne or t the Soc allsts pre 

master ng t venty wo ds a day four days 

ri 1 we shall soon liave no need tor ll ese 

a veek forty veeks n a year (the t 


ai red to complete the bu ness cour 

Mr McCorl--Wcbnvc b I t vo methods 

llicy VD Id ha e of f m 1 ar comma 

ornsttuton i d 1 g ne allj 1 nd that 

3 00 vords Then they we safe from 1 

e p p Is settle down to one Avs n ng 

terr ble p IfoU of gu ra p 11 og « 

> d ys to the jcar wo lind that a dollar 

calls upon separ t I 

11 c rn 1 per cent of itself in 30 d ys at 

artclcs of f^vo 1 1 11 1 

1 r cent ii 40 daj s at 8 per cent and 

vords on pape M 1 1 

Proceelng o lb 1 c tin 1 

corrertlv the bl 1 1 i 

Mr DuDcuu then llustrated 1 s pecul 
manner of comput ng nterest 

Mr Cochmn vas the requested to e\ 
empl fy h 8 rule for the sime purpose wh ch 
he a no need was tl e s \ per cent has s re 
garde I by h n 8 prefe ible for all pr t u 1 

Then art cles of cloth n e al and 

i u 11 u ou o d 

It s usu lly ly o e letter of a 
, leads to confus on the rest take 
themselves The word most 

ate (Dear lohu 
lied In 

Mr Packard— I tind i 

Mr Ell It-I th nk tl as a is hole the 
X per cent has s s the best 
Mr R C Sieneer— If rates of nterest 

uUoduc orj 

belong. It wns due I 

lack of system nilbcT 

I tbink the 

labors of 




r-,ll T' 

noble but it needs reform i 
We want more things in th. 
words. When yon fui ^■' 
orthograpby of till' hit^juij. 

from Isaac Pitman, of England, the great 
originator of phonetic reform. His name is 
phonetically printed at the bead of the Ict- 
ler, but is signed in the regulation way, and 
. un/ in.nJ in ibr ktitT is spelled according 

-This c 

There t- 

Mr. Ilogi 


iciuLily agree with the 
I tbc importance o 
the good time to i 
that those who enter our schools will be 
good spellers when they come to us. The 
penmanship of a letter may be poor withoul 
evil effect, but poor spelling is always bad. 
The foreigner meets with untold diffleulties. 
If p-l-o-u-g-h spells iilow. wliy slinulrt nol 

Mr. Ridii-- 
in the spdli 

of ages. In my school we pursue the usual 
plan and are obliged to give much attention 
orthography as we have many foreigners. 
" sober meaning and in- 
t in my remarks than my friend accorded 
I do think, however, a young man may 
cetd in life even if a poor speller. There 
many positions iu which good spL-Uiiig 

■ cily (Miitinf s|„ll :iii,I wiiic •■ovreclly. 

of Jacksonville by the faculty of the Jack- 
sonville Business College and Prof. E. F. 
Bullnrd. at the Jacksonville Female Aca- 
demy. A large company was present, and 
this ocTJision proved lo be one of the most 

and sbnding. Straigbt 

ncss adds strengtli. 

We bavetbe sturdy oa 

[, wblcb with tbe 

clingiDg vine forms 

pleasing picture. 

Either alone would not 

,e complete. So in 

writing. Tbe straigbt 

nes combined with 

tbc curved form tbe most desirable letters. 

Tbc great attraction 

of the elder Prof. 

Spencer's writing consi 

led in Iho l.i.uitiful 

lines witb lire slriiisM. 

r • I.'- ' ■ 

apart and a slnnt all ni 

regularity in bci,l,l ., 

;... .11 L-.. 

sive or irreguliii sliinliji 


mlly dist 

Ciipiiul Iciurs should be taught in the 

egg-sbape runs through all capitals and c 
tiols that which is pleasing, excess or Ii 
of size always being avoided. A s 
shaped quadrilateral should always b 
in mind which can contain nearly 



ive minutes in length, n 
ivas expected to give utte 
thought that occurred tc 
lied out. Prof. Ballard, 
! host of the cveniu", w; 

ning priuri] 
plenty of spi 

Mr. Cochran — What objection 
there be to doing away with loops 
standard ■writini'? 

trouble with writing comes 

Mr. Hinm;u,-i)r|,nn.,-, 

Mr. Ames- i ■ 

avoided. I ti, 
fixed forms I nr i..,.|, i, 
judgment. TIktu .siiMuid 
tiuction between lUe letlei'a t and h. 

Mr. Cochran— The letter t might b 
without a cross ua it is often formed 

ts appropriate sphere, but they 
lonld not be intermingled. 
Thescction adjourned until Monday morn- 
gat 8 o'clock. 


The first topic for discussion was " Busi 
!ss Practice," aud was lead by L. F. 
luduer. The desiral.ility of practice in 

ave value of one per 

,Iie more interesting, 
well into the night to 
lerous emulation often 

ieally, he is often at n 
them in practice, but when 

plain dis- 

vbich tbc |)rofe^sor'! 

I words. We direct s 

A young man 

ame to us last yein 

was a "horrid speller, 

'in reputation 


s he could w 


letter with coi 

nbogrnpliy. ^ 


attributes liiv -1 

- 111.- 1 1.1 II, 


taught bin, l,„u 

./ I,. , 

„.|l .„ „,.,n. „ 


Idonotbdic>> i 


" iiii«iii.iu-a > 

before the .n.,k, 


Mr. II,-cb-Tli 

■luf spelling i 


le attention 
^ss colleges. 

jirove this detestable orlhograiihy, and until 
it is improved, and the critical world accepts 
the doctrine, what are we to do f 1 have 
great sympathy for these spelling reformers 

forty year. „l 


soon it will li, 

:ik- I 


U the >,l„Uy of 

I hold in my 


u letter 

just received 

specialimpuri;ii„r i im, i, imi,. ,,,- , 
glcHne, uule.. ^..nitliiit,.- I„. nv.,dv vm, 
When forming ihc ^.t-ML-epiiuij uf ;. Ikhi 
any other objetl, we tbiuk IjuLIiiile uf 
lines forming the figure ; yet they luc u 
sary. In analyzing letters we should 
well lo the openings. Take well ititc 
(.Hint the shape of tbe letters and use 
HmsvMneh bound them. By paying ■ 
till ..Udititiii to this we are less liabl 
iii:il.>' iiii-i.,ke,s- With the right and 

1 I- llie result. I have found this jilm 
iH'M eiTeetive of any I haveevei' trii ij 
et\ is desirable; anything may Itegood. 
we shouUi not adhere too closely to any 
le method. ■ The subject may be divid- 
ito ^triu^lit liuesj slant, spaciPg, size 

U^x^^ for (^ err. W 

day aud not from 

Some portion of the business pi-ac- 
[)nrt of the early teaching. 

"^'' -"■■' iii'-.i''ii'' lii.s his boys pay due 
iiKeutiuii luihr Mii,j,f[ nf penmanship." 
Mr. jiues give strength 

bold aud distinct, glaring contrast between 
up and down lines being avoided, iu which 
lies tbe secret of 

i\lr. Ames— There is no conflict between 
the two styles of penmanship. Ornamental 
work )xm il^ place and plain writing qUo, 

gains. When (hat is done the net loss or 
gain is found. The balances aside from 
the loss aud gain aceouuts show the proper- 
ty on hand or debts owed. In all our trans- 
actions we use the proper vouchers, bills, 
&c., filing away tlio papers until the set of 

. (lie wholem^m mmieineni at the office of the JounNAi-, and i 
I toork comiaia of seventy 11 sl4 inch plat^, and is Hie moat o 
extant Mailed at^'eaent at tJie reduced price, $3.50 ; regular price, |5.00. 

books is compk'te. 
prcservi'd tuic) Jill nt 
ined when the st-t h 

Mr. Elliotl— ! I I 
Tlic imprncliciil el 

not be eneouniged in our iustruction. lu 
my actvml practice, my employer used my 
balances, which I took gi-eat pains to have 

Dr. Bryant— I tbink authors do not pro- 
pose to present the matter of a trial balance 
just as it is to be used iu practice, but more 

E these forms. We do not propose to turii 
t regular lawyers, but to tit our studeuis 
r practical life. 

should teach all the commercial law a stu- 
dent will bear. There are many ways of 

in get the 
Iritiid. Dr. 

dent Lincoln's speeclies w;is: bis phiin, 

straightforward manner ( 

he said to my brigade, which was on 

to the front. "Boys, stand by nie i 

stand by you," we all knew what he 

i)g. When 

■cct. To this we 

Mr. Cochran — While then- ar 
peculiar iudividuiilities anion ir tbo 
colleges, the same practicnl n nli 
taiued ; speed, accuracy iiiid i n< 

without proper checks each <l;.y. 
ments, checking, balnncing cnsh i 
and balances are all desirable. Aft( 
perieace of many years I hnve nevei 
trial balance in actual business, and i 

Umkd. The liLni.m-l |,,i ,,i,,|,. pnnlii ;i] 

A practical kun\vi.-(i-jr mI ii,< \-axk-..\ hn-i 

Knowledge of law creates rc-spect for it. and 
promotes self-reliance on the part of those 
It if not necessary for the 

think a tLxl book on law for business col- 
leges should comprise such subjects as are 
usually liable to arise in everyday life— con- 
I tracts and negotiable paper being the most 

don't think it is long enough. 

u,i (uiiijwcd by well prepared papers on 
ilii' sunt- general subject by C. E.Baker, 
i;i..uj]iiugton, 111., and J. M. Frasher, 
W lulling, West Virginia. 

At the conclusion of this subject. Mr. C. 
M. Eames, proprietor of the JackHoniilU- 
Daily Journal, 

A., building 
g. The in- 

cqually so to pupil and teacher. There is 
about it a mystery and a satisfaction which 
will repay any research and any labor, and 
which lit Ihc siiine time tempts Ibc pupil_ 

seotial to one who would get f 
ially of tlicir proauuciation 
He Deeds to analyze till- soiiiKi 
to mark the fine .li^iui.i: ( 
York boy, for in-i;.N< - h,- 


the dictionary. It will induce liim to lay 
aside his dime novels for Dickens, Thack- 
eray, Emerson and Carlyle. As a beginner 
18 blind to his own blunders it is a grcni 
mistake to have him follow the forms which 
have been evolved from Iiis own conscinu^^ 

be made. He will sm-n nu 
them to satisfy any slickk-r 
ity. He should write from d 
as practicable. 

phnUSt'S ll:lM \u:ru ,,r,|,uroi lllu I-lipiUtibollM 

sermons, liw iv|...ii-, , tr , being used. 
ThisniL-lhuiinr |ii,i. lii.i h.i- proiluced pupils 

14 weeks. A good knowledge of letter 
writing and of the English language is nec- 
essary as well as a competent teacher, and a 
teacher to be in the highest sense compeient 
should know many thin^ besides sbori 

id is the same in 
' closing the hand 

the hand, and the combined action of the 
arm, hand and fingers produces the forms 
in writing. 

Movements may frequently be practiced 
with only the point of the pen on the paper, 
next having the ivory of the little fingers 
touch, and then with the forearm brought 
h.iiliL'lit rest. Some of the most npiii uiit 
i]~ ill Ibis country toucli only lb. pi ini "i 
iiir pill to the paper. The iiciinii ..( iii< 
liiii.Ai it-^(/iop(j the elbow, while thu li:.:lii ion 
liicL of the forearm and third and fuurib bu- 
gers steady the movemen^8, are the princi- 
pal agents for fast and graceful writing ; 
their power cannot be too assiduously culti- 
vated for they give endurance to write a great 
number of hours witbtn 

equality with the straight lii 
not a mere accessory of the 

spelling admits. 

Mr. Scherrer— I have found it well to use 
the pen first, and it may be well to insist on 
its use in studying arithmetic. 

H. A. Spencer— Pupils will seldom be- 
come fatigued when interested. Work 
should be varied so as to avoid monotony. 

Letters were read from W. P. Cooper, 
Kingville, Ohio, M. H. Barringer, of Gales- 
burg. 111.. A. J. Taylor, of Rochester, J. H. 
Atwood. of Onarga. W. H. Sadler, of Balti- 

I \V A. Faddis, of Baltimore, C. P. 

1 I - nf Syracuse, H, W, Bryant, of Chi- 
I - 1!, Eaton, of Toronto, J. G. Cross, 

Mr. It. C. Spenc(*^ then offered the fol- 
lowing : 

Resolved, That a shorthand and type- 
writing M^cliuu bi- and is hereby instituted 

and 35th to 40th vers(.>. The 
masterly effort, and us ii was i 

pear just as it was delivered. 

:io are fascinated b; 
king, practice it fo 
teady pursuit of i 

full upon the stenograph by M. M. Bar- 
tholomew, and will appear in the pamphlet 
report of the proceedings, 


Mr ]{ r SiiiiHcr — We come to cou 

^iil.i iLiiijiir \\iiirli is receiving the attention 
nf 1 In: im- 111! ■- I Mii.'L;;es of this couutry, and 

siuce we find here a gentleman who has 
made a valuable contribution to this science, 
one of the patriarchs and founders of edvica- 
tional institutions in the great West. And 
we lia\ (■ taken the liberty of requesting him 

iiittmiu' iiii! l»r. J ^I, Sturtevaut, ex-presi- 

leges lis it should that of all other educa- 
tional institutions, since its importance can 
hardly be expressed. Every American 
should be a political eeouoralst. Its impor- 

fuct, there should be no dilfcreiKc lielu 
French, Ameriean, English or even Chi 
economics, though in the hitter there 
been a forced difference. There are 
views prevalent among those who treat 
this subject. One class say it is not a 
ence. They merely apply it to the li 

T. M. Burrough was 
He illustrated at the blac 
method of teaching and 

) music furnished 

After ii brief (iisrussion of Mr. Burroughs' 

giveu by II, A. Spencer, of the Metropolitan 
Bufiineiis College. Xcw York. 

■"In a professional experience of more 
than twenty years it has been my privilege 
lo instruct over one hundred and fifty 
thousand students in all grades of public 

first favorable or scientific method < 

f the art. The new i 

besides sim- 
1 1 writing, is 
Druccs a style 

Carried unanimcmsly. 
; further discussion of this sub- 
McCord, Packard, Mussel- 

as I give daily to classes. In an- was occupied in a discussion of " Busincf 

developing questions, the Conven- College Discipline," by G. W. Elliott, an 

the following sentence, cou- "Methods of Advertising." by 

Compmuia Subject. 

True! n 

rterchant ^miwuM. The incth 
comijound and complex phi 
id sentences was explained. 

of labor and c 
tors. This ^v 
many of the i 

follow tjfthsof tl 

Pun tu t full) 

a 1] I 


. I I .lio 

■ and"~and 

11. Aim to 

3. Refer to 

answering mil 

.\ |>,H ,!,• : 

,i:, 1- IMlll l.lisi- 


he tbe most i„ 
position. Hi 

porlant factor 

]""■ ' 

:,: ': ' '-T: 

]l 1,, 

solutclv ueccs 

graceful and i 
incss letter ui- 

principle. «h 

,,,;,;",,; ' ;;, |;'^'' 


discussion as to 


lOlitical economy 

foil.™,.,] l.v '1 

.' E. K. Pelton, 

fclliii',"'', :' ,' 

lire impassioned 

Bi it hgribiii undirsjfood thitr 

'T^^i^l^^H^:^^^'^^^ v^idw^tt^tj ■pi-tonbo\\ 

/ //„ 



1 from pen-nvfl-ink cnpj/. (^-entierl ntihe offii'f of the 

age must keep writ- 
road e(iualiy royal 

..,l.l^^ 1^^ ,. ^, , 

Ill,,, wbercniilo 

sense U all about,.,, and all we have l,. 


- - 

aliull ii l~ .1 1 

tcacli is common 8cn»e in its broadest mciiu 

j 1. ■ ... ,,..,..' ' , , ,' 

; j'^ ''' I'',"-' 

ship^fni'l :.';"";':, ■• . : ,' 

.,,.1. ,i,,ii. 

'"^■,.,<;,,,.ii,.,.,,-, ■,,,,,, .1,:,,...,.^ 

i',„,.i' ■,::,■■, ■■ •■' 

II i-ii.llsllOUliI 

^;;'|'';' :;-' ,'^'/,' ^ 

'''■" - 

'■': ' i"\'.';iuiii;;!"''l','M'|I:, 

amli.uM II. i. 

 .11. - .. 

full.niii;. 1 . ii.i .. 

You Ml II, 1.' ■•! 

SUllj,..! • 1 

WhM 1... ..!, . 

forllii II 

",V ■;;,, '■■ '^, '';;' '''"- '^"■' "' 


.! . ' .i-liiii^ ilivi 

iJlt.T ."ii''. 


i ' n' "i^'|..". 'ir"'livMr 

^l: 'i 1.' '.. 

ii .', ;"".„' 

1, 1 ill,' 'iii',',, i ,; "i ,-i;'i";,':'"'i,!' 

,:,,„,, 1.,,.,, 

' ':::I;z:u:!P"'"' 

" Ai'iil i'.i'i ■ .. 1. .1 1 1 

. .,,1 i ,,,l ',,„.'....'. 'i , , ','" ' i'l,', ]['■.''' 

1, 1'i'" '"■,'"ii", I'i' ','' ■"", '.''"/' """ 

'.' . 'iii. ", I ii"i".'i!'^'"'' 




;i;i;f ;;'';;;' "\;[' ; \\'' ■ ' ^' 

'...' i:i"M!,.otj;er 

Alrc;..l. . 

^ ii ,i:,',i:'ii:';iii. 

',, '' i ■ ■ ^..' """.' i.'iii',iiii,"ii 

III.:, ,„ , .. I... ;ni:':;'ir 


1!.. i i 1, : 1. ; !.ii"';.ni,.'"n:,. 


,',l„'i' '' , ,' ' '" ) ' '' 

wore" I'l'ii 

; / , ,,,',,,;,,;,, ,,, ;,[ ii,!!"h'!«',i'""' 

'■'p'' "i 

1,1 1 , , . .. 


Bry»„. 1. 

, ^' 

"'"i'i ,^'''Vil,i;i;'l," "S'vi'i;,; 


■ii.i' '''i'i'' iiii' v'iH;':;;''^!. 

E:,.ni:,':'iii ".'ii'.i' 

'"". ■ '.' '',' '",'■ ,'"■,',' ,',',", ';■:■;:,; ,,"',' 

■' :' ■■""',",':',:i'i"'':i:'i;f,£i'i;',"l-' 

'i" iV ''' 

"'■ ,^'' ■;;„£;;£ '''"'^'"'■ 

Sllii.'i.; I 1. .:. 

:'■■,' ^ .."..'iii 'li.'..;: ii'iii'i'ii.ii'' 

;■ ",", ^ ", ,■ ''','ii'ni^n"'r'.i'i'i',il;u^!;!ii 

""i"'!i !'i.iil|.i,,',"!ri;.»i;e 

tlicn',": i.'l li."'i>i.ii.. 

1.;',',,,.' , , , '■"'■' '■" '"■"' "' -'■'■■ 

M , .i ' i' '" ■"''■"" ''^1 

., i. . 1. II. li |. nil i,r,„. 

i-iiy li""- ■'" 

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' '.''^''''i ill 'i;i!i"7'iiii'i"" 


■ ^ . .| ,,,|ii:il.||. 

""^'y "'""" I- ' 

Mr I'll, 1, 11.1 III. .. 

liciiti,.,, .. .nr .. 

»"PPl> II" 1 < liii I' 

HimMll w.. .i,.l!, 

fcw'i.f ii'''iii''.-i."|.i'.'i.i,i','i 

toli'i'mu' ' \'\i"i,,i.". iii'ii 

'\:;::"';:^;, :';::' 

■;; I:;;;;;';';, ; v,,;,,,,';,,;;;',, ,■,',■' 

'."'. "i. ."I'li'ii ' iTii^'!';:" 

do°f,',"il„'iii ..,ii,il'iiilii'i-^ 

'i'i'i'i'.iii.i iii"i," 

li:,',i.i:; i„'ii,i:'K,';.i'i'iiVi,i','i:,.' ... i .■ 

''l '";..'■..., "'i, ,i,'i'' 

; ■;, ",',';|";,;;;;^|7":';„;;"' 

comiiM-l. » 

'lii. 'i.ilii.' ii',' ,~i!iii'l'||il|''"'!'i|i'|, ''./:,, 

^ ^^'l ,l^^_l 1^ ■■' 

ill,.' ,i..iii iiii 

ourpli.. ... 

beui„lii .1 .1 . 

always be written out. 



',■,',,■ „ 1, , , ,,l'l'i 

,; ,■ 

Mr 0, W. I!ro, ,|ii,.vii,„i ,.|,i 

bririps II- .1 III., 1.' ... 1 ; 

nolyut II hiiiin 1,1, 

1 ,. , ,, . 11 1 1. ' . 1 ' .' 

,1 II. . il„.^.iiNi nil -iil..|,,,i, , Ml il„ „!„.!, 

. i."i. loricct 

him i„ .,., I,.ii.., 1.. 
When- Mill. :,i,,,, III 

. ''.. .I " . I'l . ' ' 'i 

,'' " i ';','.' ki"";^' 


Mrs >.. ., . 1 1 !. 

S;:ri:,.,. :; „ 

iii,,',.ii,i,.,.i.i ..,'. . .. , , ,1, ,; 


their,.|i. 1. 

'■■yi'.'Mi'!-^ 1 ^ 1 

i"'|,|i', '»,' ' „i , ■ !■' . ■„ , ,i,| 

.i . ..1 iiV , ■ i„,'i..,. .,, 


1. ' 

' . ... 1 1.. '. . . ^'i 1 . 

,,,,i.i,.. 1 .. . 

... '. .,,' " ," '" ,' i' ' ," ' 

CXCtpliiiiMl M III, ,.! 

taendil,.,.!, n„ii „ 

""sohiidVuuywh' ',', 

1^1, 1 ,', . II ... 1 I ,1 ,ii,,ii in this 

The dMlcrcr,,., 

l>rl«(,.|l 111, i,.,.lMinJ,,|' lii, 

Ibc pviblic SClK.i.l- 

becu like rliickcii- in 

the concern. 


hi. 1.^1 1 1, ii iv'Sa^sliall 

nal. Divid.i 

iiil'i, pii,"niin',i,,',','i,M'l-i.| III' 


house sueb as 

„ V. l;, |.. ; 

, 1 .. ,,i i.iiii.ii,. „fiiii. 


:. .. ... :l,. .. , 

III....' 1 .' ■'.. ■ :;.|i hereto 

^F:-\'' ;,'■ , , ' 

:.,. ■;.■":,; 

. 1 ■ . , , , III put it into 

tolMai?'l',''iii. „ 1 ,' ,! 

i" ' . 'i'.'.' '.li'iTiliS 

>!<«'!"- . . 

«bi™ii . i. 

■ 1 ' ' 'i ,', '1 '"I'i .'i .'i'"-'.' ':[ 

;'■;■■■' '■ , ; ■ ^^ ,.,^ _■ ■ ; ; 

i ' 'il'o'l'ura', 

*mL''>'|.. .i.'. .' 'i.'i 'i,. 

... 1 1 

iiii'l ^'uiral 

, . . ! , i .'...,, ', ,l','",,i|' '. , ..' '".'. 

llbciiil,,!.. ..'.. II. 


i ■ '' 1 .i' i. '. .: .1 ii.:;:.i i„, 

ai>rii,.|i' . ' i '. .' '.; 

;' ,; ^ \ 1, ' , 1 ' ' 

...1 . ., II is'i-e- 

5'tm!,i. "i. i'": 

Ill III III, 1 ,,i. 

, ,... ....... r , ,1 , , 

1 . ■ ' |.ii,pr,..|i,r 

colli-^-, - 1 . 

',,, ' ,,; ' , ' ^' ■' "," ' , ■' 

1 , "J |,.,',','k 

uSe,T'i',i. ' 

ble'Viii 1.. 1 .. ... 

Mr, II, 


' !, 7i,,' ,' ■. , . 

, , . ii'. I'lllii'i" 

"">'"•> "i ' 

iiml,."iil i. 

11. ., ,,, .i . 

,. 1 ,'" ,i ,'i ,'. . , , ' '.':"' '■ 

... ...... .. . .|, ,1 11,,,^. 

otter li.. 

b'ri'uK.'li,.s"""''' '"" '' ""' '"''""'"■ 


i,|i'iiiii|"i '^iilli.'iiiil'iiiniiC 

broiiirlii 1 . 
loan, II.I 

1st Division. J|P°j"j|„ 

of ItausaeliiNi 

"1 ,1 . 1 1-, u,, il.U, lll,.,|l 

ness. 1 !.. 

Mi. l: 

• ' ■■' " ,V./j/',:; 

i>ept. o?Th™ry, | ^;;t£liE;::!;Mp. 

v"ll|.|l'l',"lii' '" 


am^m.i^i... 1.1 . 1,,. , 1, 

//''■•'.■' ,' "■■"'':' „':;i;:','';:, 


.....,, .., ,1, ,,, 1 inili^lih.l 

gr""c",',i'. . ' V ' 

" ■ " "" ''^ " ' 

,;,' , ,1 , ,! i 'ii,,i'ii,'"iil,„.uli 

sens,.ii].| .,11, 

ri.i'i^"i:n lh„'h'i!;u,ii! lia;""!;,:,!;,';;!";;;,. 

iii-'i'il;', iiiii'i.' 

.....' iii.i.i"i!i.'|i,.'.'|,'|.u»itya'f 

KV'i': i;.. 

""- '■" 

— — i-iimi. I.II.' ::., :.),..:■ i',;: 


i'ili.ii' ,ri"'liii's 


do then. This idea of consistency is the 
depressing in the world. There is n 
n class of peraons who seem to think, 

Drawing Lesson No. X. 


Natural Philosopliy,' 

imsement. but mil advam . 


iiunual mt'L'ting of I 

by nil who atteudeu 


Dnnblp Kn 


fully muUu, au 

arm be neglect 
if we woula - 

';::;!,:''' ";''i';,'r!!Ii 

in Ihc .nilliuc. Tliis loss.m illustrates very 
forcibly the power ot a few lines in art when 
made by a master. _ 


IIlH.lM Dixon.— Few penmen during 

past lifty years have been more generi 


Ames' Compendium of Practical 
and Artistic Penmanship. 

|,lrl.. .■x.,„,.Iilinili.m ,il llir |.,,,„i.Mi s ,,( 

in every (leparlnu-.d n .-:-■'' .--l 

two llxU inch 1.1.1, . , 

and eopies for p !. 

lettering, and .le-i^i 


Ames's Guide. 

everybody, that if they i 

es^iujij lur ibf purpusc of ulectiou ol 
The following offleeis for the' i-u-i 

wntl more useful variety of | 
nny oiht-r work upon pen 
before published. Price by i 
duced from |5.00 lo «3.50. : 

Any person who onlem it from ua, and 



li.h«d MontUy at SI per Yeu-. 

Sponterian pens were exliibited embracing 
pens for every character and kind of writing ; 
also, penliolders of llie straiglit, oblique and 

W. II. Banta, superintendent of public 
instruction in Valparaiso, who had. on an 
I arly jiciniuintauce. given ^liclnicl a favor- 



■ blanks for rccorc 
Htickford. 111., an 

['ollcge, exhibited u lurge uiimber of 
liens of business wrilinji, by pupils of 
Sii'iincss Deparlmctit nf ibe Culk'gf. 


wc ask pardou, 

The Convention. 

Michael and His Slang Adv 

The Convenlic 

ctfort-sfor the comfort and iilc-nn mi 

The next meeting is tu be lield in TS 
York iu .Iidy next, and we trust thiit • 
Western brethren will not fail of a lib. 
representation. The Journal will see t! 
ihey are duly reminded of the time si 
phice, and their duty to answer the roll ( 

Exhibits at the Conv 

MS. wb 

; Couventiou, where 

Michael and his report i 

VM. ,iir li-lii in til.- vcr_v presence of proofs 

(inly a lunatic could perpetrate such ruinous 

In his late effort to traduce us, he publishes 
for purpose of comparing with our more re- 
cently expressed opinion of him, a testimon- 
ial given him some years since through the 


■ zi,-nLuA. y^ 


-tl-/^..-^ ^J^^ZZIZ^ .-.-.^^^ ,.^..«^-,2£=^^ 

lype-wntcrs, books, stationery, pens, etc, 
Messrs. Ivison, Blakemao, Taylor ii C 
of New York, exhibited a fine assortment 
writing publications adapted to colleges i 
schools of every grade ; also, a copy of t 
great work of the nineteenth century kno 
as the New Speucerian Compendium, 

nns of his AdmeaUi, In a flood as stencby 


iring the session at Washington he 

e and handed the MS. to a correspon- 
dent of the Cincinnati Gazette, the following 
report, requesting the correspondent to give 

1 "|',;,''"i'„'"ll'K' 

V,' w.ail.l V 

.V that of all 

urs for personal favors 

SAi,, Michael 

-et the m 

1 the very 

notice which 

es in the 

by liimself. appcndinp n long list of t 

many years i>:i- 

ucational people and even Ibi- Mitii.hi ^1^ '"i 'in- i.ihiuin i.mIh, ^v 

Church, of which he was a meminT. r,.,, ni.u iiii,i, ).u\ i,\<u\, js ,., ,,h,.i. 

spired against him, which resulted in his I fac-simile. reiluct-d from one of m 

getting out from both tiiecommunityandlbe earnestly solicited notices, in hie ( 

church. At Valpariso, Ind., the citizens writing, but which did not appe 

and the press again conspired against him. | Joubmal. 

s].,Tiall.v <rimiiial pniclicra, such as woulc 

!..■ slaillins it published, rwpccling iiin 

lc!i,l„-isur.i,„sc.l to have a single reileemint. 


The King Club. 

For this month numbcre «>/..„, aiul w„s by J. M. Smith, Toik. Pn., iill li,.ii, 

bis Normal School of I'diuiiiiishiji. Mi 

Smith says: 

ini]«.ilaiit factor in educating the masses lo 

a le.^ipeclable knowledge and practice of 

II. Crandall, New Haven 
i comes from P. G. Prince 

Convention Reports for 

■ JuuKJJAL for ^1.25. 

School Items. 


Highest Honor 

'orld's Exposition 


Less than 400 Pages-More than 5000 Problems. 
Essentials Carefully Retained, 

Non-essentials Rigorously Excluded. 
Addresses the Understanding, 

Relieves the Memory. 





W. H. SAULElt. Piesident, 


1^11 6 .^Tld 8 N. Chai-lcs Sti-eet, Baltimoro, Md. 


TllK \K\\ ' MAHx.i 1 iii-i i-Mi. d L'u.s all iiif..nimti<m desired concerning the ColleBCs. 



r York, lias idven much o 
;anl ia not a shorthand v 


PACKARD, 805 Broadway, New York. 


S. S. PACKARD, 805 Broadway, New York, 


BO()K'ivi:i;i'i\r, ^K: (ORki:spiixi)i;.\ri': 


Atchison, Kansas. 





For Sale by all Stationers and Booksellers. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co., 

WORKS, CAMDEN, N. J. 26 John Street, New York. 

SHORTHAND BY MAIL. i;,,^;;,.-^ 



SujIVvV ■ ',,.,. ; ,,: ■■ ,„, 

S17E,T*o"pio's°°phul..,Pa 1™^°"''"°°''' *"" 


Vit^it: K..., 

S. S. l'\ilv\Kii, riiiiiiMiri, ,m:, l;ru,i.!v,,iy, New York.Mi 


Busi II CSS ( V)l ]c<{C . Ei:fH^„fi:"~3^£: 

^^«:!:!''^:^:,:^': wruten letter. 






™v, iviY BOOK "^r."^ 

A Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship 


Articles, Lectures, Criticisms, 


Keokuk, Iowa. 

IrentoI business colleIe" 

September I. 


Nr-w Masoiii." Building, 
se of Study, 








Card Writing. No. 1 •■ SOcts., " 1.60 


P, 0, Box, 211S, New York City. 


Buy the Best^ 






©(y^^Wl^^yniiil POST 
^P^S^P^D. 30 corns. 

1/9^^ IVI30N, BLAKEUAU, 
W^W^ TAYLOS, & CO., 

Shorthand Writing 




Tb» lollowlng la B list 01 the norki whloh w« off«, 
AmM's OoldV to' P^UmI "ftod Artiifao'pVnmM- 

BoondlngStoir, 24x32..^!!.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"!!" 
Ploari.h«d Eagls, SMsM 






s= S*i 

<^ i 


Department of Penmanship. 

The Graduates 
Advanced Pen Art. 

MoKEE & HENDERSON Oberlin Ohio 


The Course 

Branches Tausht. 

J COMMERCIAL WORLD, giviiiff full iuf.irmatimi. Address. 

McKEE & HENDERSON, Oberlin, O. 



A BcMiitifnl W, 

It Stands at the liead.' 

400 +. "Z^ 



The only Instru- 


Penmen's and Artists* Supplies. 

Bryanfa Bookkeeping, Coonting-honse Edition.. 1 2 50 
PiftyfhMto*fl^yfaUietao?oople8*)™?!"!^;! 3 00 

Black Oarda', per Iho^d^byMprwi;!!!' !'"!; 2 00 

GllloH'a 303 Steel Pen*, per grow 

The New Spenoe'rian Compendlnm. Part i, a.*^" <^ 

Liquid SUting, the be«I Iq tue, for waLla or w'^en 



LAPIUNUM (Sfone-Clofh). 

Writing and IVieasuring Ruler. 


I Departmenta. Circulars fi 

TJuexcolled adyantages i 

CLARK & BENNETT, Proprietors. 

Central Pen-Holder. 

No! X 3-8 ;; 5 " ;; 

M. S. LAWRENCE'r ian' 'Peai'l Sti 




Adupted for nn with or withont TeM-Book 

Bryant & Stratton 
Counting-House- Bookkeeping.' 



y adapted for Pablio and Private SohoolB and Btwk- 


» iND 121 William Strkbt, New York. 



I PhonograpWo WriUug. SpeoSJaen of Artiatio Pen- 
oihip, 25o. Ciroalarafree. 

Shading T Square. 

The aooompanying oat repreaenta the head with a a»»- 
UOD of the blade of the aqaare, and aeveral (peolmeiu of 

Sent eeonrely packed by expreaa to any part of the 

We give herewlli Speoimena of Tlntleg, pholo- 
engraYed dlreoUy from mllng done by the aid of lb* 

llgned. Roapectfolty, 0, E. SlCKKLfl, 

" *^*" *" NKw™YoRK, Sept. 9. i'eeo. 

man. Yoon Tery "^y^^^^^ Bn^M tSl 

Something Entirely New ! 




J. C. BRYANT, M. D., 

PrcKldent of the Bryant A Stratton ButTalo Business 
College (Copyrighted 1885,) ; 
Elementary, f 04 pages, Price, • .80 
Commercial, I60 1,50 

Cauntlng-Hou8e,3l2" 2.50 

i for Colleges a 


-> A Sfhool ThoroDgbly Equipped for OIBm Train 
Book-Keeping by Actual Business Practice 


The Automatic Shading Pen 


Instruction by Mail. 

B. F. KEI.LEY, Penman, 

P gant wrltun caSs. Send ffl onl-,'™, I" 
SuoS4^lJa BiSp"^"'"* """' siittlmrj,- 


■nd SELF-INKING, TTf 1 a^ 




Spencerian Compendium 

Recognized Authoi-ity for 
Tne Learner, The Card-Writer, 

The Adept. The Sign-Writer, 

The Teacher. The Pen-Artist 

The Engrosser. The Bool<-l<eeper 

The Engraver, The Connoisseur 

Engraved on Steel, from Actual Pen-Work, 

Tlie aim of litis pulilictlion is lo ptesent a Cyclopedia of Pen-Art lu lis widest 
range, most varied adaptation, and most perfect execution. 

THE COMPENDIUM OomprieeB Eight Parte 
Past I.-Elegant Script Forms particularly adapte 1 for Book keepers 

mercial Colleges ^ 

PAitT II-Deioted to OlTlinnd Flourishing 
Pabt III -Bold an 1 iMiil m„ Forms for Sign writers 
Part I\ — OITliai 1 S| ,[ run Capitals mostly new fom... 
Pabt V.-Or t - ' 

Pabt VI — V L n 

Pabt VII— Van t 

Itah n 

Part VIII —Of bi 

Lettering from the Simplest Markmg A.lphal]ets to tlie most 

irse of Srsteen I essons in Plain Practical "Writing with 

' ' ^I r I] lirrs Ahbreviated Hand, 

I I r i 1 ^ i,. I ( iistruetion of Roman 


Price ot the Pai-ts, Together or Separately, 
Post-paid, 60 Cents Each. 




Ivison, Blakeman., Taylor, & Co., 

753 and 755 Broadway, New York. >.,- 



(.V u-pon a tharottj/hly systematic and 
educational basis. 

.V iidapUid to the actual and practical 

needs "/ sclwnls. 

■.- tn uemnbnn mil, Ihc mml rational 

inui approved methods oj t,acl, 


Ihaimmg m tkwi regarded 

ll;;.li ,1 ■,„ COm- 

''> scope «"7 < 
results ». KRU- 

Ik school education 

system oj Di awing should he adAyUd u 
out an ixammatwn „J KRUSi'S 

D. APPLETON & CO . Pubhshero, 

Washington, D. C, cor. 9th and D Streets. 

'"^iFg|,.sgga£;;^'- '"°"°?!ig°. -" " t^tZ~..Z^Z 

The Highest Award 



riotory achieved 



805 Broadway, New York. 


15c. 15c. 15c. 

j<r. M c^iin CO., 

75 and 77 N;»ss.'ut Street, 


r'rir:iter and Stationc 





mmf^hiifif^f^^^tff , ^ 

/ ^.r? Z^'rl^ /^ 7 rf ^Jf' 

^ / 

-f- — ■& — 

/ //// ;^^^ 

yy/yyy^yyr^ y^y/yyyu-^yj^ _ 

Iff 7/ 

Primary Instruction in Writing. 

lie measured by his ability to impart a thor- 

No. 2. This, of course, must be done by a 

is our belief that the ordinary teacher of 

ough knowledge of a given snbjeet to 

competent person ; one who can make the 

BV s. It. ■nEiihTEn. 

others. It is an indisputable faet. that 

spaces uniform. The incisions should be 

n.ciinitn kiH.ivl..,! r i|„. f,,r,„, ,,,■ ],,|,,,r^ 

In prcseDting n lesson in pcnmansbip to 

some of our superior teachers are but ordin- 

cut deep enough to be distinctly visible, and 

1111.1 |.,.ss..-s :, |,,ii niin-unl .il -kill in .A.rllt- 

Ihc readers of the Joobnai,, wc have seen 

ary penmen, while sonu' of our most skiUful 

as soon as they become indistinct bv use. 

ini; 111, in, Mill linil i ,|. 1, . h, , „lv.,„|.,„„ 

tit to enter ii tlelrt thai is unexploied by a 

penmen are hut ordinary teachers ; but our 

they should be reeut. We recommend the 

to iisr.c.,.iiv-li.„.|,s, lliiin 1,1 :i,|,,,,( ,lj^. „, ,|er; 

large majority of onr professional penmen. 

best teachers are, and ever will be. those 

space lK-l«,sM liMs, ;iii,l h,.|id lines to be 

als here recommended. As this subject is 

In doing this we shall prohably present 

who combine these powers in the highest 

3-16 of ■■'" 1 1 li'- i.iiilii-r in charge 

treated by some writers of the present day. 

nothing new to sneli teaebers of the art as 


should l„s|."i,. -,i ,,1 pni.ils to be used 

It would appear that copy-books have been 

are eniianed in piiblie «ebool w„rk, Iml we 

Wc Qow desire our young penmen to turn 

a great evil in our public schools. If the 

hope llN. Irv.un „,|l r„„l:„„ s„„„. snu-^r^- 

lb,..n f-„ . slinii li„„. irni,, il„.nln„^. 

""""■'•'"■'""' ' i""l'' li^ will 

yjl",, ''|„,„„„,„ „| , ,„, ,|„,l„.,|v'' 

,„.1| u- V ,.„!,l,n, ■,.|„,„,i;<,,.,,ni,„|ii 

1- I.s :n„| |,.a,l |„.|„.,N The books 

„.i,i,., , , ,, ,,,;;, I;,;.',*,.,;,'; 

forSM.l, ^.ivui- 

lllcir kOM„lr,lLT Ml llir ,nt h. :, . |:i- ,il 

-li,Hil nl,,l iiilli lu,, ,,,l,,rs— llic iBisc 

Icneliiii 1 .1, insiiniciency 

We oiler a., ,,1.mI-„, I,„ ,]„. ,l,^■,.^ion 

aervou.4, restless u Id. ..« :ikr lilll, , liiMim 

liii,'. i.-iii.. iii,li,:il,..l 1,, ,„i,.,.,il,,i- im,l tlic 

..r inrii ,.i,|. 1 1,. .. 1. „iil ri.,. f, 

from the (]rlbiid,.s pi m ..1 in - |.:ii iiiL- Ir.sons 

It is very probable i ih, i lalu^iMr 

,.lk,i liii, - li> 111, ..III, r Th,. -p:,..,.ssh,,iil.l 

Il.'l.l- llinl ,11 , 1 ...ivllil lilll 

tor advuneed l.miHi- ,1 il„ hi l,>r it is 

lessons of their liv. s :,»:hI Hi, in ill llir 

1... lll'.illt 1 : .il nil uii'll ui,l. 

III. |l. • 1.,.. In .- In. Ml. .,| -,, . H 

presence of unl.rl.lii,^ inin,]- . ii is 

Th,- III 11, 11,1 1 II II 1 .1 „|. 1 111 1 h 

Ill.-h.,.l ,l..,..l 1 i- ..111 ..|il|ii,„| 

primary iuslniclina nill ju-tily ii iln.rough 

equally probable tlim,,,, uln.i 

Ibc sauic as liiose in llie liisl divisiuu of tile 

ll"il "' »,, ,,i|sl,i,ii,i„,ml 

research for the best mi'lbods of establishing 

should constitute a nicid.l lesson, and well 

D grade. In the A and B grades, the only 

With if the advic.. of our would be bene- 

a foundation in youth for the subsequent 

laid plans of prese.iting the same, will great- 

change is in substituting pens and ink tor 

factors be carried out, nnd copy-books be 

development of a good business band. Tbis 

ly increase their prospects of success, should 

pencils. Each book, in all grades, except 

displaced by the best selected compendiums 

lesson is not ilesigned to outline the work 

they be called upon to teach them, for 

that are now in the market, and the great 

of the superintendent of writing in eity 

some things are indispensable to good 

efforts of our teachers be centered upon 

teaching even under the greatest variety of 

•'speed from the beginning," 

eorps of subordinates, but it is designed as 

circumstances. We will now briefly eon- 

the beginning of each exercise for prolimiu- 

It is not to be wondered at that partial 

ary practice upon the regular copy, or such 

failure has attended the best efforts to pro- 


iiiiscellaiieous work as the teacher may see 

>i.I.. -mil s.Ii, 1,1 .,1.1- IIS will bepro- 

Tea.luirj iM rlir Inir sc^nse of the term, 

When 1. ml, 1 111,. , III,, 1 ,Iii,i„.„f ,, pro- 

"'- ' '-' • I> "• the ability .0 

fessioiiiil |-iiiii;iii ,. I. Ii„ .use ill 

iii-n. I • in.iiiiniion Is given 

schools «l.,,, 11., |„,i„,l,,ii,,„ ,h,csnot ex- 

»»»'■'" l-.iH«i..k— .r the eorreet pro- 

ceed si.MI,„usu,„.l.Uui.iaUrial in the second 

division of the D primary grade should con- 

isdoii,.|.> 1. 1, ..II. or by such 

learning w ith no more thorough preparation 

sist of good slates and pencils. The slates 

primary 1. . : 1, Ibis subject 

for the work than they have made for 

should be ruled on one side, or one half the 

aspeciiil . linllyqualifled 

presenting this subject ; teachcrewlio have 

way down, at least, as shown in illuBlration 

to gives,, .nil -i,n.u..n„,ihesame. It 

scarcely a superficial knowledge of the art, 

charge before wt-cnter. At the first signal, 
the slates are drawn to the frout, with the 
side parallel with Die c'cUrc nf iht- ih-^k. sind 

doss by H {,'low of genius, or awaken a de- 
gree of enthiisiasm by a display of skill 
that would be productive of satisfactory 
results even if guided in the right channels. 

We would vpro' 

forms given on the head lines, within 
capitals, are presented only to classes of 
grammar grades, Our object in thus 

In this lesson we have chosen this time for 
the explanation of a copy for practice, but 
it is more frequently our custom to introduce 
the copy for practice just before giving the 
signal for taking pencils. The copy of this 
lesson is the small letter i, and one method 

Let us try it again. 

2 board and writes the 
with the counting. 11 
a lesson is presented i[ 
e children will stop ( 

eeouomize blackboard 

iird>— "Now, let us try 
one, two, three, dot." 
proceeds, the writing 

owritlDK.W through au oversight' of "thee 

ble that most of the little hands will be 

Teacher—" O, that is not enough. I want 
every boy and girl to know just 
means, and what two means," etc., and the 
letter is placed on the hoard a few more 
times as the couuting continues. 

Tt'rirher. — "Now, how many can tell what 
niic i^ fnr ? " It is quite probable that every 
hiiiiri will be raised, whereupon some one 
-liMiiM lie called upon to tell what each of 

(f>.) Teacher. — " Now, I want you to 
make these letters on your slates while I 
count, just as 1 did on the hoard when you 
were counting for me." (The teacher here 
counts and watches the pupils a short time 
in their work.) 

(c.) If his efforts are thus far attended 
with satisfactory results, a liMle season of 
questioning mny be uuhiiircd in until thr 
following points arr well vsliiblivjict] in Hi,. 

5. The width of openings at head and 

(rf) Teacher.—" Now, let us try it again, 
and I will look at your slates and see if you 
all finish your letters at the head line, and 
put the little dot in the right place." 

((' ) Inspection of work, individual sug 
;:t'stious. criticisms, and words of encour- 

(/.) Kxposition of one or two common 
errors on the board, leaving it for the chil- 
dren to decide what is wrong with each 

(ff.) The pupils' criticism of their own 
work to see, if two examples are given, 
which errorcan be found on their individual 

Resumption of practice, individual 

id suggestions from teacher. 

(t.) Closing signals; viz., "Pencils up," 

at which the pencils are raised and held in 

position to place in grooves ; at the word 

quietly placed ; at 



ilion and 

le children." and give 
ct" as well as "tnl- 
; interesting, pleasing 

Writing for the Press. 

It is not very likely that those who are 
making a study of penmanship need any 
directions on " how to write for the press," 
but it is absolutely certain that the great 
majority of those who are writing for tlie 
pivssdiuicnl si.rn.-very sound instructions 

; made an artistic study of p. iiMian 
And, furthermore, the chain es iue 
one that that contributor's uuinuseri |.t , 
tier upon what subject, or how ihct- 
y iinperfi-el, will find its way, cor- 
.iikI nnurHictl, if need he, into the 
n^ •'( Mir j.-miial to which it was sent. 

liieL ilie gond penman would have at 

- lor ilie press. Nor is this eonsidera- 
liii lo ;:ood writers unjust, or an evi- 
nt indolent parliality on the part of 

would be absurd to deny the v 

Hon, Edward Everett on Pen- 

The followiagis an extract from a speech 

' Master Tileslon for 
1 early life of all claim 
ists upon wi-iting a 1 
m read, as few points 

which nobody 
practical cduca- 
ice than a good 
sire to speak of 

hand-writing, and I now 

him with gratitude, for 

track of an acquisition which has been e? 

tremely useful to me in after life, that of 

plain legible hand."— r/w Proffressiue Age. 

Remember that now ia tJie timo to sub- 
scribe for the JouKNAL, while you can get 

\. ir Nil ilie volume. Two subscriptions 
^Mll In irieived for$1.75 with acopy of the 

iha ihc GuiDB alone is worth all the money. 

n tful y It se med to grow nto 
f and blend taelf w th tl e h ghcst 
of me my maginat on L ttl L ly 

dently resulted in my favor, for. after ques- 
tioning me OS to the nature of the sitting, 
the time, the privacy, and the remuneration, 
she turned about to her daughter with a re- 
laxing smile and said : 
•' Well, Lily, if you would like to go, you 

Lily's fiicp benined up with radiant joy— 

sister, to I model. She used 

loved me. In 1 
cheerful, but i 
tender feeling 

he cared for me. Her 
its. and coy laughter, 
were evidence of it. 

overarching elms of 

the old churcliyard, the budding quickset of 
the hedgerows, the rotted syciiinore leaves 

of the boniCw:iiiMi"'iM.i ru..!--. uml tin- ri M 

sunlight frcn. Hn- .l-u,,,^ wr-t, wlnrl, 
kindled the ivy "n H" -it ,^ ' li'H' ^' u,\\\t 

the otber I drew litr to my hosooi. Lom^^' 
I preaaed her there, for there was not a soul 
piissiog, and her tears fell silently on my 
shoulder, where she snl>lK-il in ptace. 

'■Mydarlin-.' I -m.i .^ , \.■^. U- I 

Forgive me ii. : : 

leaving her. wliii li I > m -< -.m i \\ . \. li )i.'\\ 

justify), " forgive me. 1 wilt never lorirci 

For a while longer we stood there, I do 
not know bow long. Once or twice she 
made a feeble effort to escape, but I could 
not bear to let her go. There was a fatal 
bliss in her embrace, which I could not 

At last the clock of the church struck 

fore disappeariug luiiiid ihc buuil in lliv 

Lily was gone. For weeks the thought 
haunted me, and all the sunshine seemed 
to die out of the world. My picture was 
my only hope and consolation ; my hope, 
for I fondly thought it would prove suc- 
cessful ; my consolation, for it preserved to 
me the living image of poor Lily, who had 
become sacred to me now I had resigned 
her. I was free. I might he famous, but 
I had bought my fame and freedom at a 
terrible cost, a price I often thought too 

My picture was hung, and praised by all 
the critics, admired by all the public. Lily's 
beauty, was the theme of many remarks, 
not only from the crowd but from my 

1 got the model, and where she could be 
found, There was a fortune in her. 

Bui I jealously guarded f/iut secret iu my 

Character in Handwriting. 

Thomas Fellows, of Springfield, N. Y., 
wns a composition of the most bold and 

wonderful flourishing -nui pnii i-hi]. 

I :i me to hand.and would re-read ilirm il 
were in reach, but they are nut ui pn 
where I can get them. Hence, if I wi i 
may inadvertently repeat arguments 

iject. use it or not if you please, 
find many persons whose handwriting 
n no degree representative uf cbiiniclcr. 

acquired wealth, both are western men and 
of very active business habits— Thomas 
Cooper, of Cbiciian, ;iiid .James Cooper, of 

ver\ I . ' ; iit'-nme, decided. 

ilWK Dm .. .|.:,l,l!, - .nr ;,ll shOWU by hiS 


His cbirography is very large, very heavy, 
very decided, what we call strong and full 
of vigor— we may say in a remarkable de- 
gree. I can say that all I can know of this 
man is in perfect harmony with his band 


frail hand in 

i all the papers 
■ picture " (we 
' picture), and 
of newspaper 

1 meditated, and what I hoped to do. 
Mayiiard stayed with us iu the rooi 
after promising to come again I saU. 
by.-. Hut it was for the last time. 

or a bear ?" asked an 
eculator. "Neither," 
lass."— Aubuniiaii. 

may add, also his flotirishing. 

Cranial configuration with 

ponded also with his penmansl 

art. Uoth are tlexible, very strong, clear, 
decided, undecorated with nonessentials ; 
curves very free, loops extended, work open, 
which harmonizes with bis ehanirter. The 


Gaskell, we might say, was a man with 
but a morsel of creative genius. He had na- 
turally business tact. Was a very brilliant 
practical penman. His best point was most 
exeelleui taste. But be had as much too 
little as Pierce had too much theory. His 
huiidwriiiug, in all points harmonized with 


Ulysses S. Grant in llie field, a fiie si 

precision. Next, priifticat busiiirss i 
Third, no art genius , tliirograiiliic ni 
brevity. There was nothing of the hold 
flash, the reckless in Grant. His ua. st 
fast, cool courage and quick unerring j 

2 may safely say that it would seem 
impossible that, on any particular 
eno part of him- 

5. Intonations, inflections, peculiar ac 
tuation, etc., all are illustrative, more or 
1, of character. But they do not illustrate 

ure of Johu Case complete. 
My observations suggest the following 
onclusions, with others unnoted : 

y. With the same teacher, some loose 
more of personal peculiarities than others, 
and some gain more than others. 

4. As writing used to be taught, people 

ing is done, the most persons slowly shift 
the spirit of their work, revealing more 
original qualities in their writing. But 

bull tb^cipciLuilUi 
all that do not lie. 

7. These are rightful indexes as far as 
they go, but seldom cover more than a mi- 
nority of individual original shades existing 

dred signatures, civilians and military i 


..,1 I.V llR. 

'." 1. "i. unaj. of one tandred auto- 

gii.|)lj6 put liclore the reader, we should 

it would 

make had work of his speculations. 

not illustrate yourself. 

10. You may say my handwriting i 
rowed in part. In so far as borrowed 
or may not be, natural. 

H. Again, who is to be jud: 

The . 

Ames' Compendium of Practical 
and Artistic Penmanship. 
This work, as its title implies, is a com- 
plete exemitliflcatinn of the penman's art. 

and more useful variety of j 
any other work upon pen 
before published. Price by i 
duced from $5.00 to $3.50. i 


Articles of Faith 

pie and sntltn \ itb rai d t} 3 Ti it tl ( 
systems and metbods of teaching writing m 
the majoritv of our public schools are an in 
jurj rather than a beneht to the pupils 4 
That copy books their authors and agents 
have done more to injure and retard the in 
U-iests of profcs!>ional teachers than any 
other one cause 5 That special teachers 
of penmanship should be employed in all 
educational institutions supported by taxa 
tion— and asserttd it as my belief thit ex 
cepiing those mercenanly interested every 
wutini; teacher in the United States would 
willingly sign them Bro Ames in com 
monting upon the same disagrees with Art 
3 rai^ps a side question on 4 and while 

ai rived and re 
1 e incompetent 
; the copy books 

submit the folio 

ments in defens 1 

are founded on f i 1 

ceive due considerat on fiom all ^ood t 

era of writing 

I believe the present systems and me 
of teaching writing in public schools • 
jurj mtber II n i 1 euehl to ^ p Is 1 c 
time 13 \ t i n no s u ic 1 ope 

^rofc fitnal tticher I stand correct 1 
and will substit ite go d for professiona 
Hloi 1 II t IS should besynonymou 
\ f good teachers there 

1 1 ,s remit dcd th-it 

ic IH 

1 1 a inds of 1 ubhc schools 


all o\u lU land «herc the enttre school 

the, a 

rcietiue would not amount to 10 much as a 


make I 



teacher fail to incorporate his 
into bis publications So it 
to us that Bro T is not quite 

Business Writing 

I oblige the wnter 

villages where the money annually expend 
ed f 01 copy books chaits etc and paid by 
a few for the services of the traveling teach 
er would be sufficient to emplo> a special 
teacher one or two n ooll a id be 1 enctit 
derived from the iin r 1 r t i and u 
terest created woul 1 1 I in Ire 1 f U 

gre iter tl an tould 1 1 n 1 1 ol 

yeir un Ic I j t ! i 


Tolland is evidently i 

1 to vnte tht same 
i there I know 
3uce for the past 

tiftecn years e ery c. se 

obser\ation the siulent 

time broke awaj from 

graduallj fell m 

w It ug I ut m every case i! eir tejiching 

uil by C C Ma i g 

willing to who ' 

light in theory Respecting 

pubhr school puptU tearhc 

why I am opposed to the co| 
Thit j,ood leathers cm i 1 
good results w ith copy bool 

seldom use either Bio Au 

Tell your fr ends ind tell them to tell 
everybody that if they are in any w ay in- 
ted in good writmg the best mvestment 
can make is to send |1 and get the 

The Arts Contributory to Writ- 
ing—The Materials and Im- 
plements Used. 

There are two other little appendages i 
till- wri ling-desk which call for a sbo 

With respect to the custom of sealing Ic 

presflionsin gold, ^ilv.y ami )'-:i(i nr.-ur i 
Trajanand tlieotlMT l!,,nun <n,i...o,-. , 
Ticoroni ; among Mm ciin-ii:,,! rniinim 

bishops, etc.; in lln ur-l, ,S|,:iiij, >i. il' 

Italy: and ii. U,,. -,.,,11,, hni ,,..1 ii, tl 

it is divided into six equal lenglhs ; and 
ihtse k-ngths arc liniehcd by first holding 
till- end to tlic tiame of a lamp, and then 
stamping ihu lualicr's uume or other < 
with a heated stamp. 

The above alhidcs to wax of the best 
and of a red color. If other colored w 

many, from Olho I. to Frederick IV-, used 
white wax in sealing their state documents, 
while in after periods colored wax was used; 
white was generally used by the kings of 
England down to Charles I. Yellow wax 
has been occasionally used in English state 
documents. The emperors and patriarchs of 

properly be dcsigimttd Uiix, whurt-as the 
former can. 

The large seals employed by the Lord 
Chiineellor and other officers of slate are 

virpeutine, and coloring 
>r red, or with verdigris 
k'd mixture is poured on 

1 made, formed 

weighed and set a 
The sticks are 

under which is a chaling-disb to keep it 
properly heated. The wax is rolled on this 
slab with the hand until it is brought to a 
roll, nearly the length of six sticks ; after 
which the proper length and thickness are 
attiuned by rolling it with a square piece of 
hard wood. 

polislies it by holding the stick 
o charcoal lires, placed at a small 
posite each other, until the sur- 
come smooth by being partially 

the vermiUon, such, lor in- 

by the ■■ 

icTorsmolt for blue, ivory- 

tag thCM 

, niasticot or hirbelh for yel- 

It raav 

... kinds have a golden hue 

who aic 

gumlac, red lead instead of vermilion, lamp- 
black instead of ivory-black, and common 
turpentine instead of Venice turpentine ; 
this would be fair enough, if 
knew what he was buying and paid 
accordingly, but a deception 
practiced by softening a stick of this inferior 
wax, rolling it in powdered wax of a better 
quality, and polishing this artificial surface, 
so that it may mask the inferior substance 

"Too Good 

The following is an 

extract from Mr, 

■Worcester, Mass., Aug. 25, 1885, 
Fi'iend Isaacs . * * * Now if you 
dont't show up again through the penman's 
papers, I shall positively announce your 

meetmg uf 
ful me I u 

men in this counti 

good pen-nun ; bi 

penmen and 
Shakcspeure lived 

he might have hn 

instead of 1 

tL-niture, soastogive 
ry hundred a chance, 

We would tben have at least a few good and 
honest men in the penman's profession be- 
sides the editors and ex-editors of penman's 

My sole purpose wheu I started this letter 
was to reply to Brother Hinman. and an. 

really intend to say so much, but knowing 
that Brother H, is getting to be preiiy nuich 

talk— I have siiEEered myself to extend tlies. 
remarks beyond the limits of an ordinun 
letter. I have learned, too. from very reli 
able sources, that Brother Hinman has Ijc 
come so engrossed in Eclectic ShorlliuDd .1 
late, that he has totally forgolton how to rca< 
ordinary longhand executed in either of thi 
" live degrees of speed," and so I send Ui- 
answer to the Jodrnal, so that Brnlhc-r II 
may have it served to him in loni; juiim 1 

' I Can Write Well Enough.' 

he Adm:aU:. 

While it is lamentable that such a de- 

western Lon- 

plorable degree of ignorance and indiifcrence 

in regard to writing exists, I am inclined to 

• he a matter 

sympnihize with the boy, who is so often 

■ ■f piuiiian- 

reproved by the writing teacher, for com- 

fss luis m.l 

ing lu llie loudusion that "he can write 

■,i.l, liul j-mi 

well inougli ■■ I believe that the county 

if vou want 

superintendent is often in a great measure 

been inaug. 

responsible for the egotistical indifference 

Literati" of 

and even opposition with which good writ 

■■up." It 

ing meets. He requires the teacher to pass 

an examination in all the common EnglLsli 

of the great 

branches, uriliiiij vs,:vU;\, i,i„l, of cour*. 

!r country will b 
'natural vyriterit 

General Spinner and the Girls. 

The olher day I paid a visit to General F 
E. Spinner, the "watch do?:." iis he wa: 
termed, of the Unite*! Si;iii.>, Tri;i-iii \ , 1I< 

He has presented to 

tute many specimen 

The General has n 

i correspondents. He 
the young, who make 
their love affairs and e 

.1 Uul lit all 

city, and 

that too with 

a hint as tu tl 

e correct 

losition of body 

lingers or pen 

he pupils ire 


wtag out the k 

skilled teacher 


order to save tim 

ng inslructior 


a class in Uie n 

portant stud} 


algebra, after wliich he 

cue of the discouraged 


1 that his loops a 

e crook- 

right baud upon the track, and the merciless 
cars cmshed it. The arm was amputated, 
but General Spinner has never recovered 
from the grief uf the accident, and can only 
speak of it tlir.iu^li i.,;irs Tlic idnd-hearted 

The Ink Plant. 

was to be i 

Ames's Guide. 

, tells you all aljoul wriling. flour- 
lettering, and how to learn, If 
t pleased with it you may return it, 
U refund the cash by return mail. 

Drawing Lesson No. XI. 

However laminar to tuem it may uave be- 
come, with how many has its iuipressiou 
been sufficieotly vivid and defiuite to enable 
them to mnlte of it a ereditabic drawiog ? 
It is a perfectly obvious fact that very 

that they might he aided 

giiiu a practical knowledge and. to some 

extent, a power for its mastery. 

The present copy should be practiced free- 
hand, with A crayon on a blackboard, or 
with a pencil upon slate or paper. As an 
aid. first make the square, then the dotted 
lines as represented in example No. 1, and 
complete the drawings in the order as given 
in cuts No. 3, 3 and 4. 

:h in the capability of illustrating 
ror ideal objects about which we 
le or have to do, as in the skill to 
he gnmd masterpieces of art It is 

■ that ' 


these simple lessons in ihe rudimenta of 
drawing, hoping that thereby an mlercst 
might be enkindled with some of our many 
readers in this useful accomplishment and 

President McOosh of Princeton has been 
investigatiui' the relations of college athlet- 
ics to scholarship. He finds the leading 
athletes the poorest scholars. 

mitted to the classical course of the Michi- 
gan University at Ann Arbor. In 1S84-5 
there were 19(i women students enrolled. 

Caleb Gushing, the Itev. Stephen II. Tyng 
and George Bancroft were only 17 when 
they graduated from Harvard College. 

A Ti-xim professor has written a nam- 

PupiK in Chicago public schools 
taught piactical monetaij transactions ii 

3 been introduced bj 
to all the elementary 
The theory is that a 

nIlJ^l of Ih 

BttiJii i 

grtilir pirt of hi 
piaibcd at fll (UU U 

Educational Fancies 

piTilin ti nil— Thi . nil ^'etic mother 

•- I 1 [ I 1 2 ! I I she par!>ed 

Ui! il W l.\ Because It takes 

Plain John Smith at table, to hi;- 
graduated from the Sesquipedalian 
of Polylogy.— "Doyou want any 

other boy lu a biisiucjiS college." 
Fred— "Now, Sally, if I give y> 

apples, and you eat two, how ma 

you have V" 
Sally— ■■Five." 
Fred--' Why, no. Sall^. If you e 

I New York teacher of a new boy. 
thers," replied the little boy, who 
:en to Coney Island on several oc- 

"Bauk cashiers."— 7(.rHo( SifUnffS, 
Teacher — " How many wars were wagt 

y France ! Spain V " 
Pupil— -ttix ■• 

Teachci — Enumeiate them." 
Pupd— One, two, three, four, five, six 
I know no north— no south— no eastr 

o west 1 The member with hayseed : 

Side man makes his daughter 
n just before starting for the 
:. If all would act on this hint 
e would be short-lived.— CAtcoffo 

i>houted back in reply to what he had 
poaed had been addressed specially to 1 

pool in gcog tiphy I 

My little boy said a gentleman, " 
ought not to cat those green apples. 1 

Guess yo'u 

much about them mister Three of those 
apples 11 keep me out of school for a week." 

Teacher to little girl pupil—" Where are 
you going Nellie i 

Papa lb going to take us to Florida 

Can you tell what the capital of Florida 

^ es m It 8 the money they get from 

1 \ I lid He is always at his 
I h I ula nt of udj 
twaHonlj ve erday th I fo nd 

Bloody Bones o The H s of 

c Outbie k 

,h a foreign accent hold ng up his h n 
Well my boy what garden was t 
Castle Garden mum 

Freedom shrieked when Kosciusko fell, ' 
ut the girl at the skating nuk has to do hei 
n n shnekmg —balem Sunbeam. 

Liniments go up as roller skaters come 
own — iyiri tTuncieco Po«t 

rg C'/ironicle. 

! motion yet. 

Writing out a Dispatch. 

The other day a couple of young men 
were in the office of the Western Union Tel- 
egraph Company writing out a dispatch. 
They were evidently unaccustomed to send- 
ing telegrams, for they wrote but slowly and 
with very apparent nervousness and trepi- 
dation. One of them did the writing, stop- 
ping to count the words every other minute, 
while the other stood at his elbow looking 
on and making suggestions. Finally, after 
a period of labored elaboration, one of them 
audibly read the dispatch : 

"The baby is sick, and you had better 

"There." remarked the reader, "that is 

Then there was another period of pen 
chewing, but at last a second dispatch was 
prepared, which the writer read approv- 
ingly. It ran: 

When it 
idea that 

gnature but i 

ords we se it for noth ng U the t tie 
IS longer than two words, like 'assistant 
general manager, ' we charge for the addi- 
tional words. In sending cablegrams we 

-Cincinnati Times-Star. 

Grand Ope 
Box 631). I 

Agent for Canada. 

ve commissioned A. J. Small, 18 


ubliahed Monthly at »1 i>er Year. 



JO *re lnU!rw!W<d In iklWul writtag or teaching. 

Oholc*. If ordenid with" t([o£ mbxrHinoa, nl ES cents each^ 


The Journal and Published Sys- 
tems of Writing 

It lias been alleged that llic Tolhnal his 
conimetulcd or crititi ed ulvcn,elv tertain 
so tailed >stcm-> tf ■nntn I ecause of m 
teresl orpicjuditi tiitht. \ irtot itsedilors 
We wish to «a) diblinctl\ that uot hung 
authors of \ny sjst or in an\ manner 
whalsoe\er mtertiiLd in the tininciil !.uc 
ccssof anj s\stem wbatt\er ciiticisms or 

explained to the mm} who h i\l visittd Uh 

the Jornwi ihc / ( ? md hiiici .f li 

wlietberas ^<. 1 | r tic 1 i lufc I 

hef that no otbtr riR a^LiK> is now c\ 
erting mmh as p wtrful and uidt-spiead 
an mflmncc for good \\ntni^ is is the Join 
NAi B\ lit, present plan of pubhshm? 
lessons from all Hit leadiu^. authors and 

able thoughts su;r„tstions and methods 
which ha\c I ten known snd practiced only 
bv Iheir authors irc 1 tcoming the common 
stock of thi. fritcrnitv It is as a frte and 

open channel for the expression and inter- 
change of thought by the profession, that 
wc have hoped to render the .Todrnal most 
interesting and important to the profession 
and the writing public. 

Who is Responsible for Losses 
by Mail. 

Durij)g a year there are sftnt from the 
office of the Journal hot far from 800,000 
pieces of mail matter, and not far from 
20,000 received. That a greater or less 
number of these should from some cause 
fail to reach their intended 

3e received ; every such insumce must 
lurse, occasion not only annoyance bii 
I upon some one a positive loss. Un 

distant (o admit of a personal sale and deliv- 
ery, it is obviously the duty of the pur- 
chaser lt> cmivcv lo ilu- ■^I'lb-r !n< ordfr rind 

Where merchandise or otlier thing 
transported by mail, the mail becomes t 
purchaser's agent, and his responsibility 1 
gins when the article is properly packed ai 



It wmild be no cause for & 
rpart should a very large number of titc readers of tfie Jodhnal, andfrieridji of 
good writing, be pleased to return numerous similar forms to the 
sanctum of the JounNAi,. 

books or mercbandiu 

Good Writing. 

There is no prescribed iron-clad standard 

fi>r -,M.,i wiiiiii- Writing tljat is legible. 
^i-M.iui .iit.l i:r,u,! is good. It is true that 
"iiMij -I 1 1 judged from a variety of 

^i^iii'll '- ^\ii.ii would be very acceptable 

lui- tun. ■-,.., Ml „ii^ht tint In- folfT-i.ted 

Orcopyist. Wiiiin- ,- ..ll.n >li-h,,.,n.lir.l 

ary. engn.^sin,^' nr |>n.l,-s.M„n.l in Ms .lyl... 
Each of these styles have essential differ- 
ences growing out of the peculiar circum- 
stances under which writing is practiced, 

ity, gnuv;M,.ls|..-.| AIM,^lnK[nr,l:,ssi. 
ficationsMl ■^^,il„l, ^s,ll L. ll„ n,lu,:,l u,it. 

reading readily his iii.niiiii i|.t ;it i .li-i:inre 

with each of the si-v(.t;iI uMmt nrn-ni/.ed 

Send Cash with Orders. 

work of ;i!i\ kind, iiiiiM Im- ;irrnmpanied by 

in the agfjregate suthcieni to neutnilize the 
profit on a large business. In many in- inlcgrily or tiuaMcial rcspou.-sibility 

financial inl>-rilv drnuind.- tlial we in fu- 

the order plan. If the price is not known 
and haste is necessary, remit cash sufficient 
to cover ex-charges in case packages should 
be returned to us, and we will send C. O, D. 
for balance. No unpaid orders will be tilled 
by mail. 

Cob-Web Copies. 

It is urged by some of our contemporaries 
as an argument against exact and systematic 

May there were 6,000 c 

1 copies as a basis for 1 

effort is directed tn thf atlainiucn 
ific end, he grudually grows up to 
perfection; but upon the ndicr ban 
unsystemnlir and varyinL' r<iy\ is |> 

itssbifiiii- iMiiu- .iirl . ii M.,. h I i,.,d- I 

cUating pinpn.r :<nd .ll.,,!-, ., nr. 

sipation of lime and cJIort. tlie pupil ■ 

devoting the practice of one copy to the un- 
learuiug of some nonsensical flourish or 
quirk that he tried to master in a preceding 
one. It is true that the pupil may be more 

The World's Greatest ThOfough- 

Although there are several greater cities 

a the world than New York, none afford 

single thoroughfare nearly 

of conveyances and 

! it does nearly the 

Teaching Writing. 

The setting of a good copy is but a j 
ml of really successful teaching. We have 
;nown many reall>; excellent teachei 

teachers. The foi 

ere utter failures as 
■ had good judgment. 

hours— about 2,000 an hour, thirty-two a 
minute, or one every two seconds. 

The largest number of any one kind of 
vehicles was of single and double trucks, 

suggcsiious to ilii- pui)il for their correction. 
It is only when llie skill for setting a good 
copy is united with a sharp, clear disc 
inatinu that detects faults, and a resourt 
expedients for assisting the pupil to c 
come them, that writing is well and suci 
fully taught. 

A Pair of Kings. 

Clubs numbering each eighteen na 
came fiom Chark-s H. Wells, superiuteadent 

Chirography or Phrenology. 

character by his handwriting." said Ray- 

;ad ho,i,'s. the aixty-lour gaibiiiiL; and Uit 
seventy-lhrec dirt carts. 

The lager beer wagons and the orange 

peddlers flourished on an equality ; the bone 

and lumber wagons went neck-and-neck ; 

pie and sugar wagons were halfand- 

f , which should give the pie sweetness ; 

the milk were left behind by the swill 

n- ap- 

liiiu^lfd in a bcwild- 
side which are very 

The Queen 
Davenport {In 

prevails in the public schools of the land 
besides the thousands of subscribers th.i 
will come from pupils, clerks, and oili- 1 
interested in good writing. To any ow 

with pleasure, mail circulars giving specii 
rates for oluhs. also subscription blanks. 

Broadway and Fulton street. 

Lessons in Practical Penmanship 

C. II. Peirce. Keokuk. Inw., in (i.lnber. 
The followin.i: li;iMi..i -rrillnniii U'Kv 


Return if not Satisfactory. 

Remember, that if you order either i 
' New ComiMindium of Practical and Ar 

was as mild and as gentle as a l:i 
ever I called on her. I wauleil ■■^ 
of a woman for a wife, for I I i Iv 
things my own way. She wirv, 
very industrious, which is a \< n 

to be very economical, which 
good thing to have in the family.' 



place for flie purpose ot organizing a writ- 
ing class ?■■ 

This depends so greatly on person and 
circumstances that it is very difficult to pre- 
scribe any plan. If one is a fluent and plaus- 
ible public speaker and a thorough moaterof 
bis subject, he will do well to engage the 
best room or hall within his coninmiul, uud 
then issue circulars descriptive of bis pur- 
pose and experience, with tickets of inviiii- 
lion to every reputable person in \\w phici.- 

tlitiir names Others who are adepts 
assing and not gifted at public 
r. will do well to call from house to 

ynid with a broomstick, but I thought they 
were only playing, although she hit the old 
lady some pretty solid whacks." 
" What did you do to verify your suspi- 

the !!iil\ \.!i- ..I I' il.' I :■'■- \v:is !i female : 

whose character rould l»e easily molded : 
that she was economical, and incapable of 
deceit. On the strength of this I dismissed 
my doubts. I proposed, was accepted, and 
we were married." 

"Your wife turned out just as you ex- 
petted r 

Smythe fixed a stony gaze on Wells, and 
then he yelled : 

'■No, she didn't by a blamed sight. 
Shakespeare's shrew was a lamb compared 
to her. She will fight a cross-cut saw. She 


1 tell you how to f\ 
y phrenology. I I 
i<l the professor des 


iheir favor, and if possible, secure the re- 
in the place in which to conduct your classes. 
To do this it may be policy to accompany 
the application with an offer to admit teach- 
ers of the public schools free ; this will tend 

and secure the co-operatiou of the teachers 
in your behalf. It will also l>e a good 
plan, if you have line specimens of i/our 
own writing, to place tbeni nn cxliibi- 

or in the windows on the uKiin thoixmgb- 

tion may be had respecting your classes. 
This done and your class organized, be scru- 
pulous in fulfilling every promise. It will 

rly counted a 
o join them 1 

aduce any friends 
Tbis plan, pro- 

W. A. M., Oswego, N. Y.— " What is the 
length of time you would advise for prac- 
ticing writing at one lesson ?" 

That will de|icud largely upon the power 

n man did the professor 

All the shade 

writing should 

X introduced at tlie begin 

niug of practice 

and continued all the way 

•i.tmcn; tliot I had a will 

through the course-hut for rapid writ- 

ing the less shade the better, using a pen 

,u have y.our head exam- 

that makes a el 

ar. strong, unshaded line. 

Fine Specir 

nens of Pcnmnnship. 

ThcTo ;i.- 11 

■i for It. The phrenologist 

,,,.. . • A. II 

Ic) your character by the 

Logan <a,nr,„ 

vmir head w.lh the broom- 

These liir, . - . 

,„ ,„„ „„,, ,,,,.„, 


Hi 1 ""■ '1'"" as sped- 

iri„,l,,„lin„inrtai.. ami 


llH piiti u.Mutd, The copies 

',?„ ' • •. ' '' ._. ■..•.•.■3 

are handsomely priuleU on plate paper. 

:';,v ■.■'''?.! 

10 I 24. 

Specimen copies of the JotmSAl., 10 cts. 

Principles Governing: Ornate 

' my classes, years ago, a lUtl 
1 began crying, and upon inquiring the 
pointed to a blot, 

in the parallelism of lines, or lines tending 
in tbe same direction. Where this forms a 
leading feature in flourishing, and graceful 
curves are uaiformlj spaced, a leading law 
of beauty is observed. This law or principle 
the accorapanyiDg flourished 

before he made it. 
matchless ability. 

ss lines. He formed 
' taste preceding liis 

in a scientitic sense, ani 
in scorn from the lit 
written in the hand • 
earth. The Ten (■..m 

lias mifol 

ed us in regard to the Book. 

l.uns are of God. They are hoth 

U, bu mtc- 

iixeutly understood, united and 


TI.e men who decipher the 


. - 4 (I.Hl ought to be honored 

'""< •■ ' 

....:, K„, bi,,„,ed theologists, 

i^ih.i.nH 1 

•"<.<.. and jealous churchmen 

rail -.a Hi.- 

:.ih, iilumus surveyors of God's 

spired of ( 

od, with mins anil shallow ridi- 

veteran jcsls ami unproductive 


■nacl the l.alsol llie monkey in 

tryms to i 

rove that man did not originate 

with that animal, we seem likely to have in- 

ternal evi. 

encc that such was the case 


It is urged that science is un- 

ripe, and will not do to rest upon ; that 

there will be time to consider it when it he- 

the Book ? 

Is its record any more stable 

than the record of the rocks ? Theologj' 

of man from the ;iuiIiimi.,,hI .ij^.s i>^ tJiily a 
hypothesis, not yet proven. I see no pres- 
ent expectation of its being proven. It 
stands as a hypothesis pressed by a multi- 
tude of probabilities. It throws a light 
upon many problems in history and life 
gained in no other way. I incline, not to 
the belief, but to tbe supposition that man 
is in analogy with the rest of Gods work. 
At what time and by what methods he left 
behind his fellows and stood on the spiritual 
ground that separates him from the brutes 
is unknown. But it does change the des- 
tiny and moral grandeur of man to hold the 

race. Evolution is 

hemcthod of creation 

accepted by the scientific world, and few 

venture to doubt it. 

Ninety.nine percent. 

of working scientifi 

c men use this theory 

validity. They are di- 

viclcd as to Its causes 

and results, but every 

decade brings them 

common belief. fl 

would fall back into 

mrelaled atoms. It is 

taught in all our schools ami another genera- 

tion will regard it as 

Ihe Copernican theory 

of astronomy, or 111 

N,.«.t„ninn theory of 

jravitation Evolu 

Christian ii„.u n( .ci. 

gationalis, : l.,i'..ul'resliyter 


and a Scotch Presbvlcrian at that- Asa 

Gray, an Episcopali 

n : Milvert, a Roman 

Catholic 1 Wallace, a 

Christian Spiritualist, 

and by the Bishop of 

London, whose Bamp- 

onlaii, bold and frank 

statements of Christ 

oblige theology lo b 

reconstructed, but it 

vill take a« av „„ gr, 

iial"! true religion." 

curved l.,>„ v.ouus auQ grow | d „ ngi, „„g „ 
lighter away from the subject, h^ aU curves were either , 

One of the great elements of beauty lies ' thereof. Unlike many penme 

Vf h God 8 tho oh n h e o u on f natural 
or pans forces, and the other is the evolution of 
s the Old Teetamem iai the New 

C a'SUs Beckworthv. Sr . (Ic* Mr ] 
De Verc, art critic).—" -N'lu . ibats 
cal a line picture ; shows n [narkat.l,.- 
My daughter painted iliat. ^ir. 
wouldn't take $800 for it. WUv, tbi 
alone cost |150."— ibrronf Limpoon 

private schools of this city, uud is W. A. Moulder, who conducted the Jii 
Dgaged to teach in Ihe cit)' night scy City Business Collcjre for sometime iin.l 

H A. Spencer buviu" purchased the in- 
terest of Charles K. Cady in the Metropoli- 

The Central Business College, 
Mo., conducted liy C. W Rohliin 
reunion of old and new students Se 

Messrs. T. C. Savage and "W. A. Schell 
lave lately opened a business school at 
I'inccuues, lud. 

J I Kickctts assumes harge of r t ng 
iraw ng and lo k keeping u the puhl c 
schools of Saco Me at tl eir Fall open ng 

s N Ch c P ( 1 of Chrstes 
i Pa lately 

' .Til 

Hus ness 

lie CI am] a gn Bus 
J Iv Messrs Mckee 

F E D 1 
Fr nccs Colic 
Brooklyn N 

Ohio, announces that his school will 
remove to Mansfield, Ohio, on the first of 
T. W. Palms, formerly 

A. N. Palmer, of the Wc«lern Pen 
Chicago, III. 

C. E. Newman, San Francisco, Cal. 

A. E. Peck, penmou and drafts: 
Dallas, Texas. 

O. J. Willis, Reading, Col. 

II. C. Spencer, Spcnccrian Business 
lege, Washington, D. C. 

Savage & Schell, Vincennes, Ind. 

G. A. Hough, Fort Scott (Kas.) Normal 

J. E. Duff, Toronto, Ontario. 

J. E. Van Whitman, Williamstown. Pa. 
Mr. W. says, " I handle from thirty-five to 
forty-flvc tons of coal per day with a scoop 
shovel, and teach penmanship three even- 

vritiiig in 

'.u..,.iH,,. K. > i.n, N. Y., ina 

A. B. Capp, Ueiild's Business College, 
Ian Francisco. Cal. 
II. A. Howard, Rockland (Me.) Business 

D. H. Snoke, South Bend (Ind.) Com- 
aercial College. 
H. J. Williamson, Floyd C. II., Va. 
C. F. Welimau, West Pctcrboro", N. H. 
the Nelson Business 

Richard Nels 
College, Cincinnati, Ohio. He says, " 
Pekman'8 AiiT Journal ia ably and c; 
estly conducted in the interest of high 
in Uio department of oroameutal penn 


iirj excellenLe 1 1 tt 

\ a BltTins Kockport Ky 

i latel> appointed "ipcci d 
iir in the public schools of 

^\ •, Cli mbcrlain Abilene Kas a let 
Icr mlcipitil'i 

O P Dnrnard Barnard s Business Col 
lege ban Tlancisco Cal and a club of ten 

Geo II Rehnn Pottsville Pa Hlsus 

"iour lounNAL should be lu e%Liy borne 
in the land it has helped me to a good b inil 

V H Ilinman Business College Wor 
ccstci Ma-'i 

W n Bennett Clark s Business College 
Erie Pa 

W D Ivnn Canheld Ohio 

P Judd Davenport Iowa lud i club 
of fourteen subscribers 

M E Iloiner Empoiia Kas 

C B Biandstill Lelioi Ka-s 

W N ■ieic\ London (Ontario) Business 

C C Marii 

iimpton Ma 
n r \ ,( 

icn artist St Louis Mo 
Iviugsville Ohio 

Indiana Normal School at Valparaif 
I A Appleton Waltham Mass 
W D lohnston Pittsburg Pa 
1 N ^lehllson Pleasant Plains 
( \ Buuei bt Marys Pa 


Back Numbers. 
r\cry malt bnngs inquiries respecting 
ack numbers The follo»ing«e can send 

Books and Magazines 

tunes Shorthand Lessons is a 

directions for portrait groups and the prac 
tical topics of scene painting and embroid 
trv stitelus re((i%e continued atteition 

Headsand races IIou to btud^ Them 
._ ,he title of a work now in press by the 
Fowlei & Wells Co 753 Broadway New 

ed In the 

tendedmenli n f i h i 1 ire\ebanges 

but when ». 1 neule tli 1 life is short 

„hth in the 
The num 

andourspueislimiled ueufjun Among 
them are the following 

ThtJSeviTm-k School Jmrnaland Teaclier, 

hort stones 

Institute by Kellogg & Co , Clmton Place 

Neu -ioik 

y y ; / by C W Bardeen 

bj Wade 

Mrs JesbiL Bent I 1 
Eufus being a dog on. 
Ilampton and guilty of some very astonish 
ing behavior The hist is also given of the 
nture How the Boojums 

; ten Boo 

Jilou} lifted by D T Ames 

or sachet decoration u page of moDo^iumb 
m G another of designs for metal work 
and three pages of designs for altar cloth 
borders wall pockets and a photograph 

a dessert plate (primroses) and i cup and 
siiu(er(azalefl8) The frontispiete is an at 

School Currenc\ and Displav Cii 

should send 10c for a sample copy or %\ 
foi one J ear to S C A, L M Gould pub 
lishers Manchthtei N U 

published weeklj for ll per \ear single 

Jf 1 fn/-// BoAmoUr is a new 

1 III /if 104 quarto pages de 

I ( i irt and infomiation re 

1 I I i illustrated and in the 
\pography by Howard 
1 128 Duane street New 
car 25c single copy 
I I i\i u pifee quart 

highest style ot 
Lockwood lie a 
York for |2 per 

by The 

■supplement Buffalo 
N \ andloiouto Ontario 

The Students Journal devoted to short 
hand 744 Broadway N Y 

PacJarda ShoHhand Rt-porttr and Ameii- 
iicnufti 80^ Broadway New York 

The CosmopahUm ShortJiander by Ben 
gough Toronto Canada 

The Exponent {Skonhf^nd) J Geo Cross 
Chicago 111 

Bioion a Pliomgraphic Monthly Clinton 
Place New York 

II ri cttio a /buiniloj Virfftnia by 

r r 



I/. I s oo It \l\\ \ovk 

JU hodhuii. Chnstairi Advocate New 
Orleans Li 

The Chuttmn Utr dd New lork 

The Mn Da c (hid ) ^rl olx'^ti 

Thtl } II I Ij I ' I I 

The 1 // 1 I i l[hu Pa 

Th, t \ \ \ 

The 7 I / W f Coitland 

street New "i rk 

jBrt/^nw c (Md ) Vaniifaeturers Jlrcod 

TUAmeiican Wtehmest 96 Fulton street 
Ncu 1 ork 

City an I C nt / Cdumbus Ohio 
1 It Ri It I U u t Chicago 111 

Til < I f L i r New lork 

T!t D / V«j 

Vuldle/ \ ^ I i ± 

J{ ad-< lixroM College Journal San 

Out B H L^xi U J T M 
N Y 

College Tournal Elmira 

/ Jan Palm s Nat onal Bus nc^s 

C lie e PI I delph a Pa 

/ (\c\ )Bu» f^ CoUrgf Journal 

J I B inM»$ College Jo mal lona 
M U 

11! (N ^ ) Comm reial Remew by 

1 Ro be er Bus ness Un vera ty 

J!l Udier Bus ness College Fall 
R e M 

fl P q sure Age Nat onal Bus ness 
Colle Lau cnce Kas 

H P nui C€ (R 1) B d S B snm 
CuUg Jo al 

Fore t C tj (London Ontar o ) Buk rum 
Colleg To al 

TleT n a/nO^eb )flw* »a College Tournal 

rU Da I t{U)C n re al Inst tuUs 

JIall L la i /(Id) Bmnm College 
Jo al 

H b f II g Jo 'J al "Vt OT 

Hi 1 I B isn s College 

f T teary C 
C oil Newark ] 
) B H 8 College Jc 


C p n s B Qoklj n Preparatory Sc 
lu II I! Brooklyn N Y 
Lamb Bus ness College W i 

Album Authors 

h <^ood th D„ autograph collect g 
1 abused and an autograph alb m 
d J s frequently a cur os ty shop u 
y way and an ol j ct of dread to the 
acqua ntances The autograph 
if our mothers was square nea ly 
book CO t K f 11) pen ed 

life a 

really ditlinill i<> -.i^ Hh n-lii ihnu 

and dearer frieiui--. AlhuiH iim,.ii_\. like ih;ii 
printed with obituaries, is aj)! lo have a 
ludicrous ring iu it to a stranger, however 
much the writers may feel it, and one 


we ? " " Blue eyes gave 
mng,"and kindred ex- 
a across the corners of 

center The ong nal effo 
majoi ty are safest n confin ng themsel es 
to borrowed thoughts One joung ladv 
who pro dly vrote herself down as sen or 
of a sem nary not a thousand m les from 
P ttab 1 \\ ]cd n a f r end s albun 

II e th rd per on 
the green gra 
grave or An 

spr ghtly pcrsoi 

Hi 1 ed 8 the h ef 

top 1 n 1 mplestespress on 

bent, Ren ml er mc when this you see 
But there are those who ns st upon be ng 

tl gl t on at certam t mes When 
the golden •'un s sett ng and your m nd 



sv et crtc tons Thelj,bt 1 1 1 

■V\ hen all alone nd n sh d li b nk 

of me and my best w si es p hap 

R member me on your vedd ng day and 

loses much of ts force through an apt pa; 
ody whose burden s an njunct on not t 
forget that the rooster s ta 1 st cks oi 

The t D II m h b on u b a 

G 1 to \IIu \\ n publ I 1 nl 
guarant ed o I e 11 I n all n n u 

tl e ay of app opr t eut m nt for any 
oe on fron grave lo gay fron I vely 
o severe It s doubtful f they are often 
a real ad to tl o e for horn they are de 

r b ng spo 1 the noblest pas 
m and your fnend has the 
1 exqu site neatness in your 

A Criminal Penman 

very fine and i 

1 nes of the 1 the 
defect the work 
taken as a hole s h ghly cred table s an 
art s c exh b t on of penmansh p and t s 
to be deplored that the dea for the d splay 
of so much alent s conce v d for cr m nal 
purposes and n d 

I wonder that i 

prost tute and aba e t 

He must be well 1 a deu 1 

ould have faltered and] I i I I 
h p po ealtogelh rwl n 1 i | 

Counte f t n tb note o i nc 
counterfe t or lie t on of t * * * 
any paper ma le n n on of I j ape 

able by hve thou an 1 d II hn o tif e 
arv mp onmen t b 1 I 1 II 

MB I (1 f f 1 

■ to the Journal 

dolla ounterf t ud a „ 
Thh talented rafacal bass 

Inventor Edison's Wealth. 

educat onal paper t 
aregula subscr pt c 
n botl the Old nn 

I I p e of sub 
/ nal 
I L welcome 

It s be handsomest 
'er publish d and ha 
1 1 st of many thousands 
Npw World Brother 

tventy dollar note 

Tb r spu sue,8 8 

b 1 of tbe 1st ot 1 , p It 

eas Ij d scove ed 

atledullheav5 app r 

n li V „ e c on 

th tr n e left of the 

(M ) Co nl II 

note nd tb 

rtl, ndj regular ap 

The Penman s Akt Jootnal b tbe lead 

I arau e of Ih In 

nil 1 „ of tl let 
11 f ftl n 

nj pape devoted to penman h p Every 
o ntcrested n -n t ng and artist c vo k 

11 III 

1 11 I 1 

al sbo Id subscribe — OskaUo, 

ate 1 

1 1 

1 B nntaColkgeJanal 

1 1 a probably no penman s paper n 
\ tbat equal 11 i t Jo la 

experiments required. Sine 



Shading T Square. 

•Igned, Roipectfally, 0. B. 81CB 

Penmen's and Artists' Supplii 


■pnyvrtA Indian Ink'/)^T'tMtii»,''by'axpr«M.!! 
GUlotfi 303 8Uwl Pmi. per rrou 

Spenoeriftn No. 1, •itra tor floanilBlag '.', 

Itoll^l^kbowd.. I 

, elegantly prime 
r Plain Writing, Off-hand Flourishing, and 
: the public that will render as efficient aid to either teacher c 

copies for plain writing. Fou 
. alphabets, package-marking, and monograms. Price, by mail ; 
" I paper), as a premium with the Journal, one year, for 1 

liberal c 

agents can ; 

ure that no other work, of ne; 
all the departments of the penman's 
pages to the principles ; 
I paper covers. 75 cents ; handsomely bo 

Journal and book are things that take < 


LAPIUNUM (Sfnne-C/ofh). 

RolU tightlj'. Uke B map, wilboul Injury. Un«<i 

Black Diamond Slating. 

The Best Liquid Slating {witfiout exception) 
Walls and }Vooden Blackboardt. 

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No. 1 . ■ . ■ siM. art fc»i .... n.i 
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bv the leading penmen 


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And the only Bet reoommesded to 



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larly adapted tor PubUo and Prlyale Sohool* and Book- 


119 AMD 131 WiixiAM Strkkt, Niw York. 




Business College 



8-tf PliESroENT. 


T..A. MY BOOK '^^:S™ 

A Philosophical Treatise 

of Penmanship 


Articles, Lectures, Criticisms, and 

pages of superior paper. Former price $1.00. 


Keokuk, Iowa. 


Department of Penmanship. 

favor, aud is now extensively recopnized as the LEADING SCHOOL OF PBNMANSBIP IN AMERICA 

The Graduates 

Advanced Pen Art. 

HMERCIAL WOULD, elvliiB fMll iiif..niNilluii r,.|i,tiv.- t.. TeiulKi.-' C.i 
regardiug our School. Address, 

McKBB & HENDERSON, Oberlin, Ohio. 


2 1st Annual Session begins 
September 1. 

Now IM->-<>nir Building 

THE BEST 1=?* 


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the kindly interest iinii I . t in, i|,.i|. Mini AssistanU that he here receives. Send 

for the COMMERCIAI \vi'ii ■ ■/ ■ i..,,. Address, 

^m McKEE & HENDERSON, Oberlin, O. 





For Sale by all Stationers and Booksellers. 

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Elementary, 104 pages, Price, S .80 
Commercial, 160 1.50 



->A School Thoroighiy Bquippd for Offito IraDio;.^ 


The Automatic Shading \ 

Sample Set of three s 

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B. P. KELLEY, Ponman, 

Spencerian Compendium 

Recognized Authority for 
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The Adept, The Sign-Writer, 

The Teacher, The Pen-Artist, 

The Engrosser, The Bootc-keeper, 

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Engraved on Steel, from Actual Pen-Work, 

Tliu aim of tliis publication is to present a Cyclopedia of Pen Art in its « iciest 

Part 1 

THE COMPENDIUM CompriBes Eight Parte. 
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Part V.— Great variety of Lettering, from the Simplest Marking Alphabets to the most 

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Part VI.— A Complete Course of Sixteen Lessons in Plain, Practical Writing with 

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Italian Script and Intricate Caps, and Celebrated Back-hands. 
Part VIII.— Of special interest to Business Men, Professional Designers and Penmen, 

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Post-paid, 60 Cents Each. 




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No ni/sUjn of Drawing slunild be adopted with- 
out an emniimtimi. of KRUSI'S. 

D. APPLETON & CO., Publishers, 


fil'S""""" '"' 

Circulars of the Collece. trivlng 
HENRY C. SPENCER, Principal. 




805 Broadway, New York. 



3N MDt at »1.25 par gton. 
5 omu p«T 1 gTou. Addnu 




.cidies' Business College, 

ELLA NELSON, Principal. 










^ - .- 1 .-Lufrnplii- and 

S R WEBSTER. Oonm-a, 0. 




Printer and Statlone 

Published Monthly 



Vol. IX.— No. 10. 

i dc gD d o p seu fully as 
r ous ^ des of Publ c S U00I& 

Argument F gures and li 

tiKi es til the I 1 y to 

execute gives 

a dpo^^c. er Ibc letl 

rs frou the 

that many pr nc i Ics of tlie 

one e found 

Generally 81 eakng figure 

should eonta n 

shade and are made tight maa Oanttng 

near each otber 

Form 8 dependent upon t 

me t me s ut 

cd by a sj stem of count ng 

audibly or na 

My and count ng tbe downward strokes (a 

rule) will be found for more 

praet eal than 

usual methods employed 

F gures generally occ pj 

m^ pa F 

p t of 6 and last part of 4 

and 8 X c 

1 tile above one tpace n I e ght Tl e 1 1 p 

of nd 9 e\t nds o e spa 

1 elo b 1 

Last part of 6 nd ppc p 

t of 7 u 1 

tends about 1 If p 

n It Th 

«nd71egn 1 1 , 

n Enl n 

height. The 2, 3, 5 and 

7 may or may 

iV'ote.— The length of dot detei mines the 
turn, i. e., the turn in top of 3 is greater than 
that of 3 and 7, therefore the dot is longer 
Some pointa are gained indirectly, such as the 
loop of 5 and curve in 4 which are the lesult 

In business figures the si 
be subservient to that of f( 

1. Form, in order of simplicity. Each figure 
» be passed {the second time) separately and 

2, Arrangement : This refei-s to the regular 
jacing and position of figures, i. e., equal dis- 
ince between them and their relative height 
Jd distance below base line. This can be se- 

8 Si eed taken s n'r\y Estnbl sh a n 
n eacl per m nute Make repeated tr al 

8 18 follows 170 one 170 ght 
sxea 130fou-s 143 e ht 100 h es 
tlirees 120 n nes 100 two n 1 9 ever 
4 Sp ed taken p om uo 1^ No i a n 
effo t w 11 be s flic ent to j, n tl 

CL\Sb I 
Letters m extended movement exeieue (small 
Fulcrum of band, stationary in the formation 

e creditably executed be- 

an be made greater or leas than copy, 
be prime object has been established. 
Generally speaking the copies are too li 

or liiisincBs ])urpt.s(.-s, but. lire designedly s 

of hand, momble. in formation of 








as g aceful n style The compo nd n ove 
meut s the un on of the whol arm forearm 
and finger an 1 s ut 1 zed as the h gl est a at 
ble power n the super or execut on of lar^^e 

of first mportance 
k (fl) Ever} lett r sbo \ 
) rve > letter sbo Id b 

Int oductory 1 e about 

0j W I DL too 1 ge 
(cj Increas ng o d 

one to the other 
Crf)Varaton nsz ol 


Some Needed Inventions. 

nble ever giveo to the human race. It bus 
done more for the advance of human knowl- 
edge, the quickening of human achievement, 
the dilTusion of intelligence and the prcscr- 
vationof the best results of human investi- 
gation than any other instrument, witti, 
perhaps, one exception— the printing press. 
Hut. aside from the invention of the pen, 
mechanical ingenuity, it seeiiis to me, has 
done very little— far less than it ought— for 
the advantage and convenience of the pen- 
man. The great army of the worid's writ- 
ers — and it Is indeed a great army, for the 
man, woman or child who does not write is 
a rarity- ought to enlist the highest inven- 
tive and mechanical skill of the age, in pro- 
ducing new and improved apparatus of all 
kinds for the pcumau's use. But what hiis 

though wonderfully effective and pcrftrt 
instrument— :md that is about nil we liavt^ 
that really meets the need of the writer, ami 

iiblcsomc. Somethin;! 

■ compound something v 
k as well as plumbago. 
t>n greatly needed. 

prise that 

step forward and relieve his brethren and 
the great public of the disadvantages under 
which they now labor. There is every in- 
ducement for inventive talent to enter this 
field of usefulness, and it is to be hoped 
that the credit and the advantage will fall 
to penmen themselves. 

The Ornate in Penmanship, 

, the beautiful r 

1 treated like the i 

encouraged, nor admired, as 
in other arts. Moreover, v 
suffer it. in any of its dcpn 
slandered and ridicnlnl :i- 
of flourishing, and (o iin . \ 

in the profession — :in ixjiii 
that of dynamite. Should 

entmnce to ignoble minds 
here V And as for ridicule. /. 

wt-re for mere pas 
the thoughtful, u 
veloped therein s 

I 111 r, :,vr a muUHude 

^-.■ili.r liap-luizard as it 
ime ; on the other hand, 
biased observer sees en- 
treasury of beauty, and 

tion and less i 

ire nothing i 
ts of the «/w( 
lost jewel I 

using the- knia'-poinl vi-.i-vi- Ami ,v i, ii 

write again upon the absorptive surface 
formed by the rude seraper which penmen 
are obliged to use to-day ? It surely must 
be within the limits of possibility, to find 

beautiful in its elementary stage is admitted. 

of God in curm, Uis wondrous 

let us reflect again and determine whether 

it he any more useful than the "swooping 

. rl,.i, of itself a liule world of 

eagle" or "impossible quill." The con- 

. .l.|.iirlment of it, at least, 

elusion must naturally he in the negative. 

ih.i compendium of curves. 

smce illustration of the fact will readily 

lulurcs-own model. Hence 

show that they are one and inseparable— one 

keeping precious stone.s in tli 
it would be in truth not to pi 
and if so — wc might as w.('l 

utility ? Are the biased, noisy, ine.xpen- 

whole world ? Are we to suit our works to 
their words ? Bynoniraiis ! AVhiit tlioujrh 
some of our most nhininn UliIiIs i!n lusli 

regard invincibk- w< (<■ iln' slmii^lmlii wiiliiii 

by pain, 

-hould the beautiful ii 
spoiled of ita power of contributing to the 

ing, be suffered to dwarf in its infancy, and 

penmanship, if we ouiit ur diadiiiu to take 
the needful preliminary steps, however 
insignificant they may seem— whether they 
may he in the form of the " bounding stag" 
or "sitting hen." 

The fact is we are loo apt to regard pen- 
manship as a matter of convenience, and to 
ignore it as a matter of ftrt. In the latter 

us in all wisdom and as diligent 
truth, consult those who have 
best years in the study and prac 
irt, and are ripe with knowledge 
ince therein. Th»:y are the ones 

lion» and possibililies— most valuable acqiii- 

ports and builds you up, and how and in 

ly from those that govern the organs of the 

without this process it would be too brittle. 

sitioDi. of the highest order, and those most 

what degree to practice it to .secure the 


needful in this cold, practical world of to- 

greatest benefit. 

Over or too long continued pen labor, in 

until it reaches a certain color. The quality 

day. It furnishes, moreover, that variety 

You might, as a matter of economy, turn 

college or out, if repeated will und'ermine 

of the temper varies according to the coloV 

of labor which not only delights the eye but 

exercise lo a.fount by putting with it a 

any constitution. In instructions of learn- 

to which the steel is permitted to run. It 

incites to new tasks and more steady work. 

business . a thing often do. 

g or p bl c schoo s vio cm gam s are ou 

s he q k eye fo o or and k 

Other cxereisi« tliere are n abundance- 

of p a e Bo 2 f n n d d 

nd of n n k 

which otherwise might forever have re- 

music. «ii,L-inLM.layiug. all 00 1 I oud 

ba n m rt 


mained latent. 

sav;ililtlrl.u,im-ss, „„l lo, much of 


We know loo, thai ornamental penman- 

|>,.„Ti,.n;,ir.,v„,-,:,llvr,n 88 abou pe 


ship furnishes a most lucrative employment. 

serving iH.l.hnr .,n„,-n„nng he body 



which is rapidly becoming more and more 

Thi«, lor l.oy... .uiL-1,1 answe bu no fo 


so, through the new processes of reproduc- 

matured manhood. Why, for boys Be 
cans resupplvinirecupera c forces w b 


n pbn pntn 

as d pb gr • g d h 

d w 

graph T h fi 

d T 

M ons o Pens 

T p Bsesof 1 ng po sh ng i n 


w M 
W g 

g d fl h he p a o a ons 



m m 

m b n a 


p h un fo n 

p d N m 

g en o $4 a g OS a d 

mp d d 

a y f b fln h T b 

k m 


m un a nnajo 

h d d 


m nd go n h f p n 


mp h 

b n One \n n m k 


m h d 


dfl- n p 


d u h a he ub pens be 


m p n h m k p 

T m m d 


m n n p o 


fi m d 

m fl 

gb p n w h a 

B - 

ft d ga 

F w h g d 

n ha a h kmak 

m d 

A pes m ta 
m d 

d P 

pa Thn 
ad p n a 

g g g 

tu g 

re exporle," JIany"pens are 

p h p p 

ler niclal.-< besides steel. One 


German silver non-corrosive 

T gh m If 

uk. Another is an imitation 



made of non-corrosive metal, 
p ns of all colors and sizes for all 

m m 
P d 

ofessions.-.K r. Sun. 

-ff — S ta 

Why Men Fail. 

m s 

h q dfim a 

F m ome up to their highest mea- 


ss. Some fail through timidity. 

P g 

k erve. They are unwilling to 

q n. 



ks incident to life, and fail 

T m g d m 

gU in venturing on ordinary du- 

A s s Hygene 

1 d 


T ck pluck. Others fail through 
m lack of discretion, care, or 



i™i Tl.i.y nver-cstiraate the 


.ii .:,~il, - ni.l vi'iiture beyond 





■rsevcance. Tbcy begin with 


s. but soon get tired of that 



change, thinking Ihey can do 

^ gr m tu 


d d 

11 something else. Thus they 


l"L"nl n"rr':,'''l'i"'l"fnr 

Dtf m 


m d 

m m tliem and scatter their pros- 



p ts cess. Some fail for want of 
ra tiou and fitness for their calf 


T ack a knowledge of human 

d f the motives that actuate men. 

t qualified themselves for their 


y practical education.— ."!(■;««-( 

Th Oldest Bank Note. 

. z 

d" " ' « 


bank note probably in existence 

E one preserved in the Asiatic 

St. Petersburg. It dates from 

S 9 B.C., and was issued by the 

p m 

mp d w b fB 

C einment. It can be proved 

d g 

m h chroniclers that, as early as 

B Ik notes were current in China 


lie of "flying money." The 

-rrxd at St. Petersburg bears 

It., imperial bank, date and 

II. ■, signature of a mandarin. 

g T 

^ m 

D- rf.' 

R m mb that now is the time to sub- 

e Journal, while you can get 

numbers and begin with the 

volume. Two subscriptions 


m subscriber. Also remember 

OniDK alone U worth all the money. 

The Arts Contributory to Writ- 
ing—The Materials and Im- 
plements Used. 

Wafers, as a ready substitute for : 

sale, and iiinj, \iv 4ui(kt_\ '^uftcned t 

flour, isinglass, and wliite of eg{ 
mixture is spreiid out on flat pla 
subjected to geutle pressure to rec 
layers to the proper thickuess Sev 

the layers of pa>- 

1 devising r 
D be used E 

■e layers m the pile. 
. beiug mixed, previous 
:lrying, the coloring in- 

and is thus made : A gem or medallion is 
engraved with any fanciful device, and this 
is employed to give the distinguishing 

desired tint. 


either rendered white or colored. The seal 
is then wet with the gum-water, which is 
allowed to remain in the depressed part of 
the device hut w ped off from all the pla'n 
or project n^, parts A small po t on of tb 
colored glue pour d on the seal 1 
allowed to 1 v on n the form of a 
filii Tl fll u t t s be u 1 

h^ wh eh the glue 
to adbe e fi mly to \ 

d of 

t s separated f cm the plate and c t 
nto wafers, n the same way as the con n 
kinds. The wafers thus i>repared are 
ceedingly thin and more adhesive than tb 
made of paste. 

The penny postage system has led to 
adoption of many kinds of " initial" i 
other wafers, displaying considerable 

walls many interesting relics ; among then 
the library is. of course, most fascinating t< 
men of letters. "Here one may find twi 
hundred thousimd volumes, iind seven thou 

ground of faded purpk'. It is kepi in a 
glass case, and under lock and key. 

"This wonderful manuscript is said to 
date back to the second half of the fourth 
century, and to it, almost alone," says our 
tourist informant. " we are indebted forour 
knowledge of the early Gothic, the parent of 
all the Germanic tongues."— 5a«ar. 

Lost Opportunities 

lunities and 
f very where 

i offered a piece of 

ijlauds on for a pair 
with him was he c 
The writer in l&i9 
laud on what is now CI 
might have been possessed 
of the money he had in 

millions. Then, years after he bud a simi 
bir escape. One crisp fall moruing he "Wiis 
walking with Major Gaiut's>, of Kentucky, 
in what were then tht- outskirts of Washing- 
limit of improvement. All beyond was 
country, not much cultivated and not of 
great value. We extended our walk by 
swinging around where now West End 
flourishes in beauty and pri<lo, thanks to 
Boss Hheppard and the stubbornness of prop- 
erty holders on Capitol Hill. The idea of 

major not long after met with an accident 
and soon after died, and none of the party 
which sailed with such high expectations 
realized any of them, either of honors or 
fortunes. But the land, where now stands 
West End, has doubled at a rate that defies 
arithmetic, and scores of persons live to la- 
ment the lack of the foresight which would 

Men forget tlmt nppnrtunitic^ are offering 

irts south of Baltii 
mount of vagrant 1 

if cuttle and hogs. 
Probably the most notable instance of lost 
ppuiuuiily is related of a Philadelpbian. 
t is lelated on authority found, it is prob- 
lile, in more than one fine library, of which 

ny Duel 

history, in the sum of t30. Like luosl of 
creditors, Ducbc wanted the money, and. 
like many debtors. Mr. Penn did not like to 
part with the money. Therefore Penn of 
fered Ducbe the scpiare on Market, between 
Third and Fourth streets, with the excep- 
tion of the Friends' burial ground and an- 
other lot hack of it. Penn, in making the 

and proceeded toward Burlington, hut one 
vessel, which had lagged behind, came to 
and was secured to a large tree. The cap- 
tain explored the situation and found with 
surprise another large river close at hand 
and in the Delaware, itself, a fine, deep 
channel near the shore. The discovery was 
communicated to Penn, who lost no time in 

Too Many Com 
A tall, well-dressed colored man wandered 
into the rotunda of Castle Garden, yester- 
day afternoon, and offered to write an ele- 
gant autograph of anybody, on a dozen 
fine paste-hoard cards, for a small consid- 

' ' Your name ? " asked the interpreter. 
".Julkataski Kamerschafferisky," glibly 
articulated the Russian, smiling. 


Giessuimn ptnmaii at t/u Capital City Bimness College, 

in what is now the heart of the most grow- 
ing part of the city of Washington. Major 

ladethis fortunate strike,' 
d dip into these lands ou 
:e in Washington, and se< 

a the six months' voyage. The 

offer, assured Duche of his good will and 

"I am much obliged to you, Mr. Penn, 
and I do not at all doubt your kindness, but 
the money wovild suit me best now," said 
Duche. Whereat rejoined the proprietor: 

t city i 

. advan 

Well, well, thou sbalt have thy money " 
Accoi-dingly Ducbe was paid his money, 
and he lived many years to repent hifi folly. 
Now, while Duche lost a good oppor- 
tunity by refusing Penn's offer, there were 
hundreds of others almost equally good all 
around him any day thereafter aa long as he 
lived. This is true of lost opportunities m 
general, if one only ateers clear of Alexan- 

ment elsewhere. The authority records that 
an old lady lived on Second street, near the 
dock, which situation her family had se- 
lected as being most convenient, the vessels 
coming up the creek to their brew house to 
unload the malt, which they at first brought 
from England. Her people came over with 

The colored penman looked aghast, Ms 
hand shook, and with a trembling voice he 
said : '' If you'll let me write it John Smith, 
which is 'English you know,' I'll do "em 

Julkataski smiled and said that he had 
two more middle names that be hadn't given 
yet, and couldn't possibly dispense with, 
and guessed he would wait. — Selected. 

The Deepest Hole in the World. 

Remember, that if 
'New Compendium o 

Instruction." and they ( 
you may return them, ; 
the entire amount paid. 

■Tliere can be no 
:. properly taugbt. 

' developing the perceptive 
ind tlie grciitest use 
lor it may be truly said that no ( 
know forms or objects thoroughly 
has drawn them. This assertion may be 

The Journal and Business Edu 

I ! I 1 In I R 

done and also 

: for value there luu lie gam 

ibiect the squin aud the &trii£,lit and tbt 
ducct should bej,iD m the bej^mniDj, Avoid 
bribeiy or fa^onii'.m as jou would shun 

paj aa you to and turu jour back on dead 
headisin at once and foiever 

I say give if you will but never for favor 
of any sort Let the recipient always feel 

iiL iti Ml I I It uot 80 much as a 

sjgi, is lUiu ill} dimuRd bj these accuiaed 
instruincntnlities of w eallh and place Deal 
with no man that dodges icspontibility or 

a '*4uai(. document 

A baneful thing m our country is sharp 
bar^im makiUo— business diplomacy It 

wak( and its leaction is periodical national 

The re is truly neither manhood or monc> 
speaking broadly m the long run in any 
ihin„ but sciuare work bimple and direct 

11 Tb I \ L mi o e 

f I 1 a; o a thought or hands f e j p p 1 u 1 e her —if k 

pontmade that s n some degree new and Pi act cal Fdu ator 

fresh and wortl a word but I vllenl ts That to be a ^ood ter one must have a 

rambl ng by say n \ I am a I Iiu blj nat 1 ^ ft a propos t on that adn U of 

hope a true pat u 1 V ii In t It juallj t e th t atu 

be Dj, howev 11 1 — | I II ] j 1 p may bj p ope t eat 

be deeply nt 
bo o h li 

I ma J T 

M Oaylord c 
lee th t p act c 
oduccd n tl ( 

t nucd I am glad to 
ode n hall wh e s 

ma nt ns ts present h gl degree of 

Bob Inge soils Boy Chum 

ship and good fellowship That the square is 
pure nobody denies It squares with sound 
1 IV, and subserve:) thrift 

There is in this great empire of ours no 
end to the matter which should fix the at 

Complimentary to the Journal 

ThePEHUANS Aiir JouuM\,L New loik 

IS now in Its ninth year and moie prosper 

ous than ever It is the capital of the chiro 

graphic world where all ideas upon pen 

bebruary oud March 

that the frieud he so oicut!> idmired did uot 
believe in tlie Bible nor ni Christ noi lu a 
future life he at first resented the iccu 
sation with indignation and then whtn it 
was. confirmed had a good cry ovei it The 
summer coming to its end Mr IngersoU 
was asked to write somelbin^ in hib youn^ 

,e\v ^Chufttuin rnmi 

Original Vievffs of Astronomy 
The Loudon TiuOi gives the following 

sermon of a Welsh curate preaching to in 
English cougiegation V stirr is but a 

hdl dot in the skjce Saw manj starrs 
mek one plannat Saw manj pi lunits luek 

mek one milkee wey Sivmilkee weja mek 
one rornboriiallis 

I Darwin oui ancestors a 

sound doetiiiie But the ^outh if wibe li 
hi'5 remedy It hea in confuting false pi 
suasions and dogmas and kcepmg sol 
benefits clearly and ever before the eyea 


P..bU«hed MoritUy at «1 per Y« 


wjPlratlon or their lubacriptlons, at whloli Ume 

New Yo 

Octobeh, 1885. 

The Journal and Square Deal. 

nothel- with us in tlie conduct of the Jouii- 

bc .scrupulously pcrform- 
it years of its 
tliousamls of 

its patrons should be 
ed. And uow, after 
publication, if one 

I our part, lie v 

I do us a favor by 
making it known, and if be will make his 
statement in proper form, it shall appear in 
the succeeding number of the Journal, and 
should the coraplaiut be well founded, an 
apology or other suitable reparation shall 

If announcements have beeu made n 
ing the Jouhnal, premiums, or othe: 
llcations, they have been by a plain 
menl of facta. "We do not believe 

! purchaser 

utility of a publication which 
is to pay for before seeing it, 
conveying to the would-be purchaser as 
nearly as is practicable by words and illus- 
tnitious a true conception of what we offer, 
thai be may intelligently judge as to whether 
or not it is the article he desires to purchase 
and at our price. 

We do not believe that it is honest, or 
sound policy to misrepresent and brag a 
75 cent publication up and sell it, by mail, 
for $2, nor to effort ;,'rcat libenilityby offer- 

i aunouuced by their author. 

' aggrandizement as 

premiums to be ^(wn to subscribers for 1 
paper We believe in the old maxim tl 
Honesty M the best policy 

Writing as 

That writing 

1 Art and Science 

properly considtred as 

pitviiled and is uow the onlj method 
rectpQi/td ind practiced bj teachers of 
Lxpcriencc and repute but as it seems all 
ruleh muHt bive their cvceptRns io here 
and there we find an enatic ormeicenarj 
genius announcmg <<ome bran new discov 
ery of a dead sure and short cut to a good 
haiulw ntins; I ong practiced and approved 
methods are denounced as "old fogy," "play- 
ed out," etc. Systematic and exact copies 
they say are discouraging to the pupil, 
hence he should have inexact, and of ne- 
cessity varying copies, which is to s;i\ , if 
he writes badly, he must be cncMinviL:. ^1 
by a bad copy; if he scribble?, iu univi 
have a scribbled copy lest be be di-.(i>ur- 
aged, they would lower the standard to 
the plane of the pupil's incapacity, rather 
than bold it aloft, and assist and encourage 
him for its high attainment. We can have 
no patience with such folly. 

The advocates of unsystematic and vacil- 
lating copies remind us of the traveler, who 
inquired of an old darkey, if be was on the 

right road to B ? " Yes sar." replied 

the darkey, "only, but ye's goin' in de 
wrong direcshun." So these misguided ad- 
vocates are journeying backward, and, 
should they continue on their way for a 
few centuries, they may reach the period in 
which tliey belopg. and a place where 
they will not feel solitary for want of 

Teachers Appreciating the Journal. 

At the late Carlton County (Ontario) 
Teachers" Institute, held at Woodstock, the 
Secretary, Charles McLean, recommended 

Penmak'8 Art Jouknal 
the Teachers' Institutes 

A few copies of the Jouknal in the h 
of the teachers, school officers and pi 
in each school district of the land, w 
make a remarkable reform in the ma 
and success of teaching writing. 

An Artificial Earthquake. 

The nearest approach ever made by man 
to a real rending earthquake, was un- 
doubtedly that made by General Newton 
when he lately fired 300.000 pounds of 
dynamite under Flood Kock. in the East 
River, New York. No nearly equal ex- 
plosive force was ever before employed by 
human agency in a single explosion. 

It was our good fortune to have an ex- 


I oD„ Island Sjund and New 
■ and It waft one of the most 
It was the most stupendous 

Photo vs Wood Engraving 

Sayi I he Paper TTwW 

II i 1 I uoio engraving Decn 

1 1 Ih i-] led to the repioduc 

tion of tu c pen de i^us for all manner of 
purposes than at the office of the Iot^AL 
The reproductions, there made b> photo en 
graving and photo lithography during some 
years past if engraved on coppei or wood 
ivould have lequired the combined labor of 
most of the euiira\ers in ^ew "iork and at 
a cost w great as to have precluded much of 
tbe work from having been done. The 
seventy 11x14 plates of Ames' Compendium 
alone if engraved on copper or steel would 
have employed a score of engravers foryears, 
and would have so enhanced its cost as to 
]i;ivi' nn. It-red its publication practically im- 
IM.sMl.h , since copies enough could not have 
lii-.n suhi ;it a price sufficiently high to have 
lovoifd the cost of publication, Again 
scarcely a number of the Journal has been 
published that has not contained illustrations 
sufficient, if paid for at the cost of wood 
engraving, to have more than absorbed the 
entire monthly receipts for the paper. In 
short, its publication in its present interest- 
ing and attractive form would not be possible 
were it not for the aid of photo-engraving. 


Dwight S. Dow died at Cleveland. O., 
ler 1. 1885, of paralysis of the heart, 

39 years. Mr. Dow met with pbe- 
nal success as an organizer of Commer- 
ight schools, in the principal cities ot 
nited States. The last organization in 

ing of which he \ 
an accomplished 
little daughter. 

The Journal's Creed. 

Good writing is acquired, and is not 

all possessed of cniniuoD sciisi- uud ow 

3d. Good writing' i- li.-s| .icniir...! I,y 
practiciug afU'i ^J^ll■lIlllli<■ junl iinilurin 
copies, cither eugmvLiI ur written. 

4tb. Good wril ing is that which is best 
adapted to the purpose for which it is to he 

The essentials of good writing are— 1st. 
Legibility ; 2d, Rapidity and ease of execu- 
tion ; 3d. Grace of form and combination. 
All of these every good teacher can assist, 
every attentive 


If any of our readers have u curiosity I 

. Philadelphia, Pa., 

copy of the 
ais species of 

The King Club 

r the present month numbers fifty fi 

was sent by E K Isaacs . 

Depirlment of the Northern Indiana Normal 

School \ alapraiso Ind 

1 he Queen club numbers fiftr n and wai 
di t by \ C lonec ptnni n it the NcNon 
Busine<wCclk ( iiumr ili (Hut 

Clubs of tt f e. I n fr n \K\inder 
"Veitch Mavnirl M i 111 iKs Moinei 

(Iowa) Busim s ( II I I cf lemi 

from A C On E ihtrMll I u i 

The signs of the timei are that clubs will 
be hvelj for the coming months Teachers 

Our attention has been e 
:.otmis of the Detroit <Mich 



from an origin il dcsi n I j Pi itt R bp neer 
with whom Ml Loomib it, is;, ciited in 
business If IS the jmi pose t f Ihc lot \fs \i 
to deal justlj with all and to give credit to 
whom credit is due Our attention was 
called to tbit, matter verj soon after mailing 
the May Journal and it wa^ bj an over 
sight that earliei mention was not made 
We certainly iei,ret that such i 
IS api)arently called for 

Lessons in Practical Penmanship 

the giver of the lesson for ]S'ovember or De- 
cember. In January M. J. Goldsmith, of 
Atlanta, Ga., will give a lesson. In Febru- 
ary, a lesson will be given by A. J. Scar- 
borough, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

The following named gentlemen have 
already given notice of their acceptance of 
our invitation, and will give lessons at such 
times as will be mutually acceptable : 

H. W. Flickinger. Philadelphia, Pa.; 
Thos'. J. Stewart, Trenton. N. J.; D. H. 
Faricy, Trenton. N. J.; W. R. Glen, Tren- 
ton, N. J.; H. A. Spencer. New York ; It. 
J. Magce. New York ; M. J. Goldsmith, 
Atlanta, Ga.; L. L. Tucker. Newark, N. J.; 
C. Bayles, Dubuque, Iowa ; W. H. Patrick, 
Baltimore. Md.; E. Burnett. Baltimore. Md. ; 
T. J. Tolland. Canton. III.; E. K. Isaacs, 
Valparaiso, Ind. ; H. L. Loomis, Spencer- 
ian Business College, Detroit. Mich.; Uriah 
McK'rc OliMlin lOhioi College. 

AVr ;irr MTV ■- ili;tl thc practical infor- 

(if scilii! ;nlv:inlityc to all teacliei's and pupils 

Note.— All who have consented to give a 
lesson, are hereby requested to designate the 
lime at which they prefer to do so. Also, 
to any teacher or author, who have not sig- 
nified their purpose to give a lesson, and 
who contemplate doing so, an invitation is 

A Good Opportunity. 

If there is a business college man among 

tur r-Mdrl- Wlin rMliIrllipl;il(.^ n illun-C of 

This opportuni- 
into by any one 
1 of a first-class 
ties of the West 

school. There are 
equal in present gro 
the college itself is 
prosperous, and the 
owner for selling 
and entirely unconn 

firmly established and 
reasons of the present 
re of a private nature 

Agent for Canada. 

i regular rates. We trt 
tn friends wiU give him 

Box Marking. 

To acquire a good style of box marking, 
good malerials arc indispensable. The ma- 
terials should be adapted to the work in 
hand. In marking on rough surfaces a 
bristle brush is in order, whereas in mark- 
ing on paper or smooth surfaces, a good 
quality of hiiir linish is preferable. For 
prarticc hciivy nianilii pjipcr should be used. 
Buy till.' lust i)rush('.s in the market, of 

before using. Tlic liues should be made 
with a slow and uniforni speed to enable 
the leiiruer to use bis taste and good judg- 

At first uo nttempi should be made nt 
speed. All heavy lines are made with a 
movement of the brush toward the marker. 
The connecting lines should be light but 
firm. The left oblique slope is generally 
used, it being best adapted to the use of the 

" The Missing Link," 

At the opening of a highly complimeulary 

review of the Springfield ^111.) Business 

College, conducted by Messrs. Bogardus & 

Chicken, Ihe Morning Moniioi- says : 

"The commercial college is the 'missing 
link ' in the chain of a practical business 
education, which was discovered in the 
nineteenth century, to utilize theories and 
make practical, in a very short period of 
time, the knowledge which cost years to ac- 
quire. It is the school of preparation for a 
young man or lovely maiden to enable them 
to nUfirk the business world, instead of re- 
nuiiiiiug for years on the dtfensice. If 
■knowledge is power,' the sooner knowl- 
edge is acquired to fit man and woman kind 
for the great field of usefulness the better, 
and the school most practical in 'object 
lessons' is the one conducted upon the 

soldiers brave and fearless on the battle-field 

The school which comes closest to com- 
pleteness for such a purpose is the * business 
college.' Men and women may have been 
'educated to dculb," may have had thou- 
sands of dollars and years of time expended 
in cultivating the mind in, as Mr. Lincoln 
once remarked, the three R's, * rendiu', ritin' 

corner of Fifth street and Capital avenue, 
and presided over by Prof. Bogardus. now 
quite a veteran, and his partner, Prof. 
Chicken, comes as near the point of perfec- 
tion in completeness, as any other institution 
in the Union. The change of location se- 
cures to proprietors and pupils more spacious 
quarters and rooms provided with every 
modern improvement in light, ventilation, 
heating, and i 



o. Oct. 20, 1885. 

llNrvEnsiTY Bu: 
Editor Penman's Aht Jounal : 
i?(vir 5(>— The Committee on Lectures of 
lie Institute of Accounts and Book-keeping 
f the City of New York, have requested me 

Vriiing," before the Institute, in their 
ooms, University Building, at 7.80 p. m., 
n the 15th of November, 1885. 
If you will favor them, they feel certain 
bat you will invest the subject with interest 
nd that it will be profitable to all attending 

l^iii.>^U ^ww^%*. ^V^^^ ^ 

specimen of Box Mm 

brush, besides being best suited to the sim- 
ple."*! styles of letters. In marking, no part 
of the arm or hand should touch the mark 
mg hurfi(( ■V\hile marl m„ stand and 

simphcU) Mikt tl II e pr ^T 

Each lessons should 1 e ) rccc ltd 1 \ 
limmary drill upon the tlemtut whi 
Into the letters It \\ t il 1 be out of p 
make any attempt at an oinamental c 
of I ithei mk or st^ le of letters 
LegibUity ue ituus and dispatch t 

and 'rlthmatic ;' they may have gone further, 
descended to greatest depths, or ascended tc 
to the giC! t( t hcvbtb 1 ut unless reduced 

The \\ ntmg Ruler \m'* 1 cLome a st mdard 
article ^Mth those who profei^ to ha\e a suit 
able outfit for practical writing It is to the 

manner The Wntmg Ruler is a rehable 
penmanship chart and compass, sent by the 
Journal on receipt of 80 cents. 

-ou^h purchase and sale gam and 
r Business College for many years 

the uorlhcast corner of the square 
emoved to the more spacious and 

rooms in the Y. M. C. A. hall. 

the Lecture, as was your previous one on 

another branch of Penmanship. Respectfully 

Jo*;EPn Hardcastlf 

CI 1 in f Commit Ice on. Lect c 

The f rgo igin tition h is bee n iccepted 

tem of penmanship is imparted upon the 
basis of individual instruction and individual 
advancement. The entire course is system- 
atically arranged, and the simplicity with 
which the whole subject is presented is pe^si- 
tive evidence of successful resulte. The last 
edition of 5,000 copies is meeting with ex- 

used and recognized as being of 

The Tv 

Very Complimentary 


s 1 1 

1 e 


kuk C ity 

"The Blackboard System and Abreviatcd 
Book-keeping " is the title of an 118 page 
work upon book-keeping, lately issued by 
J. C. Steiner. Cleveland, Ohio. Any of our 
readers can see and examine a copy by re- 
mitting $1.50 to the author. No. 3 South 
Water street, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Two very interesting pamphlets, entitled 
respectively, "Teaching as a Business for 
Men," and "The Teacher's Commercial 
Value," have lately been published by C.W. 
Bardeen, editor of the ScJtool BuUetin, Syra 
cuse, N. Y. Mailed for 25 cents each. 

" The Eureka Recitations and Readings " 
is a very good collection and has been com- 
piled and prepared by Mrs. Anna Randall- 
Diehl, whose reputation as a writer of stand- 
ard works on Elocution, and also as a teacher 
of the art, is second to none. It is especially 
adapted for Day and Sabbath Schools, all 
Adult and Juvenile Organizations, Young 
People's Associations, Reading Clubs, Tem- 
perance Societies, and Parlor Entertain- 
ments. They comprise prose and poetry — 
serious, humorous, pathetic, comic, temper- 
ance, and patriotic. All those who arc in- 
terested in providing an entertainment 
should have this collection. The very low 
price asked for these books must ensure a 
large sale. Each one contains 128 pages, 
and is bound with a handsome lithograph 

mailed to any address, post-paid, on receipt 
of twelve cents in slumps, by J. S. Ogilvie 
vt Co., Publishers, 31 Rose street, N. Y. 

Before Pens. 

The ( 

isel was employed for inscribing 
on stone, wood and metal. It was so sharp- 
ened as to suit the material operated on, and 
was dexterously handled by all early artists. 
The style, a sharp pointed instrument of 
metal, ivory, or bone, was used for writing 
on was tablets. The style was unsuitable 
for holding a fluid, hence a species of reed 
was employed for writing on parchment. 
These styles and reeds were carefully kept 
in cases, and the writers had a sponge, knife 
and pumice stone. compas.';c8 for measuring, 
scissors for cutting, a iiuuclieon to point out 
the beginning and the end of each line, a 

with writing fluid. These were the chief 

till the eighth . 
\nting pen is I 

lui Ik to Biotbtr Nk 


that lie may 

h e , lU.ll Tbi o 


er material to 

«hi h^^^^^o^ld refer 

^ ink 

the compost 

tlumud colors of n lie; 


vinous The 

IlKk Mas made oi 1 


orv ind llie 

liquor of tbe cuttkfi li 


ri not pre 

pared to say what olliei 


I 1 V 1 u 1 

or how It IV as mauuf l 

tl 1 

U 1 k w s f 

asupeiioi k i | 1 i 

1 1 

rplo silver 

Hiid gold nk 1 


1 1 1 red was 

made from 1 


the pur 

pie from the . r \ . 

Il 1 


thebe especulljlhLfc Id 

htr varieties 

jasun extensive and 1 

e business- 


Specimen copies of the Joubnai., 

And School Items. 

) Mile Creek east t 

the wrcek v 
limd was tb 
feet of wiit( 

1). L. M 

College. Qu 

T. H. U, 

kill, card vvrilor, Tully. N. Y. 
isselinim, Oeni City Business 
uc-y, lU. 
CUriatie, ■Washington College, 

ley, Stillwater, Mlun. 

J. W. Waful, Institute of Penmanship. 
New Lyme, Ohio. 

Geo. M. Nicol. Dominion Business Col- 
lege. Richmond, Va. 

J. R. Long, Central Normal College, 
Dunville, Ind., and a club. 

M. J. Goldsmith, Atlanta, Ga. 

F Moi 

D , Ml. 

Pa. He 

1 School, Treu- 

tV. F. Grisseman, Capital City Commer- 

I Colk't'e, Dqs Moines, Iowa. 

i. G. Coourod, Atchison (Kns.) Business 

J. G. Dunsmore, Business College, Staun- 
on, Va. 

N. Kelly, Pen Art Hall and Business 
College, Fostoria, Ohio. 

Uriah McKee, Commercial Department of 
the Oberlin (Ohio) College. 

Marcus H. Fox, New York. 

J. P. Hules. Campbell, Texas. 
E. G. Mansfield, Fort Worth, Te,xas. 
"W. P. Cooper, Kingsville, Ohio. 
J. W. Patton, Alfred University, Alfred 
Center, N. Y. 

I. J. Tuck, Chicago, 111. 

K. W. Snider, Belleville, Ontario. 
L. M. Kerley, Clinton, Mass. 

II. C. Claik, Clark's Business College, 

'\ M' ( ir|];iii,i, Cuny institute and 

- -< , I'iitsburg, Pa. , 

I I I i; liiscarora. Pa. He says: 
; 'ik'-; volumes in praise of 

etbtl, pcQman, Wesleyan University, 

. Collins, Knosville (Tenu.) Business 

r Uiiync, Lonsdale, R. I. 

\' I' II iv. Big Rapids (Mich.) Indus- 

Stephen Jarrett, Toronto, Ontario. 

C. J. Wolcott, Fort Plain, N. Y. 

J. M. Pearson, Byron, Texas. 

J. M. Vincent, Santiago College, Chili, 

^ c l>u!liiii:hin, Mot Springs, Ark. 
'I :ti pjiciflc Business College, 

.1 .1 ^u^,^■.n, .Vrlauta, Ga. 

J. AI. Laiilz, Enimitsburg, Md. 

W. F. Wiley, penman. Solitude, Ind. 

J. R. Elder, Bear Branch. Ind., a luiicr 

and flourished l 
J. F. ; 

letU-r ;i 

N, S 

J. U. Tupping. . 
Edward Whitr. 

ville, Oregon, 
. Paul, Minn., 

II. B, 

W. J. Elliott, at the Canada Business Col- 

A. D. Skeels, Romeo, Mich., a letter and 
a photo of nn engrossed memorial, which 
are mcrilorions. He soys : ■' The Journal 
has been my only instructor. 

U. L. Loomis, Detroit (Mich.) Business 

O. A. Freemycr, Hoosic Falls, N. Y. 

Geo. W. Wood. McKeesport, Pa. 

S. C. Malone, artist-pen man, Baltimore, 

T. P. Frost, with B. & A. R. R., Spring- 
field, Mass., and a club. 

A. N. Palmer, of tho Western Penman, 
Chicago, 111. 

W. R. Glen, College of Commerce, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

M. L. Hubbard, So. New Lyme, Ohio. 

E. B. Bailey, artist-penman, Shrewsbury, 

F. S. Heath, Epsom, N. H. 

W. R. Smith, Commercial College of Ken- 
tucky University, Lexington, Ky. 

E. L. Modlin, Excelsior, Minn. 

W. C. Dowing, Gem City Business Col- 
lege, Quincy, 111. 

C. W. Slocum, supt. of \vriting in public 
schools, Chilicothe, Ohio. 

G. Covert, Coleman Business College, 
Newark N. .1. 

0. H. Carpenter, DeWitt, lowo. 

E. Burnett, Eaton & Burnett's Busines-. 
College, Baltimore, Md. 

A. J. Scarborough, Cedar Rapids (Iowa) 
Business College. 

J. M. Davis, Waterloo, Neb., a letter and 

H. H. McFalls. Howell, Mich., a letter 

F. S. Heath, Epsom, N. H., a lette 

H. W. Patten, New Haven, Conn., 

Josh. Doyle, Belleville, Ontario, a 
,nd cards. 
C. R. Bales, Bloomington, Iowa, a 

The Coming Convention. 

itor Penman's Art Journal : 
ij't/-— It is not too early to begin the 

which all enterprising t 
;nlry know is to be hel 
New York. There cai 

the Western members, at Jacksonville, to 
the selection of New York, when the die 
was cast, and New York was voted on, 
everybody said that next to his own locality, 
New York was liis clioirc. So wc will 

, which will have here its expression, i 

lent to give us a hearing. 

t we must be iibout il. Eight montli 

suggestions ; and that there 
point or pointe for intelligent 
will here put down a Rw thii 
seemed to mr^ u-nrtlr. ..f .iit.h 

The prf.seut indie 

be very easy to interest 
ts who would be only toi 

) appropriiitc on ucciiaion t 


e country 
lal book- 

nil souiees, an.l all earnest men anil women 

who have anything to soy, and feel like 

saying it. Very respectfully. 

S. 8. PACICUtD, 

Chairman E.x. Com. B. E. A. ..( .V. 

805 Broadway, New York. 

Ames' Compendium of Practical 

and Artistic Penmanship. 

This work, as its title implies, is a com- 

plete exemplification of the penman's art, 

in every department. It consists of seventy- 

two 11x14 inch plates, giving instruction 

and copies for plain writing, flourishing. 

lettering, and designing of every kind of 

artistic pen-work. It lias fui lytwo different 

standard -.u.A .imh i-, ,.nd a large 

variety I.I m nsolutious, 

certiflcal.- lille pages. 

hisir money re 
School Cnn 

y and Display Cu 

A Useful Journal. 

the labor of tbc pupil. The JotmNAi. is 

Mr. Staylong-" Amarintha, thafs a nice , Back Numbers. 

Tb I r V T lo NAL, puliliBhcd 

published for one dollar a year, is handsome 

°filssAmarintha-"Yes. ho reminds me 

Every mail brings inquiries respecting 

1 l" "t mostc\liau8- 

hack numbers. The following we can send, 

ng llie wlrale 


and m others : All numbcre for 1871), c.M- 

business hand 

will be of great use to both teachers and 

T b e profited by 

I' avoid as un. 

e sa and n u I e 1 cense m style 

pupils.-Cutto/K llevieic. 


Wife 1 . ■ ,, 1 , 1 nn.rainif's paper 
tiM 1 , ,M„ im.mA 

numbers for 1880, except MarA. My, Sep- 

TeU your friends, and tell them to teU 

1884. It will be noted that while Mr. 

Ing ^sbdi many r ters assume. They 

forested in good writing, the best investment 

Spencer's writtag lessons began with May, 

argue that not on formlty more 
pl ng h ,„u,b t.M.r 

they can make is to send $1 and get the 
PiiNSLUi a Xm JouiiNAL onc year and a 

mainder i,i l',.ll,' V\ 1,11 llllul.ijl'mdo i'f'you 

the second lesson was in the July number. 
Only a few ciipics of several of the numbers 

augbtb Ob 1 , n „„„ 

splendid ■■ Guide to Self-Instruction m Prac- 

_Hus^and, a business man, Wateh him. 

ewmple on h h i, ., d.ffucm 

forms of one e r u d bu mticasing 

Q premium, free, 

Scecimen copies of the Jocrnal, 10 ccnu. 

Address of Dr. J. M. Sturtevant, 

Iteporled on the Sleno(fraph by M. M. Bartholo- 

other nat ons of tbe c 

|ii'lirir;il t't'onomy was something difEereut 
iiniii Eiiylish political economy or French 
i'^iitiiiil economy, or Chinese. We surely 
ncfd ;i system of economics dififerirg from 
Unit which prevails in foreign nations, hut 
differing only in this, that while their's is 
partially false, cur's should he wholly true. 

I understand from your programme thiit 
this subject comes before you in the form 
of a question. Tou are not entirely de- 
cided in your own minds, as a body of 
teachers, what place it is lit Iliiit you 
should assign to this subject, and whether, 
indeed, it properly belongs 


Now, far I 



me to attempt 
tate to you on this question. You are 
abundantly able to decide it lor yourselves 
without any advice from me. All that I 
propose to do is to suggest a thought or two 
which would seem to me to bear on the 
question of introducing it at all into your 
schools, and how far it should be pursued. 
Of these suggestions you are abundantly 
adequate to judge. 
There are two views prevalent among 

in reference to the nature of this subject. 
One class of men tell us it is not a science 
at all. They scout at the idea of its being 

hie to do is lo cjitcb up such suggestions as 
may occur to the mind in the contemplation 
of the passing scene, tbe condition of trade, 

the other countries of the world. And such 
suggestious as may come from a like super- 
ficial observation of the relation of laborers 

The other view of i 

, and to this I 

ence which ranks in the certainty of its 
principles and their applicability to practice, 
with the natural sciences that are holding so 
prominent a place in the present progress of 
the civilization of the world. [Applause.] 

Now, whether you shall undertake to 
teach political economy in your business 
colleges will depend, in my mind in part 
certainly, upon the view which you take of 
this matter. If the former, I humbly think. 

anything about Kepler's laws ; we can see 
the stars psiss nightly over us in their solemn 
grand procession, hut how much can we 
learn of the science of astronomy V Our 
conjectures are wild of the truth and lead 
to no satisfaMory and permanent con- 

th nipl c 
h zon Ln 


the nterp etat o of then ou 
conclus ons w 11 fa 1 and he of no pract cal 
value They w 11 only lead to hew Ide 
and d zzlc to bl nd 

If 1 owever we are prepared to enter on 
tl e study regard ng t as a sc ence w th 
the expectation that we are going to grapple 

t and troubles from 
t understand it. 

who does not uuder- 
it he might be con- 
sidered well equipped for mercantile life 
without knowing much of astronomy, with- 
out knowing much even of geometry, and 
certainly without knowing much of geology, 
but I cannot conceive that he is well equip 
ped for me cant le 1 fe o for a manufac 
ture s pos t on w thout thoroughly unde 


1 need n order t 

a sj stem of lectures But hen I state ths 
let me be unde stood If t s to be taught 
successfully and the ou^hly by a system of 
lectures t s to take no less t me and no 
less mental effort of the student than though 

t was plwto-ev^raved fram aypy hy A. M. Ilnryk, Grand Island (Keb.) 1 
College. The capitatu were icritien off-liartd, teith no expectation of their heirig 
used for j ' 

with tlie severe Hnd stem facts of a science. 

it were taught by a text-book. If it is to be 

and a great science, then there is no place 

tn,i,L-ht hrlertures, it must be tniiirbt nna- 

where I do not believe in introducing 

lyli,„ll> :,.„! -vn,l„-ii,~,llv II- Ills, |,rii,- 

If you attempt to introduce it in thiswoy. 

!-!l'h~Mr!^'-'ii '"i.i'4i'!i,!!"!.i''iiM'r''|,m 

and in this spirit, another question wiU come 

.■il,l,M,.u-l l„ ,liMii.,-iU ,„i,si,bi,.l Mill, 1,11 

up for your consideration, and of that you 

tbe details wbicli are iiec«s,iry lo Ibi- corn- 

alone are the judges. Tou cannot teach all 

the sciences which you regard as desirnhle 

simply heard ; they must be taken notes of, 

that your teachers should know. You can- 

and every leitliiT most be f.illowed wilb a 

not teach astronomy ; you probably will 

,,„i/ Tl„sh„l,„i i„„-i l„„„ul,.t„ under- 

not undertake chemistry, or geology, l.crausi- 

you cannot give the lime to them wliicli i^ 

I,,,,-, -l„,„ ,.u,l,i,r,- „! 1 „,l ,,f Ibfcnirse 

neccssarj- to master tlum, .ind the .lucstira, 

■ l,:„ I,. l,:,-,„:,-l.r,,l U,;is ,,,■„,■,, |,dre lliu," 

1,,-1„.« .iMleueetbul he lias m..»lered his 

it in a tb..,n„,l, ,„nn„r u,ll b, l.,r in,, 

1 1- k,, I'iiig- 

verycarcfnllv 1 ,lul> in.Mu.i.l. , 1 «,li 

II V ,1 liiivetimetoimdertake the subject 

say.howev., |,„ v,.u ..,. n.,,1,., 

,,! il,i- il„,i,.ugh manner, I most heartily 

although I linl.l il |„ I,, :i>,.ifi„r, .,,,1 „ 

,„iiii„, ml the thought of teaching it, and I 

profound science, •■uid a far-reaching science, 

wish 10 emphasize one thing that I have al- 

yet it by no means requires that amount of 

ready said. There is a peculiar appropri- 

time so to master it as to be useful to the 

ateness, a peculiar necessity Ihat Ihe mer- 

pupil which either the science of astronorav 

ebanl and manufacturer should understand 

orchemisln-ir.,ui,v< Ii ,„:„ br Miasicnn 

..,„„„i„i,s lnll,..s,-!:ieall:,l„„ll„„bb-sl„ 

in very miirl, 1, --I .„,.] L.-urb :ili rMml 

"''•"givMI,. l,n, :,.,,. ,1,1... M,.„, -„,„. 

.1,,',", ',.'-„'l,'„l,'i,';„l„l,.,„'„,",'„„','l „„",'' 

!i me^anlbebfl' 'f^I'T du'hiw iZXt 

is tl.;,l tlie ,„„iml,„is.„ulr,.lli„^- ,1 L-rral 

pre-eminently impiirlant Ihat the merchants 

mauufa.u.ring, em,,l„yiii,i; 

and manufacturere, the tradera of our coun- 

hundreds of bauds, and d.-iiling, perliaps. 

with millions of luoducls anuuallv, sbcul.l 

I am not mistaken the country is experienc- 

understand those laws. How can he venture 

nd u th s el t ons produce i 
1 nd of tbe puhl a presump on ol 
pla ed p esuu pi on that he does u 
nd hem 

hut which is of 

of the nhole 

i( ti\e \<»lcano They dread dynamite I 
do m t w ondci But they do not know that 
th(_ dynamite is under them and it is a 
question concerning which their rulers are 
blind. That question is land tenure. That 
is the reason why things between the Eng- 
lish government and the laboring millions 


i.sts arc all blind and dumb t 

built. Wc may almost claim to be the only 
nation on the face of the earth that has 
such a land tenure, and we ought to know 
it, that we may know the magnitude and 
preciousness of our blessings, and know 
how to defend them. I thank you for your 

Upon motion of Mr. Maybew, of Detroit, 
Dr. Sturtevant was tendered a hearty vote 
of thanks, and he was made both an honor- 

Fine Specimens of Penmanship. 

are richly worth the price named. The copies 
printed on plate paper, 



A New Premium 

The finest and most artistic specimco 

office of the Joubnai. 
plete, io the form of a 
U. S. Grant. The original mcmonal is 
24x36 inches. Copies will be pnnted on 
line qvmlity of heavy plate paper 22x28 
and will be given free as a premium to aub 
scribers, or those who renew their subscnp 
tion, to the Journal. Single copies by 
mail for Jl. To present subscribers foi 00 

Shading T Square. 

prioM Mid dMoripUon, D- T, AMES, 

•nyniTed direoUy from mling done by tha aid of th* 

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tty-four large pages, elegantly printed'on the finest quality of fine plate-paper, and is devoted exclusively 
o instruction and copies for Plain Writing, Off-hand Flourishing, and Lettering. We are sure that no other work, of nearly equal cost, is 

?hirty-iwo pages are devoted to instruction and copies for plain writing. Fourteen pages to the principles and examples for flourishing, 
iixteen pages to alphabets, package-marking, and monograms. Price, by mail: in paper covers, 75 cents; handsomely bound in stiff 
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Vith them agents can make more money with less effort than with any other publication they handle. 


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Vol. IX.— No. U 

Lesson in Practical Writing. 

"By Jove! I would give a tbousai 
dollars to be able to write like that ! " e 
claimed Arthur Stewart, as he stood len 
ing over the desk of Sam Wood, and m 
plain, yet most elegant, lines of script flo 
in rapid succession from the point of Sara 

Arthur was the only son of the senior 
member of the great business house of 
Stewart & Co,, whose capital went far into 
tlie millions. lie was paying bis first visit 

in the absence of a feeling of necessity to 
make his way in the world, be had raade 
his way through college as easily as possible, 
and the above quoted exclamation was an 
outburst of bis sincere sentiments. He 
would gladly exchange bis illegible scrawl 
for Sam's elegant hand, if money could 
make the exchange, but the very thought of 
performing the labor necessary for its at- 
tainment was so distasteful as to forbid the 

Sam Wood whs the private correspon 
dent of the house. Answers to the multi- 
tude of letters that daily reached Ihe boube 
from every quarter of the globe were writ- 
ten by him. and to such as rcyuired special 
information he quickly dashed down in 

of Stewart & Co. for a sii 
writing and mastery of i 
him a place on trial. H. 
upon his duties with the 
faithfulness thai hud cb 
the pursuil of bis studies, 
been fifty iuslrad uf tivc { 

rapid writing mighi 

' jjji.-^*^ /%!<zV^ /^Cc . 


by hard and pe s st 

^r te a good Icf. I 
, snj g tl It on 

tb tl e 1 ar ular facul 

affirm that th s i equally true r p 
other atta nmcnts One del b r 

fa 1 of I ui Is 

D th 


TbeclucatoDal i 


b flyl 

nt L 

leacber if 1 e sc 


t aul 

e n 

ng n h 8 eluc 1 


f naUc 


and as there s not 1 k ly t 1 e ue« deal 
they give up and often app n 1 eek 

equally sens ble idea that ba 1 w r t n^ i 
badge of greatness and proceed at once to 
rank themselves with Webster Choatc 
Greeley and other celebrities 

It 13 "(uch non<!cnse is this that is quitt 
largelj re'^pmi'^ t If fnr r !lv Md teicbiti^ 

ing and pncl.cmt n 
We have ^t ited tli 

t Sam Wood 


was legible, rapid 

nd elegant. 

flow i 

came to be so, we wi 

1 endeavor Ic 


to tbe readers of the 

JODBHi,, by 


tially repeating his o 

My firs 

pracfcew-th pen^ 

8 the pub 


00k a 

guiding my pen. Tli 

the copy-books. Lriiiuiui: al! 

the combined forcaiin ;iiiil 1 
which, as you see, I nr)\v t 

make an intelUgeut effort i 
the subsequent pni(ii<< 
hadnolonly acquii. .; 

of form wii 
while iliL- \ er 

^vho tried it." 
refrain from taking Sam 
I congratulating him upon 

The following sample copies and move- We herewith present a copy of Sam's 1( 

ment exercises, may be practiced upon showing the result of careful practice. 
Sam's plan: I of single small letters in the order of t 

-^v^^^,^^^.^^^ .^^^I'-C'Uy 

There are three, and only three, absolutely 
infallible proofs of a man's' identity— bis 
natural gait ; the impress of tbe ball of his 
thumb, and his autograph. You cannot be 
sure of a man by his face. Faces are poly- 
types, and there are those of every type so 
nearly alike that even a man's intimate 
frends are sometimes deceived. Neither is 
the voice a sure index of personality. Who 

cfVy^^^^t/^-f-^^^a^^^M^.^M^^/^ ifay-;uJ^^'f^Tt^^^^^^^yi:^a4^ 

The letter you will observe, although de- 
viating from matliemalically correct rules 
while not devoid of grace, manifests in no 
eminent degree, the essentials of business 
writing— legibility and rapidity, with ease 

One factor in Sam's success, of which 
he spoke with enthusiasm, we nearly forgot 
to mention. He said. "Very soon after I 
entered the high school I chanced to see a 
copy of the Penman's Art Journal with 

my dollar for a year's subseription, which 
proved the best investment of my life ; tilled 
as 't has b u w'tl pi nd' 1 examples and 
sound encoura ng and h \\ ful instruction, 
s monthly v s ts h ve bee to me indeed 
monthly nv gorator aud m first advice to 
any one w sh ng to lea n o write, or to 
become a 1 ve pr ct cal an 
teacher s o s bscr 1 e fo the Jou 



I know 

: beating 

L block 

outstretched hand. 

or' stranger ? But. 

■e one approaching 
whose walk you have marked before— that 
inimitable natural gait of the unspoiled in- 
dividual — you may rest assured that you 
have made no mistake in identity. There 
is but one person on the face of the earth 
who walks as your friend walks— and that 
is himself. Or. as scientists say, you may 
take the impress of your ink-smeared thumb 
on a piece of paper, and no thumb in all 
creation can look exactly as your thumb 
looks, But, best of all, pour out your per- 

genuity of the wc 
exact counterpart. 

The modern man's autograph is as nearly 
his altar ego as anything can be. There 
seems to exist a subtle sympathy between 
the visible symbols of a person's name and 
bis own mysterious inner self— a something 
which he knows not except as it manifests 
itself in tangible ways. The man comes to 
look upon his autograph as a microcosm of 
himself. It not only resembles bim out- 

character, something of his feeling, his dis- 
position, his traits. It looks to him mfinite- 
ly more familiar than his portrait— that 
stiff, strange caricature of the living man 
that makes him feel wooden and melancholy. 
His autogiaph is not dressed up and looking 
at im object of no earthly interest whatever 
with a simulated smile. It is a natural and 
spontaneous transcript of himself, a self- 
made photograph, a visible projection of his 
own personality. 

Thus it comes to pa-ss that good judges 
can read a man's character, in part, from 
his autograph. Thesecret is !i simple one— 
a man's autograph is like himself. It comes 
to look like what he is back of his outward 
seeming, Tbe photograph only represents 

Gradually, i 

unique, as tl 
It is ahvuv^ 

Its proportit 

s of form 
1 himself. 
y appear. 

G diff-?] 

spirit of the autograph 
is always tbe suine. That indelinable some- 
thing which makes it what it is, is always 

It is not a fanciful or an artificial Uiste^ ^ . 
which people have for collecting tho' . ■■ 

autographs of their friends, 
natural and appropriate ' 
Here we have a gallery o 

It is the 1 

1 the paper. No other hand i 

world could have traced jwX 
preserve the memory of thi.>- 
frieud. Tht-re is a sacred 
ulograpli which i 

taught, possibly, 
least. Youlh is loo uustable, for lunacy ; 
it has DO settled Ufe-alisorbing passion ; it 
grasps loosely, and lets go ; it has not felt 
the frenzy of covetousness which lays hold 
of all things, and lets go of nothing. Youth 
is naturally, religious, merciful, liberal. It 

of money and its kingly 
that it begins to jeopardize 

Time is no, g 

old. i 

is not bonds ; but 

time is us miuh 

as either. It is hard 

to get and 

to retain. It is older than 

gold and an ei 


Bt for nearly every- 

a value on time 


however seldom put 
re more prodigal of 

time Iban of n.oney ev 

n. They often pay 

for tobacco, w. 

laborious retreat 

V If III.. li,.«t lose 

days, tbc ivorM 1 

misers squaiiil. 

' ill, ,lollur 

Time is con 

\Vl..i «. want of 

time is to use it 

we 1 

.mt aljove all to ap- 

predate its intr 

nsic value always. There 


tbat ever will have 

time euougli lier 

T] "] 

wer all the purposes 
> ways in which to 

aiT.lciiili ;iii, „ 

■ii, 11 

land, are among the 

r,™po.ili„E I think we can afford ,o rest 

tbc opc,ali>c,lo reach this, will do well to 

Famous Paper. 

our ca-e with twenly words per minulc 

cct Ihc aid of a drill ma.std of Ihc first class, 

The paper used for printing the Bank of 

We selilom compose i.iid think up to our 

ami pay liinj lor his \ services. 

England notes has always been made by the 

best lime in n i itniL- W'r are told that good 


Portal family, wh„s,. nucsinr ,„nc ,acr 

Spcn,n,iT,«>,h,iL-»il a.lmit of twenty 

do everylbilig in the best way . to also learn 

from Bordeou.v aft. i ll., i,v,„.,t„,„ ,,t the," r inuMin „, k„n,v that it will. 

to do it in the best way. and to do this at 

Edict of Nantes. l.n„_,n, uilj, In.,, Il„ ,,rl 

OurliMi.l. tlic liii-ni.ssmen, askforfar 

first, and insist upon doing it. thus. He 

of making fine p,],. , «l,„l, l,k, Ihcsc ,.f 

more ■ i.qud nnliiL^ .\rc they prepared 

whophksniMi hanil wiitiii^', picks upsciaps 

to pay for it " Tbc s. ril,,-. thev tell us 
must he correct, and fasfi than l«entv live 

and shi.d- ni.l Ml ,,iiirs, will lin. , 1., ■ 

"'■"""" ""!>"""" 11, 1 ',-l'",.l Exceptby 
^,^n_l,.^ ,1 ,- ,l,..,l,,i,K ,i„|,„ssible to ob- 

or thirty. Men arc not , orrcct But u.^ 

ma\ liiV. 1 .iinl piilliii. lu_,tli, 1 «l,i, 1, 

p„ss,l,l,, ,„.„ 1« w,„tl, l,.ll,i.u„ Horn 

"1 l',!"! 1 1,i,..l ,1 I„.>.rst.ike. Every 

be worth n<,thing. it may alsoadmil of speed. 

pi.'ce nf this paper is registered before it is 

ask them to defend their ideas. Spencerian 

but if something better would admit of speed. 

removed from the fianie. an account is kept 

they tell us is too slow. We know hundreds 

why not have it ; finally, in the matter of 

by a locked dial, and every damaged note is 

time and labor, we see nothing better than 

accounted for. being ground up again into 

to put all of the skill, speed and neatness you 

pulp. Mr. Portals paper has a potential 

that is, with decent work. 

can together, and to thus give to your labor 

value, quite apart from its worth merely as 
paper, for it has always been regarded as so 

Some years ago we undertook to reach 

value, to make it valuable and worth a price. 

our best lime on Spencerian writing-twen 

whether you are paid or not. 

essential to a pas.salile forgery that the world 

ty. twentv-tive and thirty words were the 

at large felt perfectly easy regarding any 

residt This speed was reached by the aid 
of movement and drill This speed is not 

A Valuable Lot of Autographs. 

attempts to impose on them through the 
medium of the Bank nf England. This 

practical with the cipyist. for he must de- 


paper— it is, perhaps, needless to tell any 

termine the meaning of Ibc te.\t. Precision, 


one-is quite unique Tested by touch, it 

exactness, and correct work are what are 

About 50 collectors and dealers in auto- 

emits a crisp, crackling, sharp sound, and in 

most desired in our oHices and counting- 

graphs attended the auction sale of the Ely 

color it has been described as " neither blue 

rooms. Rapid work is a good thing— often 

collection, by Bangs & ,Co., of Nos. 739 and 

a most desirable thing-but if to be had and 

741 Broadway, yesterday afternoon. This 

white of a hue that can be compared with 

used, let it be paid for. Don't forget the 

collection was the property of the hite Miss 

no other white." The three decked edges 

pay. There is really a great call for rapid 

Louisa Ely. of Gerniantown, Peun. The 

show the natural boundary of the pulp when 

work Very well , right, sir, right-but 

sale began with the disposal of an autograph 

first moulded. The fourth is left smooth 

always recollect adciiuote remuneration. 

letter of President John Adams, to Mr. 

by the knife which cuts the notes in twain. 

Time, it is said, in our day becomes very 

Graham tor $12..->0. and the same purchaser 

The paper is tough-so tough, indeed, that 

precious-that is with the high lights. This 

immediately bid If 18 for one of Bcne.lict Ar- 

after the addition of one grain of size it will 

imperative necessity of a great economy of 

nold's letters. A missive from Henry Cloy 

hold a weight of 60 pounds without tearing. 

time, by the "men who draw the train," is 

was worth lf(i to Mr Graham, and raie from 

Yet the quantity of fibre in a five-pound 

of course admitted ; but by many it is not 

.lames Fciiimore Cooper was secured for *1 1 

note is not more than eighteen and a half 

felt. In very many walks of life, time is 

by a purchaser designated as " F. H " This 

grains, and the sheet is so thin that erasures 

not so precious now as it was forty years 

latter purchaser bid $10 50 for one of Wash- 

are oftentimes found to be extremely diffi- 

ago. We may say very likely the great body 

ington Irving's letters. $10 for one of Presi- 


of the people have more leisure, and so, of 

dent Lincoln's, $6.50 for one of President 

But what constitutes the main safeguard 

We are told that in c 

' the use of pencil 
r days of steam and 

Mnnrne'fl, $8 for a warrnnt signed by Queen 

Icoi-ge Wasliin.L'toii in 1797, sold 

of the bank is the "water," or. more prop- 
erly, the " wire " mark, that transparent de- 
sign which can be instantly detected when 
the paper is held up between the eye and the 
light. This device is obtained, as all water 

apart from the pains and penalties whi< 
attach to any attempt to circulate forgi 
I, it is a very risky game to imitate evi 

up 1 

Agent for Canada. 

Suppose then, my frieud, that wu 1-, 
at the bottom. We reach the pen ; m.. 
how about stationary rests and finger mm 
ment ? How about modern copy-books m 
public school practice 1 Your writer of i 
day writes up to his speed of thought ai 

e infinitely greater dispatch 

IT publicationsat 
t that our Cana- 
a liberal patron- 


Science of Business. 

li..I.or.e,i l.y r O. Porter. 


The s 

ieuce of business 

is perhaps the 

It comprises nil 

there is of ih.- 

ou upon the earth— the theatre of 

his acliv 

itics— the occU])ali 

>n8 upon which 

he is d< 

„ iidnil r..i lii- -11 

violence. This 


,ri. rl„. r,-nll nl 

..ntural condi- 

the coi...tiiNii-n Ml ill. .;,ii!i. Mull is a 
part of lliL uai 111 . lie^ lu spriug from 
the earth, lit feeds upon it, she nourishes 
him, ahe ia his mother. That we should 
love life, feel attaclied to the conditions in 
which wc live, is but natural. This tenacity 
of life, this fondness for esielence, stimu- 
lates us to those efforts without which there 
can be no life, because human life is the re- 
sult of human endeavor. In the sweat of 

■•The earth was without form, and void, 
but the hand of industry changes the aspect 
of nature and makes her subservient to the 
wants of man. The paradise; of which we 
read is a thing not of tin' ji;i>t, i^m i.f ihr 
future; it is tobc creiiiMi— ii i- in ii, tin 

which has been furfoiM I, im a i|,ii,^ uln. h 
istobe iraiii.'d K i^ Hm n■^^,L^.I m inii . 

being do; 

the far off future, 

tions ol 
earth, s 

Well, And inquiring minds arc directed t 
the acquiring of a knowledge of the uses ( 
the world with reference to human attah 

utilize the world ; lo turn it to profitable 
account in supplying human wants, in 
evolving out of these things the condition 
of life that is the best possible. These pro- 

centuries. When that idea is applied to 
use in improving human society great 
changes are wrought ; better conditions re- 
sult, as in the discovery of the steam engine. 

That is ait .\. ill. ni .A.ini|il.' nf the revolu- 

gard to llir i-M . - Mt iinhnr ;iiid their ap- 
plication 111 lin-ilirvs 'I'lir lnisillCSS WOrld 

world with a healthy orguoizatiou to make 
some effort to sustain himself in such con- 
dition as will make life worth living. Not 
content to live simply, he has a desire to 

to improve I 
teaches that 1 

which you are to enter, and will enable you 
to occupy positions of the highest useful- 
ness and responsibility in the world of busi- 
ness, and make you ultimately, in the best 

A Pertinent Inquiry. 

YOUNGBTOWN, 0., Oct. 23, IBSr). 
Editor Penman's Art Journal ; 

Bear Sif—A& we are hearing so much at 
the present time about "rapid writing." 
■■■-(riitingbcginnersata rapid rate," I would 
lilvi. ilu?.e people who advocate what they 
M.iLi In consider a "new departure," to 
•■iiii'' in some future number of your escel- 
lent paper what they consider rapid writing 

doing my work 


Yours v.ry truly. 

W. F. Lyon, 
Supt. Writing City Schoc 

Remember, you can get the JotoiNAL c 
year, and a 75-cent book free, for $1 ; o 
*1 book and the JotmsAL for *1.85. : 
your friends a favor by telling them. 

Teaching Religion. 

whi-ii Ir- diud. ihiiii llie day-school tearlic 
is when she sisks how old Washingtmi w.i 
when he was elected pre-.idL-nt. 

The kind heart and 

■lause it is opened by 
'(.ripture and a fornuil 

The Bible may be t 

led with bad boys, and could not 
le reason. " They say their pray- 
night, and when they object I 
f( ' That was to him reli-ious 

by whom, or 
•School Journal. 

one wishes lo send a formal regret lo a for- 
mal acquaintance who is not supposed to 
know of affliction in the family. Then the 
black border does away with all explanation. 
Thc.';;iTiir is true of black bordered cards. 

The Aim of Education. 

that family. Father, mother, t 
ter— each is waked up till, ere t 
another family is led up out of the great 
prison-house where the lower orders of men 
have groaned since the fall of man, into the 
life and joy and strength of a self-reliant 
American life.— Fnm addreaa of Hev. A.D. 
Mayo, at Kanscm Affricultural Cotkg/t Com- 

Learn to Write : 

ows a coarseness in the n 

;er. It is 

st years as nothing e 
can. It is certainly true that perfume 1 
gers in paper as in nothing else. It is s 
that, even to this day, the wood of the di 
which the Empress Josephine used, at SI 
maiaon, is scented with the odor of viol 
which she kept always about her, and 

should be regarded by every one who desires 
to take decent rank in business, in society, 
or in any refined field of intellectual energy. 
— Chronicle- Telegraph. 

Ames's Guide. 

If you desire to have the very best aid t 
self -improvem*' T.I in prirti.itl 'md artistic 

.,1,1 Prac- 
Mil paper 

nn. \. I.,.,n,ii ill thick 

Isbing and lettering, and how to learn. If 
you are not pleased with it you may return it, 
and we will refund the cash bf return mall, 


( \ ! o Id not re ii 

tudeut to do tb t 
lie to do emploj ni, 
tenal v,l t be d 

ule t nd that copes vbetber u copy 

pend un pu de or embell sli ng 

es of a penra n s p per are ntendcd 

Tl e nuirer Ibey pproacb 1 
student feel that he s gett ng 
from a 1 V ng breath ng w d 

educ t on 1 journals would f bej 

. t onf on al out the nal r t 

1 nal out th minn r 

dra b h If 
tl e pen nd 

J St at bad 1 tho\ from 

' ecuted n uch a 

1 than a teacher of pract c 

Curious S gnaturi 

Ithnk tsSmmons sadtl 
expert of the treasury aa be la ( 
magn fy n* glass and wiped h s > 
II landke b ef H b d for t 

tbeNe^\ ^ kbank 

,t another draft 

gtb of tb s he sa d s regulat 
wdthof the paper on i\bch t s 

i gnature we get on che . 

degree of &i I i 

There si I i i 

s mposi. hie to hnd u h t h h 
slowly n order to get the letters pa nf dly 

L u h moderately 

of Ben Butler and Hor ceGre le> a 

» part cularly bard to make out 

make a record of it , so that whenever we see 

ible and adopt t tl n t r 

What s the eaa est s gnature to forge 
One that s extremely bad or rem rkally 

Tb rd Vud to AV 

k ud Ihey 
Tb b s a f ac 

Wast ng and Sav r 

People as a rule are n tb 

estrava"-ant u tb u e of s a 

lb n„ to thro nto 1 

half sheets lb t n b 1 lo u 

for many purposes V v y I 

no one will need to he u feed to keep t up 
Never 1 urn papers to get r d of them only 
burn them when t s necessary to lestroy 
them and when needed to 1 gbt a tire — 

The postal department 
ample n the cr z) 1 tt ( 
a rd For pul 1 

Genius vs Common Sense 

There are never mo h n hve or 
men of gen u n n ig but f tb w 
un te 1 the world could not d bef 

Place before tl e un ted five o men 

Gen s and common sense can be * 
nc 1 1 t they are not dent cal and a 
I o has everything but common sens 

: books Uustratcs the 

! B bn n brolhe 

d dd ply n p 1 
f b po d onlj 

kno vled^e would nil b m t cd b 

fore k ngs As they journe e J they >-a v 
the scattered drj and unbl cbed 1 on of 

Id Tt 
1 ui il 

But b r Uj 1 d be a end ( 

ee unha ned and re 
f Benjam u Franl Im 

t tb apab 1 ij to apply 
b> o m ans common 

Back Numbers 

Everj ma I bnnjjS mqu nes respect ng 
back numbers The follow ng we can send 
and jio otbe-s All numbers for 1871* es. 

P T n a y May and \ozember all 
sfor 1880 except ^arc/ J // ^p 

$4 or any of the 

Michael's Piracy. 

with those upon pa f In i I I i 

nated The design on [ i < > ml (\ ui i 
for Michael several vuirs Mute ami ncuI 
him a photo engmv ed cut of the origioal 
we hold, every liuc of which is from our pen. 
Michael having crudely imitated, with pen- 
cil, the design. Of page 60. we hold ihe 
original copy, every line of which is from 
our pen ; also compare the first flouriah on 
page 47 with a flourish given above, which 
was published in the Joi iinal, llie original 

we hold. Pages '>;'-:•>■ n< l:ikrn f; :i 

work published by lw.i||i a i;iji \ii 

some Ihirly years siiif . f „ '.:>■■- i ,'ll^ 
copied from William^ .v I ■... i,.i:,i - (,-in- 
Pftge Wis from WilU;illi^^ l',KAa,.i M..iiiile. 

33 and 51 are ropitd from the Spcncerian 
publications. It is safe to siiy that ihree- 
fourths of the euliit book is ])inileil from 

upon those whose skill lie has filched, and 
through which he seeks to aggrandize him- 
self as a reputable author. 

TIk aim cut lem plwto engraved from ■■ The Penman's Pairadm,- by Knapp <t BigUmyer. Umpare mmMiehati; 
*' original" work, page 58. 

ifrom OUT petirand-ink 
eopi. Campm-e trie mmt mth MldimVa • • tteat, " 
page 47/ taeamre the emu and count the Una 

How the Presidents Wrote 

Good wiiline IS In no iiK m-. i situ i 

Juffersr 111 I 

Monroe signed Ins nanu in ungUs tat so 
plainly that lie n ho ran could read It looks 
cold and reserved. It has not a flounsb too 
much, and reminds me of that of Senator 
George Frisbic Hoar. Andrew Jackson 
wrote a bold, open hand, and punctuated 
his letters with entire correctness. George 
Ticknor Curtis says, in his life of Buchanan 
just publisl,(.,l, "ilial .!,„-l!sn„'s handwrit- 
ing was licit,, ilisi, \v,.i,.i,rs: that he 
spelled conv. Ill Hi:, I li, ui., I,, belter Eng. 
lish than \V:,.|,in,-i,,i, ,,,,,1 ,i,,,t as to 
George 111, ti, 1, 

Martin Van Bureu ivrotc an exact band, 
large and round. He did not like 
letters, and would, it is said, walk or ride 
twenty miles to see a man 
his ideas down in black and white 

William Henry Harrison was one of the 
best posted men on history of his t; 
his writing is classic. Tyier wi 
free, open hand, all curves nnc 
and he was next to Garlleld the 
wbo ever sat in the Presidential chair. As 
to the signing of his name when be came 

^^ ^5^j^^Sf ^^i-r^T)^ 

anj hs p 

»ud I tlcKland Uatle 

The Water : 

Drawing Lesson. 

sli!iirsave'|:1.50." Tbnt sort of ciphering 
Manrheiitcr\y. U.) Mirror. 

But never glldeth back aga 

For Eolden years are fleeting 

s'^Hkd life t 

page of readii 
newspaper oi I 

iu leisure hours 

pared s 

Educational Notes. 

OOO —E2 

Dr Butlu ^\bo ri 
mnstersbip of Hirr 
$jOO 000 IS the most 
teacher m ^hc world 

Duimg the past year five 
have been founded in Dakota and several 
more are projected — Anel 

\a\L Collet,e opened with the largest 
ticsbniiii ctiss ou record— 160 entered the 
Vtiidimi nd 90 the Scientific depart 

(), nt/ the fimous palace built by Jay 
Cq kc has become a young Indies semi 
Dar\ It cost $1 000 000 

The amount annually paid to the teacher^ 

tliaimccv DciKw saj 


11 1 1 utofticU 

umdrcd Vm 
The citj p 

re people tl, 

long been a dt-s / / 
possible toba^c one uitl 
one solely devoted to c 
this way one may make i 
to suit out 8 individual t 

first acquaint inte n itb it ga^c 

couraged to make scrap books and old per 
SODS should find them aUke sntcrtammg and 
useful. Managing houscTv ives do endca\ oi 

PittjJmrg Iclt/rapfi 

Specimen copies ( 

which teaches d 

s . Because t 
■etura is 
> $1.50; 

e of testimony of what s 

«'as told that it was caused by a cricket, 
when she sagely observed: "Maiiima, I 
think he ought to be oiled." 

'Mamma," said a precocious Httle boy 

Educational Fancies. 

fin's d 

3 account-able men. 

What word is there in the Englii 

of five letters, which by adding two 

guage, ( 

shorter ? Short. 

It rutlKT does si 
president to spea 
"dude" factory. 

Professor.—" How dare you swear before 

Student.—" How did I know you wanted 

Somebody speaks a good word for Vasaar 
College girls. He says they cannot wri" 
poetry. Parents should send their daughters 
to Vassar to obtain an education.— iVo;-m- 
ioipii Herald. 

A prominent mathematician's wife h 
presented him with a pair of twins, He li 

ness. with two to carry. 

Two w balers arc wrecked lays a r 
ing paper What is the matter witl 

hool teatbtr 

Instruct 1 
ittle book 

.Mil do ;nd 1 
e Hfeure ti,ht i 

50 000 cat skin 

most indignant tone 

uni — u as any one been at tuese pre- 
es?" Dead silence. " Have you toucli- 
;hem, Jimmy?" Jimmy, with the ut- 
t deliberation—" Pa never lows me talk 

Where do vou come from ? " Little 
-" What ! Don't you know me ? Why, 
eal with you. Ma had a baby from 

Yesterday a little baby sister 

The antipode of the I 

V Phil I leli 1 la M} was asl cd if be ever 
piaved in chuich and mswered Oh I 
I player like all the rest do just 
' iiis Indeed re 

queii t What do 


Instniction and they arc not satisfactory 
you may return them and we will refund 
i entire amount paid 

1 the left h lud ( t rot r and his residence in 
the right hand corner A young lady a card 
whether the eldest daughter Miss Smith or 
. youngest daughter Miss Alary Smith is 
wo by three and a half inches in size all 
engraved m round script If people are 
truveling and moving about tfaey have no 
address engraved on their cards. 


Publinhod Monthly at »1 p«r Year 



New York, Novemb 

The best Penman's Paper in the World, 
Let it hi- reniemlicred that the PENSt.vN'f' 

Villainous Writing. 

I M-nn, at Si„gSing 
for ten years. He 
w)ia undoubtedly 
the most merceniiry 
and reckless opera- 
disgraced the tiuan- 
Metropolis ; a very 
Ward on trial. fi»r«rliie '"'"?« share of his 
^•"NaiwIeonlo''"Tr a n s a c'- <'P'^''»^>OtlS being 

tioiis" founded upon a 

purely mythical basis. Millions of dollars, 



the money to he 
drawn upon the de- 
posit of a fictitious 
check. These are 
onjy specimen 
make up the enor- 
■ant & Ward failed, 
millions of people 

been brought to light in all the 
tupcndous robber- 
ted him and were chief among 

propriiilol'ii ilnrluwn wniilfl lie exceedingly 
bad for the clergyman ; and the coat that 
would best become the counting-room would 
be sadly out of taste at a full-dress party or 

the moat luxurious known, while a distance 
of 20 miles through by-ways or trackless 
wilderness would have been a full days jour- 
ney, andhis restingatnight wduld have been 
in the open air, or a tent Iransported by him, 
for in those days there were no public high- 
ways or hotels; for obvious reasons his 
.iourney would be confined to the hours of 
day light. The modern seated in a cushion 

with < 

is transported by n ght 
hour. Did the an 
sage any distance t 

telegraph, telephone 

with a stick, cla i shell or 1 okt it s rf ice 
slowly and poorly w th a w den j lou-'h— 
for in those days there were no roo ploughs 
not even a spade If he sought wdd game 
he did so armed with a cJub or bow and ar- 
row, all the while in fear and danger that he 
himself might become the game of some of 
the more formidable of wild animals, for in 
those rhiys tliere were no Winchester rifles ; 
a single lion or tiger could have over-matched 
half a score of Mcthuselahs. Having been 
successful and secured his game, before Mrs. 

quiied to generate tin- from the rubbing 
together of two sticks, unless perchance it 
had beeu preserved in the embers of a prev- 
ious occasion, for iu those days there were 


Check Drawn by Ward on toe Marine Nationai 

Fraudulent Check. 

t vs. Modern Life. 

Writing Viewed from Different Stand- 

resembles the copies in the particular 
books he uses, is far the handsomest and 
Ply your inquiry to the skill- 
ful writing-master, and pointing with true 
professional pride to his specimen sheets, 
re, like Roman athletes, grace of Hue 
accuracy of form vie with each other for 
"There," he will tell you, "is 

liors, and listened to their traditional stor- 
, for in those days there were no books 
schools, not even a written language. 
f Methuselah hiid spent his !)()() years to 

lirst iidvaiita.L'e ill travel, journeying at 

while his clothing was the skins of anir 
second-hand at best. 

When Methuselah journeyed he did s 
foot or astride an ass, the latter mode h 

Surety by Mail. 

Parties ordering books or merchandise, 
from this ofBce. to be sent by mail, would 
do well to add the small sum of 10 cents, to 
the designated price of articles desired, for 
registering same, thereby insuring their safe 

Business Writing. 

as the best forms for Ihe letters and figures, 


Pronnising Situations 

were made upon the hlackbo rd «s follows 

October «lb 118 -The Spnngffid 




(Oh 0) Commr nl (In 1 a ■! W Id ng 
1 11 p 1 1 n 1 1 n hey 
dd t 1 1 11 II 

N 1 II 1 n 

lad f 1 111 If 
the Spr n field 11 b s b ol n i 1 


Boston Nov o (Spf ; to \ r Tnlmne) 

For bus ne s or count ng room wr t og 
n ts sir ctest sense there can no more he a 


—For years the pol ce h ve leen rece v ng 

compla n s of ero s oung men nd 

^11 11 1 f h r 

standard than for the sta re and phy oj, 
nomy of those who w te t 
Even those 1 o h ve learned to wr te 1 j 


graduate of Nelson B s ness College t 1 ° 
cty Theweddngtookil e at 11 1 1 1 n 

res don on CI f 14 111 11 

th n 1 u o f 1 am t be an 1 lio 
b olb 1 u u lly tl e 


?b' ' r '" , , '-^ 
Tl 1 '0 

wm b nd 11 1 Iv 1 df 
t r t" 11 11 lb eu oaments 
nd 1 1 f In nb sncssand 


ondl b tbu 1 b 1 
by Re M Ito Ilamn 1 pa tor of the M 

i d 
ifl 1 " 

1 f 1 111 1 ho 1 each of 

/ / 

LooloutM E Chuch ear Cnc nnat 


to 1 d 

1 1 11 nee »s bus ness 
111 n h cboolhoy 

Tl P \ T Nil 

t 1 lut 

1 1 

nhcb f e d en son by e eral of le 

11 g 

Mil 1 e nbeuoh ed 

men ler ne e he 1 ly a] pro ed bj the 

' 1 I 1 1' 1 n 

1 1 1 d for B nc 

assor t on and a una mous vole of thanks 

III) 1 ' '' 

W 1 n qual t es 1 cb 

tendeedloMr Vnc fo h s ntrestngand 

n lb jr ut nail good vrt ng Fnt 

pract cal add ess 

mostol"tl 1' 1 ' n 

t n u 1 bcle„ 1 le Seami it must be wr Iten 

If 1 J run t must be graceful 

331 Cords of S Iver Dollars 

w 1 n °al i i ' 1 " 

ndbamonous n ts appearance 

Tda" s's 'a 1 II 1 ' 1 

To be leg blc letters n nst h ve clear and 

"ill 1 sT 

t on lo do so I 1 1 1 11 

d St net ve forms To he rap d lb re n ust 

1 11 1 1 acb 

of no spec hi . 
that wl ch 1111 1 i[ 
call who 1 1 1 1 1 1 In 

1 c R »< economy and s mpl c y of form 

1 v onom\ V n u tl e ent re obie ce of 

1 1 11 1 1 41 J 5 

*1 1 S15 

li 1 ttee trelessand 
1 1 11 nparted to the 

It 1 I 1 f 1 
tbel b 1 111 f I 
300 1 1 1 n b W 1 t 11 nun nt 

1 1 ur mpresson 
111 Id d vorce tsclf 

\?1 ■ 1 ' l' \^l 
^'?,'l 1 ' ^co 

jcul b 11 on of the s les 
of 11 e f r n a d bn e s (here llr Amc 

W bo t n nto Ih t ne 1 me t of 
the s Iver juesl on ve bo Id th nk tb an 

tself t m tht acb eve a much more env a 

in \ 14 e 
A \ 1 40 Lmma 
M dl 1 

expla ned fully the o ments and i roi e 

ample supply of dolla s that nobody s pleas 

ble fame 

po t on a d 11 t Ic 1 the r relal ve ad 

ed to take n place of a p per dollar yet 2 

11 1 PI nd 
, d f n 1 I 1 1 n onlj 

I , 1 11 1 1 n of he 

II 1 11 1 1 u tij 

000 000 month are be ng added to the pie 

Books and Per od cals 
Se en Lesson n Sp 11 d„ s he 1 le 
ofal lie look nl H p e 1 Ij ss d 
by W 11 an s (. H fill 
( N 1 ) Bu 1 I 
leadn rabl 1 

ehool 1 n 1 1 1 1- 

The G ant Memor al 

On notl er pa e s -n n a cut s eitly 

el d f om on ne Grant Memo 1 

nh b 11 „il tol h phed anl 

nil d on bn be y plate paper 

Whenc r 1 III or 

mtpes los tthe t n b 

f hade n n 1 ell 1 th 
mu 1 f h t d nbl nl d d 
w n h t n 11 n 

no f I 1 I 1 I 1 tl e 

p nl 11 1 n n leg n appea ance 
and b 1 p p Ij t me 1 n 11 be 
wo b r 1 1 n hon e ehool room 

n p 11 nfc tl 

rules for then f 1 1 
pagesofahreva 1 
use nb ncsandelsewhee It s ce n 

iul 1 rs 
a 1 11 1 hool 

b uld 1 1 1 tl f 1 f 

ly commendable vork 

wl 1 11a 

til n d loin 1 \ 

1 1 II 

h 1 k sa huge stack of II 

I f d 1 

, n 1 n ih f oltl 

\ 111 11 

/ 1 r can have the s tuat on 

1 1 

1 1 purpose 10 ment 

k nof 1 1 lb 

11 1 11 1 1 1 1 

1 1 ce I ave b en so ove t 1 

N Cher cin 1 now that all 

de u e of the on I n d fo e nd f n 

r mun t s nl fo 1 u 

lu oomldon„ We 1 n 

It 11 h c pable or agreeable to 

t r mo eraen to e c ute nsbad d r t ng 

agents pr ces 

1 anks to the nders nd v 11 try d 

would he employera 

In e e al nstan b b have come under 

U 1 1 some gen s shall have d scovered 

The K ng CI b 

on e proce i by •» h cb bra ns ndu try 

affl 1 d b b an, f on Ih tea an 

f 1 1 and 


ntegr 1 o he n a el n enl f 

neb If n n u 1 

Our enterp IS ng contemporary the Pen 

succ s 1 iildo liilu 

1 Mr 

m ns Gazette of New -iork makes large 

are n 1 1 i 11 

lb T , lie n 1, 

11 1 1 1 r 

pron sesforlhef t e 1 s to be enlar(,ed 

d re t I f ,1 

o he to be rae t 1 

li 1 1 1 It 1 alue 

anl le 1 i , e n e sed to $1 

and u 1 111 1 1 of 

nu h c un form ly n form s ie shape 

of tl Jo a op t a d to b 8 

be 1 11 nd 

si n 1 ne and flow of mot on wr t ng tb s 

Tl 11 / ,11 btdatChcago 

s 1 11 1 1 Id 

on rue d 11 asamisspresent a peas 

The Queen club numbers (/ Hy-om and 

111 1 w the best pen 
n I 1 1 offl e It s 

w th 1 11 1 nd 

n I to al effect and cause the beholder 

n b I llo^a 11 eeler P nc pal of 

oth 1 1 1 1 ra n 

at a glance to pronounce t elegant 

tb 1 1 1 1 of Troy Con 

vultue 1 tol e M , yn pn 

the redul ty of th r fello s 

vr 1 n„ 8 car 1 ssnes i e sons p «s ss d of 

11 111 mbers inc ty 


tl lu t kll f 11 ool vrters 

tl 1 1 V C Tones penman 

L NG6 LLE Ob Nov 188 

Ames Compendium of Practical 

f 111 11 11 or 
11 11 llful 

at be H 1 uB nes College C nc nnat 
Clubs of somewhat smaller dnensons 

In be Jo Ii^ L f toher 18 o Prof 
Am eem h nl 1 n s rj to defend 
the on f h Pc k s AnT Jotn nai. 

and Artistic Penmanship 

Th s work as t t He mpl es 3 a com 

11 1 1 k 1 f h 

ind s n^le subser pt ons have been s f 

pi te ex n, 1 hca on of the p un an s art 

11,1 b 1 11 ul 1 ol 

flc enllj numerous to e nee the gro v n„ 

Tic r 1 1 

Ine e 1 p It c 8 8l=.of venty 

popular ty and ^ ccess of the JotitNAL wc 

1111 1 1 fe 8 u t n 

To I n 1 1 ked the pone or 

return to all our ea nest tl anks for past 

ne of b P 

1 I flo sbng 

k 11 n 1 II Ih e m „bt 1 so ne 

favo s and si 11 hope to ende tl e f ture 

1 11 J k nd of 

a a hi f hernoldo gso but 

ssu 8 of tl e TomiNAl, such as lo com and 

of°tl e Dubl 

I 1 If nt 

for tbo e I ossess nj, all the requ s te sk 11 

tl e r com n ance 

noth n ft th 1 d o u f 

si 1 te 

and power to destroy the Icnb 1 ty tl ro gh 
sheer caielessncss there can he o excuse 

Another Penman s Paper 

e er eV ctTo''* e"n b "n "" '"" '" °' 


good and cbora ler st e forms cost no more 

II c n k f E r 1 la 

W P Coo 

etc ^^ k 

to make thon do 11 g ble or doubtful 

P 1 1 lied 

prcs u 1 i 

F gures play a consp cuous [ arl n good 

Some Th ngs You W 11 Not be So y for 

any oil r work upon pcnna 1 i r 


Po hea n 1 f j 1 ufc 

before i nbl bed Pr ce by m d 1 ly re 

them too large and heavy figures should 1 e 

CI 1 nhy 

Po Ibnk elefor SI kn„ 

d c d from |5 00 lo $3 50 al 1 h pr 

s all un haded d si n 1 ve nthercl I 
e nd wh n lien col mns for d 

F hoi I n an an„ry tongue 

t 3 lb ch npest book of ts s ze and 
claract pull 1 d 

P pp u the f r to a tattler 

1 1 on scr I lo s care bould b e er od 

The Wr t ng Lesson for December 

P 1 n k d to the distressed 

Al y 1 e on ho or iers I fro n us nd 

til lip oper pi ce 1 rge 

llbegvcnlyProf E K Isaacs of le 

Por be n , al ent to all 

Iocs no 11 d t 11 that we clam s at 

Northern Ind ana Normal school He needs 

For ask ng pardon for vron- 

1 1 erly to at on relurn t o us u 1 have 

1 tiguresaccur lely 

no ntroduc onto our renders bo e cxpec 

Por spe k ng ev 1 f no n an 

h mon y r f n i d 

i,i ,i„i, 1,-1 v.|.l..,s. units under units, 

talions of the utilt dutet will doubtless be 

For being courU-ous lo M.-Pngrmlre 

eic. I,.siiiu|.k-"i « hji 1 be speaker regarded 

fully realized in the coming lesson. 

f i 

g m N - 
ll gth 

Albert L. Jacobson, American Wire Co., 
Cleveland Ohio He y "Ih b 
gr d d h 

gr mp d m h d g 

d B . 

C L R 
h g 
W F J 

series of copy slips ( 

d ds. 
g New- 

d ter. 

p cti- 

opay »1 

a Better Investment 
e JomiKAL one year, and 
Guide to SelMnslruction in Plain and 
tic Penmanship" free as a premium ! 
B Guide contains sixty-four large pages 
llruction. and copies for plain writhig, 
shing, and lettering, and is alone sold 
) cents (in paper covers), and $1, hand- 

tilled with matter intereslini* and valuable 
its readers. Count me a life subscriber." 
C. H, Ashburner, Savings Bank of Balti- 

W. C. Woodford, Bellevuc, Mich. 

T. B. Costello, Unioutown, Pa. 

Geo. Spencer, Mutual Benefit Life lusiir- 
incc Co., Detroit, Mich. 

J. E. Depue, Coldwater. Mich., and a club. 

Chas. I. Rice, Blue Island, 111. 

O A. Felyer. Geneaeo, III, He says : 

the best espectalions are always realized 
ivhen the .lounNAi, arrives." 

A. P. Stoleburger, Fort Dodg», Iowa. 

J. F. Tyr 

, Northiv 

1 Mutual Life, 

Milwaukee, Wis. 

C. N. Faulk, Macomb, 111., and a club. 

J. M. Wade, Valparaiso, lud. 

J. Alex Masters, Hamilton, Bermuda. 

Uriah McKce, penman, Oberlin, Ohio 

H, C. 

I Col- 

jgc, Washington, D. C. 

T. C, Strickland, Commercial Department 
f Clmmberlain Institute, Randolph, N. Y. 

W. N. Yerex, London, Ontario, Business 

Alexander Smith, Chester, Pa. 
W. Heron. Jr., B. & S. Business College, 
ilanchcster, N. H. 
S. L. Thompson, Hockford, Iowa. 
C, E. Webber, Portland, Oregon. 
I. S. Preston, teacher of writing, Kiugs- 


1 Col- 

lege, Moimt Vernon, Iowa, 

Archie Gray Guelph, Ontario, Business 

E. K. Isaacs, artist penman and teacher 
of writing in the Northern Indiana Normal 
School. Valparaiso, Ind., a letter and a 

H B Bry N w M 

New Yo ke s M nd Th Own 

iit-risms, wondering in a passive sort of a 
way where he comes from, whether the 
grandfather of one was as big a man as the 
other's venerated ancestor, and so on through 
the whole list of autecedents and conse- 
(lueiits. until tlu-y meet and pass. And then 
there are ten cbauecs to one that they'll gape 

ap. If 

['leocrupicd gaze of ft 

I lie is utterly oblivi- 
i'ssed upou bis retina. 

Il_ - 

1^ J 

Ah/f^^' ''^ 




BR |gl(E).gNrf 

OFHE a 5 flrmv ^ drukd f)1dk* 



1565 K-'oT ' 1565 --iS/i *''^ i:;gg g ' gij g 4Uiq ' ^^ .,t;, ;^. .^;. ^> , ; r^- 

r«<! aboK ctw plu>lo-engra«i fnm an mgvnal de«i,n txKUted ai tlu office «f lU Jo 


«J n»r plau, pap^r ""'xja and mU be mailed fiee to mi,cnb^, w, a prem„m mm th, JoDimA. 

to oOumfor |1 A UmU dummt mU be made to Agmte who are wanltd m evory On nty m die Unum ami to whom maple coptie 

mil be maUed fm- ffly cent.. 

A Volcano Curiously Formed 

tU interior gases cram| cd for want of 

sides and dripping 

, , 1 

1 volcanic 

r n lur 1 out ii tl l surf it in jets and 

1 in .,mdn tuiaMol im ruption and 
1 r p r , t It 1 1 1 li gnduallr 

Scbo 11 1 It 1 „ 1 f r 

made near Ihe ha 

I and at 

spontaneous!, ,1 tin Ma<un ic fun ii mi 

1 nil 1 1,1 botlom 

tltirni 1 1 

Lehigh county on the top of a ( r t n til 1 

iron cmders As the extreme cru l of ih. 

U "T ' 1 


slag cooled and consequently contridc 1 

utighl 1 


Michael's Slang Advocate. 

For October, fiiiriy earns for its editor lli 
title of "cbanipioD liar of Americ;i." Ov( 
one-fourtli of the entire sheet is devoted t 
the most malicious falsehoods respecting u 

' dust swindles, 

who sought t 
Lebanon. 01 

Verdict.— •' We, ttie Seltct Committee, 
having heard and coiwidcrcd the evicUncc. find 
Oeorgc W. Miehnd (juiltn of immoral conduct, 
and ue further declare that, in our judgment, 
all the apecificationasetftyrm under thegenei-ai 
charge have been mstained." 

" Fbancis Jekperay, 
.TOHK OsBonN, 
Geo. M. McC'rRDY. 
William Stockton. 

press characterized him as a "scoundrel 
and a public disturber," and his manner as 
'•unmanly and cowardly." He was, how- 
ever, soon forced to leave Valparaiso, when 
he went to Delaware. While there, the 
Valparaiso .Vcemnger paid him the following 


would have \m 
would now be 
United States, in 
luring victims 
institution by il 
every student ii 
rageous piracies 
broadcast falseh 

Fine Spec 

There arc . 
Logan campii 

ifl*^ ^'*^®°"*^'y Priufed on plate paper, 
School Currency and Display Cuts. 
All denominations of Collo;;c Currency 
are constantly in slock at the office of the 
JorKNAL. and orders are filled by return of 
mail; also the facilities for preparing all 
manner of display cuts are uneiceUed. 

Penmanship in Public Schools. 

There is a growing demand among the 
patrons of our schools for teachers who arc 
not only competent to teach penmanship. 

been doing nothiiiL''. C'ertiiiiilv il 
pleasant for me to Ltin ..(miiiliuul I 
people in regard to (be neglect of 
portant branch, when I have said 
certificates that their teachers are c 
to teach it. It is either a reflection u 
judgment as superintendent, or upi 

Itentiun. Could teachers 
it pays ihcm to prepare 
prosecution of this work 

there would not to-day be so many teachers 

changing places and underbidding 


The lime for makiim limn i-ln-., - 

aud birds, illuininiilni l^il|| l,[ilii:iiii ,-> 

duly it was to transcribe them. For in- 
stance, Irentcus wrote : " I adjure thee who 
shall transcribe this book, by our Lord Jesus 
Christ and by his c-lnri.Mi= rnnHni: to -jiuk-o 
the quick and the (lf:Hl, ili;it Mhmi i- pjirc 

fully according to tb(.M ..j.^ fnnii wliii h dum 

copy of this adjuration to what thou hast 
written." Every possible precaution was 
taken to insure strict accuracy in the copies, 
and it was the duly of certain monks to 
examine and compare carefully every copy 
with the original. Other monks, again, had 
Xo busy themselves with illuminating 
copies, and others with binding them. 


penmanship are of t 

to understand that dis- 
1 dolly-vardenspecimens 
thinking people of the 

us underrating 
penmanship, but I 
understand that 

ful is in their power, if they will only make 
the necessary effort- and continue in the 
work well begun, though they may not be 
able to execute a bounding stag over some 
precipice, which often appears a mile wide. 

entirely uu lUc (i;i_) ikiivc-d liuiu ilit-ir la- 
bors to kcL-p themselves iudipendcul of all 

In every abbey or other religious house 
the inmates were allotted certain tasks, vary- 
ing according to their mental and physical 
qualitlcations ; but the task that was most 
highly esteemed, and which provided con- 
stant employment, was copying Ijooks. A 
room, called the scriptorium, \\ i- j. , i, K 

duccd the only su 
isis could place 

Ethelwold, and the iv 


was bound by Bilfrii 


vith gold and silvtr 



What Can Be Done on a Bicycle. 
After the races the champion came on t 

one over mto place, and start off. Remov- 
ing the small wheel, ride the large wheel 
backward or forward, Lay handle bar on 

over and get the bar. and start off. He suc- 
ceeded on the third trial and was cheered. 

Then he removed the handle bar, leaving 
only the big wheel which he rode. Next he 
removed the treadle from the big wheel, 
and. mounting, propelled it with his hands. 
Next he stood upright, hands in air, and 
rode the wheel. Then he brought out a 

flat on the f,Tound, suddenly pulling it 
right, springing on and riding away. 1 
was loudly applauded. ~i7fl;-//brrf Times. 

Newspapers of the World. 

literary suow-flaket 

lia.OOO.Ono copies of 

.01 ; Belgium. 59.5 
London Echo. 

The Meaning of Sealing Wax. 
As many of our readers well \s.nov, 
i the fashion now to seal letters with > 

A Contracted Curriculum. 

Approaching some liille school children 
the other day, wc held the following con- 
versation : 

" Well, my little ones, what do they teach 
you at school ? " 

Little one— " Cat, sir." 

" Well, my little man, what lessons do 
you recite first in the morning t " 

"Write 'cat,' sir." 

" After that, what do you look for V " 

"The word ' cat,' sir." 

"Then what next?" 

" Sit up and be quiet." 

"You don't write 'cat' all day., do you ? ' 

' ' Yes, sir ; sometimes write dog, aud then 
sit up and be quiet." 

" Well, don't they teach you your a, b. 

■ \\ here are the other little ones who go 
ng with you every morning ?" 
• Their ma took them away from school, 
she said we all did nothing but write 

The Writing-Ruler has become a standard 
article with those who profess to have a suit- 
able uulflt for practical writing. It is to the 

mariner. The Writing-Ruler is a reliable 
penmanship chart and compass, sent by the 



Artioles, Lectures, CritioismB, and 





O. N. P. 



I N 1 





^/^T^yr/i/^^ C^^^^^^^^^^%^ 





Use tlie Ideal Pens and Ink is Wise 




l^li.moKnipliytboruugtiiy icanitd op n 

young ladlei. Send for oir la/Sv G CuIffIb | JJffiOOO populat 


.'lAi ^!/e?e\S^rD.k^„°i 


he mo kU ul p urn n in h f, ^ j^„ 

Then mpeeadopc ewk 

^ — yfl^\ // >^9J /I 

n b e pub d 

f f^'j/yCLyj^>Cif/'~/y\ ^ 



A nd 

5 mP Cn 


d°hB uneobtand 

p m bpbfmn a by 

an e e e ' ojie il 

b kk p llnd 




' d"t ■= 


D n> 

N I 



n C TXral 
BH Ca 


n" ' 

r ~/^/ /^ ~) 



The Exercises 

M™'|T;,"ih'",Td brin" !\Z 'h"d"°o°f2li'who wl,b'to 
a",'nt«,°A'»etof°°?p!t«l8 rontwlIh°tho Exe?oli»li 

tor 16 coi.ta extra. 

Steel Pens. 



IH' :,:,';:;:: ::',;/::"■. 

Card Ink. 


i','r;M;'m.!iL','u.' '^aii i' . . . 1 , 1 



1 1 '" ^ ro>toI Note.. Money Order, or Po.tage 



c, ?^ 

Card Writing. 





more popular than now and nu d. .iil>i tlio tl,uo is not 

TvOly, N. y. 



Shading T Square 

u repldly u tboM mads hL baa 
toMveD-elffhttuofan Uioh, w)/mBd« horicontaUya 

pftMnt rallng and tTnttiiff T tquare to «T«ry powibls tMl, 
•IgnwL Rwpw-tfQlIy, 0. B. SICKBL8. 

bruohM 0/ drawing to whloh I hiiTe appU«d It. Vb" 

Penmen's and Artists* Supplies. 

m^h.^; '(My mu ^3^ 


Th« N«w 8p«no«'rian Ooinp«ndluiii. Part i, 


' DANIEl't. AME^*^""*'^ "^ 


The ■' Guide " is a book of sixty-four large pages, elegantly printed'on the finest c 
to instruction and copies for Plain Writing, Off-hand Flourishing, and Lettering. We ; 
now before the public that will render as efficient aid to either teacher or learner, in all the departments of the penman's art, as will ihlsl 
Thirty.two pages are devoted to instruction and copies for plain writing. Fourteen pages to the principles and examples lor flourishing. 

grams. Price, by mail : in paper covers, 75 cents ; handsomely bound in «tiff 

e Journal, one year, for $r ; full I 



bound (in stiff ( 

s devoted exclusively 

[,25, Liv 


LAPIUNUM (.ttnne-Chfli). 

Black Diamond Slating, 

Piiil,tl.25; Qoart, | 

Uted and gives Perfect Satisfaction i 

Eqnltabl* Grain and Prodaoa E«oliang8. "*' 



Thil i, univcriaUy cdmilUd lo bl tht bat 
^terial for blaclhoard in lUt, 


Union Business College, 






Adapted for use with or without Teit-Book, 

and the only set recommended to 



Bryant & Stratton 


Deuriptlva Ujti aow iwdj. OorrMpoDdenM UiTtled 
Th. liett Pen In Hi. D. S., and tli. Imt P.mnm u. ih 


,,rirT,'i^r b" rr^7'^^'^" 


AMD lai WauAM Stiumi, N«w York. 


2 1 St Annual Session begins 
September 1. 

New Masoni.- Building. 




Department of Penmanship. 

This Is exohisWely o School qf PenmantMp. It was made a Department of Obcplln CoUece In 
1875, and has, therefore, a standing of 10 years. It has oonatautly rtowh in patronage and public 
favor, and fs now extensively recofrnlzed as the LEADING SCHOOL OF PENMANSHIP IN AMERICA 

The Graduates 
Advanced Pen Art. 

OP PENMANSHIP IN AMERICA Tc all amalm /™m™ »lio hav°e "aciiiilr e'd some skill, throufl. 
the use of compendiums. cheap sclioul short courses, etc. we would say that your efforts are totii 
mendable; but you can afford no Innuer to dally with tliesc very Imperfect helps, but come dirvctly 
to the yery FOUNTAIN HEAD OF AMEMCAN PENMANSHIP, and secure a course of tralninif 
that will eminently flt you for the best and most desirable positions. 

Send for our COMMERCIAL WORLD, (jiving full information relative to Teachers' Course 

MoKEE & HENDERSON, Oberlin, Ohio. 


1 City Business College. Quin 


The ooly Instru- 

nend him. ' im o e ai ^u 'jf *=^'^'";SEROY.'^t^hier!' Flm' NatJona*!^ 

The Course 

Branches Taught. 

"nes8 Penmanship, Spelling, Letter Writing. Commercial Law. Ti 
Promissory Notes, Receipts, all kinds of Bills, Mortgages, Deer 

3 COMMERCUL WORLD, giving full information. Address. 

McKEE & HENDERSON, Oberlin, O. 


tSErj^li^^l b^'*P°^S-'l''*^AL BALANCES. 

THOS. A*RICE, A.M., L.L.D,, 
8-12 aai Chestnut St.. St. Louis, Mo. 

WANTED— Bya Hucceasful experienced teat 
a position in a good Business College in e 








For Sak by all Stationers and Booksellers. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co., 

WORKS, CAMDEN, N. J. 26 John Street, New York. 

The *liiipfod' Geographical 


The^lmpfod* Historical 


Mr. -W. C. BnrliiiKani., „ 

lonlli!), Mrs. H. M. SyKea, Trentou. Mo., a 
ISUIK*'i?^ ??i "'* Kiiluior. -Wauaeon.o., 


27- N. HlBh St., COLUMBUS. OHIO. 

Shorthand Writing 





William,' and Vwi\iui'i(Hm 
Family lUoord, IB^S 

Sometliing Entirely New ! 




J. C. BRYANT, M. D., 

Cou nti ng-House* 3 r 2 " 

The Automatic Shading Pen 


Makes a Shaded Mark of 
Stnffle Stroke. Sample i 
by mall. $1 Circular an 

Instruction by Mail. 

B. p. KELLEY, Penman, 

A Course of Five Lessons in Penmanship, 
by mail, for $5. 

A Criticism or I^twr or Specimen or Writln, 




Spencerian Compendium 

Recognized Authoi'ity for 
Tne Learner, The Card-Writer. 

The Adept, The Sign-Writer, 

The Teacher. The Pen-Artist, 

The Engrosser, The Book-l<eeper, 

The Engraver, The Connoisseur 

Engraved on Steel, from Actual Pen-Work, 

The aim of this publication is to present a Cyclopedia of Pen Art in ts \Mde5t 
range, most varied atiaptation, and most perfect execution. 


Ladies' Business College, 


ELLA NELSON, Principal. 

Pakt 1 

THE OOMPBNDITJM Oomprises Bight Parts. 
-Elegant Script Forms, particularly adapted tor Book-keei 
"-" "-'leges. 


Pakt II.— Devoted to Off-hand Flourishing. 

Part HI.— Bold and yirikiug Forms for Sign-writers. 

Part IV.— Off-hand Spencerian Capitals, mostly new forms. 

Part V.— Great variety of Lettering, from the Simplest Marking Alphabets to the most 

Elaborate Initials. 
Part VI.— A Complete Course of Sixteen Lessons in Plain, Practical Writing with 

Special Scries of Business Forms. 
Part VII.— Varieties of Writing, including Spencer Brothers' Abbreviated Hand 

Itolian Script and Intricate Caps, and Celebrated Back-hands. 
Part VIII.— Of siiecial interest to Business Men, Professional Designers and Penmen 

conlainm.i; double-page Graduated Scale for Construction of Roman 

Capitals, Etc. 

Piice ol the Parts, Together or Separatelv, 
Post-paid, 60 Cents Each. 




Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor, & Co., 

753 and 755 Broadway, New York. , 



is npon a tlioroughly »ysUmatir and 

educational basis. 

M adapUd U> ihe actual and practical 
needs of achooU. 

is in (Kcordam^ with the moat rational 

and approved methods of teach- 


uxl-iiooica u ao com- 
I in its scope and ao 

ita results M KRU- 

D. APPLETON & CO., PubliGhers, 

Washington, D. C, eor. 9th and D Streets. 

.'.H'^.H'".!!!'!'-',"*^^'!,"^'^'^''^ ambitious yoang men and women trom all parta or tt 
< i,-Lrn,i,i,iH,i 1,1 [n, rnintnon branclies. or wlio have taken a scientific ( 
...nijiiijf tti-' pr.i. ii.Mi t.ii^laess couree in tliis College, preparing for buBlnesa 

HENItVc. SPENCE'K.''¥riSlpaf "" 

SARA a. spencer. Vice Principal. 



805 Broadway, New York. 



. Type-Writing 

mplo copy of the i 

' M%^»i 

■B-PBN MDt At I1.S5 per now. 
itlon, 35oftoUp«irJ»roM. Addnu 


(C <yj '-"^- ■"■' ^ — ^ 

$35 00 Made by Investing $2.50. 

.E.CARDCO., 75 Nassau St. 


SAuriE COP? f:ee fob oh: i 



OF ri;.\ MAX Sill V. 



Printer and Stationer, 


Opp. Tribune Building. 


Vol. IX.— No. 12. 

Writing Lesson. 

To 1 

ULansliip Ibiougb tbc Joornal to forty or 
fifty thousand pupils is ceitaiDly an boQor, 
but Iionors are not withoul their stings. The 
torture of being compelled to tell all one 
thinks he knows about penmanship in a 
single lesson, and in such a way that no one 
will know that he don't know anything, is 
excniciatiug to an extent beyond the com- 
prehension of all but those who have been 
thus honored. 

Inasmuch as the readers of the Journal 
represent all classes and nearly all condi- 
tions of servitude, it becomes a difficult 

struct or benefit every member of Ihia 
august JouRNAi- class, but I shall have to 
take it for granted that the large majoi ity nf 
those who read this bcloug to tw<i classt-s. 
namely. Teachers and Learners All iutelli- 

fts there always is. or ought tn be. a recipro- 
cal sympathy between teacher and learner, 
whatever is said to instruct the learner 
ought at least to interest the teacher, and 
whatever interests the teacher ought, in a 

given this point any thought, sit down and 

perfect and imperfect forms. 

No, I think that all teachers who are 
really in earnest, and who hnv'n't any axe 
to grind, will agree that good, systematic, 
accurate letters as standards are infinitely 
superior to imperfect, unsystematic and 
varying copies, both for Bliose who are striv- 
ing for a simple, rapid business hand, as 
well as for those who aspire to become pen- 
men or teachers of writing. I do not wish 
to be understood as saying that a rapid busi- 

ard forms used as copies, but the leanier 
who acquaints himself thoroughly with ac- 

in mind whib pnir, 
adapted to busiucs> 
independent of systc 

■ (usmg the proper 
c a hand better 

; who is practicing 

5 pref erabl 

AVhat i'* s 
and imperfei 

graved copies- 
he admitted that there is a certain life and 

to fail to find iu engraved copies. But it 
must be clear to any one who will give the 
matter a few moments' thought that com- 
paratively few learners can be supplied with 
written copies, especially with copies well 


enough written to be worthy of imi 
Very, very few of the teachers in oi 
lie schools are qualified to write a g( 
curate copy, nor would they have tli 
to prepare suitable copies each day, 
blackboard is indispensable as a means of 
illu^rating penmanship, but blackboard 
copies alone as a rule are not suflicieat, from 
the fact that the learner sees them only at a 
distance, and has not the facility for imitat- 


....^ .^v, .w or printed model on the 

paper right before him, being the same size 
and having the same quality of line that he 
is required to make. 

"Written copies, therefore, being out of the 
reach of an overwhelming majority of pu- 
pils in our public schools, and an over- 
public schools being incompetent to teach 
writing properly without the aid of printed 
copies, we cannot help but prefer printed 
copies. But it .shuuld be distinctly under- 
stood that 'v/^jiV* '»/■( ii<i( f" fdhr the place of 

question, of which so much is bemg he 
from some quarters at the present time 
it would make this article too length; 
discuss this matter fully here, I will lea\ 
in the main for some future article. In 
uld be pleased to have S( 
; teachers of peumanshii 

there be any who are sincerely and honestly 
opposed to printed copies or copy hooks, 
come forward in the January number of the 

There are some who say they discard 
analysis in teaching writing. They say 
they throw elements and principles and pro- 
portions and everything overboard, and 

the teacher, and \ 

pupil, for analysis to the ti 

ntemplating teaching pen- 


tew individuals 

in our profcs 



lieeu trjiug during the 


jears to c 

eate a ftehng 


si a 

CBiate 01 standard torun 

of 1 



that perfect 

copies an 

agonize t 

of a 


ncss hand 

On a first 


*t t 

bib maj see 

mpliusible to 


n w 

Ih good M 

nse who will 



mattci sufticient consid 


ptrbon s individualit\ or ( 

n^A^isr Z3 c u^^^T?. ■: 

^.PROPDHTiaNB.CLAsairicATrojfAj^j, *^i'ff 







/'^'f'^f^(?> ^' 


. 18&% by I.. B.. T. * Co. All riclits r 

r analysis is simply 

iiiiiid dwell oil it as a piece of composite 
mechanism, its components being Hues >" ; 
high, and m far apart, and joined t/ms Ikh 
and IJius there, and slanting so here ami >■■ 

inghow few know how toysclhem. Analy- 
sis enables iis to see belter. It causes the 
eye to wander into llic nooks and corners, 
and to observe tht turns and angles nod 
curves. I tliink any experienced leacA^r 
will testify that a thorough knowledge of 
form is the basis of improvement. In my 
own teaching I have found that those pupils 

; top and two short turns at the base. The 
o down-strokes are straight, parallel, and 
main slant ; the three xip-strokes are 
Hilar right curves and on connective 

of e 

iiK'iiT. This careful study 
. ;ind lines not. antagonize 
ii\ liJr.'K it; and it should 

rable in analyzing a letter that all its 
tcnstics should be brought to hght 
facilitate this the following steps 
2 used to good advantage 

1 1 Proportions 


n ponenis —Right curve straight line 
curve straight line right curve 
7KtiAj— Ithas two angular joinmi^ at 

nan. as a standard or model or guide, 
work. Does a business man have a 
lis office and solve all his 
problems or make his calculations by i 
of longand systematic equations and " ' 
fores?" and yet that method is employed in 


Should it or should it not be taught? It 

are teaching children. NO. It we are teach- 
ing a class of boys and girls who have no 
idea of becoming teachers, eithcrof penman- 


ship or public schoo 
should have, simply i 


of public schools, and are willing to spend 
sufficient time on penmanship to ennhk 
tbem to do a little more tbnn oidiuary pliiir 
work, so that they can cre;itf more iiitiTfsl 

get up independent writing stliools— YES. 

that it is necessary to practice wholearm 
preparatory to practicing muscular move- 
ment. When the object sought is a simple 
and lapid business land— no di jl v U n"- 

can be obtained by excludm" wliult n 
practice When we con<!ider tlul «hol 
arm movement can be used oulj for cipitil 
and flour shiOf, ind that inordinary work— 



he gh and that cap als wice ha 


s necessary to compound movcmeut theories 
o such an extent as to confound the karn 
;r. The only movement that is practiciil for 
irdinary purposes is the Muscular, and I 

Difinitiou — The muscular movement is 

arm, band and flnsei-s, while wi-ilinR, 

In this way you 

characteristics of cac 


lute folly to practice 

ae of tbe requirements of llie muscular 

edge. The Inmrt is 

emcnl is that the arm must rest on tbe 

the mind 1.1,1 il 11,.^, 

, tbe large muscle under tbe forearm 

educnlc<l-,i ,- ■:, , 

forward of tbe elbow serving as a ful- 

capaciij .1 , . . 

n. Tbisisa "stationary" rest, which 

■■intl,.' « .. 

nnt moan that tlK- arm mnstnot change 

haudllu.- 1..,- ,( 

yourselves to death because y.u . 

After you get, say one-third acre 
begins to feel uneasy, let the arm si 

nimble auxilliiiry action of the thumb and 
lirst and st-cond fingers. Don't entertain tlie 

of m.) 

g 1 (i g yb g d 

gT Pl 


\ Ip 

, , m. 

d in n group and subjected 
of some itlnd of press; 

tly d 

k ^''separately, and se''parat'ely 

p n tbe paper, it is easy to see 
88, instead of being quicker 



1 lyli 

11 discuss in ibeir time. Pre- 

Ij b 

gto "blinl printing," which 

h ht,p 

.cethe projection of the ink 

1 It 1 

after speaking of other i 

t movable /f/fers were afterwards 

; placed ( 
d and were made to slide in 
similar plan to some of the 
r the purpose of in 


oaj>ajShdD_ 6'(f^.c£AJ: ^^J■ 



paper at n time, tlu' 
writing being whol- 
' dependent for ii.s 

CnpjTiKhted, 1885, b 


Interesting Libel Suit i 

rase of Raymoud \i. Dod^ 
till the collapse at Pljmoii 
Very able counsel were cuiplc 

the LarJy part of Igy 
for Its improvemtnt but failed to reco\ er it 
Henry Raymond T\as a conhdeDtial deik or 
private 9ecictar> m his oftice "Mr Dodge 
died m August 1882 leaving u ^ill and 
three codicils, giving adetailed dtscnptiou of 
his pos3«sionis and advice to his witt ai tht 

other obligations. Raymond prtsenttd to 
the bank and got cashed a check for $2,500 
a few hours before Mr. Dodge died, the 
same purporting to have been signed by Mr. 
Dodge only a few days previous, and im- 
mediately lifter his death he presented a uote 

(.Vistic distinctions ^ 

of RaymoD&intbei: 

cessfully detected ji 
is probably not exc 
manship in the coi 

II ry. 

skillful in his profession. 

Our report of the above case is condensed 
from the daily reports in the Bost/>n Jo'irnnl 
and since they have appeared our iuleicst iu 

it has greatly iucr - -^ ^ ■ " 

Ames himself, who very 
many of the papers used i 

very genial 

- kindly 

pleasant gentleman in 
social" intercourse, and having thus seen 
something of his methods of dissecting pen- 

Buetou. Concord and iMontr 
this State, was so complete i 
I had scant opportunity to g 
mmcndatiou for your part in 

L- consummation 
ed in the forged letter apparently 
; Mr. Dodge's pniinises of favors 

Dodge foi libel and damages fur $5,U(JU, 
t)e followed by suits to recover the amou 
3f the check and note. This is a mere bri 

The above out was photo-engraved from a Mtfr wrillenbi/ George Spencer, Penman at t 
Albany {If. r.) Business College. Owing ta luck of simo- irt mre obliged to reduce the letter i 
much for iUhest appearance. The letter itself ix a moddofgood. aii^y and rapid writing. 

respoiidt-nce were mi&si: 
letter book of Raymoni 
aged su as to supply th( 

xtraordiuary i 

. Fair 

dead clerk of Mr. Dodge, « itU Ibe ^klllfuUy 
simulated signature of Mr. Dodge, was a 
difficult matter to explain, but was. a pait of 
the machinery of the fraud The success of 
the plotter in creating popular sentiment fa- 
vorable to himsell and prejudicial to Mrs. 
Dodge, by marshalling his associates in the 
railway service, his brethren in the churches, 
his fraters in various social organizations; 
in prncuriu^' the :J;2,500 on the forged check 
in tbrl'Kniniith Natioiia] Bank, thereby se- 

HY Bingham. 

The Writing-Ruler has become a standard 
article with those who profess to liave a suit- 
able oultit for practical writing. It is to the 

JouHNAL, while you can g 
timbers and begin with tl 
v-lniiw Two subscriptioi 

Drawing Lesson. 

Judicious Advertising 
Creates many a new business, 
Enlarges many an old business 
Revives many a dull business. 

grapher and Printer. 

Educational Notes. 

i\b Department n 

Fifteen Anierieiin colleges are now seek 
ing for presidents. 

Tliere ;ire nciirly tbirtecn hundred sch 
ars in the colored colleges of New Orlcan 

Girard College Philadelphia has th 
names of 1 143 boys on its roll 

Dr Morton W Easton Professor of Com 
parative Philology in the Unnersity 
Pennsylvania has studied no less than 
twenty five different languages both ancien 
and modern 

The Zoological Museum at Cambridg 
Mass which Agassiz began in 1858 on a 
gift of |50 000 now represents an mve 
ment in buildings etc of over $700 000 
and has $000 000 of invested funds— Ou 

Of the 308 graduates of the Woman 
Medical College at Philadelphia 14 are 
pinctitmg mcdicme in India or arc on their 


ndred ; 

le aie 6 <J"7 603 Jews in 
Euiope and 300 OUO in 

The Bishop replied 
; is no sex in intellect ' 
ister of Balhol in I 
istmguitihed alumn 
* tbink highly of \ 
;S!)Ois think highl\ 

muie nioiiiy ot you than jou d 

of 133 88o pupils in duly attendance 
New "iork City public schools in 

liere were but 80 pupils 
a decrease of hfty per ce 

1 as the Britiib 
jf\crnor of Pondichtn> the 
Lueli 'Jcttlemtnls ^vasiccentlj 
. ^n\u^ of pri/cs in a ^irls 

The teeth e 
schooK under 

Board t .__. 

e\amined bj the Chicago 

AiiTrf h (j)S hTti 


Educational Fakcles 

iny voyage! 

nmy my son what is longitude ? 
Ihes line papa Prove it my 

Because it stietches fiom pole to 

of Noah Webster . 

The gh( 
spiritual medu 

' p of paper It is lite times 

gone hack on his dictiouarj 

i— How would you define 

Ned— A blind Ethiopian 

dark cellar, at midnight looking for ,i 

olatnbm Du,patch 

L Lake Pro 

The small je-^s fthe dii k s 

skate at a skating iink is alw i\ 
stand up in the curs going h 
some one else his seut — \ 

He called me an ass exclaimed an 
o\er dressed excited dude 

Well > o 1 iin t une so >thingly replied 

The Eggs tha Neve Hatch. 

P Mrs 

The Haipirs paid 

covered that it had been pi 
jears ago \ \ assar girl did 
spirited y 

ted on 

hundred dollars 

foung woman of Cincinnati 

betrothed becau'.e he 

insisted on sending her love letters printed 


They er 

covers It tells you all about writin 
ishmg and lettcnng and how to Ic 
you are not pleased with it you may r 
and we will refund the caah by retu 

L uh \ lU u.^ of p, 
im| i \ I fi II lu lllegibl 

medieal world 

Po ca E onomy 

pend OQ it more than his luxuries cost, were 
such n sacrifice necessary. 

Utility was really no more than one of Ihe 
elements or conditions of value. This value 
was further determined hy limitation of sup- 
ply, or, ns it miffht be called, difHculty of 
attainment. Next, there was a relatioD of 
lahor to value that had often been grossly 

5 say. 

an cn-or. They had only to look into the 
quotations of the market'^, to in(iuire into 
the simplest facts of exchange, to know that 
the cost of production did not wholly deter- 
mine value. There was a tendency for one 
to conform to the other, yet the divergence 
between the two was wide. Sometimes an 
article was sold for twice as much as it had 

third. This was noted by political cconom. 
ists, and Mr. Henry Clay, of Philadelphia, 
announced that it was the cost of reproduc- 

hy reproduction, 
cost of reproductioi 
value t They saw 

, On every hand they saw articles 
1 could not be reproduced for the sums 
fhich they would excUange. What, 
The speaker an- 

tben, determined \ 

m J E ] 

U dm 

Can Y M k a B 

mP m d 

g g 

original design, by Fielding Schofi 
Gem City Busimiis Colleg Qu i 
me of original. 

cally equal to that of absolute 
of supply in bringing about great demand 
and high prices might be produced by a lim- 
itation of supply of a temporary character, 
where the need for the article was imme- 
diate, as in the case of a famished city com- 
pelled to buy food at exorbitant rates, even 
though ample supplies were expected on the 
morrow. At this point. Gen. Walker closed 
his lecture, promising on Friday next to deal 
with the laws of production in their relation 
to wealth. 

Lessons in Practical Penmanship 

The lesson fur .Tiiiuifiry will be given by 

M. .T. CnM-M,;;!, Ahit.i,,, O;,. Those who 

Thu 1-J.iii,u^ i..:..,u uill be given by 
E. L. BuHK-ll of the riovideuce. R. I. 
Business College, and the lesson for March 
by A. J, Scarborough of the Cedar Rapids, 
Iowa, Business (.'ollcge. 


h08. J. Stewart, Trenton, X. J.; U. H, 
arley, Trenton, N. J.; W. R. Glen, Tren- 
-n, N. J.; H. A. Spencer, New York ; R. 
Magee, New York ; L. L. Tucker, New- 

artistic pen-T 

variety of engrossed memor a cs 
certificates, diplomas, head ugs 
etc., etc. We are confident ha 1 
presents to the penman or a i 
and more useful vaciety ot p n w 
any other work upon p nma 1 
before published. Price b} m U 
duced from $5.00 to $3.50 wh 
it is the cheapest book ts 

Back Numbers 

Every mail brings iuqu p ng 

lack numbers. The follow 

numbers fr)r 1880, ■ 

iny part . 
lH the 51 I 

numbers at 10 centa each. 


PiibUshed Monthlj- at SI per Year 




^6 IralSc Pcnmajuii'lp!* or%r ll.ssfo'eopy bound in'^clth. 
foTJfa. " Amea'i OiUd* to Selt-Iiuitraction,'' In cloth, nod 

^i^^f!J'^l'.?S^A^^^^^t^ tl 

Mr. Isaacs' Writing Lesson. 

Wt' invite special attention to tbe writing 

land. It is well wri 

ling common sense views about teacbing 

writing; do more comprebeusive and practi- 

. ;il l.sMin ]i;is ,.\(r iippeared in the Journal. 
Mr I-^;i;ir- lii ;il-^ «ome Staggering blows to 

iMjiiis. ;i^ wril ,■!■, to the opponents of analy- 
li._ iiislriKliuii. The numerous movement 
exLTcibfs, ])Loto-fngraved, from his own 
copy, executed with a rapid forearm move- 
ment, are admirable exbibilious as respects 


1 whole, is c 

and competent teachers uf his limes 

The King Club 

for this month numbers rjtie JmndrrA and 
*;<i!#n, and was sent by E, K. Isaacs. Prin- 
cipal of the Commercial Department of the 
Northern Indiana Normal School, Val- 
paraiso, Ind, For several years this institu- 
tion furnished more subscribers to the 
Jouhnal than any other, but when Sir. 
Tsaacs started the Ghirograph^r a large pro- 
portion of the subscribers to tbe Journai, 

Quack Compendium. 

Almost daily inquiry comes to us, *' "What 
do you think of Gaskell's Compendium^ " 
We invariably answer that it is tbe worst 
piece of quackery that has cursed the writing 
of this age. It is without the first merit as a 
guide to learners, its copies are unsystematic 
scrawls, just thrown together apparently 
with no more intelligent thought than a 
caterer would exercise in gathering the 
scraps after a feast. The forms of tbe let- 



compendium in juxtaposition with other 
copies and instituted a comparison, showing 
by contrast the miserable character of the 
compendium, for which we received tbe 
universal thanks and commendation of re- 
putable teachers and educators through the 
land, and not a dissenting voice that we have 

single reputable and successful teacher of 

commend the compendium — further, that no 
commissioner of education in good standing 
or head of a responsible business bouse will 
commend either tbe style of writing or its 
unsystematic method and manner of pre- 

mendations published are from inex- 
perienced boys, and mostly those whose 
vanity and pride has been flattered by the 
publication of their "handsome young 
faces," and laudatory personal notices with 
their alleged old and new autographs. 

But some one says it has bad a great sale. 
So has Prof. Cureall's bitters, simply becausg 

New Yo 

The Journal for i886. 
The present issue closes another and tbe 
ninth volume of the Journal, and, viewed 
from tbe standpoint of the publi-nher, it 
closes with a belter retrospect and brighter 
promise for the future lljan has any of its 
predetv-vui- Xmiu iili-Liiiiiins the general 
buBincs^ :iimI Mi^.HiM.ii iI. pic-^ion that has 
pervinlr.i iij, I ,],,! ,1,1, ;,_ 111,, past year tbe 

ing patronage and prosperity. No labor, 
pains or expense have been spared to elevate 
and maintain tbe Journal as pre eminently 

live readiuf,' miitl<.-r for its columu.s, places 
the Journal upon a plane high above any 
similar publication in America. Indeed we 

Suppose that tbe different fortns for the 
twenty-six letters average eight, we have 
practically two hundred and eight different 
capital letters to be learned and practiced, to 
say nothing of the variety in the fonn and 
combination of tbe smaller letters. Now, in 
ail fairness, is there a teacher in all this land 
who will stand up and say that to practice 
from such copies is not at best an inexcus- 
able waste of time? Who will say that it 

f tbel 

h orderly r 

I systematic copies 

compare v 

as an aid either to a selM 
instruction? If the venders or advocates of 
tbe compendium have a word to offer in de- 
fense of such monstrous nonsense beyond a 
desire to utilize its sham notoriety, to secure 
to themselves a dollar for tbe investment of 
10 or 15 cents, we shall be gliid to bear it. 
and the columns of the JoDitNAL are open 
to them for its publication free of charge. 

Magnitude and Velocity of Ce- 
lestial Bodies. 

Terrestrial bodies and their motion scarcely 
furnish a criterion by which we may judge 
of, or compare tbe magnitude and velocity 
of celestial bodies. The highest mountain 
upon tbe earth is loss than one thirteen 
hundredth of the earth's thickness, and a 
corresponding elevation upon a twelve inch 
globe would be scarcely perceptible to tbe 
naked eye, while its apparently huge bulk 
would be to that of tbe earth as a drop to the 
ocean. The vast seas that cover three quar- 


yf ^;w, 

y/^ cdcS f7^_ '% '—-«/ 

were diverted, but it now looks as if Val- 
paraiso would soon be restored to its former 
position as tbe banner town on our subscrip- 
tion list. It is evident that writing has 
been so taught there as to inspire a love for 
the art and a confidence in its teachers, 
Tbe Queen club numbers <.;,-■ h,n„},.,] .iml 

it baa been ingeniously and energetically ad- | ters of tbe earth's surface are to tbe tbick- 

vertised, for the purpose of selling to those ness and magnitude of tbe earth as a thin 

who could know nothing of its merits until shcei of paper upun a twelve inch globe 

after purchasing, | Ti„ ,,, ,),-t,nn- . nuipured with the earth. 

And now. if the G. A. Gaskell Publishing ! ^^r, !• , Mh,.;i,I (,f the silk worm. 

Company will advertise with corresponding I! i i.rnslrial nbjects upon 

iuiite and light of astronomy, we 
comparison of this great earth 
\ other celestial bodies, the earth 

nude to appear insigniticant. Tbe 
i lo our vision, appears trifling in 

locates nearly 100.000,000 of 

Lave iu lhci«,st lent llieir^MM 
numbers of iU subscribers, a» «.. n. 
mony wlio have contribulc.l i. 
columns with thought, or emb,lli-i, n- 1,;: 
with art, we return our tbanlis-oi,lv hop- 
ing thai their cfTorts will be no less valuable 
in the future than in tbe past. 


have either failed lo give Ibe thing thought- 

mull ,,l,>,rvali..n anil e-'i perience of teacbers- 

" ' ■ "' bc-re reproducein fac 

■ 1 - and mostly miserable 
1' in given for only three 

Here arc lai .liffcrcnt B's, »i,n< dillercnl 
M's, >« different J>s-each so essentially 

about the same practice lo leorn lo make as 
though each were actually a different letter. 

growth out and nearlv a- i 
moon as that is from tla , 

American and French Journalists. 

We have received from tl.r- Tr iv.-l,-,. Tn 

surnnce Co-, of Iln,u,„.| i ,, , , 

two very interesting- ni : , -,_ , , , 

ing portraitsof thin,, 1 
nlisis of America, nn,l n„ ,,il„ , ,,.,,„„,„ 
representatives of the Parisian journals 
They are Une and interesting pictures, and, 
of course, an ingenious advertisement for 
the largest accident insurance company in 
the world. 


With the |>resenl number, many thous- 
ands of subscriptions lo the ,Ioui.NAL will 
expire, II is our bupi- th:,l it has so f;» en- 
deared il«flf ir, ,,.,rli =„■,., ril-n Il,,,l lK;,b- 

ucd tr.,-„>l ,,-u'im'. ■, , ,.| ! .-',!,! 
lonclin.- ,..;.,. -..,.,;:, ,|„. 
patch tu, in. „il.,.„t . I,nl ..,1,,,-rin 

Were earths strung one afle 
beads tipon a siring, 12,000 w 
sary to reach to tbe sun, and 
made to reach around Ibe si 

journey l..[h, 1 !, i„.,ln 

livemih-M"' ) ■ 

four,-d .\..^- « ,1. 

with the "old man in then 

with a corresponding velocity 
almost instautly melt and flash 
ing meteor, from the atmosphori( 

Should any of our readnrs wish to gain 
slight conception, by comparison, of 
, they may do so when 
riding rapidly in a rail-car past telegraph 
poles set near the track, by observing how 
their outline appears to fly along the hills 

"way. ^___^ 

A Remarkable Case of Forgery. 

On another page we have devoted consid- 
erable space to the Raymond-Dodge libel 
case, lately tried at Plymouth, N. II. 

Although tried as a libel suit, il 
one for forgery. 

s elicited during the 
trial, that on August 8, 1883, J. A. Dodge, 
a late President and Manager of the Boston 
and Concord Railroad, died, leaving a will 
devising to relatives and friends quite a large 
estate, and cunstituting his wife Mary A. 
Dodge his executrix. W. H, Raymond was 







otcn.^ Z-i^u/^ c/ fJL£^ iif.A-c ^^^s^-rTZ 

secretary and a 
of Mrs. Dodge by marriage, and 
intimately acquiulcd w 
Dodge's affairs, as well as his wr 

his family constautly aware of the state < 
Mr. Dodge's declining health and of the a 
most certain fact that in June. 1883, he wj 

lay unconscious and on 
council of physicians, at I 
Rjiymond presented and 
bank where Dodge deposited, and where 
Raymond was well known, a check for 
$2,500, purporting to he signed by Dodge, 
and shortly after Mr. Dodge's death he pre- 
sented to Mrs. Dodge for payment a note 
for $5,000, alleged to have been given to 



R.KPamis p,eseu-tfdhyRi>iim'>\ a, rlSitilt^r^s 

iital stages of Bright's dis- him by Mr. 

is death was only a question his death. F 

It would appear from evi- tions that hat 


cXvC tz7-^'fi^<^ c^ l^^/i 

g a feeling of uljligutiuu am 
jonte way to assist him (R 
• day Mr. Dodge died, and 

Boston CoNCOfto anuMuntrial f?A 

his death, ^see eats) without mcutio 
obligation. Mrs. Dodge at once 
the genuineness of both the check e 


PlyimUli. X fl"_ 

JS '^sS 

and resolutclj- (■l„ii-...iil lia.v.noiKl witb for- 


gory. Vrry lialur.illy in a Mnall .rainlry 

village, .he ,„alKT m,„„ W;n„n- a suh- 


llTs'fririKl" .ll/.icl'i'iMi'M,'' l'„l„„,. hi- 

ingl.ini-ii. hiinnu, Ml In- .i.lilli. -n 


anil licrfr,i.|Rl»dLiikdllu>,n,.l, !,,,_,.] l.„ 

gci-y ami framl against liaviii 

At length. Raymond, to \ i 1 1 i 1 

from the accusation ot fi.r •, i> ' i I. 

n suit for liW against Mrs li.-i I . 

damagesal 5;.-,.(llll]. This wm~ iIl -ml In. n 

tried at I'lyinoulli and «iili .in-ull ,- . 

nrclcLren'rlJelrtried'iii 'in .v'liui n ,,„ 

court where the tables were more compl. h I 

vindication of Ibe accused more perfect linn 

in this ease. 

The ,il..l of Havmoiut was devised nnd 


unbounded coDlkkii 

pnrc'Dt ttiiit 

by his etnin 

That our 


his confidence was fully s 

Henry (Raymond) at ( 
tween January and Jun< 
was written as follows : 


tLitu MM I, ,, I . ■ .1 , „, ,„,iie guise of 
*°J'""I -n.licaliou from 

a wii'kfti nil, I |,.,. ., ,| ,,,,1 .,„ ,..,,pose(j forger 

The Grant Memorial 

whiih is now offered as a premium, free, to 
evei-y subscriber or renewer of a siibscrip 
tion to the Jouknal, is eliciting the warm 
est commendation from both the press and 
patrons, li is printed upon fine heavy plute 
paper. 22 x as, and is a picture that would 
be an ornament to any home in the land, 

none ooiUd be more appropriate or beautiful. 
Subscribers muv slill Imvf a clioice of anv 

of tb.-prf'riiiim. Ill I, ',,r.,|, .,■!■ , 1 

Central Indiana Normal 

Manistee, Mich. 

I'a-, and a club of four 

llulmes' Business College, 

ern Busi- 
a club of 

Moore's Business Uni- 

iipital City Commercial 

And School Items. 

well Normal School, Orwt 

Lessons bv Mail.- 

AViaiiipeg, ilass., and i 

_D. II. FarKy, I 

fege. Knton"'i; 
J. E. Ricketts, 

N. Palmer, of the TFr.'* 
,l;o. 111 Hesays, " Judg 
ur of applications we ai 
e copies through our adv 
)URNAL, you must have 

lie, Tenn. He says. 

:l, Oregon. 
liucipal of Commercial 
lUMiiiii ) High School. 
, of (lie Penmanship 

A. I>. Skrcl.-^, Ktinu'ii, _AIr(.'li. lie says, 
"I think the Oraul Memorial excels in ar- 
tistic beauty and skillful execution anything 
of the kind I have ever seen." 

J. F. BurDcr. Elks, Nev. 

C. II. Sludieman, at Iron City Com- 
mercial College, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

D. T. Stone, De Norte, Col. 
Goodier, Port Huron (Mich.) Busi- 

Exchange Items. 

The Western. Peiiinmi for November is of 
lore than usual interest. The specimen of 
lackboard writiiic by B, M. "W oithington 


after a year 

of eight 

Miss A. L. Lambert, Philadelphia, Pa. 

E. K. Isaacs, Principal of the Commertia. 
Department of the Northern Indiana Nor 

ijl:iI S>l,<Ktl, :i luiiLT and several copy slips 

tni iliiiiMviiniL' :iii(| practical writing, all i 

iv li, siys, "For my style 
i Lu_ iliL- JouiiNAL. It is m 

Jump, Sandusky, Oljio, a 

E. J. Ilf.h, 

College, a lelic 

O. P. Sampl 

ud a club of twelve 



li.ilelpijia, Pa. 
.Minneapolis. Minn. 
Union (Ohio) College, 

also penman of that institution. 



^i f ld;i;J•/!;id^^id^J4£|*fc'a2t-- 

^^^:^-f^ - - - 

Christmas OieeUnff teas photo € 

J let jn hi/ 7 li Tlarkins penman < 

R^^ BO "t?a 

Lessons by Mail 

(DA Course of 50 Lessons in Writing. 

(2) A Course of 50 Lessons in 




Punctuation and Letter Writing 

H W ElhwoilhA> Wilson 3) Bond si 
Newlork Iii\c latelv I'-'-ued a vci\ par 

Return if not Satisfactory 
Remember that if you order either our 
New Compendium of Practical and Arlis 
tic Penmanship, or the Guide to taelf 
Instruction," and they are not satisfactory, 
you may return Ibem, and we wiU refund 
the entire amount paid. 

Glossy Ink. 

A glo99 may be imparled to any ink by 

putting into it a litllc gum arubic or white 

sugar. If sugar is used caution must be 

Agent for Canada. 

We Liive oommisbioned A. J. Small. 13 
Grand Opera House, Toronto, Canado(P.O. 
Bos 634), to act as agent for the Jodtikal 
in Canada. Uc will take subscriptions, ad- 
vertisements, and supply our publications at 
the regular rates. We trust that our Cana- 
dian friends will give him a liberal patron- 

Specimen copies of the Journal, 10 cents. 

The JounNAL IS getlii 


poetry There aie mauj good pieces 
poetry which we would like to preserve, a 
as we intend to preaervc the Journal 
cannot see bow any one could object, ev 
if it dues not pertain unto writing, the Jot 

Fine Specimens of Penmanship. 

There are a few copies of the Blaine and 

now mail at 20c. each, or by the dozen $1.35. 
These pieces aic not, nor have they been, 
offered for any other purpose than as speci- 

Surety by Mail 

Parties oi krnig books or merchandise 
from this office to be t>eut 1 v mail would 
do well to add the smill sum of 10 cents tc 

can get the Joubnai 
year, and a 75-cent book free for $1 
|1 book and the Jouhnal for |1 25 
your friends a favor by telling them 

jUOTICE.-HiiviDK disposed of my School in Al- 
Kood BtisltioBs Collese, or will buy a whole or half 
Intvreat In a Qouritililne College. Addresa, J. R. 
OARROTHERS, Moorefleld, Ha^lBoa Co., 0. 18 

iisric :po"W"X5e:r.. 


Ltm jsUm Co N J 

^^^'0^. (^i^ 

Letter Wr ter 
W ELLSWORTH &WILbON Publ !,her5 


___ down CallliiK Cards; Bevt-l. 8-ply, 80 cents. 
Ink lieceipt. Flourish or Capltala, 80 centa. Wrltr 


Shall Utodern LaiiRuages take t 
Scientific Education Promotes 1 
Spring Time— A Painter's Storj 

i Design-" The Pen is Mightier tlian the 

I" D.H. Parley. 

from Willlamfl A Packard's Gems of Pen- 

No. 3. 
Flourished Design of Birds and Flowers, with 

I Remarkable Case of Forgery. . 

Business Writing 

Believes fn Systematio Copies, . 

I About Ink Penci 

Learn to Write a Good Hand. . 

Drawing Lesson, by D. T. Ames. . 

New Year's Greeting 

Newspapers of To-day. . . 
Newspapera of the World 

Origin of Men of Genius . 

Treachfng Writiii],' 

The Ornate in Peiimansliip...^ , . 

S.B. Webster.. 

Education a Wonderful Thing (Poemi . , 

1 Evolution. Prof. Proctor 


No. 1. 

Commercial Work. 

i Heading used in Diplomas. . Journal OlBce. 

Specimpnof Diploma Work... , , Journal Office, 

Cut of Penmanship 

Page from Memorial Album of Brice 

Letter and Letter Heading. . 

Flourished Bird and Pen, i 

Flourished Certificate.. 

FloorlBhed Birds and Lettering. .II. W Fiickinger, 
FlouriBh T) T AmflB 




O N P 






H B BRYANT k SON, i moM^K 

"^^f^.>. HVN EN DD \^^J RSHOMESyjM _ 




. ^pnf„r 


PR re ST 


Be o e tak n^ he & 



steel Pens 



I W t ig 

Shading T Square. 

u rapidly M tlioie m&iJ» Ftm hand. Tbe tpaoa b«twM 

■l^«d. R«(p«'Ifnlly, d E. SlCKJtL*, 

bruiobM of drawing to wWoh I have applied it. Var; 

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r»o«mng a anp«rior *rtiol«. but opoo dobg lo prompll 
Aedm^i New Gompendinin of Orn'l PenmaniliSp. . . 8 i 

t, per iheet, oontoloing forty eze 

The New Spenoe'rlan Compendium, Parl"i,'2,'3"V, 
Crow-qtujiPaB, Tery fine, for drawing." do*. !!!^^ I 


LAPIUNUM (.^tone-Cloth). 

Black Diamond Slating. 

Piat.»l,35; Quart, 12; E 

Uied and giva Perfect Satisfaction in 
nmbia CoUege (School of Minei) - N«w York Olty 

CoUege of the City o 

Long Iitand Hoepita) Medloal College - Brooklyn, t 

Coffee £iohange ; New York Iron and Melal Bzcha 
Equitable Qraia and Prodaoe Exchange. 






I __\ "AI.1. ABOUT SITOICT- ^ 

1/"^, HAND," « > p^mpklei . *? 

r Vof™iiooabo»i book,: *^-P 

ISSin" ''^"*rl°o'."oc°''d'o°nu"°^ /I 

cS"o°«'Plac™&-York C*ty. ''"'"'■'"'' 



>A Srb»ol Tlioroiighlj Equipped t»r Office Trainiig.'; 






Adftptfid for aae with or withoDt T«xt-Book, 


Bryant & Stratton 

Counting-House- Bookkeeping.' 


best suwl. and careftiUy wleotod. ' Thoy a« paition- 

"^'dANIEl""sLOTe"& CO., 




gold I You can g^ a s 

Writing and Measuring Ruler. 

Bogliah and Text Lettering. The poinu are doable, one 




Articles, Lectures, Criticisms, and 

piiges of superior paper. Stamp's Taken. Address. 

Keokuk, Iowa. 

' Wlil 

"ilSL'.^ ■ 



New Masonic Bxiilding. 
Course o£ Study, 



Send for Catalogue with fuU particulars to 

A. J. RIDER, Principal. 

8-12 Miisonic Temple. Trenton, N. J. 


The only Instru- 

/;/ Copy of a picture, 
either Smaller or 
Larger, than the 
\}j.-l Original. 








large list of valuable premiums. 


For information ;.nd ili-.iiliirs. 


OF rEyMAXsiiir. 




Department of Penmanship. 

tnTor'and '"now exUnsivcly recopilied as the LEADrNG SCHOOL OF PENMANSOIP VS AMERICA 

The Graduates 

Advanced Pen Art. 


for our COMMERCIAL WORLD. RiviDR full information relative to Teachers' Cm 
il information regarding our School. Address, 

McKEB & HENDERSON, Oberlin, Ohio. 


a said of nine-tentliB of the teachers in our buaiuess colleges. 

First National Bank, Berea. O., Seplemb 

This may certify tliat I know J. T. Henderson to be a man of pood moral charactei 
3d one who understands hl3 business, competent to teach or prac*"— '•'-■- ' 

itisfaotlou. We found him to 

■11 and thoroughly done au' 


The Course 

ipon the actual business plan and is divided into six departments, as 
ite. Advanced, Business Practice, Office, and Banking. The Excelsl 
le practice to every student who desires to become a member. 

Branches Taught. 

McKBE & HENDERSON, Oberl.n, O. 





For Sale by all Stationers and Booksellers. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co., 

WORKS, CAMDEN, N. J. 26 John Street, New York. 



Address, CLINTON S. J 

p3n'oe Id* t'lno'lVlog ins'ior.v " IwV'a'iils 
post-paid."'"'""'"^' ''"««■"■« "y""""' 



"Washington, D. C, eor. 9th and D Streets. 

This Institution tnvlt«s worthy ambitious yonng men and women from all parts of the count 
course, can complete the pruotical business course in this College.- preparing for buBlness or (iove 
ment poatthins, in from three to five months. Cost of boani (m private families, for five montli 
tuition, books, etc.. for course, need not exoood «150. Special departments for qualifying stenogmph 
•125. ^epartm^t for°tfu?ning teachen of pemnanship; coui-se. three mouths; board! tuition, atulii; 

The National capital lt*clf with Ita halls of Congreas, govemment departmenta. national Itbrar 
and museums, splendid public buildbigs. and wo rid -renowned parks, with their noble Btatuury a 
flashing fountains, may properly be called a wonderful educating power, attractive and valual 

HENRY C. 8PBNCEH, PrlncipaT 1-12 ' ° SABA A. SPENCER, Vice- Principal. 


orders for the " GUIDE" received ; 

$35 00 Made by Investing $2 50. 

N E CARD CO 75 Nassau S N. Y. 

Shorthand Writing 



Family Rsoord, 18^ 

Sometliing Entirely New ! 




Elementary, 104 pages, Price, S .80 
Commercial, 160 1.50 

Cauntlng-House,3l2" 2.50 

all the modem improvements, and beet butiruee/orjru 

The Automatic Shadine Pen 



d Mark of Two Colore at a 
Sample Set of three sizes, 
Ircular and sample writing 

Instruction by Mail. 

B. F. KELLEY, Peninan, 



• p. A. WRIGHT. 769 Di.OADWiT, New To: 


e-4 Deter iptive C 


THE nsrE-^Ar 

Spencerian Compendium 

Recognized Authority for 
Tne Learner, The Card-Writer 

The Adept, The Sign-Writer 

The Teacher, The Pen Artist 

The Engrosser, The Book keeper 

The Engraver, The Connoisseur 

Engraved on Steel, from Actual Pen Work 

he aim of this publication is to present a Cyclopedia of Peu \rt in il d t 
, most varied adaptation, and most perfect execution. 

THE COMPENDIUM Oomprises Bight Parts 

Book keepers 


Pakt I.— Elegant Script Forms, particularly adapted 

mercial Colleges. 
Part II.— Devoted to Off-hand Flourishing. 
Part III.— Bold and Striking Forms for Sign-vpriters. 
Part IV.— Ofl-hand Spencerian Capitals, mostly new forms. 
Part V.— Great variety of Lettering, from the Simplest Marking Alphabets to the most 

Elaborate Initials. 

: Business Forms. 

Part VU.— Varieties 

Brothers Abbreviated Hand, 

Price oi tlie Parts, Together or Separatelv, 
Post-paid, 60 Cents Each. 




Ivison, Blakeman, Tavlor, & Co. 

753 and 755 Broadway, New York. a 



// is upon a ihormigkly gi/stematic and 

educational basis. 
It IS iidapted to iM actual and practical 

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and approved methods of tmehr 

It has stood the test of schoot-room 

use where all others have faikil. 

No other series of text-books is so com- 
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practical in its results as KRU- 


Drawinff is now rega/rded as one of the 
essential and organic eUmmts of pub- 
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No tyntem of Drawing should be adopted with- 
out nn examiniition if KRUSI'S. 

D. APPLETON & CO., Publishers, 



805 Broadway New York 



SHORTHAND 'Jir 'ofK'oSV , ' 

Held for youtig people. oapeotalV for educnte. 


rlnter and Stationer 


Ladies' Business College, 


ELLA NELSON, Principal. 


Bxecuted by W. E. Den- 

the Reade s of the Penman s Art Journal : 

fotlowtd tru pn/etlUm ly 

H E ght]ty Beieli assorted.. 
I Elite t e atesi sty ea ... 







New Yoi'k Citv.